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SPECIES Neotoma (Neotoma) floridana

Author:Ord, 1818.
Citation:Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris, 1818: 181.
Common Name:Eastern Woodrat
Type Locality:USA, Florida, Duval Co., St. Johns River, near Jacksonville.
Distribution:SC and SE USA (see Monty et al., 1995, for range enhancement in Illinois), from EC Colorado to C Texas, eastwards to the Atlantic seaboard, from S North Carolina to peninsular Florida; isolated population on Florida Keys (smalli).
Status:U.S. ESA Endangered as N. f. smalli; IUCN Endangered N. f. smalli, Lower Risk (nt) as N. f. baileyi and N. f. haematoreia, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Subgenus Neotoma, floridana species group (sensu Edwards and Bradley, 2002b). Hybridization with N. micropus possible but introgression along narrow contact zone judged insubstantial (Birney, 1973). See Planz et al. (1996) and Edwards et al. (2001) for studies of kinship and phylogeography based on DNA information. Whitaker and Hamilton (1998) implied that eastern populations (except smalli) are all synonymous with the nominate subspecies, a possibility consistent with the study of Edwards et al. (2001), who noted well-marked western and eastern clades among the subspecies sampled, coincident with the Mississippi River; denser geographic sampling is required. Few records from the Edwards Plateau, C Texas, reviewed by Goetze (1998); genetic differentiation and status of populations in S Illinois assessed by Monty et al. (2003). Formerly included magister as a subspecies (see below). See Wiley (1980, Mammalian Species, 139).



    attwateri Mearns, 1897
    baileyi Merriam, 1894
    campestris J. A. Allen, 1894
    haematoreia A. H. Howell, 1934
    illinoensis A. H. Howell, 1910
    osagensis Blair, 1939
    rubida Bangs, 1898
    smalli Sherman, 1955

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