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SPECIES Sorex (Sorex) araneus

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 53.
Common Name:Common Shrew
Type Locality:"in Europe cryptis"; restricted to Uppsala, Sweden by Thomas (1911a:143).
Distribution:C, E, and N Europe including the British Isls (with some isolated populations in France, Italy and Spain), east to Siberia.
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Subgenus Sorex, S. araneus group. S. araneus is the preferred Palearctic species for studies in ecology and evolution; see Hausser et al. (1990), Hausser (1991), and Wójcik et al. (2002) for reviews. Karyotype variable (2n = 20-33, FN = 40). The species is well known for its Robertsonian chromosome polymorphism (Meylan, 1964) and for the tendency to establish local karyotype races (Hausser et al., 1985; Searle, 1984; Searle and Wójcik, 1998, 2000; Volobouev, 2003; Zima and Král, 1984b; Zima et al., 1994). In Switzerland two karyotype races occur that behave like parapatric species (Hausser et al., 1986); see under S. antinorii. Includes Blarina pyrrhonota Jentink, 1910, a name assigned to Cryptotis surinamensis by Cabrera (1958); however, Husson (1963) showed that the locality information was incorrect and that it was based on a Sorex araneus. The holotype skin (skull lost) of Myosorex preussi Matschie, 1893, formerly thought to represent an endemic species of Mt. Cameroon (Heim de Balsac, 1968b), is a Sorex araneus and therefore included as a synonym. Sorex isodon marchicus, described from E Germany (Passarge, 1984), is included in araneus as no clear morphological characters distinguish it from the latter (Turni et al., 2001), and because its karyotype represents the Laska race of the common shrews (Brünner et al., 2002c).



    alticola Miller, 1901
    bergensis Miller, 1909
    bohemicus Stepanek, 1944
    bolkayi Martino, 1930
    carpathicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1905
    castaneus Jenys, 1838
    concinnus Wagler, 1832
    csikii Ehik, 1928
    daubentonii Cuvier, 1829
    eleonorae Wettstein, 1927
    grantii Barrett-Hamilton and Hinton, 1913
    hermanni Duvernoy, 1834
    huelleri Lehmann, 1966
    ignotus Fatio, 1905
    iochanseni Ognev, 1933
    labiosus Jenys, 1839
    macrotrichus de Sélys Longchamps, 1839
    marchicus Passarge, 1984
    melanodon Wagler, 1832
    mollis Fatio, 1900
    nigra Fatio, 1869
    novyensis Schaefer, 1975
    nuda Fatio, 1869
    pallidus Fitzinger, 1868
    personatus Millet, 1828
    petrovi Martino, 1939
    peucinius Thomas, 1913
    preussi (Matschie, 1893)
    pulcher Zalesky, 1937
    pyrenaicus Miller, 1909
    pyrrhonota (Jentink, 1910)
    quadricaudatus Kerr, 1792
    rhinolophus Wagler, 1832
    ryphaeus Yudin, 1989
    sultanae Simsek, 1986
    surinamensis Gmelin, 1788
    tetragonurus Hermann, 1780
    uralensis Ognev, 1933
    vulgaris Nilsson, 1847
    wettsteini Bauer, 1960

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