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SPECIES Crocidura russula

Author:Hermann, 1780.
Citation:In Zimmermann, Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere, 2: 382.
Common Name:Greater White-toothed Shrew
Type Locality:France, Bas Rhin, near Strasbourg.
Distribution:S and W Europe including some Atlantic isls off France and Great Britain; N Africa (Morocco; Algeria; Canary Isls).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc) as C. russula, Vulnerable as C. osorio.
Comments:Reviewed by Genoud and Hutterer (1990). The species is confined to W Europe and N Africa. Many populations from Asia and Africa have been erroneously assigned to russula (see Ellermann and Morrison-Scott, 1951). Allozyme and karyotype analyses by Catzeflis et al. (1985) have shown that animals from E Europe, Asia Minor, and Israel formerly identified as russula instead belong to suaveolens. This may also be true for other populations further east. Does not include hosletti, rapax, or vorax (as in Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1966:81; Jameson and Jones, 1977:465); see under species shantungensis, rapax, and vorax. Does not include ichnusae (= cossyrensis); see under that species. Recent morphological (Hutterer, unpubl.) and genetic studies (Vogel et al., 2003) suggest that osorio is a peripheral population of C. russula, possibly introduced by man, although differences in size, ecology, and behavior (Hutterer et al., 1992b) characterize it as a distinct island form.
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES russula

SUBSPECIES cintrae

SUBSPECIES osorio

SUBSPECIES peta

SUBSPECIES pulchra

SUBSPECIES yebalensis

Synonyms:


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