Linguistics 110 Linguistic Analysis: Sentences & Dialects
Lecture Number Twenty One
Regional English Dialects
English Dialects of the World

 
  1. England
    1. UPPER CLASS (RECEIVED PRONUNCIATION)
      1. Phonology
        1. [r] if not followed by a vowel
        2. [o] ¡ [Ïw] know, so, though, blow,
        3. [a] ¡ [Ø] not, what, got
        4. accent: library,
      2. Morphology
        1. have is a modal auxiliary:
          • It is raised: have you a quid?
          • It is cliticized: I've five quid
        2. Collectives:
          • the parliament are in session
          • the team are fit
          • the group are out playing
      3. Syntax
        1. Discontinuous verbal particles: catch you up, ring you up
        2. Default pro-verb: Did you get the paper? I would have done, but I didn't have tuppence.
        3. phrases
          • come a cropper
          • bangers and mash
      4. Lexicon
      5. knock up ring up catch you up
        bonnet wind screen boot
        chips crisps bangers
        rubber lorry dust bin
        napkin knickers petrol

    2. LONDON COCKNEY
      1. Phonology
        1. drop [h]
          • high, hope, he, her
          • I got high hopes he won't hit her
        2. [l] ¡ [w] pill, call, tall
        3. [t] ¡ [´] little [løu], bottle, what ya got vere mate
        4. [ej] ¡ [aj] mate, gain,
        5. [aj] ¡ [Øj] high, flighty, might,
        6. [au] ¡ [a] mouse, house, come round
        7. [u] ¡ [eu] who, new, blue
        8. [À] ¡ [ê] cab, cat, rat
        9. Interdentals become labiodentals
          • right nice little thing
          • [rØjt nØjs løw føü]
          • Wot's wif yu?
          • me muvvuh
      2. Morphology
        1. Me for my
          • me mum
          • at's me book you got 'ere
        2. Past tense BE: were
      3. Syntax
      4. Lexicon
      5. bloody lolly bugger off!
        bloomin' bangers knickers
        Fancy that! guv'na knackered


  2.   Scotland
    1. Phonology
      1. [r] is trilled
      2. [u] : [y] Look at the school!
      3. [À] : [ê]
      4. intonation: talking 'up'
      5. 'Canadian' raising [aj] ¡ [Ïj] :  light, right, kite
    2. Morphology
      1. Articles: t for the
      2. Contraction: dunna, dinna
    3. Syntax
    4. Lexicon


  3. Australia
    1. Phonology
      1. [l] ¡ [w] except before vowels (fill, belt, told)
      2. [ej] ¡ [aj] (gate, mate, gray, say, fail)
      3. [ê] ¡ [ø] (bed, Fred, let, tell, spell)
      4. [] ¡ [] (bad, cat, bat)
      5. [h] ¡ ¤ (high, hug, hate, hover)
      6. [r] ¡ [] (part, car, fear, pear))
    2. Morphology
    3. Syntax
    4. Lexicon
    5. barby dunny (toilet) down under
      outback bang up

      DON'T SAY: My daughter had an accident with her boy-friend last week and got banged-up.

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