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SPECIES Cricetus cricetus

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 60.
Common Name:Common Hamster
Type Locality:Germany.
Distribution:Belgium across C Europe, W Siberia, and N Kazakhstan to the upper Yenesei and Altai region and NW China (NW Xinjiang; Wang, 2003; Zhang et al., 1997); see Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999) for former European range.
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999) recounted the drastic reduction in W Europe due to persecution and hunting. Other regional taxonomic synopses and chronicles of the species’ decline are available for the Netherlands (Lenders and Pelzers, 1982; Pelzers and Lenders, 1992), Sumava Mtns of SW Bohemia (Andĕra and Červený, 1994), Northrhine-Westphalia in Germany (Hutterer and Geiger-Roswora, 1997), Slovakia (Mošanský, 1994; Stanko and Mošanský, 2000), Slovenia (Kryštufek, 1991), Serbia and Montenegro (Petrov, 1992), and Czech Republic (Šmaha, 1996). Morphological variability among European samples evaluated by Grulich (1987a, b, 1991, and references therein). Recent reports emphasize conservation status and reintroduction attempts for various European countries (Godmann and Kasabi, 2001; Hellwig, 2001; Jordan, 2001; Losinger, 2001; Mercelis, 2001; Schreiber, 2001; Ulbrich and Kayser, 2001). Once present in the British Isles during the Pleistocene (Kowalski, 1967; Yalden, 1999). For synonyms see Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951:629).
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    albus Fitzinger, 1867
    babylonicus Nehring, 1903
    canescens Nehring, 1899
    frumentarius Pallas, 1811
    fulvus (Bechstein, 1801)
    fuscidorsis Argyropulo, 1932
    fuscidorsis Argyropulo, 1936
    germanicus (Kerr, 1792)
    jeudii (Gray, 1873)
    latycranius Ognev, 1923
    nehringi Matschie, 1901
    niger Fitzinger, 1867
    niger Bogdanov, 1871
    niger (Simroth, 1906)
    nigricans (Lacépčde, 1799)
    polychroma Krulikovski, 1916
    rufescens Nehring, 1899
    stavropolicus Satunin, 1907
    tauricus Ognev, 1924
    tomensis Ognev, 1924
    varius Fitzinger, 1867
    vulgaris Geoffroy, 1803

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