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Author:Illiger, 1811.
Citation:Abh. Phys. Klasse K.-Preuss Akad. Wiss. Berlin, for 1804-11: 46, 129.

Diagnosis employing molar and cranial traits, and enumeration of external, cranial, postcranial, dental, reproductive, and arterial characteristics presented by Carleton and Musser (1984). Contents of subfamily generally as presented by them except that Acomys, Lophuromys, and Uranomys, formerly considered murines (e.g., Carleton and Musser, 1984; Ellerman, 1941; Misonne, 1969; Musser and Carleton, 1993), are excluded and treated under subfamily Deomyinae. Murinae is characterized by a cohesive cluster of external, cranial, postcranial, dental, reproductive, and arterial characteristics (Carleton and Musser, 1984), but derived molar conditions form the primary basis for defining the subfamily. Two neomorphic cusps, the anterostyle (t1) and enterostyle (t4), are present on the lingual border of M1and form two chevron-shaped, transverse lamina; both upper and lower molars lack longitudinal enamel crests (mures/ids) between lamina; and cusps on the lower molars are positioned opposite one another (Flynn et al., 1985; Jacobs et al., 1989; Freudenthal and Martin Suarez, 1999). Other derived cranial features include their modified carotid circulatory pattern (sphenofrontal foramen and squamosal-alisphenoid groove absent; stapedial foramen present) and a reduced tegmen tympani that does not contact the posterior squamosal (Bugge 1970; Carleton and Musser, 1984; our unpublished survey). Cladistic integrity of Murinae is also supported by results of mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequences, although generic sampling is still limited and some inquiries have used only Mus and Rattus to represent this huge subfamily (Adkins et al., 2001, 2003; Catzeflis et al., 1995; Conroy and Cook, 1999; DeBry and Sagel, 2001; Dubois et al., 1996, 1999; Fieldhouse et al., 1997; Furano et al., 1994; Graur, 1994; Hänni et al., 1995; Huchon et al., 1999; Jansa et al., 1999; Jansa and Weksler, 2004; Kass et al., 1997; Larizza et al., 2002; Martin et al., 2000; Michaux and Catzeflis, 2000; Michaux et al., 2001; Montgelard et al., 2002; Pascale et al., 1990; Robinson et al., 1997; Usdin et al., 1995; E. Verheyen et al., 1995; Verneau et al., 1997, 1998).

No general tribal arrangement of genera is available except for Australian and New Guinea groupings (Conilurini and Hydromyini for Australian species, Watts and Aslin, 1981; Hydromyini, Watts and Baverstock, 1994a, which includes Conilurini and Hydromyini of Watts and Aslin, 1981; and Anisomyini for some New Guinea genera, Lidicker and Brylski, 1987, Watts and Baverstock, 1994a), and African Arvicanthini (Ducroz et al., 2001). Attempts to reflect intergeneric relationships have been made by some muroid specialists and checklist compilers who separated genera into formal and informal categories. Alston used Hydromyinae, Phloeomyinae, and Murinae (although he included what are now non-murine forms) for genera we place in Murinae. Tullberg (1899) classified genera into Murini and Phloeomyini, and also included Otomyini within Muridae. Thomas (1896) listed Hydromyinae, Rhynchomyinae, and Phloeomyinae as coequal with Murinae in a larger Muridae. Miller and Gidley (1918) also recognized Hydromyinae, Phloeomyinae, and Murinae. Tate (1936:505) allocated murines to three groups: 1) those with "simple Rattus like molar teeth," generally the Murinae of Thomas (1896); 2) genera with "complexly folded molars," the Phloeomyinae; and 3) murines "with specialized multi-rooted molars having basin-like depressions with raised edges, a definite tendency for non-development or loss of the third molars, and a trend in the direction of an aquatic habitus," the Hydromyinae. Ellerman (1941) recognized four clusters: 1) Anisomys Group (Anisomyes), containing only the New Guinea Anisomys, a cluster Ellerman thought might deserve subfamily rank; 2) Mures Group, containing most murine genera; 3) Rhynchomyinae for the Philippine Rhynchomys; and 4) the Hydromyinae, which resembled Tate’s group. Simpson (1945) listed genera in his Muridae under Murinae, Phloeomyinae, Rhynchomyinae, and Hydromyinae (and also included Dendromurinae and Otomyinae). Misonne (1969) sorted all genera into four Divisions with subgroups: Lenothrix-Parapodemus Division containing the Lenothrix and Parapodemus groups; 2) Arvicanthis Division; 3) Rattus Division, which contains the Praomys, Maxomys, Rattus, Uromys, and Mus groups; and 4) Basin shaped molars Division, composed of Hydromyinae, Rhynchomyinae, and a third group composed of Echiothrix, Macruromys, and Crunomys. Chaline et al. (1977) allocated genera to either Murinae or Hydromyinae. The checklist by Pavlinov et al. (1995a) segregated genera into primary groups containing sections: 1) Micromys Group, with Pithecheir, Batomys, and Micromys Sections; 2) Apodemus Group, containing the Apodemus, Tokudaia, and Mus Sections; 3) Arvicanthis Group; 4) Rattus Group, composed of Rattus, Dacnomys, Praomys, and Uromys Sections; 5) Phloeomys Group; 6) Rhynchomys Group, which includes the Chrotomys and Rhynchomys Sections; and 7) Incertae sedis, composed of the Crunomys, Nesokia, Melasmothrix, and Hydromys Sections. We have borrowed Misonne’s (1960) primary category and arranged genera in 29 Divisions, each presumably monophyletic (Table 1). A few are defined by published diagnostic morphological and/or molecular traits and could be treated as formal tribes; contents of others derive from our unpublished research. Placement of some genera is provisional and integrity of those clusters require testing with a greater range of morphological and molecular data than is now available. Each of seven Divisions contains only a single genus because no reliable information is presently available that would support allocation to a larger group; some of these genera may have no close living phylogenetic relatives. Reasons supporting our dispositions are explained in the generic accounts. Future research results may indicate some genera be reallocated, and some of our smaller Divisions be combined with others to form larger monophyletic clades. Various phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA cytochrome b, 12S and 16S rRNA sequences, as well as nuclear IRBP sequences, for example, associate the African Aethomys, Micaelamys, Grammomys, Hybomys, Dasymys, Lemniscomys, Rhabdomys, Desmomys, Pelomys, Mylomys, and Arvicanthis either in a single clade or in smaller clusters within a large African clade (Castiglia et al., 2003; Ducroz et al., 2001; Lecompte, 2003), which would consolidate our Aethomys, Arvicanthis, Dasymys, and Hybomys Divisions. Results from albumin immunology suggested that those murine genera sampled form large monophyletic clades reflecting geographic origins–New Guinean, Australasian, Southeast Asian, and African (Watts and Baverstock, 1995b, 1996). DNA/DNA hybridization experiments (Chevret, 1994), analyses of mtDNA complete cytochrome b sequences (Lecompte, 2003; Lecompte et al., 2002b) and combination of cytochrome b and nuclear IRBP gene sequences (Lecompte, 2003), by contrast, indicate the African murines to be paraphyletic and reflect at least four separate colonization events.

Comparative chromosomal data provided in phylogenetic framework and other contexts for European species (Zima and Kral, 1984a), some Asian groups (Cao and Tran, 1984; Gadi and Sharma, 1983; Raman and Sharma, 1977; Rickart and Musser, 1993), some African species (Robbins and Baker, 1978), and murines in general (Viegas-Péquignot et al., 1983, 1985, 1986). Phylogenetic relationships among murines inferred from biochemical sources include the studies of allozymic variation (Bonhomme et al., 1985; Iskandar and Bonhomme, 1984), microcomplement fixation of albumin (Watts and Baverstock, 1995b, 1996), DNA-DNA hybridization experiments (Catzeflis, 1990; Catzeflis et al., 1987), amplification of ancient murine Lx family of long interspersed repeated DNA (L1, Line-1) and L1 retrotransposons (Furano et al., 1994; Pascale et al., 1990; Usdin et al., 1995; Verneau et al., 1997, 1998), and several mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequence studies (see above citations and those in subfamily accounts). Morphological bases for phylogenetic interpretation provided by relationship between body mass, testes mass, and sperm size in murines (Breed and Taylor, 2000); variation in sperm head morphology (Breed, 1991); comparative hair morphology (Keogh, 1985), soft palate topography (Eisentraut, 1969a), and digestive system anatomy (Perrin and Curtis, 1980). The discrepancy between the relatively rapid divergence of murine taxa as revealed by fossils and the much slower rates indicated by molecular data is reconciled by Jaeger et al. (1986) by postulating accelerated rates of evolution for certain proteins and a higher rate of nucleotide substitution in murines than ordinarily seen in other eutherians.

Taxonomy and geographic distributions of African murines are embedded in a vast literature. Phylogenetic affinities among African taxa have been based on DNA/DNA hybridization experiments (Chevret, 1994), microcomplement fixation of albumin (Watts and Baverstock, 1995a), spermatozoal morphology (Baskevich and Lavrenchenko, 1995; Breed, 1995a, 1995d), and all the chromosomal, molecular, morphological, and morphometric data referenced in the accounts of African species. Watts and Baverstock (1995a:431) viewed the evolutionary picture of African murines in the framework of "a period of rapid radiation from a single ancestor, beginning 8-10 million years ago and still continuing. As a result the systematics of these groups is confusing and will take the concerted efforts of workers in many different disciplines to clarify." Based on mtDNA cytochrome b and 12S and 16S rRNA sequences, Ducroz et al. (2001) identified an African murine clade (containing Aethomys, Grammomys, Hybomys, Dasymys, Lemniscomys, Desmomys, Rhabdomys, Pelomys, Mylomys, and Arvicanthis), which they isolated as Arvicanthini, and which partly accords with the evolutionary reconstruction of Watts and Baverstock. Chevret’s (1994) results from DNA/DNA hybridization experiments, however, indicate African murines to be paraphyletic, as does Lecompte’s (2003) analyses of combined mtDNA cytochrome b and nuclear IRBP sequences. Lecompte also recovered an arvicanthine group, and identified three other clades: Praomys group (Myomyscus, Stenocephalemys, Praomys, Mastomys, Heimyscus, Hylomyscus, Zelotomys, and Colomys), a Mus (Nannomys) cluster, and a clade containing only Malacomys.

Late Miocene is the earliest that murinaes are recorded from African strata (Geraads, 2001; Jaeger, 1977b; Mein et al., 1993; Winkler, 2001). Whether African murines were derived from a single or several ancestral groups or originated by one or more immigrations cannot be resolved by the meager number of Miocene taxa recovered from African sediments. Southern Asia is vaguely indicated as the source area, with arrivals in Africa occurring in middle to late Miocene-early Pliocene (Jacobs, 1985; Winkler, 1994, 2002). Late Miocene is the earliest documentation for Progonomys and Paraethomys in North Africa (Jaeger, 1977b; Mein et al., 1993) and Progonomys and Saidomys in Kenya (Winkler, 2001; Karnimata was used, but that is a synonym of Progonomys, according to Mein et al., 1993). Murines from earlier Miocene beds have been found only in N Pakistan, and among them is the middle Miocene Antemus, currently regarded as the earliest murine (Freudenthal and Martin Suarez, 1999; Jacobs and Downs, 1994). Fossils of living endemic African murines first appear in the Pliocene (Denys, 1999; Winkler, 2002; see generic accounts). Mastomys and Arvicanthis, now mostly occurring in Africa, are each represented by an extinct species that lived in Israel during the Pleistocene (Tchernov, 1968, 1996), and Pelomys by a Pliocene species on the Mediterranean island of Rhodes (de Bruijn et al., 1996). See Denys (1999) for a review of fossil African murine faunas and past habitats in relationship to the modern fauna and distributions.

All native New Guinea and Australian rodents are members of Murinae. Classical compendia based upon morphological and distributional studies for murines of New Guinea and adjacent archipelagos remain those of Tate (1951) and Laurie and Hill (1954), which have been largely supplanted by current faunal treatises (Flannery, 1995a, b) and taxonomic reports cited in the various generic and species accounts. Reports relevant to understanding phylogenetic relationships among New Guinea endemics documented comparative phallic morphology (Lidicker, 1968), chromosomal information (Donnellan, 1987), variation in immunological distances assessed by microcomplement fixation of albumin (Watts and Baverstock, 1994a), and sperm morphology (Breed and Aplin, 1994). Evolution of the spermatozoon in New Guinea and Australian murines combined is treated by Breed (1997) who compared the range in sperm head morphology with the phylogenetic frameworks constructed by Watts et al. (1992) for Australian murines and Watts and Baverstock (1994a) for New Guinea species based on analyses of albumin immunology. Swann et al. (2002) explored the cDNA nucleotide sequence encoding the ZPC protein of selected species of Pseudomys, Notomys, and Hydromys, and its significance. Albumin immunological evidence derived from New Guinea marsupials was used to determine time and mode of origin of the terrestrial fauna and is pertinent to inquiries into historical origin of the endemic murines (Aplin et al., 1993). Aplin (2004) has reviewed Australian-New Guinea murine diversity, phylogeny and biogeography.

Earliest Australian record of murines consists of more than a dozen species recovered from Pliocene strata, among them representatives of Leggadina, Pseudomys, and Zyzomys (Aplin, 2004; Godthelp, 1990; Rich et al., 1991). Such a high diversity of fossil taxa suggests arrival of murines in Australia either before the Pliocene, possibly 7 mya (Godthelp, 1990) or earlier, only about 5 mya (early Pliocene; Aplin, 2004; K. Aplin, in litt., 2004). That murines are immigrants to Australia is indicated by the lack of fossils before early Pliocene times (Aplin, 2004; Pledge, 1992:140; Rich, 1991; Rich et al., 1991). In the rich assemblage of local faunas from the Riversleigh region in NW Queensland, for example, in which fossils have been retrieved from late Oligocene to Pleistocene strata, earliest murines were recovered only from late Pliocene sediments, about 3 million years old (Aplin, 2004; Archer et al., 1991; Rich et al., 1991). Possible earliest record of murines on New Guinea still consists only of a sliver of incisor enamel from the Otibanda Formation, 3.0-3.3 myo (late Pliocene; Aplin, 2004; Flannery, 1995a; Pledge, 1992; Rich et al, 1991).

Phylogenetic relationships among Australian murines and between them and non-Australian species have been inferred from chromosomal data (Baverstock et al., 1977c-e, 1983a, b), microcomplement fixation of albumin to measure immunological distances (Baverstock et al., 1977a, b, 1980; Watts et al., 1992, Watts and Baverstock, 1994a, b; 1995b), and spermatozoal and male reproductive tract morphology (Breed, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1997, 2000; Breed and Sarafis, 1978, 1983). In addition to the large taxonomic literature (see species accounts), important regional publications summarize their history of discovery, distribution, conservation, and status in South Australia (Robinson et al., 2000, which includes summary of deposits from which subfossils were collected), Victoria (Menkhorst, 1995a; Seebeck, 1995a; Seebeck and Menkhorst, 2000), New South Wales (Dickman, 1994; Dickman et al., 1993, 2000a), Queensland (Dickman et al, 2000b), arid Northern Territory (Cole and Woinarski, 2000), monsoonal tropics of Northern Territory (Woinarski, 2000), Western Australia (How et al., 2001; Morris, 2000), Tasmania (Hocking and Driessen, 2000), Cape Range peninsula of NW Australia (Baynes and Jones, 1993), and Australia in general (Strahan, 1995). Other topics covered in general summaries focusing on native murines or including them in broader mammalian surveys are patterns and cases of extinction and decline in murines (Smith and Quin, 1996), extinctions on Australian islands with discussion of causes and conservation implications (Burbidge and Manly, 2002), factors influencing species richness on Australian islands (Burbidge et al., 1997), and how range changes in tropical NE Australia may be attributed to late Quaternary climatic changes (Winter, 1997).

Molecular data indicate that phylogenetic affinities of murines are with gerbils and deomyines. Analyses of the nuclear protein-coding LCAT sequences (Michaux and Catzeflis, 2000), and LCAT in combination with sequences of the von Willebrand Factor (Michaux et al., 2001) clusters gerbils with deomyines, which form a sister-group to murines in a monophyletic clade. This topography is also consistent with results of analyses of complete mtDNA cytochrome b (Martin et al., 2000) and nuclear IRBP sequences (Jansa and Weksler, 2004); the Murinae-Gerbillinae link was also revealed by analyses of DNA sequences from the nuclear genes GHR and BRCA1 (Adkins et al., 2003). From their molecular-clock estimate, Michaux et al. (2001) suggested the three subfamilies diverged from the muroid stock 20.8-17.9 million years ago (early Miocene), which is earlier than documented by the first definite murine fossils.

"What is the ancestor of the true Murinae?" (de Bruijn et al., 1996:255) is still unanswered and the subject of active inquiry. The earliest molars currently generally accepted as murine belong to Antemus chinjiensis from 13.75 million-year-old Siwalik strata in N Pakistan (Freudenthal and Martin Suárez, 1999; Jacobs and Downs, 1994). Originally described as the earliest and most primitive (dentally) murine or murid (Flynn et al., 1985; Jacobs, 1977, 1978; Jacobs et al., 1989, 1990), A. chinjiensis was regarded as a dendromurine by Brandy (1981). Earlier records of isolated molars identified as A. primitivus from Pakistan and A. thailandicus from Thailand have since been removed to Potwarmus, a dendromurine (Lindsay, 1988) or myocricetodontine (Tong and Jaeger, 1993). Jacobs and Downs (1994) recorded a morphological transition in Siwalik stratigraphy from "morphologically certain Potwarmus" (14.3 million years ago) to "certain Antemus" (A. chinjiensis,13.75 million years ago) and from that genus to Progonomys or Progonomys like forms between 12.5 and 11.8 million years ago; Siwalik Mus auctor, considered the earliest Mus by Jacobs (1978), was derived from Progonomys at 5.7 million years ago. "The series Potwarmus-Antemus-Progonomys-Mus appears to be one long sequence of anagenesis" (Jacobs and Downs, 1994:155; which is an oversimplification considering that several different late Miocene lineages, including one very similar to Mus, have been identified in Europe; Mein et al., 1993). However, Freudenthal and Martin Suárez (1999:403) cautioned that "This does not necessarily mean that Antemus is derived from Potwarmus, and that Muridae are derived from the Dendromurinae, but it may mean that we have come as close as possible to the origin of the Muridae, and that taxons [sic] more primitive than Antemus will be arranged in other families than the Muridae." For de Bruijn et al. (1996:253), morphology of M1 in Antemus, Potwarmus and similar forms (usually considered myocricetodontines) represent an evolutionary grade, and ". . . assignment to subfamily . . . remains more or less a matter of taste at this stage." The cladistic position of Potwarmus, or forms with similar dental morphology, may be significant to understanding origin of the Murinae. If that genus is a myocricetodontine and represents a morphological transitory stage between that large Asian and African group and murines, then the strong phylogenetic link between gerbillines and murines indicated by molecular data is reflected in the fossil record because the myocricetodontines are the postulated ancestral group from which gerbils evolved (see Gerbillinae introduction).

While the phylogenetic affinity of Antemus is equivocal to some, extinct Progonomys or Progonomys like taxa are universally accepted as the earliest forms exhibiting "an essentially modern grade of murine dental morphology" (Jacobs and Downs, 1994:151), and the first murines to have migrated out of Asia (presumably in the Late Miocene) "to arrive in Europe and Anatolia were at the Progonomys stage-of-evolution" (de Bruijn et al., 1996:255); Progonomys like morphology has also been identified in late Miocene deposits of North Africa (Jaeger, 1977b; Mein et al., 1993) and East Africa (Winkler, 2001, as Karnimata). Mein et al. (1993:62), however, pointed out that most of the early murine samples identified as Progonomys in the literature are not that genus but represent a cluster of separate lineages; by the early Vallesian of Europe (late Miocene, 11-10 million years ago), for example, several murine lineages were already present representing Apodemus, Progonomys, a Mus like form, a Parapodemus like morph, and an unidentified murine, and none "of these lineages has an ancestor-descendant relationship with any of the other ones, but they have a common origin." Fossil links between the diverse living Indo-Australian endemic murines and the late Miocene Siwalik forms have yet to be discovered; the oldest in that region are Pliocene and either too fragmentary to be identified, represent extant genera, or are closely related to them (Chaimanee, 1998; Godthelp, 1990, 1997; Pledge, 1992).

Murine rodents are indigenous to Africa (but not Madagascar), Europe (excluding Ireland), Middle East, Arabian Peninsula, N Eurasia, Indomalayan region, Ceylon, Taiwan, Hainan, Japan, Ryukyu Isls, Philippine Isls, and archipelagos stretching from the Sunda Shelf through Moluccas to the New Guinea area, Australia, and Tasmania. Occurrence of some species outside their natural ranges likely result from intentional or inadvertent anthropogenic processes: an Apodemus on Iceland; two Bandicota in the Indomalayan region; several Rattus and Mus in the Indoaustralian region and Pacific Isls; and Mus musculus, Rattus rattus, and R. norvegicus nearly worldwide outside of Asia.



GENUS Abditomys

SPECIES latidens

GENUS Abeomelomys


GENUS Aethomys

SPECIES bocagei

SPECIES chrysophilus

SPECIES hindei

SPECIES ineptus

SPECIES kaiseri

SPECIES nyikae

SPECIES silindensis

SPECIES stannarius

SPECIES thomasi

GENUS Anisomys

SPECIES imitator

GENUS Anonymomys

SPECIES mindorensis

GENUS Apodemus

SPECIES agrarius

SPECIES alpicola

SPECIES argenteus

SPECIES chevrieri


SPECIES epimelas

SPECIES flavicollis

SPECIES gurkha

SPECIES hyrcanicus

SPECIES latronum

SPECIES mystacinus

SPECIES pallipes

SPECIES peninsulae

SPECIES ponticus

SPECIES rusiges

SPECIES semotus

SPECIES speciosus

SPECIES sylvaticus

SPECIES uralensis

SPECIES witherbyi

GENUS Apomys



SPECIES gracilirostris

SPECIES hylocetes

SPECIES insignis

SPECIES littoralis

SPECIES microdon

SPECIES musculus

SPECIES sacobianus

GENUS Archboldomys

SPECIES luzonensis

SPECIES musseri

GENUS Arvicanthis

SPECIES abyssinicus

SPECIES ansorgei

SPECIES blicki

SPECIES nairobae

SPECIES neumanni

SPECIES niloticus

SPECIES rufinus

GENUS Bandicota

SPECIES bengalensis

SPECIES indica

SPECIES savilei

GENUS Batomys

SPECIES dentatus

SPECIES granti

SPECIES russatus

SPECIES salomonseni

GENUS Berylmys

SPECIES berdmorei

SPECIES bowersi

SPECIES mackenziei

SPECIES manipulus

GENUS Bullimus

SPECIES bagobus


SPECIES luzonicus

GENUS Bunomys

SPECIES andrewsi

SPECIES chrysocomus

SPECIES coelestis

SPECIES fratrorum

SPECIES penitus

SPECIES prolatus

GENUS Carpomys

SPECIES melanurus

SPECIES phaeurus

GENUS Chiromyscus

SPECIES chiropus

GENUS Chiropodomys

SPECIES calamianensis

SPECIES gliroides

SPECIES karlkoopmani


SPECIES muroides

SPECIES pusillus

GENUS Chiruromys

SPECIES forbesi



GENUS Chrotomys

SPECIES gonzalesi

SPECIES mindorensis

SPECIES silaceus

SPECIES whiteheadi

GENUS Coccymys

SPECIES albidens

SPECIES ruemmleri

GENUS Colomys

SPECIES goslingi

GENUS Conilurus

SPECIES albipes

SPECIES penicillatus

GENUS Coryphomys

SPECIES buehleri

GENUS Crateromys

SPECIES australis

SPECIES heaneyi

SPECIES paulus

SPECIES schadenbergi

GENUS Cremnomys

SPECIES cutchicus

SPECIES elvira

GENUS Crossomys

SPECIES moncktoni

GENUS Crunomys

SPECIES celebensis

SPECIES fallax

SPECIES melanius

SPECIES suncoides

GENUS Dacnomys

SPECIES millardi

GENUS Dasymys

SPECIES alleni

SPECIES cabrali


SPECIES incomtus

SPECIES montanus

SPECIES nudipes

SPECIES rufulus

SPECIES rwandae


GENUS Dephomys


SPECIES eburneae

GENUS Desmomys

SPECIES harringtoni

SPECIES yaldeni

GENUS Diomys

SPECIES crumpi

GENUS Diplothrix

SPECIES legata

GENUS Echiothrix

SPECIES centrosa

SPECIES leucura

GENUS Eropeplus


GENUS Golunda

SPECIES ellioti

GENUS Grammomys

SPECIES aridulus

SPECIES buntingi

SPECIES caniceps

SPECIES cometes

SPECIES dolichurus



SPECIES ibeanus


SPECIES macmillani

SPECIES minnae

SPECIES poensis

GENUS Hadromys


SPECIES yunnanensis

GENUS Haeromys

SPECIES margarettae

SPECIES minahassae

SPECIES pusillus

GENUS Hapalomys

SPECIES delacouri

SPECIES longicaudatus

GENUS Heimyscus

SPECIES fumosus

GENUS Hybomys


SPECIES badius

SPECIES basilii

SPECIES lunaris

SPECIES univittatus


SPECIES planifrons

SPECIES trivirgatus

GENUS Hydromys

SPECIES chrysogaster

SPECIES habbema

SPECIES hussoni

SPECIES neobritannicus

SPECIES shawmayeri

GENUS Hylomyscus


SPECIES alleni


SPECIES carillus

SPECIES denniae

SPECIES grandis

SPECIES parvus

SPECIES stella

GENUS Hyomys

SPECIES dammermani

SPECIES goliath

GENUS Kadarsanomys


GENUS Komodomys

SPECIES rintjanus

GENUS Lamottemys

SPECIES okuensis

GENUS Leggadina

SPECIES forresti

SPECIES lakedownensis

GENUS Lemniscomys

SPECIES barbarus

SPECIES bellieri

SPECIES griselda

SPECIES hoogstraali

SPECIES linulus

SPECIES macculus

SPECIES mittendorfi

SPECIES rosalia

SPECIES roseveari

SPECIES striatus


GENUS Lenomys

SPECIES meyeri

GENUS Lenothrix


GENUS Leopoldamys

SPECIES ciliatus

SPECIES edwardsi

SPECIES milleti

SPECIES neilli

SPECIES sabanus

SPECIES siporanus

GENUS Leporillus

SPECIES apicalis

SPECIES conditor

GENUS Leptomys

SPECIES elegans

SPECIES ernstmayri

SPECIES signatus

GENUS Limnomys

SPECIES bryophilus

SPECIES sibuanus

GENUS Lorentzimys

SPECIES nouhuysi

GENUS Macruromys

SPECIES elegans


GENUS Madromys

SPECIES blanfordi

GENUS Malacomys

SPECIES cansdalei

SPECIES edwardsi

SPECIES longipes

GENUS Mallomys

SPECIES aroaensis

SPECIES gunung

SPECIES istapantap

SPECIES rothschildi

GENUS Malpaisomys

SPECIES insularis

GENUS Mammelomys

SPECIES lanosus

SPECIES rattoides

GENUS Margaretamys

SPECIES beccarii

SPECIES elegans

SPECIES parvus

GENUS Mastacomys

SPECIES fuscus

GENUS Mastomys

SPECIES awashensis

SPECIES coucha

SPECIES erythroleucus

SPECIES huberti

SPECIES kollmannspergeri

SPECIES natalensis

SPECIES pernanus

SPECIES shortridgei

GENUS Maxomys

SPECIES alticola

SPECIES baeodon

SPECIES bartelsii

SPECIES dollmani

SPECIES hellwaldii

SPECIES hylomyoides


SPECIES inflatus


SPECIES musschenbroekii

SPECIES ochraceiventer

SPECIES pagensis

SPECIES panglima


SPECIES surifer

SPECIES wattsi

SPECIES whiteheadi

GENUS Melasmothrix


GENUS Melomys

SPECIES aerosus

SPECIES arcium

SPECIES bannisteri

SPECIES bougainville

SPECIES burtoni

SPECIES capensis

SPECIES caurinus

SPECIES cervinipes

SPECIES cooperae

SPECIES dollmani

SPECIES fraterculus

SPECIES frigicola

SPECIES fulgens


SPECIES leucogaster

SPECIES lutillus

SPECIES matambuai

SPECIES obiensis

SPECIES paveli

SPECIES rubicola

SPECIES rufescens

SPECIES spechti

SPECIES talaudium

GENUS Mesembriomys

SPECIES gouldii

SPECIES macrurus

GENUS Micaelamys

SPECIES granti

SPECIES namaquensis

GENUS Microhydromys

SPECIES musseri

SPECIES richardsoni

GENUS Micromys

SPECIES minutus

GENUS Millardia

SPECIES gleadowi

SPECIES kathleenae

SPECIES kondana

SPECIES meltada

GENUS Muriculus

SPECIES imberbis



SPECIES booduga

SPECIES caroli

SPECIES cervicolor

SPECIES cookii

SPECIES famulus

SPECIES fragilicauda

SPECIES macedonicus

SPECIES musculus


SUBSPECIES bactrianus

SUBSPECIES castaneus

SUBSPECIES domesticus

SUBSPECIES gentilulus

SPECIES spicilegus

SPECIES spretus

SPECIES terricolor


SPECIES baoulei


SPECIES callewaerti

SPECIES goundae

SPECIES haussa

SPECIES indutus

SPECIES mahomet

SPECIES mattheyi

SPECIES minutoides

SPECIES musculoides

SPECIES neavei

SPECIES orangiae

SPECIES oubanguii

SPECIES setulosus

SPECIES setzeri

SPECIES sorella

SPECIES tenellus

SPECIES triton


SPECIES crociduroides

SPECIES mayori

SPECIES pahari

SPECIES vulcani


SPECIES fernandoni

SPECIES phillipsi

SPECIES platythrix

SPECIES saxicola

SPECIES shortridgei

GENUS Mylomys

SPECIES dybowskii


GENUS Myomyscus

SPECIES angolensis

SPECIES brockmani

SPECIES verreauxii

SPECIES yemeni

GENUS Nesokia

SPECIES bunnii

SPECIES indica

GENUS Nesoromys

SPECIES ceramicus

GENUS Nilopegamys

SPECIES plumbeus

GENUS Niviventer

SPECIES andersoni

SPECIES brahma

SPECIES cameroni

SPECIES confucianus

SPECIES coninga

SPECIES cremoriventer

SPECIES culturatus


SPECIES excelsior

SPECIES fraternus

SPECIES fulvescens

SPECIES hinpoon

SPECIES langbianis

SPECIES lepturus

SPECIES niviventer


SPECIES tenaster

GENUS Notomys

SPECIES alexis

SPECIES amplus

SPECIES aquilo

SPECIES cervinus

SPECIES fuscus

SPECIES longicaudatus

SPECIES macrotis

SPECIES mitchellii

SPECIES mordax

GENUS Oenomys

SPECIES hypoxanthus

SPECIES ornatus

GENUS Palawanomys

SPECIES furvus

GENUS Papagomys

SPECIES armandvillei

SPECIES theodorverhoeveni

GENUS Parahydromys


GENUS Paraleptomys

SPECIES rufilatus

SPECIES wilhelmina

GENUS Paramelomys

SPECIES gressitti

SPECIES levipes

SPECIES lorentzii

SPECIES mollis

SPECIES moncktoni


SPECIES platyops


SPECIES steini

GENUS Paruromys

SPECIES dominator

GENUS Paulamys


GENUS Pelomys

SPECIES campanae

SPECIES fallax

SPECIES hopkinsi

SPECIES isseli


GENUS Phloeomys

SPECIES cumingi

SPECIES pallidus

GENUS Pithecheir

SPECIES melanurus

SPECIES parvus

GENUS Pithecheirops


GENUS Pogonomelomys

SPECIES bruijni

SPECIES mayeri

GENUS Pogonomys

SPECIES championi

SPECIES fergussoniensis

SPECIES loriae

SPECIES macrourus

SPECIES sylvestris

GENUS Praomys

SPECIES daltoni

SPECIES degraaffi

SPECIES delectorum

SPECIES derooi

SPECIES hartwigi

SPECIES jacksoni

SPECIES lukolelae


SPECIES misonnei


SPECIES mutoni

SPECIES obscurus

SPECIES petteri

SPECIES rostratus

SPECIES tullbergi

SPECIES verschureni

GENUS Protochromys

SPECIES fellowsi

GENUS Pseudohydromys

SPECIES ellermani

SPECIES fuscus

SPECIES murinus

SPECIES occidentalis

GENUS Pseudomys

SPECIES albocinereus

SPECIES apodemoides

SPECIES australis

SPECIES bolami

SPECIES calabyi

SPECIES chapmani

SPECIES delicatulus

SPECIES desertor

SPECIES fieldi

SPECIES fumeus

SPECIES glaucus

SPECIES gouldii

SPECIES gracilicaudatus

SPECIES hermannsburgensis

SPECIES higginsi

SPECIES johnsoni

SPECIES laborifex


SPECIES novaehollandiae

SPECIES occidentalis

SPECIES oralis

SPECIES patrius

SPECIES pilligaensis

SPECIES shortridgei

GENUS Rattus

SPECIES adustus

SPECIES andamanensis

SPECIES annandalei

SPECIES arfakiensis

SPECIES argentiventer

SPECIES arrogans

SPECIES baluensis

SPECIES blangorum

SPECIES bontanus

SPECIES burrus

SPECIES colletti

SPECIES elaphinus

SPECIES enganus

SPECIES everetti

SPECIES exulans

SPECIES feliceus

SPECIES fuscipes

SPECIES giluwensis

SPECIES hainaldi

SPECIES hoffmanni

SPECIES hoogerwerfi

SPECIES jobiensis

SPECIES koopmani

SPECIES korinchi

SPECIES leucopus


SPECIES lugens

SPECIES lutreolus

SPECIES macleari

SPECIES marmosurus

SPECIES mindorensis

SPECIES mollicomulus

SPECIES montanus

SPECIES mordax

SPECIES morotaiensis

SPECIES nativitatis


SPECIES nitidus

SPECIES norvegicus

SPECIES novaeguineae

SPECIES omichlodes

SPECIES osgoodi

SPECIES palmarum

SPECIES pelurus

SPECIES pococki

SPECIES praetor

SPECIES pyctoris

SPECIES ranjiniae

SPECIES rattus

SPECIES richardsoni

SPECIES salocco

SPECIES sanila

SPECIES satarae

SPECIES simalurensis

SPECIES sordidus

SPECIES steini

SPECIES stoicus

SPECIES tanezumi

SPECIES tawitawiensis

SPECIES timorensis

SPECIES tiomanicus

SPECIES tunneyi

SPECIES vandeuseni

SPECIES verecundus

SPECIES villosissimus

SPECIES xanthurus

GENUS Rhabdomys

SPECIES dilectus

SPECIES pumilio

GENUS Rhagamys

SPECIES orthodon

GENUS Rhynchomys

SPECIES isarogensis

SPECIES soricoides

GENUS Solomys

SPECIES ponceleti

SPECIES salamonis

SPECIES salebrosus

SPECIES sapientis

SPECIES spriggsarum

GENUS Sommeromys

SPECIES macrorhinos

GENUS Spelaeomys

SPECIES florensis

GENUS Srilankamys

SPECIES ohiensis

GENUS Stenocephalemys

SPECIES albipes

SPECIES albocaudata

SPECIES griseicauda


GENUS Stochomys

SPECIES longicaudatus

GENUS Sundamys

SPECIES infraluteus


SPECIES muelleri

GENUS Taeromys

SPECIES arcuatus

SPECIES callitrichus

SPECIES celebensis

SPECIES hamatus

SPECIES microbullatus

SPECIES punicans

SPECIES taerae

GENUS Tarsomys

SPECIES apoensis

SPECIES echinatus

GENUS Tateomys

SPECIES macrocercus

SPECIES rhinogradoides

GENUS Thallomys

SPECIES loringi

SPECIES nigricauda

SPECIES paedulcus

SPECIES shortridgei

GENUS Thamnomys



SPECIES venustus

GENUS Tokudaia

SPECIES muenninki

SPECIES osimensis

GENUS Tryphomys

SPECIES adustus

GENUS Uromys

SPECIES siebersi



SPECIES boeadii

SPECIES caudimaculatus


SPECIES hadrourus

SPECIES neobritannicus


SPECIES imperator

SPECIES porculus


GENUS Vandeleuria

SPECIES nilagirica

SPECIES nolthenii

SPECIES oleracea

GENUS Vernaya


GENUS Xenuromys

SPECIES barbatus

GENUS Xeromys

SPECIES myoides

GENUS Zelotomys

SPECIES hildegardeae

SPECIES woosnami

GENUS Zyzomys

SPECIES argurus


SPECIES palatilis

SPECIES pedunculatus

SPECIES woodwardi


    Anisomyes Ellerman, 1941
    Anisomyini Lidicker and Brylski, 1987
    Arvicanthini Ducroz, Volobouev, and Granjon, 2001
    Coniluridae Dahl, 1897
    Conilurini Lee, Baverstock, and Watts, 1981
    Hydromyina Gray, 1825
    Hydromyinae Alston, 1876
    Hydromyes Winge, 1887
    Hydromyini Lee, Baverstock, and Watts, 1981
    Murina Illiger, 1811
    Murina Gray, 1825
    Murinae Murray, 1866
    Murini Winge, 1887
    Mures Winge, 1887
    Phloeomyinae Alston, 1876
    Phloeomyini Tullberg, 1899
    Pseudomyinae Simpson, 1961
    Rattidae Burnett, 1830
    Uromyini Lee, Baverstock, and Watts, 1981
    Rhynchomyinae Thomas, 1897

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