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HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER CHIROPTERA  --> FAMILY Vespertilionidae  --> SUBFAMILY Vespertilioninae  --> TRIBE Pipistrellini  --> GENUS Pipistrellus  --> SUBGENUS Pipistrellus

SPECIES Pipistrellus (Pipistrellus) hesperidus

Author:Temminck, 1840.
Citation:Monograph. Mammal... Musées de l'Europe, 2: 211.
Common Name:Dusky Pipistrelle
Type Locality:Not definitely identifiable, although known to be from the Red Sea coast of Africa; probably Ethiopia, probably Shewa Province [= Shoa] (see discussion in Kock, 2001b).
Distribution:Cape Verde Isls, Canary Isls, Liberia, Chad, Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), Nigeria, Cameroon, Dem. Rep. Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Madagascar.
Status:IUCN 2003 – Not evaluated; not considered in IUCN/SSC Action Plan (2001).
Comments:Subgenus Pipistrellus. Distinct from kuhlii, see Kock (2001b). Lectotype designated by Kock (2001b). Chromosomal differences between populations in South Africa/Madagascar and those in N Africa strongly suggest that the southern populations (for which subtilis is apparently the oldest name) represent a distinct species (Volleth et al., 2001). Similarly, differences in ectoparasites suggest that North African and Afrotropical forms may represent different species (Kock, 2001b). It thus seems clear that more than one species is present in this complex. However, allocation of many populations is uncertain, taxonomic limits have not yet been adequately described, and holotypes of several important forms (e.g., subtilis) have not been reexamined (Kock et al., 2001b; Volleth et al., 2001). I therefore treat this complex as a single taxon, recognizing the following subspecies (which may be shown to be distinct species): hesperidus (Northeastern Africa), fuscatus (Afrotropical regions excluding Southern Africa and Madagascar), and subtilis (Southern Africa and Madagascar).


SUBSPECIES hesperidus




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