Works Cited (Native American Content)

Carter, John H.  “Allummapees, King of the Delawares at Shamokin”.  Early Events in the Susquehanna Valley: a Collection of the Writings and Addresses as Presented by John H. Carter Before This Society.  Northumberland, Pa: Northumberland County Historical Society, 1981.  Presented before the Society, 10 Sept. 1928.  June 2006 <>.

Eshleman, Frank H.  Annals of the Susquehannocks and Other Indian Tribes of Pennsylvania 1500-1763.  Lewisburg, Pa: Wennawoods Publishing, 2000.

Everts and Stewart.  History of Northumberland County PA, 1876.

Grumet, Robert S.  Northeastern Indian Lives 1632-1816.  Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

Kent, Barry C.  Susquehanna’s Indians.  Harrisburg, Pa: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 2001.

Meginness, John Franklin.  Otzinachson,or, A history of the West Branch Valley of the Susquehanna : embracing a full account of its settlement--trials and privations endured by the early pioneers--full accounts of the Indian wars, predatory incursions, abductions, and massacres, &c., together with an account of the fair play system; and the trying scenes of the big runaway; interspersed with biographical sketches of some of the leading settlers, families, etc., together with pertinent anecdotes, statistics, much valuable matter entirely new.  Philadelphia: H. B. Ashmead, 1857.

Olmstead, Earl P.  David Zeisberger: A Life among the Indians.  Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1997.

Wade, Martin. Undergraduate notes and research material. Bucknell University.

Wallace, Paul A. W.  Indian Paths of Pennsylvania.  Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, 1971.


Online Images

Clark's Ferry Bridge
Iroquois Longhouse
Iroquois Warrior
Pine Grove Furnace
Susquehannock (black and white)