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SPECIES Microtus (Terricola) multiplex

Author:Fatio, 1905.
Citation:Arch. Sci. Phys. Nat. Geneve, Ser. 4, 19: 193.
Common Name:Alpine Pine Vole
Type Locality:Switzerland, Ticino Canton, near Lugano.
Distribution:Western and Central Alps in E France, Switzerland (Maurizio, 1994; Hausser, 1995), far W Austria, and N Italy, including N Italian Apennines (Amori et al., 1999; Cantini, 1991; Paolucci et al., 1994). The Adige River Valley (Trentino region) in the Alps of NE Italy is apparently the boundary between ranges of M. multiplex (to the west) and M. liechtensteini (eastward); see Brunet-Lecomte and Volobouev (1994), Haring et al. (2000), and Spitzenberger et al. (2000).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Subgenus Terricola, subterraneus species group (Chaline et al., 1988; Pavlinov et al., 1995a) or multiplex species group (Zagorodnyuk, 1990). Most closely related to M. bavaricus and M. liechtensteini (see latter account for discussion of relationships). Brunet-Lecomte and Volobouev (1994) and Brunet-Lecomte (1995) identified populations from the W French Alps and Rhone Valley, at the western margin of the geographic range, as the subspecies niethammeri based on m1 morphology and chromosomes. The taxon vuillemeyi was described as a fossil subspecies from the Pleistocene of E France (Brunet-Lecomte et al., 1993).
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    druentius (Miller, 1911)
    fatioi (Mottaz, 1909)
    leponticus Thomas, 1906
    niethammeri Brunet-Lecomte and Volobouev, 1994
    orientalis Dal Piaz, 1924
    vuillemeyi Brunet-Lecomte, Chaline, and Campy, 1993

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