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SPECIES Suncus murinus

Author:Linnaeus, 1766.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 12th ed., 1: 74.
Common Name:Asian House Shrew
Type Locality:Indonesia, Java.
Distribution:Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, China, Taiwan, Japan, continental and peninsular Indomalayan Region; introduced into Guam, the Maldive Isls, Philippines, and probably many other islands; introduced in historical times into coastal Africa (Egypt to Tanzania), Madagascar, the Comores, Mauritius, and Réunion, and into coastal Arabia (Iraq, Bahrain, Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia).
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:A highly variable species with a number of genetically distinct populations that almost behave like semispecies (Hasler et al., 1977; Rogatcheva et al., 2000; Yamagata et al., 1987; Yoshida, 1985). Chromosomes show Robertsonian polymorphism and vary geographically from 2n = 30 to 2n = 40 (Yosida, 1985). Forms with lower numbers are found in S India, Sri Lanka and peninsular Malaya. A number of laboratory strains have been established (Oda et al., 1985). Much of the present distribution is the result of human agency (Hutterer and Tranier, 1990). A clear allocation of all listed taxa to subspecies is not possible at this moment. Kitchener et al. (1994b) discussed subspecies in the Sunda Isls and recognized murinus, muelleri and seramensis as distinct. However, they did not consider names such as edwardsiana from S Philippines that may have priority. African synonyms include albicauda, auriculata, crassicaudus, duvernoyi, leucura, mauritiana, sacer, and geoffroyi; see Heim de Balsac and Meester (1977).



    albicauda (Peters, 1866)
    albinus (Blyth, 1860)
    andersoni (Trouessart, 1879)
    auriculata (Fitzinger, 1868)
    beddomei (Anderson, 1881)
    blanfordii (Anderson, 1877)
    blythii (Anderson, 1877)
    caerulaeus (Kerr, 1792)
    caerulescens (Shaw, 1800)
    caeruleus (Kerr, 1792)
    celebensis (Revilliod, 1911)
    ceylanica (Peters, 1870)
    crassicaudus (Lichtenstein, 1834)
    duvernoyi (Fitzinger, 1868)
    edwardsiana (Trouessart, 1880)
    fulvocinerea (Anderson, 1877)
    fuscipes (Peters, 1870)
    geoffroyi (J. B. Fischer, 1830)
    giganteus (Geoffroy, 1831)
    grayii Motley and Dillwyn, 1855
    griffithi (Horsfield, 1851)
    heterodon (Blyth, 1855)
    indicus (Geoffroy, 1811)
    kandianus (Kelaart, 1852)
    kelaarti (Blyth, 1855)
    kroonii (Kohlbrugge, 1896)
    kuekenthali (Matschie, 1901)
    leucura (Matschie, 1894)
    luzoniensis (Peters, 1870)
    malabaricus (Lindsay, 1929)
    mauritiana (Reichenbach, 1834)
    media (Peters, 1870)
    microtis (Peters, 1970)
    muelleri (Jentink, 1888)
    muschata (Hatori, 1915)
    myosurus (Pallas, 1785)
    nemorivagus (Hodgson, 1845)
    occultidens (Hollister, 1913)
    palawanensis (Taylor, 1934)
    pealana (Anderson, 1877)
    pilorides (Shaw, 1796)
    riukiuana (Kuroda, 1924)
    rubicunda (Anderson, 1877)
    sacer (Ehrenberg, 1832)
    saturatior (Hodgson, 1855)
    semmelicki Tate, 1944
    semmeliki Koller, 1930
    semmelinki (Jentink, 1888)
    seramensis Kitchener, 1994
    serpentarius (I. Geoffroy in Bélanger, 1831)
    sindensis (Anderson, 1877)
    soccatus (Hodgson, 1845)
    sonneratii (I. Geoffroy, 1827)
    sumatranus (Peters, 1870)
    swinhoei (Blyth, 1859)
    tytleri (Blyth, 1859)
    unicolor (Jentink, 1888)
    viridescens (Blyth, 1859)
    waldemarii (Peters, 1870)

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