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SPECIES Crocidura suaveolens

Author:Pallas, 1811.
Citation:Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., 1: 133.
Common Name:Lesser White-toothed Shrew
Type Locality:Russia, Crimea, Khersones, near Sevastopol.
Distribution:Palearctic from Spain to Siberia; Atlantic isls (Scilly, Jersey, Sark, Ushant, Yeu, and others; see Cosson et al., 1996); many Mediterranean isls including Corsica, Crete, Cyprus, and Menorca.
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as C. suaveolens and C. gueldenstaedtii.
Comments:A widespread and variable species which has often been confused with russula; the taxonomic status of many E Asian forms has recently been discussed; see also under rapax and shantungensis. The European, Arabian, and Asian ranges were reviewed by Vlasák and Niethammer (1990), Harrison and Bates (1991), and Jiang and Hoffmann (2001), respectively. The name gueldenstaedtii has produced much confusion. Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1966) listed it as a subspecies of russula and were followed by Corbet (1978c), among others. Richter (1970) applied gueldenstaedtii even to Mediterranean populations of suaveolens and was followed in that action by Kahmann and Vesmanis (1976). Hutterer (1981d) suggested that all these populations represent suaveolens; this was supported by karyological (2n = 40, FN = 50) and biochemical data (Catzeflis et al., 1985). Despite convincing evidence, some Russian authors (e.g., Graphodatsky et al., 1988) still claim the existence of gueldenstaedtii as a species in the Caucasus. Bannikova et al. (2001a) however found no genetic differences between populations from N and S Caucasus. Vogel et al. (2003) compared the mtDNA of specimens from Georgia (type locality of gueldenstaedtii) with specimens from Greece and Italy (suaveolens) and found no big difference. A specimen from Spain was more distant than samples from Europe and Georgia.



    antipae Matschie, 1901
    aralychensis Satunin, 1914
    ariadne Pieper, 1979
    astrabadensis Goodwin, 1940
    balcanica Ondrias, 1970
    balearica Miller, 1907
    bogdanowii Tichomirov and Kortchagin, 1889
    bruecheri Lehmann, 1977
    caneae Miller, 1909
    cantabra Cabrera, 1908
    cassiteridum Hinton, 1924
    corsicana Heim de Balsac and Reynaud, 1940
    cypria Bate, 1904
    cyrnensis Miller, 1907
    debeauxi Dal Piaz, 1925
    dinnicki Ognev, 1922
    enezsizunensis Heim de Balsac and Beaufort, 1966
    fumigatus di Filippi, 1863
    gueldenstaedtii (Pallas, 1811)
    iculisma Mottaz, 1908
    italica Cavazza, 1912
    longicaudata Tichomirov and Kortchagin, 1889
    mimula Miller, 1901
    mimuloides Cavazza, 1912
    minor de Sélys Longchamps, 1839
    minuta Lydekker, 1902
    monacha Thomas, 1906
    oyaensis Heim de Balsac, 1940
    pamirensis Ognev, 1928
    praecypria Reumer and Oberli, 1988
    sarda Cavazza, 1912
    tristami (Bodenheimer, 1935)
    uxantisi Heim de Balsac, 1951

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