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SPECIES Steatomys pratensis

Author:Peters, 1846.
Citation:Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 11: 258.
Common Name:Common African Fat Mouse
Type Locality:Mozambique, Zambezi River, Tete.
Distribution:Southern and East Africa—S Angola (Carter and Hill, 1941) and N Namibia; eastward through N Botswana (Smithers, 1971), Zimbabwe (Smithers and Wilson, 1979), N South Africa (Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, and N KwaZulu-Natal; de Graaff, 1997ff; Taylor, 1998), and Mozambique (Smithers and Lobao Tello, 1976); north through Zambia (Ansell, 1978), Malawi (Ansell and Dowsett, 1988; Chitaukali et al., 2001; Lawrence and Loveridge, 1953), and Tanzania (AMNH material) to EC Ethiopia (Demeter, 1982).
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Formerly included bocagei and opimus (see those accounts). Demeter (1982) identified the lone Ethiopian record (Sabober Plains, Awash National Park) as S. pratensis because of their large skull size compared with S. parvus; his range of values match those for S. pratensis in the AMNH, not the larger S. opimus which occurs no closer than extreme SW Sudan. Although leucorhynchus is usually included in S. krebsii (Coetzee, 1977a; Meester et al., 1986), Crawford-Cabral (1998) provisionally recognized it as a species because relative ear length of the holotype (Angola, Capelongo) is more similar to S. pratensis; he also suggested that leucorhynchus may prove to be another geographic sample of the latter. After studying the holotype of leucorhynchus and others from Capelongo (AMNH 85815, 85816, 86976) in S Angola, we agree with that assessment. We have not seen material between Ethiopia and the West African S. caurinus; that region is mostly occupied by the much larger-bodied S. opimus. Identified from the early Pleistocene of South Africa based on isolated molars (Avery, 1998).



    edulis Peters, 1852
    leucorhynchus Hill and Carter, 1937
    maunensis Roberts, 1932
    natalensis Roberts, 1929
    nyasae Lawrence and Loveridge, 1953

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