Cultures at the Confluence

17th-18th Native American Settlements of the Susquehanna River



Settled in 1718 near present-day Sunbury in Northumberland County, Shamokin is said to be the most important Indian town of which we have an account.  Its central location on the confluence of the West and North Branches of the Susquehanna River made it a prime spot from 1727 to 1756. The Iroquois claimed ownership over this land and sent Chief Shickellamy, a Cayuga, as a mediator over the many indian tribes that gathered here. He resided here from about 1728 until after 1737. For a period of about 15 years, until it’s abandonment in 1756, Shamokin was the veritable Indian capitol of Pennsylvania (Kent 100).




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