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GENUS Sphiggurus

Author:F. Cuvier, 1825.
Citation:Dentes des Mammiferes: 256.
Type Species:Hystrix spinosa F. Cuvier, 1823.
Comments:This genus possibly dates from F. Cuvier, 1823. Mem. Mus. Hist. Hat. Paris, 9:427, 433-435, where Sphiggurus seems only a French name "Sphiggure" except on pp. 433-434, where it is abbreviated "S. spinosa". Formerly included in Coendou by Cabrera (1961), Walker et al. (1975), and Hall (1981); see also comments under Coendou. Considered a distinct genus by Husson (1978:484-490). Voss and Angermann (1997) agreed with the conclusion of Handley and Pine (1992) that Sphiggurus could not be meaningfully diagnosed as a taxon distinct from Coendou. Bonvicino et al. (2000) suggested that Coendou and Sphiggurus represent distinct lineages that have evolved by different chromosomal mechanisms. Sphiggurus appears to have evolved by Robertsonian mechanisms and demonstrates variation in 2n ranging from 42 to 72 while retaining a FN=76 (Bonvicino et al., 2000). The Robertsonian pattern of chromosomal differentiation and molecular data (Bonvicino et al., 2002a) tentatively supports the distinction of Sphiggurus from Coendou. Woods (1984, 1993) and Nowak (1991) followed Husson (1978) and recognized Sphiggurus as distinct from Coendou. Emmons and Feer (1990:201) recognized Coendou [Sphiggurus] sneiderni, the White-fronted Hairy Dwarf Porcupine from Cauca Department of Colombia, which is apparently known from only one specimen, but this species is not recognized here, and is tentatively placed in the synonymy of Echinoprocta following Cabrera (1961).
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SPECIES ichillus

SPECIES insidiosus

SPECIES melanurus

SPECIES mexicanus

SUBSPECIES mexicanus


SUBSPECIES yucataniae

SPECIES pruinosus

SPECIES roosmalenorum

SPECIES spinosus

SPECIES vestitus

SPECIES villosus


    Cercolabes Brandt, 1835
    Sinethere F. Cuvier, 1822
    Sinotherus F. Cuvier, 1825
    Synetheres G. Cuvier, 1829

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