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SPECIES Nesokia indica

Author:Gray, 1830-1835.
Actual Date:1830
Citation:Illustr. Indian Zool.: pl. xi (see Ellerman and Morrison-Scott, 1955, and Corbet and Hill, 1992).
Common Name:Short-tailed Nesokia
Type Locality:India (uncertain).
Distribution:Modern range covers Bangladesh, N India (Bihar, West Bengal, Punjap, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan; Agrawal, 2000; Chakraborty and Agrawal, 2000), Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Israel-Jordan, NE Egypt, NW China (Xinjiang, south of Tian Shan; Wang, 2003, and Zhang et al., 1997), Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Reviewed by Corbet (1978c) and Corbet and Hill (1992). Chromosomal data in different contexts reported by Thelma and Rao (1982), Gadi and Sharma (1983), Rao et al. (1983), Juyal et al. (1989), and Dubey and Raman (1992). External, cranial, and dental morphology, along with albumin immunology supports a close phylogenetic relationship with Bandicota (Misonne, 1969; Musser and Brothers, 1994; Niethammer, 1977; Watts and Baverstock, 1994b; Wroughton, 1908a), and electrophoretic comparisons of eight loci indicated a sister-species alliance with B. indica (Radtke and Niethammer, 1984[1985]). Chromosomal traits are closely similar in N. indica and Bandicota bengalensis (Gadi and Sharma, 1983). Substantial morphological variation is present among geographic samples of N. indica, and careful systematic revision is required to determine whether this variation represents one or more species. Geographic reviews covering taxonomy, ecology, and distribution available for India (Agrawal, 2000), Pakistan (Roberts, 1977, 1997), Israel and Jordan (Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov, 1999; Qumsiyeh, 1996), Syria (Kock and Nader, 1983; Misonne, 1957), Iran (Lay, 1967), Egypt (Osborn and Helmy, 1980), and regions adjacent to Russia (Gromov and Erbajeva, 1995). Inclusion of SE Anatolia (Turkey) in a distribution map of N. indica was probably based on nearby Syrian records and the species has yet to be found in Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001). Fossils from late Pleistocene sites in Egypt and N Sudan are beyond modern range in NE Africa (Osborn and Helmy, 1980).



    bacheri Nehring, 1897
    bailwardi Thomas, 1907
    beaba Wroughton, 1908
    boettgeri Radde and Walter, 1889
    brachyura Büchner, 1889
    buxtoni Thomas, 1919
    chitralensis Schlitter and Setzer, 1973
    dukelskiana Heptner, 1928
    griffithi Horsfield, 1851
    hardwickei (Gray, 1837)
    huttoni (Blyth, 1846)
    indicus (Peters, 1860)
    insularis Goodwin, 1940
    legendrei Goodwin, 1939
    myosura (Wagner, 1845)
    satunini Nehring, 1899
    scullyi Wood-Mason, 1876
    suilla Thomas, 1907

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