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SPECIES Crocidura olivieri

Author:Lesson, 1827.
Citation:Manuel de Mammalogie: 121.
Common Name:African Giant Shrew
Type Locality:Egypt, Sakkara; the neotype designated by Corbet (1978c:30) was collected "near Giza".
Distribution:Egypt; Mauretania to Ethiopia, and southwards to N South Africa.
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:

Crocidura olivieri is the valid and widely used name for large African shrews previously known as flavescens (which is now the valid name for a species restricted to South Africa; see Maddalena et al., 1987). Chitaukali et al. (2001) recently proposed to use occidentalis instead of olivieri, which they regard as a nomen dubium, despite the neotype designation by Corbet (1978). The description of C. olivieri was based on a large mummified shrew from Ancient Egypt. The same species occurs in Egypt today (Hutterer, 1994), and there is no reason to believe that the name olivieri does not refer to the extant species.

This group of giant shrews was reviewed by Heim de Balsac and Barloy (1966). Well known subspecies names are anchietae, doriana, ferruginea, fuscosa, giffardi, guineeensis, hansruppi, hedenborgiana, kivu, manni, martiensseni, nyansae, occidentalis, odorata, spurelli, and sururae. Some of these were considered allospecies of a flavescens superspecies by Hutterer and Happold (1983). Many authors also distinguished pale (occidentalis, manni, spurelli) and black (giffardi, hedenborgiana, martiensseni, odorata) color morphs as different species but biochemical evidence showed that they are merely color morphs of a single and highly variable species (Maddalena, 1990). Crocidura olivieri may also include zaphiri; see Yalden et al. (1976).

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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES olivieri

SUBSPECIES anchietae

SUBSPECIES bueae

SUBSPECIES cara

SUBSPECIES cinereoaenea

SUBSPECIES darfurea

SUBSPECIES giffardi

SUBSPECIES guineensis

SUBSPECIES hansruppi

SUBSPECIES hedenborgiana

SUBSPECIES kivu

SUBSPECIES manni

SUBSPECIES martiensseni

SUBSPECIES nyansae

SUBSPECIES occidentalis

SUBSPECIES odorata

SUBSPECIES spurelli

SUBSPECIES sururae

SUBSPECIES toritensis

SUBSPECIES zuleika

Synonyms:


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