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SPECIES Cricetulus barabensis

Author:Pallas, 1773.
Citation:Reise Prov. Russ. Reichs., 2: 704.
Common Name:Striped Dwarf Hamster
Type Locality:Russia, W Siberia, banks of Ob River, Kasmalinskii Bor (village in Altai Mtns; fide Pavlinov, 2002, in litt).
Distribution:Steppes of S Siberia from Irtysh River to Ussuri region, south through Transbaikalia to Mongolia (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995), NE China (Zhang et al., 1997), and Korean Peninsula (Won and Smith, 1999).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Status of griseus remains unsettled: originally described as a species (Milne-Edwards, 1867), later submerged as a subspecies of C. barabensis (G. M. Allen, 1940; Corbet, 1978c; Ellerman, 1941; Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1951), then reelevated as distinct (Corbet and Hill, 1991; Malygin et al., 1992; Orlov and Iskhakova, 1975; Pavlinov and Rossolimo, 1987; Wang, 2003). Orlov and Iskhakova (1975) had specifically separated griseus (2n = 22, FN = 38) from C. barabensis (2n = 20, FN = 38) and described the closely related C. pseudogriseus (2n = 24, FN = 38) based only on chromosomal traits. Kral et al. (1984) had difficulty in karyotypically characterizing the three because of the extensive homology among chromosomal arms and questioned their distinctiveness. Corbet (1978c) also discussed the problem and included pseudogriseus and griseus in C. barabensis, as did Pavlinov et al. (1995a) and Pavlinov and Rossolimo (1998). Malygin et al. (1992), however, reaffirmed the chromosomal and specific distinction of griseus and pseudogriseus from C. barabensis, and Gromov and Erbajeva (1995) arranged pseudogriseus as a species.
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    ferrugineus Argyropulo, 1941
    fumatus Thomas, 1909
    furunculus (Pallas, 1779)
    griseus (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
    manchuricus Mori, 1930
    mongolicus (Thomas, 1888)
    obscurus (Milne-Edwards, 1867)
    pseudogriseus Iskhakova, 1974
    pseudogriseus Orlov and Iskhakova, 1975
    tuvinicus Iskhakova, 1974
    xinganensis Wang, 1980

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