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HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER RODENTIA  --> SUBORDER MYOMORPHA  --> SUPERFAMILY Muroidea  --> FAMILY Muridae  --> SUBFAMILY Gerbillinae  --> GENUS Meriones  --> SUBGENUS Pallasiomys

SPECIES Meriones (Pallasiomys) tristrami

Author:Thomas, 1892.
Citation:Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6, 9: 148.
Common Name:Tristram’s Jird
Type Locality:Israel, Dead Sea region.
Distribution:From Israel, Lebanon, and W Jordan to Turkey (Kryštufek and Vohralík, 2001; Yi—it et al., 1998a), Syria, N Iraq, NW Iran, and Transcaucasia (see Harrison and Bates, 1991:294).
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Subgenus Pallasiomys. Treated as a subspecies of M. shawi by Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951). The species was generally reviewed by Corbet (1978c) and Pavlinov et al. (1990) and regionally reviewed by Harrison and Bates (1991, Arabia), Qumsiyeh (1996) and Mendelssohn and Yom-Tov (1999, Israel and Jordan), Misonne (1957, Syria), Lay (1967, C Asia), Yi—it et al. (1998a, Turkey), and Gromov and Erbajeva (1995, Russia). Chromosomal polymorphism and its significance among Transcaucasian samples were reported by Korobitsyna and Korablev (1980). Populations in Turkey have a stable diploid number (72) but the fundamental number varies between 76 in W Turkey and 82 in samples from the rest of Turkey (a diagnostic traits of M. t. kilisensis is its FN of 78; Yi—it and Çolak, 1998). Meriones tristrami has resided in the S Levant, as documented by fossils, since at least 160,000 years before present (see reviews and references cited by Tchernov, 1992, 1994). Saleh and Basuony (1998) claimed the Sinai Peninsula was the westernmost part of M. tristrami’s range but provided no documentation; we cannot locate records west of Israel.



    blackleri Thomas, 1903
    bodenheimeri Aharoni, 1932
    bogdanovi Heptner, 1931
    intraponticus Neuhäuser, 1936
    kariateni Aharoni, 1932
    kilisensis Yi?it and Çolak, 1998
    lycaon Thomas, 1919
    qatafensis Haas, 1951

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