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HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER CHIROPTERA  --> FAMILY Phyllostomidae  --> SUBFAMILY Stenodermatinae  --> TRIBE Stenodermatini  --> GENUS Artibeus  --> SUBGENUS Artibeus

SPECIES Artibeus (Artibeus) jamaicensis

Author:Leach, 1821.
Citation:Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13: 75.
Common Name:Jamaican Fruit-eating Bat
Type Locality:Jamaica.
Distribution:Michoacan, Sinaloa, and Tamaulipas (Mexico) to Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, N Argentina, and E Brazil; Trinidad and Tobago; Greater and Lesser Antilles, S Bahamas. Perhaps Florida Keys; see Lazell and Koopman (1985), but see also Humphrey and Brown (1986).
Status:IUCN 2003 and IUCN/SSC Action Plan (2001) Lower Risk (lc) as A. jamaicensis and A. planirostris.
Comments:Subgenus Artibeus. Does not include obscurus (= fuliginosus); see Handley (1989), Brosset and Charles-Dominique (1990), Lim and Wilson (1993), and Simmons and Voss (1998). There is little agreement about whether jamaicensis includes planirostris (supported by Handley [1987, 1991] and Marques-Aguiar [1994]) or if planirostris (including fallax and hercules) represents a distinct species (supported by Koopman [1978b], Lim and Wilson [1993], and Lim [1997]). Pumo et al. (1996) treated planirostris and jamaicensis as separate species in their analysis of mtDNA sequences, but their data are more consistent with recognition of these as members of a single species. Accordingly, I have retained planirostris in jamaicensis pending further study. Includes fallax, hercules, and praeceps; see Koopman (1968), Handley (1987), and Marques-Aguiar (1994). Subspecies limits and relationships discussed by Jones and Phillips (1970), Jones (1978), Hall (1981), Handley (1987), and Genoways et al. (1998); also see Pumo et al. (1988, 1996), Phillips et al. (1991), Lim (1997), and Timm and Genoways (2003). Reviewed by Ortega and Castro-Arellano (2001), but note that they excluded planirostris, fallax, hercules, aequatorialis, and schwartzi. Ortega and Castro-Arellano (2001) mapped the range of A. j. richardsoni as including most of South America (extensively overlapping the ranges planirostris, fallax, hercules, and aequatorialis), implying that jamaicensis and planirostris (if distinct) are broadly sympatric throughout much of South America. However, this was probably an error because such sympatry has never been proposed in the primary systematic literature (see Lim and Wilson [1993] and Lim [1997]).


SUBSPECIES jamaicensis

SUBSPECIES aequatorialis


SUBSPECIES grenadensis




SUBSPECIES planirostris

SUBSPECIES richardsoni

SUBSPECIES schwartzi

SUBSPECIES trinitatis

SUBSPECIES triomylus

SUBSPECIES yucatanicus


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