"ID","Order","Suborder","Infraorder","Superfamily","Family","Subfamily","Tribe","Genus","Subgenus","Species","Subspecies","TaxonLevel","Extinct?","OriginalName","ValidName","Author","Date","ActualDate","CitationName","CitationVolume","CitationIssue","CitationPages","CitationType","TypeSpecies","CommonName","TypeLocality","Distribution","Status","Synonyms","Comments","File","SortOrder","DisplayOrder" "10300001","MONOTREMATA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Bonaparte","1837","","","","","","","","","","","","","Reviewed by Griffiths (1978). The order is the sole extant representative of the Subclass Prototheria (all other living mammals belong to subclass Theria). McKenna and Bell (1997) divided the order into two (Platypoda and Tachyglossa); the date of divergence of the two living families is unknown, and conservatively they are retained here in a single order.","03","03-00001","03-0001" "10300002","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","11","","27","","","","","","","","","03","03-00002","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10300003","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mammal. Avium.","","","114","","Echidna novaehollandiae Lacépčde, 1799 (= Myrmecophaga aculeatus Shaw, 1792).","","","","","Acanthonotus Goldfuss, 1809; Echidna G. Cuvier, 1797; Echinopus G. Fischer, 1814; Syphonia Rafinesque, 1815.","","03","03-00003","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10300004","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Shaw)","1792","","Nat. Misc.","3","","pl. 109","","","Short-beaked Echidna","Australia, New South Wales, New Holland (= Sydney).","S and E New Guinea; Australia, including Kangaroo Isl (off South Australia) and Tasmania.","IUCN ­– Lower Risk (nt) as T. a. multiaculeatus; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant throughout its range.","australiensis (Lesson, 1827); australis (Lesson, 1836); corealis (Krefft, 1872); eracinius (Mudie, 1829); hystrix (Home, 1802); longiaculeata (Tiedemann, 1808); myrmecophagus (Goldfuss, 1809); novaehollandiae (Lacépčde, 1799); orientalis (Krefft, 1872); sydneiensis (Kowarzik, 1909); typica (Thomas, 1885); acanthion (Collett, 1884); ineptus Thomas, 1906; lawesii Ramsay, 1877; multiaculeatus (W. Rothschild, 1905); setosus (E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1803); breviaculeata (Tiedemann, 1808); hobartensis (Kowarzik, 1909); longirostrus (Perry, 1810).","Includes lawesii and setosus, see Ride (1970:231). Subspecies are unclear, and revision is needed. Species name commonly attributed to Shaw and Nodder, but Nodder was the publisher, not an author.","03","03-00004","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10300005","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","aculeatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Shaw)","1792","","Nat. Misc.","3","","pl. 109","","","","Australia, New South Wales, New Holland (= Sydney).","","","","","03","03-00005","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0005" "10300006","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","acanthion","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Collett)","1884","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00006","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0006" "10300007","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","lawesii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1877","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00007","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0007" "10300008","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","multiaculeatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(W. Rothschild)","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00008","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0008" "10300009","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Tachyglossus","","aculeatus","setosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire)","1803","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00009","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0009" "10300010","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gill","1877","","Ann. Rec. Sci. Indus.","May","","171","","Tachyglossus bruijni Peters and Doria, 1876.","","","","","Acanthoglossus Gervais, 1877; Bruynia Dubois, 1882; Proechidna Dubois, 1884; Prozaglossus Kerbert, 1913.","Revised by Flannery and Groves (1998).","03","03-00010","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010" "10300011","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","attenboroughi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Groves","1998","","Mammalia","62","","387","","","Sir David’s Long-beaked Echidna.","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Cyclops Mtns, ""Oost-top, Berg Rara, 1600 m"".","Known only from type locality.","CITES - Appendix II.","","","03","03-00011","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0011" "10300012","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bartoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Thomas)","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.","20","","294","","","Eastern Long-beaked Echidna","Papua New Guinea, Albert Edward Range, Mount Victoria, 8,000 ft (2438 m).","Interior New Guinea, east of Paniai Lakes, 600 to 3200 m.","CITES - Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as Z. bruijni (part).","bubuensis Laurie, 1952; clunius Thomas and W. Rothschild, 1922; diamondi Flannery and Groves, 1998; smeenki Flannery and Groves, 1998.","The subspecies are all highly distinctive, and may represent distinct species.","03","03-00012","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012" "10300013","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bartoni","bartoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Thomas)","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.","20","","294","","","","Papua New Guinea, Albert Edward Range, Mount Victoria, 8,000 ft (2438 m).","","","","","03","03-00013","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012-0013" "10300014","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bartoni","clunius","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and W. Rothschild","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00014","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012-0014" "10300015","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bartoni","diamondi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Groves","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00015","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012-0015" "10300016","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bartoni","smeenki","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Groves","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","","03","03-00016","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012-0016" "10300017","MONOTREMATA","","","","Tachyglossidae","","","Zaglossus","","bruijni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Peters and Doria)","1876","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","9","","183","","","Western Long-beaked Echidna.","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns.","Western New Guinea, west of Paniai Lakes; Salawati Isl (Indonesia).","CITES - Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","goodfellowi (Thomas, 1907); gularis W. Rothschild, 1922; nigro-aculeatus (W. Rothschild, 1892); pallidus W. Rothschild, 1922; tridactyla (Dubois, 1882); villosissima (Dubois, 1884).","Does not include bartoni and bubuensis; see Flannery and Groves (1998).","03","03-00017","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0017" "10300018","MONOTREMATA","","","","Ornithorhynchidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","343","","","","","","","","","03","03-00018","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0018" "10300019","MONOTREMATA","","","","Ornithorhynchidae","","","Ornithorhynchus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Blumenbach","1800","","Gotting. Gelehrt. Anz.","1","","609","","Ornithorhynchus paradoxus Blumenbach, 1800 (= Platypus anatinus Shaw, 1799).","","","","","Dermipus Wiedermann, 1800; Platypus Shaw, 1799 [not of Herbst, 1793].","Platypus Shaw, 1799 was preoccupied by Platypus Herbst, 1793, a genus of Coleoptera. Ornithorynchus is the next available name.","03","03-00019","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0018-0000-0000-0019" "10300020","MONOTREMATA","","","","Ornithorhynchidae","","","Ornithorhynchus","","anatinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Shaw)","1799","","Nat. Misc.","10","","pl. 385-386","","","Platypus.","Australia, New South Wales, New Holland (= Sydney).","Queensland, New South Wales, SE South Australia, Victoria, and Tasmania (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); common but vulnerable to local extinction.","brevirostris Ogilby, 1832; crispus, Macgillivray, 1827; fuscus Péron, 1807; laevis Macgillivray, 1827; novaehollandiae Lacépčde, 1800; paradoxus Blumenbach, 1800; phoxinus Thomas, 1923; rufus Péron, 1807; triton Thomas, 1923.","Whether there are any valid subspecies is unclear; revision is needed. Species name is commonly attributed to Shaw and Nodder, but Nodder was the publisher, not an author.","03","03-00020","03-0001-0000-0000-0000-0018-0000-0000-0019-0000-0020" "10400001","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","Didelphidia (sensu Hershkovitz, 1992a)","Traditionally included in Marsupialia; included in Ameridelphia (see Aplin and Archer, 1987; Marshall et al., 1990; and Szalay, 1982); but not Microbiotheriidae (Marshall et al., 1990; contra Reig et al., 1987).","04","04-00001","04-0001" "10400002","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","","","","","","","Placed in the order Polyprotodontia by Kirsch (1977); also see Aplin and Archer (1987). Does not include Dromiciops; see Kirsch and Calaby (1977). Includes Caluromyidae, Glironiidae, and Marmosidae sensu Hershkovitz (1992a).","04","04-00002","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10400003","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Kirsch","1977","","Aust. J. Zool., Suppl. ser.","52","","111","","","","","","","","Included in Caluromyidae along with Caluromyopsinae by Hershkovitz (1992a); also includes Glironiidae.","04","04-00003","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003" "10400004","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","13","","189","","Didelphis philander Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation.","","","","","Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 [part]; Gamba Liais, 1872 [part]; Mallodelphys Thomas, 1920 [type species Didelphis laniger Desmarest, 1820, by original designation; valid as a subgenus]; Philander Burmeister, 1856 [preoccupied by Philander Brisson, 1762, and Philander Tiedemann, 1808]; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part].","Calurosymys Avila-Pires, 1964, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Caluromys J. A. Allen. Comparatively uncommon to rare in collections, perhaps due to nocturnal and arboreal habits; but probably common in suitable habitat. Vulnerable to loss of tropical forest habitat.","04","04-00004","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004" "10400005","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","13","","189","","Didelphis philander Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation.","","","","","","","04","04-00005","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005" "10400006","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1920","","","","","","","[type species Didelphis laniger Desmarest, 1820, by original designation, valid as a subgenus]","","","","","","","04","04-00006","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006" "10400007","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Waterhouse)","1841","","Jardine's Natur. Libr.","11","","97","","","Derby’s Woolly Opossum","None given; restricted to Colombia, Cauca, Cauca Valley (Cabrera, 1958:2).","Mexico, Central America, W Colombia, and W Ecuador.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","antioquiae (Matschie, 1917); guayanus (Thomas, 1899); pictus (Thomas, 1913); pyrrhus Thomas, 1901; senex (Thomas, 1913); aztecus (Thomas, 1913); centralis (Hollister, 1914); canus (Matschie, 1917); fervidus (Thomas, 1913); nauticus (Thomas, 1913); pallidus (Thomas, 1899); unassigned: pulcher (Matschie, 1917).","Subgenus Mallodelphys. Reviewed by Bucher and Hoffmann (1980, Mammalian Species, 140). The name pulcher Matschie is based on a zoo specimen of unknown origin.","04","04-00007","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007" "10400008","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","derbianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Waterhouse)","1841","","Jardine's Natur. Libr.","11","","97","","","","None given; restricted to Colombia, Cauca, Cauca Valley (Cabrera, 1958:2).","","","","","04","04-00008","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0008" "10400009","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","aztecus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00009","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0009" "10400010","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","centralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hollister","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00010","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0010" "10400011","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","fervidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00011","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0011" "10400012","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","nauticus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00012","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0012" "10400013","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","derbianus","pallidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00013","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0007-0013" "10400014","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Olfers)","1818","","In W. L. Eschwege, J. Brasilien, Neue Bibliothek. Reisen.","15","","206","","","Brown-eared Woolly Opossum","""Paraguay;"" restricted to Caazapá, Caazapá (Cabrera, 1916).","N and C Colombia, NW and S Venezuela, E Ecuador, E Perú, E Bolivia, E and S Paraguay, N Argentina (Provincia Misiones), and W and S Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","cahyensis (Matschie, 1917); lanigera (Desmarest, 1820); cicur (Bangs, 1898); meridensis (Matschie, 1917); nattereri (Matschie, 1917); modesta (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); ochropus (Wagner, 1842); ornatus (Tschudi, 1845); bartletti (Matschie, 1917); jivaro (Thomas, 1913); juninensis (Matschie, 1917); vitalinus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); not allocated to subspecies: hemiurus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936).","Subgenus Mallodelphys. The type locality of hemiurus (Miranda-Ribeiro) is Brazil, specific locality unknown. The name calmensis Vieira, 1955, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of cahyensis Matschie.","04","04-00014","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014" "10400015","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","lanatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Olfers)","1818","","In W. L. Eschwege, J. Brasilien, Neue Bibliothek. Reisen.","15","","206","","","","""Paraguay;"" restricted to Caazapá, Caazapá (Cabrera, 1916).","","","","","04","04-00015","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0015" "10400016","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","cicur","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bangs","1898","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00016","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0016" "10400017","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","nattereri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00017","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0017" "10400018","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","ochropus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00018","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0018" "10400019","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","ornatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tschudi","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00019","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0019" "10400020","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Mallodelphys","lanatus","vitalinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miranda-Ribeiro","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00020","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0006-0014-0020" "10400021","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","philander","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Linnaeus)","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","54","","","Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum","""America;"" restricted to Surinam (Thomas, 1911a).","Venezuela (including Margarita Isl), Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, and E Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","cajopolin (Müller, 1776); cayopollin (Schreber, 1777); leucurus Thomas, 1904; affinis (Wagner, 1842); dichurus (Wagner, 1842); trinitatis (Thomas, 1894); venezuelae Thomas, 1903.","Subgenus Caluromys. Didelphys longicaudata Pelzeln, 1883, and D. macrura Pelzeln, 1883 (not D. macrura Olfers, 1818 [= Thylamy macrura]) are nomina nuda; dichrura Schinz, 1844, dichrura Cabrera, 1919, and dichrurus Vieira, 1953, are incorrect subsequent spellings of dichura Wagner.","04","04-00021","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005-0021" "10400022","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","philander","philander","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Linnaeus)","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","54","","","","""America;"" restricted to Surinam (Thomas, 1911a).","","","","","04","04-00022","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005-0021-0022" "10400023","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","philander","affinis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00023","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005-0021-0023" "10400024","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","philander","dichurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00024","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005-0021-0024" "10400025","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromys","Caluromys","philander","trinitatis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00025","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0005-0021-0025" "10400026","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromysiops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Sanborn","1951","","Fieldiana Zool.","31","","474","","Caluromysiops irrupta Sanborn, 1951.","","","","","","Monotypic.","04","04-00026","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0026" "10400027","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Caluromysiops","","irrupta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Sanborn","1951","","Fieldiana Zool.","31","","474","","","Black-shouldered Opossum","Perú, Cuzco, ""Quincemil, Province of Quispicanchis.""","SE Colombia, SE Perú, and W Brazil.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Uncommon to rare; see review by Izor and Pine (1987).","04","04-00027","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0026-0000-0027" "10400028","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Glironia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1912","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","9","","239","","Glironia venusta Thomas, 1912, by original designation.","","","","","","","04","04-00028","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0028" "10400029","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Caluromyinae","","Glironia","","venusta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1912","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","9","","240","","","Bushy-tailed Opossum","Perú, Pasco, ""Pozuzo.""","Amazonian Brazil, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.","IUCN – Vulnerable; rare.","aequatorialis Anthony, 1926; criniger Anthony, 1926.","Reviewed by Marshall (1978c, Mammalian Species, 107).","04","04-00029","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0028-0000-0029" "10400030","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","","","","","","Chironectinae, Lestodephyinae, Lutreolininae, Marmosidae, Marmosinae, Metachirinae, Monodelphinae, Thylamyinae.","Hershkovitz (1992a) restricted the Didelphinae to the genera Chironectes, Didelphis, Philander, and Lutreolina. Hershkovitz (1997) further restricted the Didelphinae by establishing Chironectinae and Lutreolininae for Chironectes and Lutreolina, respectively.","04","04-00030","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030" "10400031","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mammal. Avium.","","","76","","Lutra minima Zimmermann, 1780, by monotypy.","","","","","Gamba Liais, 1872 [part]; Memina G. Fischer, 1814; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part].","Memina G. Fischer, 1813, is a nomen nudum. Cheronectes Fleming, 1822, Cheironectes Gray, 1827, Cheironectes Jentink, 1888, and Chironeytes Goeldi and Hagmann, 1904, are incorrect subsequent spellings of Chironectes Illiger.","04","04-00031","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031" "10400032","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","minimus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Zimmermann)","1780","","Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere","2","","317","","","Water Opossum","""Gujana;"" restricted to Cayenne, French Guiana (Cabrera, 1958:44).","Oaxaca and Tabasco, México, south through Central America to Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Perú, Venezuela, the Guianas, Paraguay, and NE Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt)","cayennensis Turton, 1800; guianensis Kerr, 1792; gujanensis Link, 1795; palmata Daudin in Lacépčde, 1802; paraguensis Kerr, 1792; sarcovienna Shaw, 1800; variegatus Olfers, 1818; yapock Desmarest, 1820; argyrodytes Dickey, 1928; langsdorffi Boitard, 1845; bresslaui Pohle, 1927; panamensis Goldman, 1914.","Reviewed by Marshall (1978d, Mammalian Species, 109). The spelling variegatus Illiger, 1815, is a nomen nudum. The spellings memia Desmarest, 1803, memina Boddaert, 1784, memina F. Cuvier, 1825, memmina Desmarest, 1804, and memmina Muirhead, 1819, are incorrect subsequent spellings of minimus Zimmermann.","04","04-00032","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031-0000-0032" "10400033","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","minimus","minimus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","(Zimmermann)","1780","","Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere","2","","317","","","","""Gujana;"" restricted to Cayenne, French Guiana (Cabrera, 1958:44).","","","","","04","04-00033","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031-0000-0032-0033" "10400034","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","minimus","argyrodytes","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Dickey","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00034","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031-0000-0032-0034" "10400035","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","minimus","langsdorffi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Boitard","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00035","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031-0000-0032-0035" "10400036","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Chironectes","","minimus","panamensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Goldman","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00036","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0031-0000-0032-0036" "10400037","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","54","","Didelphis marsupialis Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent selection (Thomas, 1888).","","","","","Dasyurotherium Liais, 1872 [replacement name for Thylacotherium Lund]; Dimerodon Ameghino, 1889; Gamba Liais, 1872 [part]; Gambatherium Liais, 1872 [replacement name for Thylacotherium Lund]; Leucodidelphis Ihering, 1914; Opossum Schmid, 1818 [part]; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part]; Thylacotherium Lund, 1839 [preoccupied].","Didelphys Schreber, 1778, is an invalid emendation of Didelphis Linnaeus, and Leucodidelphys Krumbiegel, 1941, is an invalid emendation of Leucodidelphis Ihering, 1914. Didelphus Lapham, 1853, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Didelphis Linnaeus.","04","04-00037","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037" "10400038","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","albiventris","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lund","1840","","K. Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Afhandl. [preprint of Lund, 1841]","","","20","","","White-eared Opossum","Brazil, Minas Gerais, ""Rio das Velhas,"" Lagoa Santa.","Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and the northern half of Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","antigua Ameghino, 1889; bonariensis (Marelli, 1930); brasiliensis (Liais, 1872) (part); dennleri (Marelli, 1930); lechei (Ihering, 1892); leucotis (Wagner, 1847); paraguayensis (J. A. Allen, 1902) [not available from Oken, 1816]; poecilonota (Schinz, 1844); poecilotis Wagner, 1842.","Formerly known as D. azarae; see Hershkovitz (1969). Didelphis paraguayensis J. A. Allen, 1902, ex Oken, 1816 (= Didelphis albiventris Lund) is the type species of Leucodidelphis Ihering, 1914.","04","04-00038","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0038" "10400039","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","aurita","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Wied-Neuwied)","1826","","Beitr. Naturgesch. Brasil.","2","","395","","","Big-eared Opossum","Brazil, Bahia, ""Villa Viçosa am Flusse Paruhype.""","E Brazil, SE Paraguay, and NE Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","azarae Temminck, 1824 [see comments]; brasiliensis (Liais, 1872) [part]; koseritzi Ihering, 1892; longipilis Miranda-Ribeiro, 1935; melanoidis Miranda-Ribeiro, 1935; typica (Thomas, 1888) [part].","Previously considered a disjunct population of D. marsupialis (see Cerqueira, 1985). The senior synonym is D. azarae Temminck, 1824 (see Hershkovitz, 1969); however, the name had been misapplied to D. albiventris for over 160 years. The name leucoprymnus Matschie, 1916, is a nomen nudum; longigilis Ávila-Pires, 1968, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of longipilis Miranda-Ribeiro.","04","04-00039","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0039" "10400040","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","imperfecta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Mondolfi and Pérez-Hernández","1984","","Acta Cient. Venezolana","35","","407","","","Guianan White-eared Opossum","Venezuela, Bolívar, ""km 125, Carretera El Dorado-Santa Elena.""","Venezuela (south of the Orinoco), SW Suriname, French Guiana, and N Brazil.","","","Previously included in D. albiventris (see Gardner, 1993); revised by Lemos and Cerqueira (2002).","04","04-00040","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0040" "10400041","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","marsupialis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","54","","","Common Opossum","""America;"" restricted to Surinam (Thomas, 1911a).","Tamaulipas, México, south throughout Central and South America to Perú, Bolivia, and Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","austroamericana J. A. Allen, 1902 [not available from Oken, 1816]; brasiliensis (Liais, 1872) [part]; cancrivora Gmelin, 1788; karkinophaga Zimmermann, 1780; typica (Thomas, 1888); caucae J. A. Allen, 1900; battyi J. A. Allen, 1902; colombica J. A. Allen, 1900; etensis J. A. Allen, 1902; insularis J. A. Allen, 1902; mesamericana J. A. Allen, 1902 [part; not available from Oken, 1816]; particeps Goldman, 1917; richmondi J. A. Allen, 1901; tabascensis J. A. Allen, 1901.","Middle American populations were revised by Gardner (1973); Cerqueira (1985) treated the species as monotypic; carcinophaga Boddaert, 1784, is an invalid emendation of karkinophaga Zimmermann.","04","04-00041","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0041" "10400042","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","marsupialis","marsupialis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","54","","","","""America;"" restricted to Surinam (Thomas, 1911a).","","","","","04","04-00042","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0041-0042" "10400043","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","marsupialis","caucae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00043","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0041-0043" "10400044","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","pernigra","","SPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist","13","","191","","","Andean White-eared Opossum","Perú, Puno, ""Juliaca;"" corrected to ""Inca Mines"" (= Santo Domingo) by J. A. Allen (1901).","Andes of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.","","andina J. A. Allen, 1902; meridensis J. A. Allen, 1902.","Previously in albiventris (see Gardner, 1993); revised by Lemos and Cerqueira (2002).","04","04-00044","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0044" "10400045","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","virginiana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","193","","","Virginia Opossum","""Virginia, Louisiana, Mexico, Brasil, and Peru;"" restricted to Virginia (J. A. Allen, 1901:160c).","S Canada; E and C United States (with introduced populations in Pacific states); México; and in Central America south into N Costa Rica.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","boreoamericana J. A. Allen, 1902 [not available from Oken, 1816]; illinensium Link, 1795; pilosissima Link, 1795; pruinosa Wagner, 1843; typica (Thomas, 1888) [part]; woapink Barton, 1806; californica Bennett, 1833; breviceps Bennett, 1833; mesamericana J. A. Allen, 1902 [part; not available from Oken, 1816]; pigra Bangs, 1898; texensis J. A. Allen, 1901; yucatanensis J. A. Allen, 1901; cozumelae Merriam, 1901.","Revised by Gardner (1973, 1982); reviewed by McManus (1974, Mammalian Species, 40).","04","04-00045","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0045" "10400046","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","virginiana","virginiana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","193","","","","""Virginia, Louisiana, Mexico, Brasil, and Peru;"" restricted to Virginia (J. A. Allen, 1901:160c).","","","","","04","04-00046","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0045-0046" "10400047","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","virginiana","californica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bennett","1833","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00047","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0045-0047" "10400048","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","virginiana","pigra","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bangs","1898","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00048","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0045-0048" "10400049","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Didelphis","","virginiana","yucatanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00049","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0037-0000-0045-0049" "10400050","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gardner and Creighton","1989","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","102","","4","","Didelphys microtarsus Wagner, 1842, by original designation.","","","","","Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 [part]; Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854 [part].","Previously in Marmosa (sensu lato; see Gardner and Creighton, 1989).","04","04-00050","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050" "10400051","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","aceramarcae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Tate)","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","12","","","Aceramarca Gracile Opossum","Bolivia, La Paz, ""Rio Aceramarca, tributary of Rio Unduavi, Yungas.""","Bolivia (type locality) and SE Perú.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Included under Thylamys by Reig et al. (1987).","04","04-00051","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0051" "10400052","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","agilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Burmeister)","1854","","Syst. Uebers. Thiere Bras.","1","","139","","","Agile Gracile Opossum","Brazil, Minas Gerais, ""Lagoa Santa.""","Brazil, E Perú, E Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and adjacent Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","beatrix (Thomas, 1910); blaseri (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); buenavistae (Tate, 1931); chacoensis (Tate, 1931); peruana (Tate, 1931); rondoni (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); unduaviensis (Tate, 1931).","Anderson (1997) recognized three subspecies in Bolivia, and Flores et al. (2000) recognized G. a. chacoensis in Argentina; however, limits between subspecies are unclear and the species is treated here as monotypic pending revision. Costa et al. (2003) detailed differences between G. agilis and G. microtarsus, two taxa that Gardner (1993) suggested could prove conspecific.","04","04-00052","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0052" "10400053","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","agricolai","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Moojen)","1943","","Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, Nova Sér., Zool.","5","","2","","","Agricola’s Gracile Opossum","Brazil, Ceará, ""Crato.""","Known only from the type locality.","","","Included in emiliae (Thomas) by Gardner (1993; see review of emiliae by Voss et al., 2001); placement in Gracilinanus tentative and problematic.","04","04-00053","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0053" "10400054","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","dryas","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","1","","456","","","Wood Sprite Gracile Opossum","Venezuela, Mérida, ""Culata.""","Andes of W Venezuela.","IUCN –Vulnerable.","","","04","04-00054","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0054" "10400055","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","emiliae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1909","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","3","","379","","","Emilia’s Gracile Opossum","Brazil, ""Para.""","Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, NE Brazil.","IUCN – Vulnerable; Listed as Data Deficient as G. longicaudis, but G. longicaudis represents a misidentification by Hershkovitz and has no standing as a species or as a population.","longicaudis Hershkovitz, 1992.","See review by Voss et al., (2001).","04","04-00055","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0055" "10400056","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","formosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shamel","1930","","J. Mammal.","11","","311","","","Pygmy Opossum","Argentina, Formosa, ""Riacho Pilago, 10 miles [16 km] northwest of Kilometro 182.","Known only from the type locality in Formosa Province, Argentina.","","Marmosa muscula Shamel, 1930 [preoccupied].","Included in agilis (Burmeister) by Gardner (1993); placement in Gracilinanus tentative and problematic.","04","04-00056","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0056" "10400057","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","ignitus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Díaz, Flores, and Barquez","2002","","J. Mammal.","83","","825","","","Red-bellied Gracile Opossum","Argentina, Jujuy, ""Yuto.""","Known only from type locality.","","","","04","04-00057","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0057" "10400058","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","marica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","1","","455","","","Northern Gracile Opossum","Venezuela, Mérida, ""R. Albarregas.""","N Colombia and Venezuela.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt); Data Deficient as G. perijae.","perijae Hershkovitz, 1992.","","04","04-00058","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0058" "10400059","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","microtarsus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesch.","8","1","359","","","Brazilian Gracile Opossum","Brazil, Săo Paulo, ""Ypanema.""","SE Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","guahybae (Tate, 1931); herhardti Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936.","Costa et al. (2003) detailed differences between G. agilis and G. microtarsus, two taxa that Gardner (1993) suggested could prove conspecific.","04","04-00059","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0059" "10400060","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","microtarsus","microtarsus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesch.","8","1","359","","","","Brazil, Săo Paulo, ""Ypanema.""","","","","","04","04-00060","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0059-0060" "10400061","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Gracilinanus","","microtarsus","guahybae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00061","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0050-0000-0059-0061" "10400062","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Hyladelphys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Voss, Lunde, and Simmons","2001","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","263","","30","","Gracilinanus kalinowskii Hershkovitz, 1992, by original designation.","","","","","","Monotypic.","04","04-00062","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0062" "10400063","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Hyladelphys","","kalinowskii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Hershkovitz","1992","","Fieldiana Zool., n.s.","70","","37","","","Kalinowski’s Mouse Opossum","Perú, Cuzco, ""Hacienda Cadena, Marcapata.""","S Guyana, N French Guiana, west to E Perú.","IUCN – Data Deficient as Gracilinanus kalinowskii.","","Described as Gracilinanus kalinowskii; see Voss et al. (2001).","04","04-00063","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0062-0000-0063" "10400064","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lestodelphys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Tate","1934","","J. Mammal.","15","","154","","Notodelphys halli Thomas, 1921, by original designation.","","","","","Notodelphys Thomas, 1921 [preoccupied].","Monotypic.","04","04-00064","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0064" "10400065","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lestodelphys","","halli","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1921","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","8","","137","","","Patagonian Opossum","Argentina, Santa Cruz, ""Cabo Tres Puntas;"" subsequently emended to ""Estancia Madujada [= Estancia La Madrugada], not far from Puerto Deseado"" (Thomas, 1929:45).","Provincia Mendoza south to Provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Reviewed by L. G. Marshall (1977, Mammalian Species, 81).","04","04-00065","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0064-0000-0065" "10400066","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lutreolina","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","5","","247","","Didelphis crassicaudata Desmarest, 1804, by monotypy.","","","","","Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 [part]; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part].","","04","04-00066","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0066" "10400067","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lutreolina","","crassicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Méth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","19","","","Lutrine Opossum","Paraguay, Asunción, by subsequent restriction (Cabrera, 1958:39).","South America in two populations: E Colombia, Venezuela, and W Guyana; E Bolivia, SE Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina south to Provincia de Buenos Aires.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","bonaria Thomas, 1923; crassicaudis (Olfers, 1818); ferruginea Larrańaga, 1923; lutrilla Thomas, 1923; paranalis Thomas, 1923; travassosi Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936; turneri (Günther, 1879).","Reviewed by Marshall (1978a, Mammalian Species, 91). The names crassicaudis Olfers, 1815, and mustelina Waterhouse, 1846, are nomina nuda.","04","04-00067","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0066-0000-0067" "10400068","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lutreolina","","crassicaudata","crassicaudata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Méth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","19","","","","Paraguay, Asunción, by subsequent restriction (Cabrera, 1958:39).","","","","","04","04-00068","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0066-0000-0067-0068" "10400069","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Lutreolina","","crassicaudata","turneri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1879","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00069","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0066-0000-0067-0069" "10400070","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","Didelphis marina Gray, 1821, by monotypy (incorrect subsequent spelling of Didelphis murina Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Asagis Gloger, 1841; Cuica Liais, 1872; Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 [part]; Grayium Kretzoi and Kretzoi, 2000; Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854; Notagogus Gloger, 1841; Opossum Schmid, 1818 [part]; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part]; Stegomarmosa Pine, 1972.","Ouica Cabrera, 1958, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Cuica Liais.","04","04-00070","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070" "10400071","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","andersoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pine","1972","","J. Mammal.","53","","279","","","Heavy-browed Mouse Opossum","Perú, Cuzco, ""Hda. Villa Carmen, Cosńipata.""","Known only from the type locality.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Type species of Stegomarmosa Pine.","04","04-00071","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0071" "10400072","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","lepida","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","1","","158","","","Rufous Mouse Opossum","""Peruvian Amazons;"" identified as Perú, Loreto, Santa Cruz, Huallaga River, by Thomas (1888a:348).","Surinam and E Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, and Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","grandis Tate, 1931.","","04","04-00072","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0072" "10400073","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","mexicana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Merriam","1897","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","11","","44","","","Mexican Mouse Opossum","México, Oaxaca, ""Juquila.""","Tamaulipas, México to W Panamá.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","mayensis Osgood, 1913; savannarum Goldman, 1917; zeledoni Goldman, 1917.","","04","04-00073","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0073" "10400074","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","mexicana","mexicana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Merriam","1897","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","11","","44","","","","México, Oaxaca, ""Juquila.""","","","","","04","04-00074","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0073-0074" "10400075","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","mexicana","mayensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00075","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0073-0075" "10400076","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","mexicana","savannarum","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Goldman","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00076","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0073-0076" "10400077","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","murina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","55","","","Linnaeus’s Mouse Opossum","""Asia, America;"" restricted to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, Brazil, E Ecuador, E Perú, and Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","bombascarae Anthony, 1922; chloe Thomas, 1907; dorsigera (Linnaeus, 1758); duidae Tate, 1931; guianensis (Kerr, 1792); klagesi J. A. Allen, 1900; macrotarsus (Wagner, 1842); madeirensis Cabrera, 1913; maranii Thomas, 1924; meridionalis Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936; moreirae Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936; muscula (Cabanis, 1848); parata Thomas, 1911; roraimae Tate, 1931; tobagi Thomas, 1911; waterhousii (Tomes, 1860).","Tate (1933) recognized 8 subspecies and Cabrera (1959) recognized 7; however, limits between subspecies are unclear and the species is treated here as monotypic pending revision. Work by Patton and Costa (2003) suggests that, as currently understood, murina is composite. The names marina E. Geoffroy, 1803, and marina Gray, 1821, are incorrect subsequent spellings of murina Linnaeus; waterhausi Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of waterhousii (Tomes). Didelphis murina Linnaeus, 1758, is the type species of Asagis Gloger, 1841; Notagogus Gloger, 1841; Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854; and Cuica Liais, 1872.","04","04-00077","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0077" "10400078","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","quichua","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","3","","43","","","Quechuan Mouse Opossum","""Ocabamba"" identified as Valle de Occobamba by Ceballos Bendezu (1981), Cuzco, Perú.","E Perú.","","musicola Osgood, 1913.","Included in murina by Gardner (1993); see Voss et al. (2001:41).","04","04-00078","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0078" "10400079","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Bangs","1898","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","12","","95","","","Robinson’s Mouse Opossum","Venezuela, Nueva Esparta, ""Margarita Island.""","Belize, Honduras (Isla Ruatán), Panamá, Colombia, W Ecuador, NW Perú, N Venezuela, and Grenada (Lesser Antilles).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","casta Thomas, 1911; mitis Bangs, 1898; pallidiventris Osgood, 1912; chapmani J. A. Allen, 1900; nesaea Thomas, 1911; fulviventer Bangs, 1901; grenadae Thomas, 1911; isthmica Goldman, 1912; luridavolta Goodwin, 1961; ruatanica Goldman, 1911; simonsi Thomas, 1899; mimetra Thomas, 1921.","Reviewed by O'Connell (1983, Mammalian Species, 203).","04","04-00079","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079" "10400080","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","robinsoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bangs","1898","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","12","","95","","","","Venezuela, Nueva Esparta, ""Margarita Island.""","","","","","04","04-00080","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0080" "10400081","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","chapmani","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00081","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0081" "10400082","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","fulviventer","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bangs","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00082","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0082" "10400083","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","grenadae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00083","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0083" "10400084","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","isthmica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Goldman","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00084","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0084" "10400085","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","luridavolta","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Goodwin","1961","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00085","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0085" "10400086","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","ruatanica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Goldman","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00086","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0086" "10400087","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","robinsoni","simonsi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00087","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0079-0087" "10400088","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","rubra","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","6","","","Red Mouse Opossum","Perú, Loreto, ""mouth of Rio Curaray.""","E Ecuador and Perú.","IUCN –Lower Risk (lc).","","","04","04-00088","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0088" "10400089","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","tyleriana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","6","","","Tyleria Mouse Opossum","Venezuela, Amazonas, ""Central Camp, Mt. Duida Plateau, Upper Rio Orinoco.""","Guayanan Highland tepuis of Venezuela.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","phelpsi Tate, 1939.","","04","04-00089","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0089" "10400090","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosa","","xerophila","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Handley and Gordon","1979","","In J. F. Eisenberg (ed.), Vertebrate ecology in the northern Neotropics, Smithson. Inst. Press","","","68","","","Guajira Mouse Opossum","Colombia, Guajira, ""La Isla, 15 m, near Cajoro, 37 km NNE Paraguaipoa.""","NE Colombia and NW Venezuela.","IUCN – Endangered.","","","04","04-00090","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0070-0000-0090" "10400091","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr., Berlin","1916","1","267","","Didelphis incana Lund, 1840, by original designation.","","","","","Didelphis Linnaeus, 1758 [part]; Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854 [part]; Thylamys Gray, 1821 [part].","Previously in Marmosa (sensu lato; see Gardner and Creighton, 1989).","04","04-00091","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091" "10400092","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","bishopi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Pine)","1981","","Mammalia","45","","63","","","Bishop’s Slender Opossum","""264 km N (by road) Xavantina (locality is at 12°51'S, 51°46'W), Serra do Roncador, Mato Grosso, Brazil.""","Brasil, Perú, and Bolivia.","","","Described as a subspecies of M. parvidens; treated as a species by Voss et al. (2001:48).","04","04-00092","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0092" "10400093","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","cracens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Handley and Gordon)","1979","","In J. F. Eisenberg (ed.), Vertebrate ecology in the northern Neotropics, Smithson. Inst. Press.","","","66","","","Narrow-headed Slender Opossum","Venezuela, Falcón, ""near La Pastora (11°12'N, 68°37'W), 150 m, 14 km ENE Mirimire.""","Known only from the type locality.","IUCN – Endangered.","","","04","04-00093","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0093" "10400094","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","dorothea","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Thomas)","1911","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","7","","516","","","Dorothys’ Slender opossum","Bolivia, La Paz, ""Rio Solocame, 67°W., 16°S.""","NE Bolivia.","IUCN – Vulnerable (B1+2c).","yungasensis (Tate, 1931).","","04","04-00094","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0094" "10400095","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","fuscatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","313","","","Dusky Slender Opossum","Venezuela, Mérida, ""Rio Abbarregas [= Río Alvarregas].""","E Andes of Colombia, N Venezuela, and Isl of Trinidad.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","carri (J. A. Allen and Chapman, 1897); perfuscus (Thomas, 1924).","","04","04-00095","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0095" "10400096","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","fuscatus","fuscatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","313","","","","Venezuela, Mérida, ""Rio Abbarregas [= Río Alvarregas].""","","","","","04","04-00096","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0095-0096" "10400097","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","fuscatus","carri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen and Chapman","1897","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00097","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0095-0097" "10400098","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","fuscatus","perfuscus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00098","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0095-0098" "10400099","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","handleyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pine","1981","","Mammalia","45","","67","","","Handley’s Slender Opossum","Colombia, Antioquia, ""9 km S Valdivia.""","Known from the vicinity of the type locality.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Known from only two specimens.","04","04-00099","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0099" "10400100","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","impavidus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Tschudi)","1845","","Fauna Peruana","1","","149","","","Tschudi’s Slender Opossum","""Der mittleren und tiefen Waldregion;"" interpreted by Cabrera (1958:16) as Perú, Junín, ""Montańa de Vitoc, cerca de Chanchamayo.""","Darién of Panamá to Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, W Brazil, and E Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","albiventris (Tate, 1931); caucae (Thomas, 1900); celicae (Anthony, 1922); madescens (Osgood, 1913); ocellata (Tate, 1931); oroensis (Anthony, 1922); purui (Miller, 1913); sobrina (Thomas, 1913); ucayaliensis (Tate, 1931).","This taxon is too poorly known to assign names to subspecies with confidence.","04","04-00100","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0100" "10400101","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","incanus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lund","1840","","K. Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Afhandl. [preprint of Lund, 1841]","","","21","","","Gray Slender Opossum","Brazil, Minas Gerais, ""Rio das Velhas,"" Lagoa Santa.","E Brazil from the states of Bahia south to Săo Paulo.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","bahiensis (Tate, 1931); scapulatus (Burmeister, 1856).","Reviewed by Mustrangi and Patton (1997).","04","04-00101","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0101" "10400102","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","invictus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Goldman","1912","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","60","2","3","","","Panama Slender Opossum","Panamá, Darien, ""Cana.""","Panamá.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Reviewed by Pine (1981).","04","04-00102","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0102" "10400103","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","juninensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","13","","","Junin Slender Opossum","""Utcuyacu. Between Tarma and Chanchamayo,"" Junín, Perú.","Chanchamayo Valley of Perú.","","","Included under parvidens by Gardner (1993); considered a species by Voss et al. (2001:47).","04","04-00103","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0103" "10400104","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","neblina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gardner","1990","","In K. H. Redford and J. F. Eisenberg, eds., Advances in Neotropical Mammalogy, The Sandhill Crane Press, Inc.","","","414","","","Neblina Slender Opossum","Venezuela, Amazonas, ""Camp VII (00°50'40""N, 65°58'10""W), 1800 m, Cerro de la Neblina.""","S Venezuela, E Ecuador, E Perú, and W Brazil (Patton et al., 2000).","","","Described as a subspecies of M. impavidus; reviewed by Mustrangi and Patton (1997) and Patton et al. (2000). The spelling neblinae Linares, 1998, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of neblina (Gardner). One of the several names grouped under M. impavidus may prove to be a senior synonym for neblina.","04","04-00104","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0104" "10400105","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","noctivagus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tschudi","1844","","Fauna Peruana","1","","148","","","White-bellied Slender Opossum","""Der mittleren und tiefen Waldregion""; restricted by Tate (1933) to Perú, Junín, Montańa de Vitoc, near Chanchamayo, Río Perené drainage.","Amazonian Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, and adjacent Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","collega (Thomas, 1920); keaysi (J. A. Allen, 1900); leucastra (Thomas, 1927); lugenda (Thomas, 1927); neglecta (Osgood, 1915); polita (Cabrera, 1913); stollei (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936).","Anderson (1997) recognized M. noctivagus keaysi in Bolivia. Nevertheless, noctivagus is too poorly known to assign names to subspecies with confidence.","04","04-00105","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0105" "10400106","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","parvidens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","13","","","Delicate Slender Opossum","Guyana, East Demerara-West Coast Berbice, ""Hyde Park, 30 miles [48 km] up the Demerara River.""","E Colombia, N Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana and N Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Voss et al. (2001) considered Pine’s (1981) five subspecies to represent four species. The name parvidentata Tate, 1933, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of parvidens (Tate).","04","04-00106","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0106" "10400107","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","paulensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Am. Mus. Novit.","493","","8","","","Brazilian Slender Opossum","Brazil, ""Therezopolis, Rio de Janeiro, Săo Paulo [sic].""","SE Brazil in states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Săo Paulo, and Paraná.","","","Reviewed by Mustrangi and Patton (1997).","04","04-00107","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0107" "10400108","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Marmosops","","pinheiroi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pine","1981","","Mammalia","45","","61","","","Pinheiro’s Slender Opossum","Brazil, Amapá, ""Rio Amapari, Serra do Navio (0°59'N, 52°03'W).""","Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, and Brazil.","","woodalli (Pine, 1981).","Not a subspecies of M. parvidens; see Voss et al. (2001).","04","04-00108","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0091-0000-0108" "10400109","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Burmeister","1854","","Syst. Uebers. Thiere Bras.","1","","135","","Didelphis myosuros Temminck, 1824, by subsequent designation (Thomas, 1888).","","","","","Cuica Liais, 1872 (part).","Hall (1981) followed Pine (1973) in using the name Philander; see Hershkovitz (1976, 1981) who reaffirmed the use of Philander for the gray four-eyed opossums. Metacherius Sanderson, 1949, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Metachirus Burmeister.","04","04-00109","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109" "10400110","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1803","","Cat. Mam. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Paris","","","142","","","Brown Four-eyed Opossum","French Guiana, ""Cayenne.""","Nicaragua to Paraguay and N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","colombianus J. A. Allen, 1900; antioquiae J. A. Allen, 1916; dentaneus Goldman, 1912; imbutus Thomas, 1923; phaeurus Thomas, 1901; modestus Thomas, 1923; myosuros (Temminck, 1824); personatus Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936; tschudii J. A. Allen, 1900; bolivianus J. A. Allen, 1901; infuscus Thomas, 1923.","É. Geoffroy St.-Hilaire's (1803) catalog of the mammals in the Paris Museum was previously considered an unpublished work (Wilson and Reeder, 1993); therefore, Gardner (1993) dated nudicaudatus from Desmarest, 1817. Geoffroy’s catalog was subsequently placed on the Official List of Works Approved as Available for Zoological Nomenclature (Opinion 2005 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 2002). The names nudicauda Lesson, 1827, and nudicaudus Gray, 1843, are incorrect subsequent spellings of nudicaudatus (É. Geoffroy). The name colombica J. A. Allen, 1901, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of colombianus J. A. Allen.","04","04-00110","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110" "10400111","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","nudicaudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1803","","Cat. Mam. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Paris","","","142","","","","French Guiana, ""Cayenne.""","","","","","04","04-00111","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110-0111" "10400112","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","colombianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00112","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110-0112" "10400113","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","modestus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00113","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110-0113" "10400114","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","myosuros","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00114","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110-0114" "10400115","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Metachirus","","nudicaudatus","tschudii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00115","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0109-0000-0110-0115" "10400116","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lesson","1842","","Nouv. Tabl. Regn. Anim. Mammifčres","","","186","","Didelphis cinerea Temminck, 1824, by subsequent designation (Thomas, 1888a).","","","","","Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854 [part].","Previously in Marmosa (sensu lato; see Gardner and Creighton, 1989). Micoures Reig et al. (1985) and Micoures Massoia, 1988, are incorrect subsequent spellings of Micoureus Lesson.","04","04-00116","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116" "10400117","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","alstoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","13","","189","","","Alston’s Mouse Opossum","Costa Rica, Cartago, ""Tres Rios.""","E Central America from Belize to Panamá and adjacent Caribbean islands.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","nicaraguae Thomas, 1905.","The species also may occur in Colombia.","04","04-00117","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0117" "10400118","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","constantiae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1903","1904","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1903[1904]","2","243","","","White-bellied Woolly Mouse Opossum","Brazil, Mato Grosso, ""Chapada.""","E Bolivia and adjacent Brazil south into N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","budini (Thomas, 1920).","Anderson recognized M. c. constantiae and M. c. budini in Bolivia.","04","04-00118","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0118" "10400119","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1905","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","16","","313","","","Woolly Mouse Opossum","Guyana, East Demerara-West Coast Berbice, ""Comaccka, 80 miles [129 km] up Demerara River.""","Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Brazil, E Perú, and E Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","areniticola (Tate, 1931); dominus (Thomas, 1920); limae (Thomas, 1920); esmeraldae (Tate, 1931); meridae (Tate, 1931).","Previously included under Marmosa cinerea (Temminck, 1824).","04","04-00119","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119" "10400120","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","demerarae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1905","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","16","","313","","","","Guyana, East Demerara-West Coast Berbice, ""Comaccka, 80 miles [129 km] up Demerara River.""","","","","","04","04-00120","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119-0120" "10400121","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","areniticola","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00121","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119-0121" "10400122","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","dominus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1920","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00122","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119-0122" "10400123","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","esmeraldae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00123","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119-0123" "10400124","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","demerarae","meridae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00124","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0119-0124" "10400125","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","paraguayanus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Amer. Mus. Novit.","493","","1","","","Tate’s Woolly Mouse Opossum","Paraguay, Guairá, ""Villa Rica."""," E Brazil from Minas Gerais and S Bahia south to Rio Grande do Sul and E Paraguay.","","travassosi (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); cinerea (Temminck, 1824) [preoccupied]; pfrimeri (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936).","Previously included under Marmosa cinerea; original name Didelphis cinerea Temminck, 1824, preoccupied by D. cinerea Goldfuss, 1812. Included in M. demerarae by Gardner (1993); see review by Patton and Costa (2003).","04","04-00125","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0125" "10400126","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","paraguayanus","paraguayanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1931","","Amer. Mus. Novit.","493","","1","","","","Paraguay, Guairá, ""Villa Rica.""","","","","","04","04-00126","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0125-0126" "10400127","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","paraguayanus","travassosi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miranda-Ribeiro","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00127","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0125-0127" "10400128","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","phaeus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","(Thomas)","1899","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","3","","44","","","Little Woolly Mouse Opossum","Colombia, Narińo, ""San Pablo.""","W slopes of the Andes from SW Colombia to SW Ecuador.","","perplexa (Anthony, 1922).","pahea Ceballos Bendezu, 1981, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of phaea (Thomas).","04","04-00128","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0128" "10400129","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","regina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","2","","274","","","Bare-tailed Woolly Mouse Opossum","Colombia, Cundinamarca, ""West Cundinamarca (Bogotá Region).""","Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Brazil, and Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","germana (Thomas, 1904); parda (Tate, 1931); rutteri (Thomas, 1924); rapposa (Thomas, 1899); mapiriensis (Tate, 1931).","","04","04-00129","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0129" "10400130","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","regina","regina","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","2","","274","","","","Colombia, Cundinamarca, ""West Cundinamarca (Bogotá Region).""","","","","","04","04-00130","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0129-0130" "10400131","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","regina","germana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00131","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0129-0131" "10400132","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Micoureus","","regina","rapposa","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00132","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0116-0000-0129-0132" "10400133","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Burnett","1829","1830","Quart. J. Sci. Lit. Art.","1829[1830]","","351","","Monodelphis brachyura Burnett, 1830 (= Didelphys brachyuros Schreber, 1777, = Didelphis brevicaudata Erxleben, 1777) by subsequent designation (Matschie, 1916).","","","","","Hemiurus Gervais, 1855; Microdelphys Burmeister, 1856; Minuania Cabrera, 1919; Monodelphiops Matschie, 1916; Peramys Lesson, 1842.","Microdidelphys Trouessart, 1898, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Microdelphys Burmeister.","04","04-00133","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133" "10400134","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","adusta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","20","","219","","","Sepia Short-tailed Opossum","Colombia, ""W. Cundinamarca, in the low-lying hot regions.""","E Panamá, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","melanops (Goldman, 1912); peruvianus (Osgood, 1913).","Emmons (1990) recognized peruvianus as a separate species.","04","04-00134","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0134" "10400135","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","americana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1776","","Linné's Vollständ. Natursyst., Suppl.","","","36","","","Northern Three-striped Opossum","""Brasilien,"" restricted to Brazil, Pernambuco, Pernambuco, by Cabrera (1958:7).","E Brazil from the states of Pará south to Santa Catarina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","brasiliensis (Erxleben, 1777); brasiliensis (Daudin in Lacépčde, 1802); trilineata (Lund, 1840); tristriata (Olfers, 1818).","The name tristriata Illiger, 1815, is a nomen nudum. Microdelphys tristriatus as used by Burmeister, 1856 (= Didelphys tristriata Olfers, 1818 = Sorex americanus Muller, 1776), is the type species of Microdelphys Burmeister, 1856.","04","04-00135","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0135" "10400136","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","brevicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","1","","80","","","Northern Red-sided Opossum","""In Americae australis silvis;"" restricted to Surinam by Matschie (1916).","Venezuela, the Guianas, and adjacent Brasil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","brachyuros (Schreber, 1777); dorsalis (J. A. Allen, 1904); hunteri (Waterhouse, 1841); orinoci (Thomas, 1899); sebae (Gray, 1827); surinamensis (Zimmermann, 1780); touan (Bechstein, 1800); touan (Shaw, 1800); touan (Daudin in Lacépčde, 1802); tricolor (E. Geoffroy, 1803).","Reviewed by Voss et al. (2001), who restricted the name to populations in the Guiana Region of northern South America. The name orinoci (Thomas) has been applied to populations in the Venezuelan Llanos north and west of the Orinoco by several authors (e.g., Reig et al., 1977; Linares, 1998). Apparently, that population lacks a name. The name brachyura Burnett, 1830, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of brachyuros (Schreber).","04","04-00136","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0136" "10400137","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","dimidiata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1847","","Abh. Akad. Wiss., München","5","1","151, footnote","","","Yellow-sided Opossum","Uruguay, Maldonado, ""Maldonado am la Plata.""","Uruguay, SE Brazil, and NE Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","fosteri Thomas, 1924.","See Pine et al. (1985). Peramys brachyurus as used by Lesson, 1842 (= Didelphys dimidiata Wagner, 1847), is the type species of Peramys Lesson, 1842. Didelphys dimidiata Wagner is the type species of Minuania Cabrera, 1919; therefore Minuania Cabrera is a junior objective synonym of Peramys Lesson.","04","04-00137","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0137" "10400138","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","domestica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesh.","8","","359","","","Gray Short-tailed Opossum","Brazil, Mato Grosso, ""Cuyaba.""","Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","concolor Gervais, 1856.","","04","04-00138","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0138" "10400139","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","emiliae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1912","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","9","","89","","","Emilia’s Short-tailed Opossum","Brazil, Pará, ""Boim, R. Tapajoz.""","Amazon Basin of Perú, Brazil, and N Bolivia.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Previously treated as a subspecies of M. touan. Reviewed by Pine and Handley (1984).","04","04-00139","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0139" "10400140","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","glirina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesch.","8","1","359","","","Amazonian Red-sided Opossum","Brazil, Rondônia, ""Mamoré.""","Central Brazil to N Bolivia.","","","Considered a species by Voss et al. (2001).","04","04-00140","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0140" "10400141","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","iheringi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","1","","159","","","Ihering’s Three-striped Opossum","""Rio Grande do Sul;"" identified as Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Taquara, by Thomas (1888a).","SE Brazil (Espírito Santo, Săo Paulo, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Previously considered a subspecies of M. americana. Reviewed by Pine (1977).","04","04-00141","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0141" "10400142","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","kunsi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pine","1975","","Mammalia","39","","321","","","Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum","Bolivia, Beni, ""La Granja, W bank of Río Itonamas, 4 k N Magdalena.""","Known from only four localities, two in Bolivia and two in Brazil.","IUCN – Endangered.","","See Anderson (1982, Mammalian Species, 190). To be expected in N Argentina.","04","04-00142","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0142" "10400143","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","maraxina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","12","","157","","","Marajó Short-tailed Opossum","Brazil, Pará, ""Caldeirăo.""","Brazil, Pará, Marajó Isl.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Eight specimens known. See Pine (1980a).","04","04-00143","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0143" "10400144","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","osgoodi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Doutt","1938","","J. Mammal.","19","","100","","","Osgood’s Short-tailed Opossum","Bolivia, Cochabamba, ""Incachaca.""","E Perú and C Bolivia.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Previously included in M. adusta by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00144","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0144" "10400145","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","palliolata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1914","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool Ser.","10","","135","","","Hooded Red-sided Opossum","""San Juan de Colon, State of Tachira, Venezuela.""","NE Colombia and W Venezuela.","","","Previously included in M. brevicaudata by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00145","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0145" "10400146","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","rubida","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","4","","155","","","Chestnut-striped Opossum","Brazil, ""Bahia.""","E Brazil from Goiás south to Săo Paulo.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","04","04-00146","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0146" "10400147","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","scalops","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","1","","158","","","Long-nosed Short-tailed Opossum","""Brazil;"" restricted to Rio de Janeiro, Therezôpolis, by Vieira (1949).","From Espírito Santo, SE Brazil, south Alto Paraguay, Paraguay (Contreras and Silvera Avalos, 1995).","IUCN – Vulnerable","","Reviewed by Pine and Abravaya (1978).","04","04-00147","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0147" "10400148","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","sorex","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Hensel","1872","","Abh. König. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1872","","122","","","Southern Red-sided Opossum","""Provinz Rio Grande do Sul;"" restricted to Brazil, Rio Grande do Sul, Taquara, by Cabrera (1958).","SE Brazil, S Paraguay, and NE Argentina.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","henseli (Thomas, 1888); itatiayae (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936); lundi (Matschie, 1916); paulensis Vieira, 1950.","See Pine et al. (1985). Monodelphis sorex may be the animal Azara (1801) described as ""micouré cinquičme, ou micouré ŕ queue corte,"" in which case brevicaudis Olfers, 1818, and its objective synonym wagneri (Matschie, 1916) would be synonyms and the name sorex (Hensel, 1872) would be replaced by brevicaudis Olfers, 1818, which has 52 years priority over sorex. However, the true identity of Azara’s animal cannot be determined with reasonable certainty. Lacking any compelling evidence to the contrary, the names brevicaudis Olfers, and wagneri Matschie are best treated as nomina oblita and do not affect the validity of sorex Hensel or any other Monodelphis sp. that may be found in the region. Microdelphys sorex Hensel, 1872, is the type species of Monodelphiops Matschie, 1916.","04","04-00148","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0148" "10400149","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","theresa","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1921","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","8","","441","","","Southern Three-striped Opossum","Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, ""Theresopolis, Organ Mtns.""","E Brazil.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","The Peruvian distribution given by Gardner (1993) was based on a similar, but undescribed species from Departamento Huánaco.","04","04-00149","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0149" "10400150","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","umbristriata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Miranda-Ribeiro","1936","","Rev. Mus. Paulista, Săo Paulo","20","","422","","","Red Three-striped Opossum","Brazil, Goiás, Veadeiros (Ávila Pires, 1968).","Known from the Brazilian states of Goiás and Minas Gerais.","","goyana (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1936).","Previously included under M. rubida; see Pine (1976a); reviewed by Lemos et al. (2000).","04","04-00150","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0150" "10400151","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Monodelphis","","unistriata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesch.","8","1","360","","","One-striped Opossum","Brazil, Săo Paulo, ""Ytarare"" (= Itararé).","State of Săo Paulo, Brazil, and Provincía Misiones, Argentina.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Apparently known from only two specimens.","04","04-00151","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0133-0000-0151" "10400152","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Brisson","1762","","Regnum animale","","","13","","Didelphis opossum Linnaeus, 1758, by plenary action (Opinion 1894 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1998).","","","","","Gamba Liais, 1872 [part]; Hylothylax Cabrera, 1919; Metachirops Matschie, 1916; Philander Tiedemann, 1808; Sarigua Muirhead, 1919 [part].","Pine (1973) used Metachirops for this genus, as did Hall (1981), Husson (1978), and Corbet and Hill (1980; but not 1991 when they used Philander).","04","04-00152","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152" "10400153","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","andersoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1913","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool Ser.","10","","95","","","Anderson’s Four-eyed Opossum","Perú, Loreto, ""Yurimaguas.""","S Venezuela, E Colombia, Ecuador, and Andean foothills of Perú.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","nigratus Thomas, 1923.","Reviewed by Patton and Silva (1997).","04","04-00153","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0153" "10400154","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","frenatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Olfers","1818","","In W. L. Eschwege, J. Brasilien, Neue Bibliothek. Reisen.","15","","204","","","Southeastern Four-eyed Opossum","""Südamerica;"" restricted to Bahia, Brasil, by J. A. Wagner (1843).","E Brasil southward to Paraguay and adjacent Argentina.","","azaricus (Thomas, 1923); quica Temminck, 1824; superciliaris (Olfers, 1818).","Previously included in P. opossum; reviewed by Patton and Silva (1997); frenata Illiger, 1815, and superciliaris Illiger, 1815, are nomina nuda. The spelling quichua Krumbiegel, 1941, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of quica Temminck. Didelphis quica Temminck, 1924 (= P. frenatus) is the type species of Metachirops Matschie, 1916.","04","04-00154","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0154" "10400155","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","mcilhennyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gardner and Patton","1972","","Occas. Papers Mus. Zool., Louisiana State Univ.","43","","2","","","McIlhenny’s Four-eyed Opossum","Perú, Ucayali, ""Balta (10°08'S, 17°13'W), Río Curanja, ca. 300 meters.""","Amazon Basin of C Perú and W Brazil.","","","Previously included in P. andersoni; reviewed by Patton and Silva (1997). The spelling mcilhenyi Pérez-Hernández, 1990, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of mcilhennyi Gardner and Patton.","04","04-00155","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0155" "10400156","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","opossum","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","55","","","Gray Four-eyed Opossum","""America;"" restricted to Surinam by J. A. Allen (1900) and further restricted to Paramaribo, Surinam, by Matschie (1916).","Tamaulipas, México, through Central and South America to Bolivia and SC Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","austroamericana O. Thomas, 1923; virginianus Tiedemann, 1808; canus (Osgood, 1913); crucialis (Thomas, 1923); fuscogriseus (J. A. Allen, 1900); grisescens (J. A. Allen, 1901); melantho (Thomas, 1923); pallidus (J. A. Allen, 1901); melanurus (Thomas, 1899).","Corbet and Hill (1980), Hall (1981), Husson (1978), and Pine (1973) used Metachirops opossum for this species. Reviewed by Castro-Arellano et al. (2000, Mammalian Species, 638). The name D. larvata Jentink, 1888, is a nomen nudum. Didelphis opossum Linnaeus, 1758, is the type species for Holothylax Cabrera, 1919.","04","04-00156","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0156" "10400157","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","opossum","opossum","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","55","","","","""America;"" restricted to Surinam by J. A. Allen (1900) and further restricted to Paramaribo, Surinam, by Matschie (1916).","","","","","04","04-00157","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0156-0157" "10400158","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","opossum","canus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00158","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0156-0158" "10400159","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","opossum","fuscogriseus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00159","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0156-0159" "10400160","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Philander","","opossum","melanurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00160","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0152-0000-0156-0160" "10400161","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1843","","List Specimens Mamm. Coll. Brit. Mus.","","","101","","Didelphis elegans Waterhouse, 1839, by monotypy.","","","","","Grymaeomys Burmeister, 1854 [part]; Microdelphys Burmeister, 1856 [part]; Sarigua Muirhead, 1819 [part].","Previously a subgenus under Marmosa. Thulamys Reig et al. (1985) is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Thylamys Gray.","04","04-00161","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161" "10400162","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","cinderella","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","10","","159","","","Cinderella Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Argentina, ""Tucuman.""","N Argentina and probably S Bolivia.","","","Reviewed by Flores et al. (2000). Previously included under T. elegans by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00162","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0162" "10400163","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","elegans","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1839","","Zool. H.M.S. ""Beagle,"" Mammalia","","","95","","","Elegant Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Chile, Coquimbo, ""Valparaiso.""","Chile, on Pacific side of Andes between 32° and 38° S.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","coquimbensis (Tate, 1931); soricinus (Philippi, 1894).","Reviewed by Palma (1997, Mammalian Species 572; Palma’s concept of the species further restricted by Solari (2003). The name hortenis Reid, 1837, is a nomen nudum.","04","04-00163","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0163" "10400164","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","karimii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Petter","1968","","Mammalia","32","","313","","","Karimi’s Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Brazil, Pernambuco, ""région d'Exu.""","Known only from type locality.","","","Previously included under T. pusillus by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00164","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0164" "10400165","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","macrurus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Olfers","1818","","In W. L. Eschwege, J. Brasilien, Neue Bibliothek. Reisen","15","","205","","","Paraguayan Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","""Sudamerica;"" restricted to Paraguay, Presidente Hayes, ""Tapoua"" (= Tapua); see comments.","Paraguay and S Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","grisea (Desmarest, 1827).","Based on Azara's (1801:290) ""Micouré ŕ queue longue;"" therefore, the type locality is Tapua. Previously called T. griseus. The name macroura Illiger, 1815, is a nomen nudum.","04","04-00165","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0165" "10400166","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","pallidior","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","10","","161","","","White-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Bolivia, Oruro, ""Challapata.""","W and S Peru, N Chile, and S Bolivia as far south as Peninsula Valdéz, Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","bruchi (Thomas, 1921); fenestrae (Marelli, 1932); pulchella (Cabrera, 1934).","Identification of Peruvian and Chilean populations based on Solari (2003). Subspecies are not recognized here; needs revision.","04","04-00166","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0166" "10400167","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","pusillus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Méth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","19","","","Common Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Not stated; restricted to Paraguay, Misiones, ""San Ignacio,"" by Tate (1933).","Paraguay, SE Bolivia, and N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","citella (Thomas, 1912); marmota (Thomas, 1902); nana (Olfers, 1818); verax (Thomas, 1921).","The name nana Illiger, 1815, is a nomen nudum and was not validated by Oken, 1816. The name marmota Oken, 1816, is not available; however its usage by Thomas (1902) is valid.","04","04-00167","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0167" "10400168","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","sponsorius","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","7","","186","","","Argentine Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Argentina, Jujuy, ""Sunchal, 1200 m.""","N Argentina and S Bolivia.","","","Reviewed by Flores et al. (2000). Previously included under T. elegans by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00168","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0168" "10400169","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","tatei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Handley","1956","1957","J. Washington Acad. Sci.","1956[1957]","46","402","","","Tate’s Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","""Chasquitambo 9710 m, lat. 10°18'48"" S., long. 77°37'20"" W.), Ancash, Peru.""","Departments of Ancash and Lima, Peru.","","","Reviewed by Solari (2003). Previously included under T. elegans by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00169","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0169" "10400170","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","velutinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1842","","Archiv Naturgesch.","8","1","360","","","Dwarf Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Brazil, Săo Paulo, ""Ypanema.""","SE Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","pimelura (Reinhardt, 1851).","","04","04-00170","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0170" "10400171","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Thylamys","","venustus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","10","","159","","","Buff-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum","Bolivia, Cochabamba, ""Paratani, W. of Cochabamba.""","S Perú and Bolivia, south to Provincia Neuquén, Argentina.","","janetta (Thomas, 1926).","Previously included under T. elegans by Gardner (1993).","04","04-00171","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0161-0000-0171" "10400172","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Tlacuatzin","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Voss and Jansa","2003","","Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","276","","61","","Didelphis (Micoureus) canescens J. A. Allen, 1893, by original designation.","","","","","","Monotypic; previously included under Marmosa.","04","04-00172","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0172" "10400173","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Tlacuatzin","","canescens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1893","","Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","5","","235","","","Gray Mouse Opossum","México, Oaxaca, ""Santo Domingo de Guzman, Isthmus of Tehuantepec.""","México from S Sonora to Oaxaca, Yucatán, and Tres Marías Isls.","IUCN – Data Deficient as Marmosa canescens.","insularis (Merriam, 1908); oaxacae (Merriam, 1897); sinaloae (J. A. Allen, 1898); gaumeri (Osgood, 1913).","Previously known as Marmosa canescens. A mandible recovered from an owl pellet suggests T. canescens also occurs in Baja California Sur (López-Forment and Urbano, 1977).","04","04-00173","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0172-0000-0173" "10400174","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Tlacuatzin","","canescens","canescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1893","","Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","5","","235","","","","México, Oaxaca, ""Santo Domingo de Guzman, Isthmus of Tehuantepec.""","","","","","04","04-00174","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0172-0000-0173-0174" "10400175","DIDELPHIMORPHIA","","","","Didelphidae","Didelphinae","","Tlacuatzin","","canescens","gaumeri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","04","04-00175","04-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0030-0000-0172-0000-0173-0175" "10500001","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Ameghino","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","Formerly included in Marsupialia.","05","05-00001","05-0001" "10500002","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Trouessart","1898","","Cat. Mamm. Viv. Foss.","2","5","1205","","","","","","","","Reviewed by Marshall (1980) and Bublitz (1987).","05","05-00002","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10500003","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1895","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","16","","367","","Hyracodon fuliginosus Tomes, 1863, by monotypy.","","","","","Hyracodon Tomes, 1863 [preoccupied].","Coenolestes Thomas, 1917, is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Caenolestes Thomas.","05","05-00003","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10500004","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","caniventer","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Anthony","1921","","Am. Mus. Novit.","20","","6","","","Gray-bellied Caenolestid","Ecuador, El Oro, ""El Chiral.""","SW Ecuador and NW Perú.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","05","05-00004","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10500005","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","condorensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Albuja and Patterson","1996","","J. Mammal.","77","","42","","","Andean Caenolestid","Ecuador, Morona-Santiago, ""Achupallas.""","Cordillera del Cóndor of SE Ecuador.","","","","05","05-00005","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005" "10500006","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","convelatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Anthony","1924","","Am. Mus. Novit.","120","","1","","","Northern Caenolestid","Ecuador, Pichincha, ""Las Maquinas, Western Andes 7000 feet [2134 m] altitude, on trail from Aloag to Santo Domingo de los Colorados.""","W Colombia and NW Ecuador.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","barbarensis Bublitz, 1987.","","05","05-00006","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0006" "10500007","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","convelatus","convelatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Anthony","1924","","Am. Mus. Novit.","120","","1","","","","Ecuador, Pichincha, ""Las Maquinas, Western Andes 7000 feet [2134 m] altitude, on trail from Aloag to Santo Domingo de los Colorados.""","","","","","05","05-00007","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0006-0007" "10500008","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","convelatus","barbarensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bublitz","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","05","05-00008","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0006-0008" "10500009","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","fuliginosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tomes","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","51","","","Dusky Caenolestid","""Ecuador.""","Colombia, Ecuador, and NW Venezuela.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","tatei Anthony, 1923; centralis Bublitz, 1987; obscurus Thomas, 1895.","","05","05-00009","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0009" "10500010","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","fuliginosus","fuliginosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tomes","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","51","","","","""Ecuador.""","","","","","05","05-00010","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0009-0010" "10500011","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","fuliginosus","centralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bublitz","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","05","05-00011","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0009-0011" "10500012","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Caenolestes","","fuliginosus","obscurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1895","","","","","","","","","","","","","","05","05-00012","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0009-0012" "10500013","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Lestoros","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Oehser","1934","","J. Mammal.","15","","240","","Orolestes inca Thomas, 1917, by original designation.","","","","","Cryptolestes Tate, 1934 [preoccupied]; Orolestes Thomas, 1917 [preoccupied].","Lestoros Oehser is a replacement name for Cryptolestes Tate, which in turn was a replacement name for Orolestes Thomas, and automatically takes the same type species as that designated by Thomas for Orolestes.","05","05-00013","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0013" "10500014","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Lestoros","","inca","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1917","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","68","4","3","","","Incan Caenolestid","Perú, Cuzco, ""Torontoy.""","S Andean Perú and adjacent Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","gracilis (Bublitz, 1987).","","05","05-00014","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0013-0000-0014" "10500015","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Rhyncholestes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Osgood","1924","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser.","14","","170","","Rhyncholestes raphanurus Osgood, 1924, by original designation.","","","","","","","05","05-00015","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0015" "10500016","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Rhyncholestes","","raphanurus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1924","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser.","14","","170","","","Long-nosed Caenolestid","Chile, Biobio, ""mouth of Rio Inio, south end of Chiloé Island.""","SC Chile including Chiloé Isl and adjacent Argentina.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","continentalis Bublitz, 1987.","See Patterson and Gallardo (1987, Mammalian Species, 286).","05","05-00016","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0015-0000-0016" "10500017","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Rhyncholestes","","raphanurus","raphanurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1924","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Publ., Zool. Ser.","14","","170","","","","Chile, Biobio, ""mouth of Rio Inio, south end of Chiloé Island.""","","","","","05","05-00017","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0015-0000-0016-0017" "10500018","PAUCITUBERCULATA","","","","Caenolestidae","","","Rhyncholestes","","raphanurus","continentalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bublitz","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","05","05-00018","05-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0015-0000-0016-0018" "10600001","MICROBIOTHERIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Ameghino","1889","","","","","","","","","","","","Gondawanadelphia [part]; Dromiciopsia.","Traditionally included in Marsupialia. Included in order Polyprotodonta by Reig et al. (1987); considered a separate order by Aplin and Archer (1987) and Marshall et al. (1990). Phylogenetically allied with australidelphian marsupials (e.g., Spotorno et al., 1997; Burk et al., 1999).","06","06-00001","06-0001" "10600002","MICROBIOTHERIA","","","","Microbiotheriidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Ameghino","1887","","Bol. Mus. la Plata","1","","6","","","","","","","","Previously considered a subfamily of the Didelphidae.","06","06-00002","06-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10600003","MICROBIOTHERIA","","","","Microbiotheriidae","","","Dromiciops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","14","","186","","Dromiciops gliroides Thomas, 1894, by monotypy.","","","","","","","06","06-00003","06-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10600004","MICROBIOTHERIA","","","","Microbiotheriidae","","","Dromiciops","","gliroides","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","14","","187","","","Monito del Monte","Chile, Biobio, ""Huite, N.E. Chiloe Island.""","Chile and adjacent Argentina from about 36°S to near 43°S.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","australis F. Philippi, 1893 [preoccupied by Didelphys australis Goldfuss, 1812]","Reviewed by Marshall (1978b, Mammalian Species, 99, as D. australis); also see review by Hershkovitz (1999).","06","06-00004","06-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10700001","NOTORYCTEMORPHIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Kirsch, in Hunsaker","1977","","","","","","","","","","","","Syndactyliformes","Recognized as an order by Aplin and Archer (1987) who proposed a new syncretic classification of the marsupials.","07","07-00001","07-0001" "10700002","NOTORYCTEMORPHIA","","","","Notoryctidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Ogilby","1892","","Cat. Aust. Mammalia","","","5","","","","","","","","Relationships unknown. Support for a relationship with dasyuromorphs suggested by Springer et al. (1998).","07","07-00002","07-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10700003","NOTORYCTEMORPHIA","","","","Notoryctidae","","","Notoryctes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Stirling","1891","","Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust.","14","","154","","Psammoryctes typhlops Stirling, 1889","","","","","Neoryctes Stirling, 1891; Psammoryctes Stirling, 1889","","07","07-00003","07-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10700004","NOTORYCTEMORPHIA","","","","Notoryctidae","","","Notoryctes","","caurinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1920","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","6","","111","","","Northern Marsupial Mole","Australia, Western Australia, Wollal (= Wallal), Ninety Mile Beach.","NW Western Australia.","IUCN – Endangered, Unknown.","","Separated from N. typhlops by Walton (1988:47).","07","07-00004","07-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10700005","NOTORYCTEMORPHIA","","","","Notoryctidae","","","Notoryctes","","typhlops","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Stirling","1889","","Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust.","12","","158","","","Southern Marsupial Mole","Australia, Northern Territory, Indracowrie, 100 mi. (161 km) from Charlotte Waters.","Western deserts from Ooldea (South Australia) to Charlotte Waters and NW Western Australia, Northern Territory.","IUCN – Endangered. Thought to be rare, but no real data exist.","","","07","07-00005","07-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005" "10800001","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","Dasyuroidea, Dasyuriformes, Creatophaga.","Recognized as an order by Aplin and Archer (1987) who proposed a new syncretic classification of the marsupials. Includes the Australian component of Marsupicarnivora (see Ride, 1964b). Some authors include Thylacinidae and Myrmecobiidae in the Dasyuridae (Vaughan, 1978:39); but Ride (1964b), Archer and Kirsch (1977), Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15), and Archer (1982) retained three families; their monophyly is supported by DNA sequence studies (Krajewski et al., 2000).","08","08-00001","08-0001" "10800002","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Thylacinidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Bonaparte","1838","","Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat.","2","1","112","","","","","","","","Some authors include this family in the Dasyuridae, see Vaughan (1978:39), but also see Ride (1964b), Archer and Kirsch (1977), and Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15) who retained this family.","08","08-00002","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10800003","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Thylacinidae","","","Thylacinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","Monogr. Mamm.","1","","23","","Didelphis cynocephala Harris, 1808.","","","","","Lycaon Wagler, 1830 [preoccupied by Lycaon Brooks, 1827, a canid]; Paracyon Gray, 1843; Peralopex Gloger, 1841.","","08","08-00003","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10800004","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Thylacinidae","","","Thylacinus","","cynocephalus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Harris","1808","","Trans. Linn. Soc. London","9","","174","","","Thylacine","Australia, Tasmania.","Tasmania.","CITES – Appendix I [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.","breviceps Krefft, 1868; communis Anon., 1859; harrisii Temminck, 1824; lucocephalus (Grant, 1831); striatus Warlow, 1833.","Probably extinct; but tracks and sightings continue to be reported; see Ride (1970:201) and Rounsvell and Smith (1982). Species reviewed by Guiler (1986) and Paddle (2000).","08","08-00004","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10800005","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Myrmecobiidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1841","","Nat. Hist. Marsup. or Pouched Animals (Naturalist's Libr.)","10","","60","","","","","","","","This citation is usually listed as ""Cat. Mamm. Mus. Zool. Soc., 1838"" but Myrmecobiidae is not used in this catalogue; see Palmer (1904). Some authors (including McKenna and Bell, 1997) include this family in the Dasyuridae; see Vaughan (1978:39); but also see Ride (1964b), Archer and Kirsch (1977), and Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15), who retained this family.","08","08-00005","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0005" "10800006","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Myrmecobiidae","","","Myrmecobius","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1836","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1836","","69","","Myrmecobius fasciatus Waterhouse, 1836.","","","","","","","08","08-00006","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0005-0000-0000-0006" "10800007","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Myrmecobiidae","","","Myrmecobius","","fasciatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1836","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1836","","69","","","Numbat","Australia, Western Australia, Mt. Kokeby, south of Beverley.","SW Western Australia; formerly in NW South Australia and SW New South Wales.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","rufus Wood Jones, 1923.","","08","08-00007","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0005-0000-0000-0006-0000-0007" "10800008","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Myrmecobiidae","","","Myrmecobius","","fasciatus","fasciatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1836","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1836","","69","","","","Australia, Western Australia, Mt. Kokeby, south of Beverley.","","","","","08","08-00008","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0005-0000-0000-0006-0000-0007-0008" "10800009","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Myrmecobiidae","","","Myrmecobius","","fasciatus","rufus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wood Jones","1923","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00009","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0005-0000-0000-0006-0000-0007-0009" "10800010","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Goldfuss","1820","","Handb. Zool.","II","","447","","","","","","","","Kirsch et al. (1997) and Krajewski et al. (2000) confirmed the division of the Dasyuridae into two subfamilies, Dasyurinae (with two tribes, Dasyurini and Phascogalini) and Sminthopsinae (with two tribes, Sminthopsini and Planigalini).","08","08-00010","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010" "10800011","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Goldfuss","1820","","Handb. Zool.","II","","447","","","","","","","","","08","08-00011","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011" "10800012","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Goldfuss","1820","","Handb. Zool.","II","","447","","","","","","","","","08","08-00012","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012" "10800013","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasycercus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Peters","1875","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","1875","","73","","Chaetocercus cristicauda Krefft, 1867.","","","","","Amperta Cabrera, 1919; Chaetocercus Krefft, 1867 [preoccupied by Gray, 1855].","Combined with Dasyuroides by Mack (1961) and Mahoney and Ride (in Walton, 1988:18).","08","08-00013","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0013" "10800014","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasycercus","","cristicauda","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Krefft","1866","1867","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1866","","435","","","Mulgara","Australia, South Australia, probably Lake Alexandrina.","Arid Australia from NW Western Australia to SW Queensland, N South Australia.","IUCN – Vulnerable as D. cristicauda, Endangered as D. hillieri. Rare or indeterminate.","blighi (Woodward, 1902); blythi (Waite, 1904); hillieri (Thomas, 1905).","","08","08-00014","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0013-0000-0014" "10800015","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasykaluta","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Archer","1982","","In M. Archer, Carnivorous Marsupials","2","","434","","Antechinus rosamondae Ride, 1964.","","","","","","Formerly included in Antechinus, and this allocation was continued by McKenna and Bell (1997), but Archer (1982) and Krajewski et al","08","08-00015","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0015" "10800016","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasykaluta","","rosamondae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ride","1964","","W. Aust. Nat.","9","","58","","","Little Red Kaluta","Australia, Western Australia, Woodstock Station (via Marble Bar), 21°35'S, 119°E.","NW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.","","Formerly included in Antechinus; separated by Archer (1982). Its closest affinities are to Parantechinus apicalis (Krajewski et al., 1997a).","08","08-00016","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0015-0000-0016" "10800017","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyuroides","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Spencer","1896","","Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria, N. S.","VIII","","5","","Dasyuroides byrnei Spencer, 1896.","","","","","","Included in Dasycercus by Mack (1961), Mahoney and Ride (in Walton, 1988) and Groves (1993), but Kirsch et al. (1997) considered this ""premature""; see also Cooper et al. (2000), who also favoured making them congeneric.","08","08-00017","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0017" "10800018","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyuroides","","byrnei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Spencer","1896","","Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria, N. S.","VIII","","6","","","Kowari","Australia, Northern Territory, Charlotte Waters.","Junction of Northern Territory, South Australia, and Queensland (C Australia).","IUCN – Vulnerable as Dasycercus byrnei","","

Rare.

pallidiorThomas, 1906.

","08","08-00018","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0017-0000-0018" "10800019","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop., ser. 2","3","","469","","Didelphis maculata Anon., 1791 (= Didelphis viverrina Shaw, 1800).","","","","","Dasyurinus Matschie, 1916; Dasyurops Matschie, 1916; Nasira Harvey, 1841; Notoctonus Pocock, 1926; Satanellus Pocock, 1926; Stictophonus Pocock, 1926.","See Haltenorth (1958:20). Archer (1982) revived Satanellus (for albopunctatus and hallucatus), as he considered that the remaining species might belong in a clade with Sarcophilus; but Krajewski et al. (1997a), using molecular data, confirmed that Dasyurus is monophyletic.","08","08-00019","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019" "10800020","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","albopunctatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schlegel","1880","","Notes Leyden Mus.","2","","51","","","New Guinean Quoll","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Sapoea.","New Guinea, sea level to 3500 m, possibly Yapen Isl: see Flannery (1995a).","IUCN – Vulnerable.","daemonellus Thomas, 1904; fuscus Milne-Edwards, 1880.","","08","08-00020","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0020" "10800021","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","geoffroii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","151","","","Western Quoll","Australia, New South Wales, Liverpool Plains.","Western Australia; formerly in South Australia, Northern Territory, S Queensland, W New South Wales, and NW Victoria (Archer, in Tyler, 1979; Waithman, 1979).","IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.","fortis Thomas, 1906.","Formerly included in Dasyurinus. The New Guinea records of this species actually refer to D. spartacus.","08","08-00021","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0021" "10800022","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","hallucatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1842","","41","","","Northern Quoll","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","Australia: N Northern Territory, N and NE Queensland, and N Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Common.","exilis Thomas, 1909; nesaeus Thomas, 1926; predator Thomas, 1926; quoll (Zimmermann, 1783).","Sometimes assigned to Satanellus. The original name Mustela quoll Zimmermann, 1783, was suppressed under Article 80 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999), now correctly Dasyurus hallucatus.","08","08-00022","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0022" "10800023","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","maculatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","170","","","Tiger Quoll","Australia, New South Wales, Port Jackson.","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E and S Victoria, SE South Australia, Tasmania. Formerly occurred in South Australia.","IUCN – Endangered as D. m.gracilis, Vulnerable as D. maculatus and D. m. maculatus. Widespread but rare; locally common in Tasmania.","gracilis Ramsay, 1888; macrourus E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1803; novaehollandiae (Meyer, 1793); ursinus Giebel, 1874.","Formerly included in Dasyurops; see Haltenorth (1958). See Firestone et al. (1999) for possible subspecies boundaries; the Tasmanian form is rather distinctive.","08","08-00023","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0023" "10800024","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","spartacus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck","1987","","Aust. Mamm.","11","","145","","","Bronze Quoll","Papua New Guinea, Trans-fly Plains, Marehead, 8°41'S, 141°39'E.","Fly Plains, Papua New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Formerly included in D. geoffroii.","08","08-00024","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0024" "10800025","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Dasyurus","","viverrinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1800","","Gen. Zool. Syst. Nat. Hist.","1","2, Mammalia","491","","","Eastern Quoll","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Probably survives only in Tasmania; formerly South Australia, New South Wales, and Victoria (Archer, in Tyler, 1979).","U.S ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","alboguttata (Burmeister, 1854); guttatus Desmarest, 1804; maculata (Anon, 1791); maugei E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1803; quoll Zimmermann, 1777.","Dasyurus quoll Zimmermann, 1777 (not Mustela quoll Zimmermann, 1783), is invalid: this work was rejected by Opinion 257 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1954a). Also the name Dasyurus maculata Anon., 1791, was suppressed under Article 80 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999). ""Original"" name is now Didelphis viverrina Shaw, 1800.","08","08-00025","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0019-0000-0025" "10800026","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Myoictis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","112","","Myoictis wallacii Gray, 1858.","","","","","","","08","08-00026","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0026" "10800027","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Myoictis","","melas","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1840","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Ges. Ned. Overz. Bezitt., Land-en Volkenkunde","","","20[1840], see comments","","","Three-striped Dasyure","""Nieuw-Guinea, in de triton's baai (op 3°39'Z. breedte)"" = Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Lobo Dist., near Triton Bay, Mt. Lamantsjieri.","Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya) and NE Papua New Guinea; Salawati Isl. Also Waigeo, Yapen, possibly Batanta.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.","bruijni (Peters, 1875); buergersi (Stein, 1932); senex (Stein, 1932); thorbeckiana (Schlegel, 1866); wavicus Tate, 1947.","This species was further described by Müller and Schlegel, in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland. Overz. Bezitt., Zool., Mammalia, p. 149[1845], pl. 25[1843].","08","08-00027","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0026-0000-0027" "10800028","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Myoictis","","wallacii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","112","","","Wallace’s Dasyure","Aru Isl.","Southern New Guinea and Aru Isls (Indonesia).","Unknown, but rare.","pilicauda (Peters and Doria, 1881).","Usually considered a subspecies of M. melas, but separated as a species by Archer (1982:417), and molecular data suggest that they may have separated several million years ago (Krajewski et al., 1997a).","08","08-00028","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0026-0000-0028" "10800029","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Neophascogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Stein","1933","","Z. Säugetierk.","8","","87","","Phascogale venusta Thomas, 1921 (= Phascogale lorentzi Jentink, 1911).","","","","","","","08","08-00029","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0029" "10800030","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Neophascogale","","lorentzi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jentink","1911","","Notes Leyden Mus.","33","","234","","","Speckled Dasyure","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Djajawidjaja (= Jayawijaya) Division, Helwig Mtns, south of Mt. Wilhelmina, 2600 m.","C New Guinea (highlands).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.","rubrata (Thomas, 1922); venusta (Thomas, 1921).","Previously included Phascogale nouhuysi Jentink, 1911, but Husson (1955) showed that it is based on a specimen of Phascolosorex doriae.","08","08-00030","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0029-0000-0030" "10800031","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Parantechinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Tate","1947","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","88","","137","","Phascogale apicalis Gray, 1842.","","","","","","Formerly included in Antechinus, and this allocation was continued by McKenna and Bell (1997), but Archer (1982) and Krajewski et al. (2000) showed that they are not sister-groups. Kitchener and Caputi (1988) restricted this genus to P. apicalis, which according to Krajewski et al. (1997a) is closely related to Dasykaluta.","08","08-00031","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0031" "10800032","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Parantechinus","","apicalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1842","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","9","","518","","","Southern Dibbler","Australia, SW Western Australia.","Inland periphery of SW Western Australia.","U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","","08","08-00032","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0031-0000-0032" "10800033","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin","8","","263","","Phascogale dorsalis Peters and Doria, 1876.","","","","","","","08","08-00033","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033" "10800034","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","doriae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1886","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","4","","208","","","Red-bellied Marsupial Shrew","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Mori.","W interior New Guinea, 100-2000 m.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Uncommon.","nouhuysii (Jentink, 1911); pan (Stein, 1932); umbrosa (Dollman, 1930).","Phascogale nouhuysi Jentink, 1911 is usually placed in synonymy of Neophascogale lorentzii, but Husson (1955) showed that it is based on a specimen of P. doriae.","08","08-00034","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033-0000-0034" "10800035","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","dorsalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1876","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","8","","335","","","Narrow-striped Marsupial Shrew","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam.","W and E interior New Guinea (not known from central region).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","brevicaudata (Rothschild and Dollman, 1932); whartoni (Tate and Archbold, 1936).","","08","08-00035","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033-0000-0035" "10800036","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","dorsalis","dorsalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1876","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","8","","335","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam.","","","","","08","08-00036","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033-0000-0035-0036" "10800037","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","dorsalis","brevicaudata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Rothschild and Dollman","1932","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00037","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033-0000-0035-0037" "10800038","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Phascolosorex","","dorsalis","whartoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00038","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0033-0000-0035-0038" "10800039","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Tate","1947","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","88","","139","","Phascogale macdonnellensis Spencer, 1896.","","","","","","Separated from Antechinus by Archer (1982:434), but retained in it by McKenna and Bell (1997). According to molecular evidence, it is not even closely related to Antechinus, but forms a distinctive genus of the Dasyurini (Krajewski et al., 1997a).","08","08-00039","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039" "10800040","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","bilarni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Johnson","1954","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","67","","77","","","Sandstone Dibbler","Australia, Northern Territory, Oenpelli (12°20'S, 133°3'E).","Northern Territory (Australia), known from region of type locality.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.","","Included in Antechinus (= Pseudantechinus) macdonnellensis by Ride (1970:116), but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15). Archer (1982) placed it in Parantechinus. Kitchener and Caputi (1988) suggested that this species should be transferred to Pseudantechinus; Krajewski et al. (1997a) agreed that it is not close to P. apicalis and placed it on a clade by itself. Cooper et al. (2000) definitively removed it from Parantechinus but admitted that its inclusion (and that of P. woolleyae) in Pseudantechinus might make the genus paraphyletic.","08","08-00040","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0040" "10800041","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","macdonnellensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Spencer","1896","","Rept. Horn Sci. Exped. Cent. Aust., Zool.","2","","27","","","Fat-tailed False Antechinus","Australia, Northern Territory, south of Alice Springs.","Uplands of Western Australia, about 24-28°S, 124-130°E, and southern desert region of Northern Territory, from type locality north to about 19°S (see Cooper et al., 2000b:Fig. 12).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Does not include mimulus (Kitchener, 1991).","08","08-00041","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0041" "10800042","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","mimulus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1906","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","2","540","","","Alexandria False Antechinus","Australia, Northern Territory, near Alexandria (19°03'S, 136°42'E).","Northern Territory: known only from type locality and North Isl, Sir Edward Pellew Group.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Not a synonym of P. macdonnellensis (Kitchener, 1991).","08","08-00042","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0042" "10800043","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","ningbing","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener","1988","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","14","","62","","","Ningbing False Antechinus","Australia, Western Australia, Kimberley region, Mitchell Plateau, ca. 220 m, 14°53'40""S, 125°45'20""E.","Kimberley region, Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","08","08-00043","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0043" "10800044","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","roryi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Cooper, Aplin and Adams","2000","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","20","","125","","","Rory Cooper’s False Antechinus","Australia, Western Australia, Woodstock Station, 500 m north of the homestead, 21°36'42""S, 117°57'20""E.","Western Australia: Northern Pilbara, north of the Hamersley Range, into Great Sandy Desert as far east as Clutterbuck Hills; Cape Range Peninsula; probably Barrow Isl (Cooper et al., 2000b).","","","","08","08-00044","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0044" "10800045","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Pseudantechinus","","woolleyae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener and Caputi","1988","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","14","","39","","","Woolley's False Antechinus","Australia, Western Australia, near Newligunn bore, 10 km from Errabiddy Homestead, 25°33'00""S, 117°08'00""E.","Western Australia: Pilbara region and further south - between ca. 20° and 30°S, 115° and 123°E (see Cooper et al., 2000b:Fig. 12).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Cooper et al. (2000) admitted that the inclusion of this species (and that of P. bilarni) in Pseudantechinus might make the genus paraphyletic.","08","08-00045","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0039-0000-0045" "10800046","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Sarcophilus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","F. G. Cuvier","1837","","In E. Geoffroy and F. G. Cuvier, Hist. Nat. Mammifčres, pt. 4","7","70","1-6, ""Sarcophile oursin""","","Didelphis ursina Harris, 1808 (= Ursinus harrisii Boitard, 1841).","","","","","Diabolus Gray, 1841; Ursinus Boitard, 1841.","","08","08-00046","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0046" "10800047","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Sarcophilus","","harrisii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Boitard","1841","","Le Jardin des Plantes","","","290","","","Tasmanian Devil","Tasmania.","Australia: Tasmania; known as a subfossil in S Victoria (Mt. Hamilton and Lake Corangamite).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","satanicus Thomas, 1903; ursina (Harris, 1808) [not of Shaw, 1800]; dixonae Werdelin, 1987.","Groves (1993) called this species S. laniarius Owen, 1838, which was based on Pleistocene specimens from Wellington Caves, New South Wales. Werdelin (1987:9) argued that the Pleistocene and recent Sarcophilus were only subspecifically distinct, and as Owen’s name antedates Boitard’s (a replacement name for Didelphis ursina Harris, 1808 [preoccupied by Didelphis ursina Shaw, 1800]) by three years, laniarius must take precedence. Inspection of Werdelin (1987, Tables 1 and 2) shows, however, that recent and fossil ranges do not overlap in many variables, so they may be retained as different species. The Victorian subfossil dixonae remains as a subspecies of S. harrisii; though it is distinctive its measurements overlap with those of the living Tasmanian form.","08","08-00047","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0046-0000-0047" "10800048","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Sarcophilus","","harrisii","harrisii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Boitard","1841","","Le Jardin des Plantes","","","290","","","","Tasmania.","","","","","08","08-00048","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0046-0000-0047-0048" "10800049","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Dasyurini","Sarcophilus","","harrisii","dixonae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Werdelin","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00049","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0012-0046-0000-0047-0049" "10800050","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","Smithson. Misc. Collect.","11","","26","","","","","","","","Treated as a distinct subfamily by Krajewski et al. (1996).","08","08-00050","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050" "10800051","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Macleay","1841","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","8","","242","","Antechinus stuartii Macleay, 1841.","","","","","","For the exclusion of Parantechinus and Pseudantechinus see Haltenorth (1958:18) and Ride (1964a); and of Dasykaluta see Archer (1982:434). Formerly included habbema, melanura, naso, and wilhelmina, which were transferred to Murexia by Armstrong et al. (1998), and have been transferred to a series of new genera (Micromurexia, Murexechinus, and Phascomurexia) by Van Dyck (2002).","08","08-00051","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051" "10800052","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","adustus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser.9","11","","175","","","Tropical Antechinus","Australia, Queensland, Dinner Creek, now Charmillan Creek (17°42’S, 145°31’E), 885 m, near Ravenshoe.","Australia: Dense tropical vine forests from Paluma (19°00’S, 146°12’E) to Mt. Spurgeon (16°25' S, 145°12'E).","Unknown.","","Van Dyck (1982) stated that what was then known as Antechinus stuartii adustus is probably a valid species. Van Dyck and Crowther (2000) definitively raised it to species rank.","08","08-00052","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0052" "10800053","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","agilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Dickman, Parnaby, Crowther and King","1998","","Aust. J. Zool.","46","","5","","","Agile Antechinus","Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Brindabella Range, on the south side of Warks Road and Blundells Creek Road, near Lees Creek (35°21’45""S, 148°50’17""E), 740 m.","Australia: Victoria (SW, and C, E and NE districts), and SE New South Wales north on the coast to Kioloa (35°32'S, 150°23'E), and inland north to Mt. Canobolas (33°10'S, 149°00'E).","Common.","","Dickman et al. (1988) first showed that A. stuartii in E New South Wales is actually divided into two quite distinct species: A. stuartii north of about 35°S, and an undescribed species mainly south of this latitude. The new species was not described for another ten years (Dickman et al., 1998). The two species are sympatric at Kioloa, New South Wales, and other places.","08","08-00053","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0053" "10800054","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","bellus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1904","","Nov. Zool.","11","","229","","","Fawn Antechinus","Australia, Northern Territory, South Alligator River.","N Northern Territory (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","08","08-00054","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0054" "10800055","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","flavipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","75","","","Yellow-footed Antechinus","Australia, New South Wales, north of Hunter River.","Cape York Peninsula (Queensland); Victoria and SE South Australia; SW Western Australia. In SE Australia, bioclimatic modeling predicts its range as (somewhat discontinuously) from about 23°N to S Victoria, and west to about 136°E on the South Australian coast. Inland, it may reach as far as about 145°E in S New South Wales (Sumner and Dickman, 1998).","Lower Risk (lc).","leucogaster (Gray, 1841); rufogaster (Gray, 1841); rubeculus Van Dyck, 1982.","No direct comparisons between Western Australian and eastern forms of the species have been made. The Cape York Peninsula form appears to be only subspecifically distinct.","08","08-00055","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0055" "10800056","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","flavipes","flavipes","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","75","","","","Australia, New South Wales, north of Hunter River.","","","","","08","08-00056","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0055-0056" "10800057","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","flavipes","rubeculus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck","1982","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00057","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0055-0057" "10800058","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","godmani","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","11","","174","","","Atherton Antechinus","Australia, Queensland, Ravenshoe, Dinner Creek, 2900 ft. (884 m), 17°40'S, 145°30'E.","NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Included in flavipes by Haltenorth (1958:18); but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15).","08","08-00058","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0058" "10800059","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","leo","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck","1980","","Aust. Mamm.","3","","1","","","Cinnamon Antechinus","Australia, Queensland, Cape York Penninsula, Nesbit River, Buthen Buthen (13°21'S, 143°28'E).","Cape York Peninsula from the Iron Range to the southern limit of the McIlwraith Range.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","08","08-00059","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0059" "10800060","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","minimus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1803","","Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris","81","","159","","","Swamp Antechinus","Australia, Tasmania; probably Waterhouse Isl, Bass Strait (see Wakefield and Warneke, 1963:209-210).","Coastal SE South Australia to Tasmania.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as A. minimus, Lower Risk (nt) as A. m. maritimus.","affinis (Gray, 1841); concinnus Higgins and Petterd, 1884; maritima (Finlayson, 1958); rolandensis Higgins and Petterd, 1883.","","08","08-00060","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0060" "10800061","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","stuartii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Macleay","1841","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","8","","242","","","Brown Antechinus","Australia, New South Wales, Manly (Spring Cove, Sydney Harbour); neotype from Waterfall, Royal National Park.","SE Queensland, E New South Wales south to Kioloa (35°32'S, 150°23'E). Bioclimatic modeling predicts an almost entirely coastal distribution, north to about 26°S (Sumner and Dickman, 1998).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","adusta (Thomas, 1923); burrelli (Le Souef and Burrel, 1926); unicolor Gould, 1854.","Dickman et al. (1988) showed that what had been thought to be the single species A. stuartii in E New South Wales is actually divided into a northern and a southern species: A. stuartii and what is now (Dickman et al., 1998) named A. agilis; the two have been found together at Kioloa, in S New South Wales.","08","08-00061","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0061" "10800062","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","subtropicus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck and Crowther","2000","","Mem. Qld. Mus.","45","","613","","","Subtropical Antechinus","Australia, Queensland, Emu Creek, 38 km E of Warwick (23°13’03""S, 152°24’54""E).","SE Queensland, south from Gympie (26°11’S, 152°40’E) into NE NSW, in subtropical vine forests.","Unknown.","","Related to A. stuartii, with which it is sympatric in SE Queensland at Wallangarra (28°55’S, 151°55’E) and Pyramid Creek, Wyberba (28°50S, 151°57’E).","08","08-00062","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0062" "10800063","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Antechinus","","swainsonii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1840","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","4","","299","","","Dusky Antechinus","Australia, Tasmania.","SE Queensland, E New South Wales, E and SE Victoria, coastal SE Australia, and Tasmania.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","assimilis Higgins and Petterd, 1884; mimetes (Thomas, 1924); moorei Higgins and Petterd, 1884; niger Higgins and Petterd, 1883.","","08","08-00063","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0051-0000-0063" "10800064","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Micromurexia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Van Dyck","2002","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","48","","246","","Antechinus habbema Tate and Archbold, 1941.","","","","","","Separated from Murexia by Van Dyck, 2002.","08","08-00064","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0064" "10800065","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Micromurexia","","habbema","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1941","","Amer. Mus. Novit.","1101","","8","","","Habbema Dasyure","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), 9 km N of Lake Habbema, north slope of Mt. Wilhelmina, 2800 m.","Central Cordillera of New Guinea, 4°05’-8°03’S, 138°50’-146°53’E, at 1600-3660 m (Van Dyck, 2002).","IUCN – Data Deficient at Antechinus habbema.","hageni (Laurie, 1952).","Formerly considered a synonym of Antechinus naso (here reallocated as Phascomurexia naso), but shown to be distinct by Woolley (1989) and Flannery (1995a); it is actually the most distinct species of the Murexia clade according to Krajewski et al. (1996) and was referred to a new genus by Van Dyck (2002).","08","08-00065","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0064-0000-0065" "10800066","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Murexechinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Van Dyck","2002","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","48","","300","","Phascogale melanura Thomas, 1899.","","","","","","Separated from Murexia by Van Dyck, 2002.","08","08-00066","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0066" "10800067","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Murexechinus","","melanurus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1899","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","20","","191","","","Black-tailed Dasyure","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., Astrolabe Range, Moroka, 9°24’S, 147°32’E, 1300 m.","New Guinea, from 134°00’E to 151°01’E (Normanby Isl), sea level to 2800 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Antechinus melanurus, Data Deficient as A. wilhelmina.","mayeri (Dollman, 1930); modesta (Thomas, 1912); wilhelmina Tate, 1947.","Usually included in Antechinus, but reassigned to Murexia by Armstrong et al. (1998) and to a new genus by Van Dyck (2002). Synonymy after Van Dyck (2000).","08","08-00067","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0066-0000-0067" "10800068","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Murexia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1937","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","73","","335 (footnote), 339","","Phascogale murex Thomas, 1913 (= Phascogale longicaudata Schlegel, 1866).","","","","","","Some of these species have traditionally been assigned to Antechinus, but so-called ""New Guinea Antechinus"" were transferred to Murexia by Armstrong et al. (1998). The undescribed species from Normanby Isl in the D’Entrecasteaux group, Papua New Guinea (Flannery, 1995a) is actually Murexechinus melanurus according to Van Dyck (2002).","08","08-00068","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0068" "10800069","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Murexia","","longicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schlegel","1866","","Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk.","3","","356","","","Short-furred Dasyure","Indonesia, Aru Islands, Wonumbai.","New Guinea, sea level to 1800 m; Aru Isls; Yapen.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","aspera (Thomas, 1913); maxima (Stein, 1932); murex (Thomas, 1913).","","08","08-00069","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0068-0000-0069" "10800070","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Paramurexia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Van Dyck","2002","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","48","","293","","Phascogale (Murexia) rothschildi Tate, 1938.","","","","","","Separated from Murexia by Van Dyck (2002).","08","08-00070","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0070" "10800071","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Paramurexia","","rothschildi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1938","","Nov. Zool.","41","","58","","","Broad-striped Dasyure","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., head of Aroa River, 8°50’S, 147°06’E, about 1220 m.","SE New Guinea, between 9°56’-10°02’S and 147°00’-149°43’E, 600 to 1400 m (Van Dyck, 2002).","IUCN – Data Deficient as Murexia rothschildi. Vulnerable.","","","08","08-00071","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0070-0000-0071" "10800072","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Phascomurexia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Van Dyck","2002","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","48","","257","","Phascogale naso Jentink, 1911.","","","","","","Separated from Murexia by Van Dyck, 2002.","08","08-00072","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0072" "10800073","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Phascomurexia","","naso","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jentink","1911","","Notes Leyden Mus.","33","","236","","","Long-nosed Dasyure","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Jayawijaya Div., Helwig Mtns, south of Mt. Wilhelmina, about 2000 m, 4°32’S, 138°41’E.","Interior New Guinea, 3°32’S, 139°10’E to 8°35’S, 147°09’E, 1400-2800 m (Van Dyck, 2002).","IUCN – Data Deficient as Antechinus naso.","centralis (Tate and Archbold, 1941); misim (Tate, 1947); parva Laurie, 1952; tafa (Tate and Archbold, 1936).","Usually included in Antechinus, but reassigned to Murexia by Armstrong et al. (1998) and awarded a separate genus by Van Dyck (2002), who recognised no subspecies.","08","08-00073","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0072-0000-0073" "10800074","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Phascogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","Monogr. Mamm.","1","","23, 56","","Didelphis penicillata Shaw, 1800 (= Vivera tapoatafa Meyer, 1793).","","","","","Ascogale Gloger, 1841; Phascologale Lenz, 1831; Phascoloictis Matschie, 1916; Tapoa Lesson, 1842.","","08","08-00074","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0074" "10800075","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Phascogale","","calura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1844","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1844","","104","","","Red-tailed Phascogale","Australia, Western Australia, Williams River, Military Station.","Inland SW Western Australia, formerly in Northern Territory, South Australia, NW Victoria, SW New South Wales, but probably extinct in all places except the Western Australian wheat belt.","IUCN – Endangered.","","","08","08-00075","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0074-0000-0075" "10800076","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Dasyurinae","Phascogalini","Phascogale","","tapoatafa","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Meyer","1793","","Zool. Entdeck.","","","28","","","Brush-tailed Phascogale","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","SW Western Australia, SE South Australia, S Victoria, E New South Wales, SE and N Queensland, Northern Territory.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","penicillata (Shaw, 1800); pirata (Thomas, 1904); tafa (White, 1803).","","08","08-00076","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0011-0050-0074-0000-0076" "10800077","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Archer","1982","","Carnivorous Marsupials","2","","439","","","","","","","","Kirsch et al. (1997) divided the subfamily into two tribes, and Krajewski et al. (1997b) concured in finding a deep division between Planigale and others.","08","08-00077","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077" "10800078","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Archer","1982","","Carnivorous Marsupials","2","","439","","","","","","","","","08","08-00078","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078" "10800079","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Antechinomys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Krefft","1866","1867","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1866","","434","","Phascogale lanigera Gould, 1856.","","","","","","Included in Sminthopsis by Archer (1979:329, 1981:187) and by McKenna and Bell (1997); but Lidicker (1983:1317) considered Antechinomys a distinct genus, and Krajewski et al. (1997b) and Blacket et al. (1999) separated it from Sminthopsis on the basis of their molecular findings.","08","08-00079","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0079" "10800080","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Antechinomys","","laniger","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1856","","Mamm. Aust.","1","","pl. 33","","","Kultarr","Australia, interior New South Wales.","Western Australia, S Northern Territory, N Victoria, W New South Wales, SW Queensland, N South Australia.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Data Deficient.","spenceri Thomas, 1906.","Includes spenceri; see Archer (1977:19).","08","08-00080","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0079-0000-0080" "10800081","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Ningaui","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Archer","1975","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","17","2","239","","Ningaui timealeyi Archer, 1975.","","","","","","An undescribed species of Ningaui occurs in Northern Territory (Australia); see Johnson and Roff (1980). According to Blacket et al. (1999), Ningaui clusters within Sminthopsis.","08","08-00081","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0081" "10800082","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Ningaui","","ridei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Archer","1975","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","17","2","246","","","Wongai Ningaui","Australia, Western Australia, 38.6 km ENE Laverton (28°30'S, 122°47'E).","Northern Territory, South Australia, and Western Australia (deserts).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","","08","08-00082","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0081-0000-0082" "10800083","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Ningaui","","timealeyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Archer","1975","","Mem. Queensl. Mus.","17","2","244","","","Pilbara Ningaui","Australia, Western Australia, 32.2 km SE Mt. Robinson.","NW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","","08","08-00083","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0081-0000-0083" "10800084","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Ningaui","","yvonnae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener, Stoddart, and Henry","1983","","Aus. J. Zool.","31","","366","","","Southern Ningaui","""Mt. Manning Area, Western Australia Goldfields, 29°58'S, 119°32'E"".","Australia: Western Australia to New South Wales, Victoria.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","","08","08-00084","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0081-0000-0084" "10800085","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1887","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova, ser. 2","4","","503","","Phascogale crassicaudata Gould, 1844.","","","","","Podabrus Gould, 1845 [not of Westwood, 1840].","Original name Podabrus, Gould, 1845, is preoccupied","08","08-00085","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085" "10800086","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","aitkeni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener, Stoddart and Henry","1984","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","11","","204","","","Kangaroo Island Dunnart","Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl, Section 46, Cassini.","Kangaroo Isl (South Australia).","IUCN - Endangered.","","S. griseoventer species-group. Separated from S. murina by Kitchener et al. (1984b:204).","08","08-00086","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0086" "10800087","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","archeri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck","1986","","Aust. Mamm.","9","","112","","","Chestnut Dunnart","Papua New Guinea, Trans-Fly Plains, Morehead (8°04'S, 141°39'E).","Lowland S Papua New Guinea; Northern Gulf, Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Data Deficient. Common?","","S. murina species-group.","08","08-00087","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0087" "10800088","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","bindi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Dyck, Woinarski and Press","1994","","Mem. Qld. Mus.","37","","312","","","Kakadu Dunnart","Australia, Northern Territory, Eva Valley Station, Stage 3, Kakadu National Park (14°30’S, 132°45’E).","Known from Stuart Highway (12°51’S, 131°08’E) southeast to Roper Valley (14°55’S, 133°54’E), but predicted from bioclimatic records to occur in much of C and S Arnhem Land (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. macroura species-group. Formerly misidentified as S. macroura.","08","08-00088","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0088" "10800089","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","boullangerensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Crowther, Dickman and Lynam","1999","","Aust. J. Zool.","47","","220","","","Boullanger Island Dunnart","Australia, Western Australia, Boullanger Isl (30°18’S, 115°02’E), Jurien Bay.","Boullanger Isl, and on the mainland at Lesueur, near Jurien; subfossil material near Hastings Cave may belong to this species according to the describers.","Threatened.","","Described as a subspecies of S. griseoventer, but Crowther et al. (1999) described fixed differences in both morphology and allozymes from what they provisionally referred to as S. g. griseoventer, and considered their placement of boullangerensis as ""conservative"".","08","08-00089","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0089" "10800090","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","butleri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Archer","1979","","Aust. Zool.","20","2","329","","","Carpentarian Dunnart","Australia, Western Australia, Kalumburu (14°15'S, 126°40'E).","In Australia known only from the type locality; also in Papua New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Name first mentioned by Kirsch (1977:47), but first made available was by Archer (1979). Not studied by Krajewski et al. (1999, 2000), but Archer (1981) noted that its affinities are probably with S. macroura.","08","08-00090","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0090" "10800091","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","crassicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1844","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1844","","105","","","Fat-tailed Dunnart","Australia, Western Australia, Williams River.","South Australia, SW Queensland, SE Northern Territory, S Western Australia, W New South Wales, W Victoria.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","centralis Thomas, 1902; ferruginea Finlayson, 1933.","Forms a species-group by itself. See Archer (1979:329, 1981:176). See Cooper et al. (2000a) for possible subspecies boundaries.","08","08-00091","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0091" "10800092","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","dolichura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener, Stoddart and Henry","1984","","Rec. West. Aust. Mus.","11","","204","","","Little Long-tailed Dunnart","Western Australia, 6 km SSE of Buningonia Spring, 32°28'S, 123°36'E.","Western Australia, South Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. murina species-group.","08","08-00092","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0092" "10800093","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","douglasi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Archer","1979","","Aust. Zool.","20","2","337","","","Julia Creek Dunnart","Australia, Queensland, Cloncurry River Watershed, Julia Creek (20°40'S, 141°40'E).","Known from 19-25°30’S, 141-143°E, in the ""downs country"" of NW Queensland; and possibly Mitchell Plateau, Western Australia.","IUCN – Endangered.","","S. macroura species-group. For additions to range see Woolley (1992).","08","08-00093","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0093" "10800094","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","fuliginosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1852","","Mamm. Aust.","1","","pl. 41","","","Sooty Dunnart","Western Australia, King George Sound.","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","","S. murina species-group. Separated from S. murina by Kitchener et al. (1984b). A little-known species; comparative notes given by Crowther et al. (1999).","08","08-00094","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0094" "10800095","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","gilberti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener, Stoddart, and Henry","1984","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","11","","204","","","Gilbert's Dunnart","Western Australia, Mt. Saddleback, 32°58'S, 116°20'E.","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. murina species-group.","08","08-00095","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0095" "10800096","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","granulipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton","1932","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","18","","350","","","White-tailed Dunnart","Australia, Western Australia, King George Sound (Albany).","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Forms a species-group by itself.","08","08-00096","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0096" "10800097","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","griseoventer","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener, Stoddart, and Henry","1984","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","11","","204","","","Gray-bellied Dunnart","Western Australia, Bindoon, 31°18'S, 116°01'E.","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","caniventer Baverstock, Adams, and Archer, 1984.","S. griseoventer species-group.","08","08-00097","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0097" "10800098","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","hirtipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Nov. Zool.","5","","3","","","Hairy-footed Dunnart","Australia, Northern Territory, Charlotte Waters.","Central deserts in Northern Territory and Western Australia; also coastal scrub 500 km N of Perth.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. psammophila species-group.","08","08-00098","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0098" "10800099","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","leucopus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1842","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","10","","261","","","White-footed Dunnart","Australia, Tasmania.","S and SE Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, and Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Data Deficient. Common?","ferruginifrons (Gould, 1854); leucogenys Higgins and Petterd, 1883; mitchelli (Krefft, 1867).","S. murina species-group. See Archer (1979:329, 1981:102).","08","08-00099","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0099" "10800100","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","longicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Spencer","1909","","Proc. R. Soc. Victoria, n.s.","21","","449","","","Long-tailed Dunnart","Australia, Western Australia.","Western Australia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Forms a species-group by itself. Known from only four specimens; see Ride (1970:201).","08","08-00100","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0100" "10800101","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","macroura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1845","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1845","","79","","","Stripe-faced Dunnart","Australia, Queensland, Darling Downs.","Australia: NW New South Wales, W Queensland, S Northern Territory, N South Australia, N Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","froggatti Ramsay, 1887; larapinta Spencer, 1896; monticola Troughton, 1965; stalkeri Thomas, 1906.","S. macroura species-group. See Archer (1979:329, 1981:148). According to Blacket et al. (2001), this is probably a species complex rather than a single species, including froggatti and stalkeri.","08","08-00101","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0101" "10800102","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","murina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","76","","","Slender-tailed Dunnart","Australia, New South Wales, N of Hunter River.","SW Western Australia, SE South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, E Queensland.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. m. tatei; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Common.","albipes (Waterhouse, 1842); tatei Troughton, 1965.","S. murina species-group. See Archer (1979:329, 1981:94-99).","08","08-00102","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0102" "10800103","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","ooldea","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton","1964","1965","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","1964","89","316","","","Ooldea Dunnart","Australia, South Australia, Ooldea.","Edge of Nullarbor Plain (South Australia), Western Australia, S Northern Territory.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. psammophila species-group. Originally described as a subspecies of murina, but considered a distinct species by Archer (1975:243) and Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15).","08","08-00103","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0103" "10800104","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","psammophila","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Spencer","1895","","Proc. R. Soc. Victoria, n.s.","7","","223","","","Sandhill Dunnart","Australia, Northern Territory, Lake Amadeus.","Australia: SW Northern Territory (vicinity of Ayers Rock) and Eyre Peninsula (South Australia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","","S. psammophila species-group. Known only from five specimens; see Archer (1981:215).","08","08-00104","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0104" "10800105","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","virginiae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","de Tarragon","1847","","Rev. Zool. Paris","","","177","","","Red-cheeked Dunnart","None given; Archer (1981:132) designated Australia, Queensland, Herbert Vale.","N Queensland, N Northern Territory (Australia); Aru Isls (Indonesia); lowlands of S New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","nitela Collett, 1897; lumholtzi Iredale and Troughton, 1934; rufigenis Thomas, 1922; rona (Tate and Archbold, 1936).","S. macroura species-group. See Archer (1979:329, 1981:132) and Kirsch and Calaby (1977:15). De Tarragon's 1847 description of S. virginiae did not specify a type locality and his type specimen, now lost, had no known locality. Collett (1886[1887]:548) named S. nitela from Herbert Vale and it was subsequently renamed S. lumholtzi, both being referable to virginiae according to Archer (1981:136); but nitela and probably rufigenis may be distinct species according to Blacket et al. (2001).","08","08-00105","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0105" "10800106","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","virginiae","virginiae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","de Tarragon","1847","","Rev. Zool. Paris","","","177","","","","None given; Archer (1981:132) designated Australia, Queensland, Herbert Vale.","","","","","08","08-00106","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0105-0106" "10800107","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","virginiae","nitela","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1897","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00107","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0105-0107" "10800108","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","virginiae","rufigenis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00108","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0105-0108" "10800109","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Sminthopsini","Sminthopsis","","youngsoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","McKenzie and Archer","1982","","Austr. Mamm.","5","","267","","","Lesser Hairy-footed Dunnart","Western Australia, Edgar Ranges, 18°50'S, 123°05'E.","Western Australia, Northern Territory.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","S. psammophila species-group.","08","08-00109","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0078-0085-0000-0109" "10800110","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Archer","1982","","Carnivorous Marsupials","2","","439","","","","","","","","","08","08-00110","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110" "10800111","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Troughton","1928","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","16","","282","","Planigale brunneus Troughton, 1928 (= Phascogale ingrami Thomas, 1906).","","","","","","Revised by Archer (1976) on the basis of morphology and by Painter et al. (1995) on the basis of mitochondrial cytochrome b sequencing.","08","08-00111","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111" "10800112","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","gilesi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Aitken","1972","","Rec. S. Aust. Mus.","16","10","1","","","Paucident Planigale","Australia, South Australia, Ann Creek Station (No. 3 bore) (28°18'S, 136°29'40""E).","NE South Australia, NW New South Wales, and SW Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","08","08-00112","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0112" "10800113","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","ingrami","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1906","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","32","6","","","Long-tailed Planigale","Australia, Northern Territory, Alexandria.","Australia: N and E Queensland, NE Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.","U.S. ESA – Endangered as P. i. subtilissima; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)..","brunnea Troughton, 1928; subtilissima Lönnberg, 1913.","See Archer (1976:351). Woolley (1974) suggested that Western Australian P. i. subtilissima may be specifically distinct. A related but distinct species, referred to simply as Planigale 2 by Painter at al. (1995), is known from the Pilbara, Western Australia.","08","08-00113","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0113" "10800114","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","ingrami","ingrami","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1906","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","32","6","","","","Australia, Northern Territory, Alexandria.","","","","See Archer (1976:351). Woolley (1974) suggested that Western Australian P. i. subtilissima may be specifically distinct. A related but distinct species, referred to simply as Planigale 2 by Painter at al. (1995), is known from the Pilbara, Western Australia.","08","08-00114","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0113-0114" "10800115","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","ingrami","brunnea","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00115","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0113-0115" "10800116","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","ingrami","subtilissima","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnberg","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00116","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0113-0116" "10800117","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","maculata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1851","","Mamm. Aust.","1","","pl. 44","","","Pygmy Planigale","Australia, New South Wales, Clarence River.","E Queensland, NE New South Wales, and N Northern Territory (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","minutissimus (Gould, 1852); sinualis (Thomas, 1926).","Transferred to Planigale from Antechinus by Archer (1976:346). According to Painter et al. (1995), it is the most distinctive species in the genus, and may be closer to Sminthopsis. The subspecies P. m. sinualis (Arnhem Land and Groote Eylandt) is widely divergent in mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences, as well as morphologically, and may be specifically distinct (Painter et al., 1995). A related but distinct species, referred to simply as Planigale 1 by Painter et al. (1995), is known from the Pilbara, Western Australia.","08","08-00117","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0117" "10800118","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","maculata","maculata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1851","","Mamm. Aust.","1","","pl. 44","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Clarence River.","","","","","08","08-00118","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0117-0118" "10800119","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","maculata","sinualis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","08","08-00119","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0117-0119" "10800120","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","novaeguineae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1941","","Am. Mus. Novit.","1101","","7","","","New Guinean Planigale","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., Rona Falls, Laloki River (vicinity of Port Moresby), 250 m.","Lowlands of S New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","08","08-00120","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0120" "10800121","DASYUROMORPHIA","","","","Dasyuridae","Sminthopsinae","Planigalini","Planigale","","tenuirostris","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton","1928","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","16","","285","","","Narrow-nosed Planigale","Australia, ""collected at Bourke or Wilcannia, New South Wales"".","NW New South Wales, and SC Queensland (Australia).","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","08","08-00121","08-0001-0000-0000-0000-0010-0077-0110-0111-0000-0121" "10900001","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Ameghino","1889","","","","","","","","","","","","Peramelia, Perameliformes, Perameloidea","Recognized as an order by Aplin and Archer (1987) who proposed a new syncretic classification of the marsupials. McKenna and Bell (1997) used the name Peramelia.","09","09-00001","09-0001" "10900002","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Thylacomyidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Bensley","1903","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Zool.), ser.2","9","","110","","","","","","","","Included in the family Peramelidae by Vaughan (1978:39) and Groves and Flannery (1990); but more distinct than Peroryctidae according to Kirsch et al. (1997). McKenna and Bell (1997) included it in family Peramelidae, subfamily Chaeropodinae, with Chaeropus.","09","09-00002","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "10900003","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Thylacomyidae","","","Macrotis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Reid","1836","1837","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1836","","131","","Perameles lagotis Reid, 1837.","","","","","Paragalia Gray, 1841; Peragale Lydekker, 1887; Phalacomys Anon., 1854; Thalaconus Richardson, Dallas, Cobbold, Baird and White, 1862; Thylacomys Blyth, 1840.","Not preoccupied by Macrotis Dejean, 1833, a nomen nudum (Troughton, 1932b). Archer and Kirsch (1977) placed Macrotis (including its junior synonym Thylacomys) in a separate family (the name available being Thylacomyidae), rather than in Peramelidae. Groves and Flannery (1990) placed Macrotis back in Peramelidae.","09","09-00003","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "10900004","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Thylacomyidae","","","Macrotis","","lagotis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Reid","1836","1837","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1836","","129","","","Greater Bilby","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","Formerly in Western Australia, South Australia, Northern Territory, W New South Wales, SW Queensland. Survives only in SW Queensland, Northern Territory/Western Australia border region and Kimberleys.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","cambrica Troughton, 1932; grandis Troughton, 1932; interjecta Troughton, 1932; nigripes (Wood Jones, 1923); sagitta (Thomas, 1905).","","09","09-00004","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "10900005","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Thylacomyidae","","","Macrotis","","leucura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1887","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5","19","","397","","","Lesser Bilby","Undesignated; as the specimen was sent by the South Australian Museum's taxidermist to London, Thomas (1887a) thought it might have originated near Adelaide or in the northern part of South Australia, whence others in the same collection had come.","C Australia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.","minor (Spencer, 1897); miseliae Tate, 1948; miselius (Finlayson, 1932).","Probably extinct; see Ride (1970:200).","09","09-00005","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005" "10900006","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Chaeropodidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","Smithson. Misc. Collect.","11","","26","","","","","","","Chaeropini Szalay, 1994.","A subfamily of Peramelidae according to McKenna and Bell (1997), who included Thylacomyidae as a synonym. Molecular data (Westerman et al., 1999, 2001) do not support this arrangement, but indicate that Chaeropus is the sister-group of all other Peramelemorphia, so it is given family rank here.","09","09-00006","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0006" "10900007","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Chaeropodidae","","","Chaeropus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Ogilby","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","26","","Perameles ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838.","","","","","Choeropus Waterhouse, 1841.","Molecular data indicate that Chaeropus is the sister group to all other bandicoots (Westerman et al., 1999, 2001).","09","09-00007","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007" "10900008","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Chaeropodidae","","","Chaeropus","","ecaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ogilby","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","25","","","Pig-footed Bandicoot","Australia, New South Wales, banks of Murray River, south of the junction with Murrumbridge River.","Australia: SW New South Wales, Victoria, S Northern Territory, N South Australia, Western Australia.","CITES – Appendix I [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.","castanotis Gray, 1842; occidentalis Gould, 1845.","Probably extinct, last taken in 1907; see Ride (1970:200).","09","09-00008","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0008" "10900009","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","336","","","","","","","Peroryctidae, Echymiperinae.","Formerly considered to include the family Thylacomyidae; see Vaughan (1978:39) and Groves and Flannery (1990); but also see Archer and Kirsch (1977). Revised by Tate (1948b). Divided by McKenna and Bell (1997) into two families: Peramelidae, with two subfamilies, Chaeropodinae (for Chaeropus and Macrotis) and Peramelinae; and Peroryctidae, with two subfamilies, Peroryctinae and Echymiperinae. Molecular data (Westerman et al., 1999, 2001) do not support the monophyly of Chaeropodinae in the sense of McKenna and Bell (1997), show that Chaeropus is very distinct from other bandicoots, and do not support the monophyly of Peroryctidae.","09","09-00009","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009" "10900010","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","336","","","","","","","","","09","09-00010","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010" "10900011","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","16","","409","","Didelphis obesula Shaw, 1797.","","","","","Thylacis Haltenorth, 1958 [not of Illiger, 1811 (=Perameles)].","Includes Thylacis of Haltenorth, 1958, which was an incorrect usage; see Van Deusen and Jones (1967:74) and Lidicker and Follett (1968). Revised by Lyne and Mort (1981).","09","09-00011","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011" "10900012","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","auratus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1887","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., ser. 2","2","","551","","","Golden Bandicoot","Australia, Western Australia, Derby.","Australia: Formerly Northern Territory and N Western Australia, survives in NW of Western Australia and on Barrow Isl.","IUCN – Vulnerable as I. auratus, I. a. auratus, and I. a. barrowensis. Rare.","arnhemensis Lyne and Mort, 1981; barrowensis (Thomas, 1901).","See Ride (1970:96) and Lyne and Mort (1981), who recognized arnhemensis and barrowensis as distinct species. A revision based on wider material is needed.","09","09-00012","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0012" "10900013","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","auratus","auratus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1887","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., ser. 2","2","","551","","","","Australia, Western Australia, Derby.","","","","","09","09-00013","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0012-0013" "10900014","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","auratus","arnhemensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyne and Mort","1981","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00014","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0012-0014" "10900015","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","auratus","barrowensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00015","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0012-0015" "10900016","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","macrourus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1842","","41","","","Northern Brown Bandicoot","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","NE Western Australia, N Northern Territory, E Queensland, and NE New South Wales (Australia); S and E New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","macrura (Wagner, 1853); moresbyensis (Ramsay, 1877); torosa (Ramsay, 1877).","","09","09-00016","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0016" "10900017","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","macrourus","macrourus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1842","","41","","","","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","","","","","09","09-00017","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0016-0017" "10900018","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","macrourus","moresbyensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1877","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00018","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0016-0018" "10900019","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","obesulus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1797","","Nat. Misc.","8","","298","","","Southern Brown Bandicoot","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Ku-ring-gai Chase Natl. Park, 33°36'S, 151°16'E, see Dixon (1981).","SE New South Wales, S Victoria, SE South Australia, N Queensland, SW Western Australia, Nuyts Arch. (Great Australian Bight, S Australian coast), and Tasmania.","IUCN – Vulnerable as I. o. nauticus, Lower Risk (nt) as I. o. fusciventer, I. o. obesulus, and I. o. peninsulae; otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.","affinis (Waterhouse, 1846); fusciventer (Gray, 1841); peninsulae Thomas, 1922; nauticus Thomas, 1922.","","09","09-00019","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0019" "10900020","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","obesulus","obesulus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1797","","Nat. Misc.","8","","298","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Ku-ring-gai Chase Natl. Park, 33°36'S, 151°16'E, see Dixon (1981).","","","","","09","09-00020","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0019-0020" "10900021","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Isoodon","","obesulus","nauticus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00021","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0011-0000-0019-0021" "10900022","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Perameles","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1804","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","4","","56","","Perameles nasuta É. Geoffroy, 1804.","","","","","Thylacis Illiger, 1811.","Perameles was also used by Geoffroy, 1804, Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris, 3(80):249, which may take priority (dates uncertain). Molecular data (Westerman et al., 2001) suggest that this genus may be paraphyletic with respect to Isoodon. Species boundaries in the genus are confused and a revision is needed.","09","09-00022","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0022" "10900023","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Perameles","","bougainville","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Quoy and Gaimard","1824","","In de Freycinet, Voy. autour du monde...l'Uranie et al Physicienne, Zool.","","","56","","","Western Barred Bandicoot","Australia, Western Australia, Shark Bay, Peron Peninsula.","Formerly in S South Australia, NW Victoria, W New South Wales, S Western Australia, Bernier and Dorre Isls, survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls (off Western Australia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as P. b. fasciata, Endangered as P. b. bougainville. Rare.","arenaria Gould, 1844; fasciata Gray, 1841; myosuros Wagner, 1841; notina Thomas, 1922.","See Ride (1970:100).","09","09-00023","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0022-0000-0023" "10900024","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Perameles","","eremiana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Spencer","1897","","Proc. R. Soc. Victoria, n.s.","9","","9","","","Desert Bandicoot","Australia, Northern Territory, Burt Plain (N of Alice Springs).","N South Australia, S Northern Territory, Great Victoria Desert (Western Australia).","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct.","","Possibly extinct; see Ride (1970:200).","09","09-00024","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0022-0000-0024" "10900025","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Perameles","","gunnii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1838","","Ann. Nat. Hist.","1","","107","","","Eastern Barred Bandicoot","Australia, Tasmania.","Australia: S Victoria, where restricted to Hamilton, and Tasmania.","IUCN – Vulnerable as P. g. gunnii. Common in Tasmania, Endangered in Victoria.","","","09","09-00025","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0022-0000-0025" "10900026","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peramelinae","","Perameles","","nasuta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1804","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","4","","62","","","Long-nosed Bandicoot","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E Victoria.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","lawson Quoy and Gaimard, 1824; major Schinz, 1825; musei (Boitard, 1841); pallescens Thomas, 1923.","","09","09-00026","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0010-0000-0022-0000-0026" "10900027","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Groves and Flannery","1990","","In Seebeck et al. (eds.), Bandicoots and Bilbies","","","2","","","","","","","","McKenna and Bell (1997) attributed this name to a publication of Archer et al. (1989), but this is a nomen nudum, referring to a manuscript name of Groves and Flannery. Kirsch et al. (1997) reduced this to a subfamily under Peramelidae. Westerman et al. (1999) considered the family, sensu Groves and Flannery, probably polyphyletic, and that Echymipera and Microperoryctes form a sister clade to genera of the Peramelidae; further material confirms this, and add Peroryctes as a third, probably sister clade to the rest (Westerman et al, 2001). A peroryctid, probably Echymipera sp., occurred on Halmahera until 1870 B. P. (Flannery et al., 1995a).","09","09-00027","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027" "10900028","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","Peroryctes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1906","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","","476","","Perameles raffrayana Milne-Edwards, 1878.","","","","","","May not be close to the other genera of this family (Westerman et al., 1999).","09","09-00028","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027-0000-0028" "10900029","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","Peroryctes","","broadbenti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1879","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","3","","402, pl. 27","","","Giant Bandicoot","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., banks of Goldie River (a tributary of the Laloki River) inland from Port Moresby.","SE New Guinea, probably lowlands.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","Included in raffrayana by Laurie and Hill (1954:10), but considered a distinct species by Van Deusen and Jones (1967:74).","09","09-00029","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027-0000-0028-0000-0029" "10900030","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","Peroryctes","","raffrayana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1878","","Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris)","7","11","1","","","Raffray’s Bandicoot","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Amberbaki.","New Guinea, sea level to 4000 m; Yapen Isl.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.","rothschildi (Förster, 1913); mainois (Förster, 1913).","Laurie and Hill (1954:10) included broadbenti in this species; but see Van Deusen and Jones (1967:74).","09","09-00030","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027-0000-0028-0000-0030" "10900031","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","Peroryctes","","raffrayana","raffrayana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1878","","Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris)","7","11","1","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Amberbaki.","","","","","09","09-00031","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027-0000-0028-0000-0030-0031" "10900032","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Peroryctinae","","Peroryctes","","raffrayana","rothschildi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Förster","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00032","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0027-0000-0028-0000-0030-0032" "10900033","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","McKenna and Bell","1997","","Class. Mamm. Above Species Level","","","57","","","","","","","","","09","09-00033","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033" "10900034","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lesson","1842","","Nouv. Tabl. Regn. Anim. Mammifčres","","","192","","Perameles kalubu Fischer, 1829.","","","","","Peramelopsis Heude, 1896; Suillomeles Allen and Barbour, 1909.","See Groves and Flannery (1990).","09","09-00034","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034" "10900035","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","clara","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Stein","1932","","Z. Säugetierk.","7","","256","","","Clara’s Echymipera","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Tjenderawasih Div., Japen (=Yapen) Isl.","NC New Guinea, 300-1700 m; Yapen Isl (Indonesia).","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","See Flannery (1990a) for an assessment of its affinities.","09","09-00035","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0035" "10900036","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","davidi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery","1990","","In Seebeck et al. (eds.), Bandicoots and Bilbies","","","29","","","David’s Echymipera","Papua New Guinea, Trobriand Isls, Kiriwina Isl (08°30'S, 151°00'E).","Kiriwina Isl (Papua New Guinea).","IUCN – Data Deficient. Unknown.","","Not closely related to any other species of Echymipera (Flannery, 1990a).","09","09-00036","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0036" "10900037","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","echinista","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Menzies","1990","","Science in New Guinea","16","","92","","","Menzies’ Echymipera","Papua New Guinea, Western (Fly River) Province, Wipim, near Iamega (08°51'S, 142°58'E).","Known only from Western (Fly River) Province, Papua New Guinea.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","","09","09-00037","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0037" "10900038","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","kalubu","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Fischer","1829","","Synopsis Mammal.","","","274","","","Common Echymipera","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Sorong Div., Waigeo Isl.","New Guinea and adjacent small islands including Bismarck Arch., Yapen, Biak-Supiori, Waigeo, Misool and Salawati Isls.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","alticeps (Cohn, 1910); breviceps (Cohn, 1910); doreyanus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1830); garagassi (Miklouho-Maclay, 1884); hispida (Allen and Barbour, 1909); rufiventris (Heller, 1897); cockerelli (Ramsay, 1877); myoides (Günther, 1883); oriomo Tate and Archbold, 1936; philipi Troughton, 1954.","The name kalubu has been attributed to Lesson, 1828, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 13:200; but see Husson (1955:290). According to Westerman et al. (2001), the molecular relationships of E. k. cockerelli (from New Britain and Duke of York Isl) are with E. rufescens rather than with other E. kalubu, but it is morphologically similar to kalubu.","09","09-00038","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0038" "10900039","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","kalubu","kalubu","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Fischer","1829","","Synopsis Mammal.","","","274","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Sorong Div., Waigeo Isl.","","","","","09","09-00039","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0038-0039" "10900040","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","kalubu","cockerelli","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1877","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00040","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0038-0040" "10900041","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","kalubu","oriomo","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00041","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0038-0041" "10900042","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","kalubu","philipi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton","1954","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00042","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0038-0042" "10900043","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","rufescens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1875","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","7","","541","","","Long-nosed Echymipera","Indonesia, Kai Isls.","Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia); New Guinea and D’Entrecasteaux Isls; Kai and Aru Isls, Yapen Isl, and Misool Isl (Indonesia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.","aruensis (Peters and Doria, 1875); gargantua Thomas, 1914; keiensis (Cohn, 1910); welsianus (Heude, 1896); australis Tate, 1948.","","09","09-00043","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0043" "10900044","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","rufescens","rufescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1875","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","7","","541","","","","Indonesia, Kai Isls.","","","","","09","09-00044","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0043-0044" "10900045","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Echymipera","","rufescens","australis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1948","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00045","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0034-0000-0043-0045" "10900046","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Stein","1932","","Z. Säugetierk.","7","","256","","Microperoryctes murina Stein, 1932.","","","","","Ornoryctes Tate and Archbold, 1937.","For synonymy of Ornoryctes with Microperoryctes instead of with Peroryctes, see Groves and Flannery (1990).","09","09-00046","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046" "10900047","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","longicauda","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1876","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","8","","335","","","Striped Bandicoot","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam, 1520 m.","Interior New Guinea, 1000-4000 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","dorsalis (Thomas, 1922); ornatus (Thomas, 1904); magnus Laurie, 1952.","Formerly included in Peroryctes, but see Groves and Flannery (1990).","09","09-00047","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0047" "10900048","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","longicauda","longicauda","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1876","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","8","","335","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam, 1520 m.","","","","","09","09-00048","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0047-0048" "10900049","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","longicauda","dorsalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00049","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0047-0049" "10900050","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","longicauda","ornatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","09","09-00050","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0047-0050" "10900051","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","murina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Stein","1932","","Z. Säugetierk.","7","","257","","","Mouse Bandicoot","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Paniai Div., Weyland Mtns, Sumuri Mtn, 2500 m.","W interior New Guinea., Vogelkop and Weyland Range, around 2000 m.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","The two isolates of this species are actually distinct species (Helgen and Flannery, work in progress).","09","09-00051","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0051" "10900052","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Microperoryctes","","papuensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Laurie","1952","","Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool.","1","","291","","","Papuan Bandicoot","Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Prov., Mt. Mura, (30 mi [48 km] NW Mt. Simpson), Boneno, 1220-1525 m.","SE interior New Guinea, 1200-2650 m.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","Formerly included in Peroryctes, but see Groves and Flannery (1990).","09","09-00052","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0046-0000-0052" "10900053","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Rhynchomeles","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1920","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","6","","429-430","","Rhynchomeles prattorum Thomas, 1920.","","","","","","","09","09-00053","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0053" "10900054","PERAMELEMORPHIA","","","","Peramelidae","Echymiperinae","","Rhynchomeles","","prattorum","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1920","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","6","","429-430","","","Seram Bandicoot","Indonesia, Ceram (= Seram) Isl, Mt. Manusela, 1800 m.","Seram Isl (Indonesia), restricted to high elevations.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","See Groves and Flannery (1990), Kittchener et al. (1993).","09","09-00054","09-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0033-0000-0053-0000-0054" "11000001","DIPROTODONTIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Owen","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","Phalangeriformes","Recognized as an order by Aplin and Archer (1987) who proposed a new syncretic classification of the marsupials. Divided into three suborders by Kirsch et al. (1997); their arrangement is followed here.","10","10-00001","10-0001" "11000002","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Burnett","1830","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00002","10-0001-0002" "11000003","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Phascolarctidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Owen","1839","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1839","","19","","","","","","","","Formerly included in the Phalangeridae; see Ride (1970:225).","10","10-00003","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11000004","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Phascolarctidae","","","Phascolarctos","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","de Blainville","1816","","Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. (Paris)","","","108","","Lipurus cinereus Goldfuss, 1817 (seen by de Blainville in ms., published 1817).","","","","","Draximenus Lay, 1825; Koala Schinz, 1821; Lipurus Goldfuss, 1817; Liscurus McMurtie, 1834; Morodactylus Goldfuss, 1820.","","10","10-00004","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004" "11000005","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Phascolarctidae","","","Phascolarctos","","cinereus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Goldfuss","1817","","Die Säugethiere","pt. 65","","pl. 155, Aa, Ac","","","Koala","Australia, New South Wales.","Australia: SE Queensland, E New South Wales, SE South Australia, and Victoria. Introduced on Kangaroo Isl, South Australia and at Yanchep, Western Australia.","U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Vulnerable.","adustus Thomas, 1923; flindersii Lesson, 1827; fuscus Desmarest, 1820; koala Gray, 1827; subiens (Burnett, 1830); victor Troughton, 1935.","Subspecies are uncertain.","10","10-00005","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0005" "11000006","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Burnett","1829","1830","Quart. J. Lit. Sci. Art.","1829","","351","","","","","","","Phascolomyidae Goldfuss, 1820.","Phascolomyidae Goldfuss, 1820, is based on Phascolomis, a junior synonym (Haltenorth, 1958:32). Because Phascolomyidae was replaced with Vombatidae before 1961, and because Vombatidae has won general acceptance, it is to be maintained (Art. 40.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999).","10","10-00006","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006" "11000007","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1863","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3","11","","458","","Lasiorhinus mcoyi Gray, 1863 (= Phascolomys latifrons Owen, 1845).","","","","","Wombatula Iredale and Troughton, 1934.","This genus needs revision; krefftii may be better restricted to a Pleistocene species, and neither barnardi nor gillespiei may belong to it.","10","10-00007","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007" "11000008","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","krefftii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Owen","1873","","Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London","162","","178, pl. 17, 20","","","Northern Hairy-nosed Wombat","Australia, New South Wales, Wellington Caves, Breccia Cavern.","Australia: SE and E Queensland, Deniliquin (New South Wales).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","gillespiei (DeVis, 1900); barnardi Longman, 1939.","Includes gillespiei and barnardi according to Kirsch and Calaby (1977:23), who stated that only a single remnant population of krefftii remained at the type locality of barnardi. However, populations historically known as barnardi may not be referable to krefftii.","10","10-00008","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0008" "11000009","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","krefftii","krefftii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Owen","1873","","Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London","162","","178, pl. 17, 20","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Wellington Caves, Breccia Cavern.","","","","","10","10-00009","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0008-0009" "11000010","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","krefftii","gillespiei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","DeVis","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00010","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0008-0010" "11000011","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","krefftii","barnardi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Longman","1939","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00011","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0008-0011" "11000012","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Lasiorhinus","","latifrons","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Owen","1845","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1845","","82","","","Southern Hairy-nosed Wombat","Australia, South Australia.","S South Australia, SE Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.","lasiorhinus (Gould, 1863); mcoyi Gray, 1863.","","10","10-00012","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0007-0000-0012" "11000013","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Vombatus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","É. Geoffroy","1803","","Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris","72","","185","","Didelphis ursina Shaw, 1800.","","","","","Amblotis Illiger, 1811; Opossum Perry, 1810; Phascolomis É. Geoffroy, 1803; Phascolomus Rafinesque, 1815; Phascolomys Duméril, 1806; Wombatus Desmarest, 1804.","","10","10-00013","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0013" "11000014","DIPROTODONTIA","VOMBATIFORMES","","","Vombatidae","","","Vombatus","","ursinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1800","","Gen. Zool. Syst. Nat. Hist.","1","2, Mammalia","504","","","Common Wombat","Australia, Tasmania, Bass Strait, Cape Barren Isl.","E New South Wales, S Victoria, SE South Australia, Tasmania, islands in the Bass Strait, and extreme SE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Vulnerable as V. u. ursinus, Lower Risk (lc) as V. usrinus. Common.","angasii (Gray, 1863); assimilis (Krefft, 1872); bassii (Lesson, 1827); fossor (Desmarest, 1804); fuscus (Tiedemann, 1808); hirsutum (Perry, 1810); mitchelli (Owen, 1838); niger (Gould, 1863); platyrhinus (Owen, 1853); setosus (Gray, 1863); tasmaniensis (Spencer and Kershaw, 1910); vombatus (Leach, 1815); wombat (Voigt, 1802).","Subspecies uncertain; marked differences in size exist between insular and mainland wombats, but there are wide overlaps.","10","10-00014","10-0001-0002-0000-0000-0006-0000-0000-0013-0000-0014" "11000015","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Szalay, in Archer (ed.)","1982","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00015","10-0001-0015" "11000016","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","126","","","","","","","","","10","10-00016","10-0001-0015-0000-0016" "11000017","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Broom","1898","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","10","","564","","","","","","","","","10","10-00017","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017" "11000018","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Burramys","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Broom","1896","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","10","","564","","Burramys parvus Broom, 1896.","","","","","","","10","10-00018","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0018" "11000019","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Burramys","","parvus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1896","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","10","","564 [fig. in pl. 25, p. 273]","","","Mountain Pygmy Possum","Australia, New South Wales, Taralga (fossil).","Mountains of NE Victoria and S New South Wales (Australia).","U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","","10","10-00019","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0018-0000-0019" "11000020","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gloger","1841","","Gemein Hand.-Hilfsbuch. Nat.","1","","85","","Phalangista nana Desmarest, 1818.","","","","","Dromicia Gray,1841; Dromiciella Matschie, 1916; Dromiciola Matschie, 1916; Eudromicia Mjöberg, 1916.","Includes Eudromicia (see Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:16).","10","10-00020","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020" "11000021","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","caudatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1877","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","85","","1079","","","Long-tailed Pygmy Possum","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns.","Interior New Guinea, above 1500 m; Fergusson Isl (Papua New Guinea); NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as C. c. macrurus, Lower Risk (lc) as C. c. caudatus. Common.","macrura (Mjöberg, 1916).","Includes macrura (see Ride, 1970:224). Formerly included in Eudromicia; see comment under genus.","10","10-00021","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0021" "11000022","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","caudatus","caudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1877","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","85","","1079","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns.","","","","","10","10-00022","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0021-0022" "11000023","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","caudatus","macrura","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Mjöberg","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00023","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0021-0023" "11000024","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","concinnus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1845","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1845","","2","","","Southwestern Pygmy Possum","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","SW Western Australia, S and SE South Australia including Kangaroo Isl, W Victoria.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","neillii (Waterhouse, 1846); minor Wakefield, 1963.","","10","10-00024","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0024" "11000025","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","concinnus","concinnus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1845","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1845","","2","","","","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","","","","","10","10-00025","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0024-0025" "11000026","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","concinnus","minor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wakefield","1963","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00026","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0024-0026" "11000027","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","lepidus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","142","","","Tasmanian Pygmy Possum","Australia, Tasmania.","Australia: Tasmania, NW Victoria/South Australia border, and Kangaroo Isl (South Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","Formerly included in Eudromicia; see comment under genus.","10","10-00027","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0027" "11000028","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","nanus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1818","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","25","","477","","","Eastern Pygmy Possum","Australia, Tasmania, Ile Maria.","Australia: SE South Australia, E New South Wales to SE Queensland, Victoria, and Tasmania.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","gliriformis (Bell, 1828); unicolor (Krefft, 1863); britta (Wood Jones, 1925).","","10","10-00028","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0028" "11000029","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","nanus","nanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1818","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","25","","477","","","","Australia, Tasmania, Ile Maria.","","","","","10","10-00029","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0028-0029" "11000030","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Burramyidae","","","Cercartetus","","nanus","unicolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Krefft","1863","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00030","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0017-0000-0000-0020-0000-0028-0030" "11000031","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","126","","","","","","","","Distinct from Phascolarctidae (see Ride, 1970:22) and does not include Pseudocheiridae, Petauridae, Burramyidae, or Acrobatidae (see Aplin and Archer, 1987). A provisional classification was given by Flannery et al. (1987), and this was modified by Norris (1994).","10","10-00031","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031" "11000032","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Flannery, Archer and Maynes","1987","","In M. Archer (ed.), Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution","2","","482","","","","","","","","","10","10-00032","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032" "11000033","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Wagler","1830","","Naturliches Syst. Amphibien","","","26","","Phalangista ursina Temminck, 1824.","","","","","Ceonix Temminck, 1827; Eucuscus Gray, 1862.","McKenna and Bell (1997) did not separate this genus from Phalanger, but Flannery et al. (1987) had placed it in its own subfamily, Ailuropinae, citing evidence that it is the sister-group of the rest of the Phalangeridae.","10","10-00033","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033" "11000034","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","melanotis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Novit. Zool.","5","","2","","","Talaud Bear Cuscus","Indonesia, Talaud Isls, Salebabu Isl, Lirung.","Only found on Salebabu Isl in the Talaud Isls (Indonesia).","Unknown.","","Formerly included in A. ursinus; but measurements of the type (and only known preserved) specimen given by Feiler (1977) fall strongly outside those from Sulawesi and offshore islands, and the distinctive colouration and patterning of the type is seen in a second (living) specimen, whose photograph I examined, courtesy of R. Wirth.","10","10-00034","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0034" "11000035","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","ursinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","Monogr. Mamm.","1","","10","","","Sulawesi Bear Cuscus","Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Utara, Minahasa, Manado.","Sulawesi, Peleng Isl, Muna and Butung Isls, Togian Isls.","IUCN – Date Deficient. Common.","flavissimus (Feiler, 1977); furvus (Miller and Hollister, 1922); intermedius (Hooijer, 1952); togianus (Tate, 1945).","Formerly included in Phalanger. May be a species complex.","10","10-00035","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0035" "11000036","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","ursinus","ursinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","Monogr. Mamm.","1","","10","","","","Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Utara, Minahasa, Manado.","","","","","10","10-00036","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0035-0036" "11000037","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","ursinus","flavissimus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Feiler","1977","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00037","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0035-0037" "11000038","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","ursinus","furvus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller and Hollister","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00038","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0035-0038" "11000039","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Ailuropinae","","Ailurops","","ursinus","togianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1945","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00039","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0032-0000-0033-0000-0035-0039" "11000040","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","126","","","","","","","","Norris (1994), studying the anatomy of the periotic, and Kirsch et al. (1997), on molecular grounds, divided this subfamily into two tribes, Phalangerini and Trichosurini.","10","10-00040","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040" "11000041","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","126","","","","","","","","","10","10-00041","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041" "11000042","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Storr","1780","","Prodr. Meth. Mammal.","","","38","","Didelphis orientalis Pallas, 1766.","","","","","Balantia Illiger, 1811; Coescoes Lacépčde, 1799; Cuscus Lesson, 1826; Phalangista E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire and G. Cuvier, 1795; Sipalus G. Fischer, 1813.","Does not include Spilocuscus (see Ride, 1970:248). Revised by Tate (1945), Feiler (1978ai>c), and G. G. George (1979).","10","10-00042","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042" "11000043","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","alexandrae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Boeadi","1995","","Aust. Mammal.","18","","42","","","Gebe Cuscus","Indonesia, North Moluccas, Gebe Isl, near the airport (0°05’S, 129°25’E).","Pulau (Isl) Gebe.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Very restricted distribution.","","Related to P. ornatus and P. rothschildi.","10","10-00043","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0043" "11000044","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","carmelitae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","19","","5","","","Mountain Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., upper Vanapa River.","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","coccygis Thomas, 1922.","Formerly included in vestitus (see G. G. George, 1979:94).","10","10-00044","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0044" "11000045","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","carmelitae","carmelitae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","19","","5","","","","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., upper Vanapa River.","","","","","10","10-00045","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0044-0045" "11000046","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","carmelitae","coccygis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00046","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0044-0046" "11000047","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","gymnotis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1875","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","7","","543","","","Ground Cuscus","Indonesia, Aru Isls, Gialnhegen Isl (restricted by Van der Feen, 1962:40).","New Guinea; Aru Isls and other small Indonesian islands.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Common.","leucippus Thomas, 1898.","Distribution poorly known. Included in Strigocuscus by Flannery et al. (1987), but Norris (1994) and Kirsch et al. (1997) found that it is part of the Phalanger clade.","10","10-00047","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0047" "11000048","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","gymnotis","gymnotis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1875","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","7","","543","","","","Indonesia, Aru Isls, Gialnhegen Isl (restricted by Van der Feen, 1962:40).","","","","","10","10-00048","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0047-0048" "11000049","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","gymnotis","leucippus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00049","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0047-0049" "11000050","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","intercastellanus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1895","","Novit. Zool.","2","","165","","","Eastern Common Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, D’Entrecasteaux group, Fergusson Isl.","SE Papua New Guinea, east of Markham valley; Sariba, Itoh, Goodenough, Fergusson, Normanby, Kiriwina, Misima, Sudest and Rossel Isl.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as Queensland subpopulation, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). CITES – Appendix II as P. orientalis.","brevinasus Thomas, 1895; kiriwinae Thomas, 1896; matsika Tate and Archbold, 1935; meeki Thomas, 1898.","Flannery et al. (1987) suggested that what were hitherto regarded as the southern races of P. orientalis may prove to be specifically, even generically distinct, as Strigocuscus mimicus, and Flannery (1994a) definitively separated them but used the earlier name intercastellanus. Norris and Musser (2001) returned this species to Phalanger, and separated P. mimicus from it (see below). The species needs revision; at present no subspecies are recognized.","10","10-00050","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0050" "11000051","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","lullulae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1896","","Novit. Zool.","3","","528","","","Woodlark Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Prov., Woodlark Isl.","Woodlark Isl (Papua New Guinea).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.","","Formerly included in orientalis (see G. G. George, 1979:97). Reviewed by Norris (1999).","10","10-00051","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0051" "11000052","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","matabiru","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Boeadi","1995","","Aust. Mammal.","18","","40","","","Blue-eyed Cuscus","Indonesia, North Moluccas, Ternate, Tege Tege (0°50’N, 127°20’E), 400 m.","Ternate and Tidore Isls (Indonesia).","Restricted distribution.","","Described as a subspecies of P. ornatus by Flannery and Boeadi (1995), but differs absolutely (diagnostically), and so raised to specific rank here.","10","10-00052","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0052" "11000053","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","matanim","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery","1987","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","39","","183","","","Telefomin Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, West Sepik Prov., Telefomin area, Upper Sol River, 5°06'S, 141°42'E, 2600 m.","Telefomin area, W Papua New Guinea.","IUCN – Endangered. Rare.","","","10","10-00053","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0053" "11000054","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","mimicus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","9","","679","","","Southern Common Cuscus","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Mimika River, Parimau, 4°31’S, 136°36’E, 250 ft (76 m).","S New Guinea, from Mimika River (Prov. of Papua) east to Mt. Bosavi and Oriomo River; perhaps Aru Isls; Cape York Peninsula (Australia).","CITES – Appendix II as P. orientalis.","microdon Tate and Archbold, 1935; peninsulae Tate, 1945.","Separated from P. intercastellanus by Norris and Musser (2001). It is unclear whether this is the species on the Aru Isls.","10","10-00054","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0054" "11000055","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","mimicus","mimicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","9","","679","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Mimika River, Parimau, 4°31’S, 136°36’E, 250 ft (76 m).","","","","","10","10-00055","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0054-0055" "11000056","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","mimicus","peninsulae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1945","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00056","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0054-0056" "11000057","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","orientalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","61","","","Northern Common Cuscus","Indonesia, Amboina (= Ambon) Isl, Maluku.","Timor, Sanana (Sulu Isls), Buru, Halmahera and Seram Isls (Indonesia) to northern New Guinea, Karkar Isl, Schouten group, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Isls; Sanana (Sula Isls), Buru, and Halmahera.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); CITES – Appendix II.","alba (E. Geoffroy, 1803); amboinensis (Lacépčde, 1799); cavifrons Temminck, 1824; fusca (Oken, 1816) [unavailable]; indica (Müller, 1776); kori Menzies and Pernetta, 1986; minor (Oken, 1816) [unavailable]; molucca (Gmelin, 1789); moluccensis (Oken, 1816) [unavailable]; rufa (E. Geoffroy, 1803); timoriensis Menzies and Pernetta, 1986; vulpecula (Förster, 1913); breviceps Thomas, 1888; albidus Feiler, 1978; ducatoris Thomas, 1922.","Formerly included intercastellanus, interpositus (= vestitus) and lullulae (see G. G. George, 1979). Flannery et al. (1987) first suggested that the southern races may prove to be specifically distinct; Flannery (1990) did not adopt this course, but Flannery (1994a) separated them. Two undescribed species, related to P. orientalis, occur on Mt. Karimui. The species needs revision; Flannery (1995b) provisionally recognized only Solomons/Bismarcks breviceps as a subspecies.","10","10-00057","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0057" "11000058","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","orientalis","orientalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","61","","","","Indonesia, Amboina (= Ambon) Isl, Maluku.","","","","","10","10-00058","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0057-0058" "11000059","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","orientalis","breviceps","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00059","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0057-0059" "11000060","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","ornatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1860","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1860","","374","","","Ornate Cuscus","Indonesia: Bachian (= Bacan or Batjan) Isl.","Halmahera, Bacan, possibly Morotai Isls (Indonesia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Apparently common.","","For status see Groves (1987). Provisionally allotted to Strigocuscus by Flannery et al. (1987) although they did not examine specimens.","10","10-00060","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0060" "11000061","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","rothschildi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1898","","Novit. Zool.","5","","433","","","Rothschild’s Cuscus","Moluccas, Pulau Obi, Loiwuj.","Pulau (Isl) Obi, and Bisa.","IUCN – Vulnerable. Common.","","Commonly included in Strigocuscus celebensis, but see Groves (1987).","10","10-00061","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0061" "11000062","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","sericeus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","74","","","Silky Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, Angabunga Range, Owgarra, 6,000 ft (= 1829 m).","C and E New Guinea, higher elevations, above 1500 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","occidentalis Menzies and Pernetta, 1986.","Called P. vestitus by most authors, but see Menzies and Pernetta (1986:594).","10","10-00062","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0062" "11000063","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","sericeus","sericeus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","74","","","","Papua New Guinea, Angabunga Range, Owgarra, 6,000 ft (= 1829 m).","","","","","10","10-00063","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0062-0063" "11000064","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","sericeus","occidentalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Menzies and Pernetta","1986","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00064","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0062-0064" "11000065","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Phalanger","","vestitus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1877","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","85","","1080","","","Stein’s Cuscus","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Sorong Div., Tamrau Range, Karons Mtns.","Interior New Guinea, 1200-1500 m. (in western range, up to 2200 m.).","IUCN – Vulnerable.","interpositus Stein, 1933; permixtio Menzies and Pernetta, 1986.","Formerly known as P. interpositus (see Flannery, 1990).","10","10-00065","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0042-0000-0065" "11000066","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1861","1862","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1861","","316","","Phalangista maculata Desmarest, 1818.","","","","","","Separated from Phalanger by G. G. George (1979), and recognized by subsequent workers, though the separation was not mentioned by McKenna and Bell (1997).","10","10-00066","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066" "11000067","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","kraemeri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schwarz","1910","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","406","","","Admiralty Island Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, Admiralty Isls, Manus Isl.","Manus and Lou Isls.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","minor Cohn, 1914.","Separated as a species by Flannery (1994a), who noted that it is very distinctive, but that it does not occur in archaeological deposits, so may possibly be derived from introductions.","10","10-00067","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0067" "11000068","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","maculatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","E. Geoffroy","1803","","Cat. Mamm. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris.","","","149","","","Common Spotted Cuscus","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Manokwari.","New Guinea and adjacent small islands; Aru and Kei Isls, Seram, Ambon and Selayar Isls (Indonesia); Cape York Peninsula (Queensland, Australia). On New Guinea, found mainly above 1200 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc); CITES – Appendix II; but ""common"" in New Guinea (Flannery, 1990).","variegata (Oken, 1816) [unavailable]; chrysorrhous (Temminck, 1824); goldiei (Ramsay, 1876); nudicaudatus (Gould, 1850); brevicaudatus (Gray, 1858); ochropus (Gray, 1866).","Feiler (1978a) included atrimaculatus in this species, but G. G. George (1979:98) placed it in rufoniger. Usually includes papuensis and kraemeri, but these were separated by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00068","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0068" "11000069","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","maculatus","maculatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","E. Geoffroy","1803","","Cat. Mamm. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris.","","","149","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Manokwari.","","","","","10","10-00069","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0068-0069" "11000070","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","maculatus","chrysorrhous","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1824","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00070","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0068-0070" "11000071","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","maculatus","goldiei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1876","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00071","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0068-0071" "11000072","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","maculatus","nudicaudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1850","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00072","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0068-0072" "11000073","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","papuensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1822","","Encycl. Méth. Mamm. Suppl.","","","541","","","Waigeou Cuscus","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Waigeou Isl.","Waigeou.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","quoy (Gaimard, 1824); macrourus (Lesson and Garnot, 1826).","Separated as a species by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00073","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0073" "11000074","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Phalangerini","Spilocuscus","","rufoniger","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Zimara","1937","","Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien","74","","35","","","Black-spotted Cuscus","Papua New Guinea, Morobe Prov., Sattelberg.","N New Guinea, above 1200 m.","IUCN – Endangered.","atrimaculatus (Tate, 1945).","Includes atrimaculatus (see G. G. George, 1979:98), but also see Feiler (1978a), who placed it in maculatus.","10","10-00074","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0041-0066-0000-0074" "11000075","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","","","","","TRIBE","False","","YES","Flynn","1911","","Papers and Proceedings Roy. Soc. Tasmania","1911","","120","","","","","","","","","10","10-00075","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075" "11000076","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1861","1862","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1861","","319","","Cuscus celebensis Gray, 1858.","","","","","","Not distinguished from Phalanger by McKenna and Bell (1997), but when Flannery et al. (1987) resurrected this genus for S. celebensis, and provisionally for S. gymnotis, they gave evidence that it is sister-group to Trichosurus. Norris (1994) retained gymnotis in Phalanger and thus showed that it belongs in Phalangerini.","10","10-00076","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076" "11000077","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","celebensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","105","","","Sulawesi Dwarf Cuscus","Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Ujung Pandang (= Macassar).","Sulawesi, Peleng Isl, Sanghir Isls. Records from Taliabu and Obi Isl (Indonesia) may be erroneous (T. F. Flannery, pers. comm.).","IUCN – Data Deficient. Common.","callenfelsi (Hooijer, 1950); feileri (Groves, 1987); sangirensis Meyer, 1896.","","10","10-00077","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0077" "11000078","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","celebensis","celebensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","105","","","","Indonesia, Sulawesi, Sulawesi Selatan, Ujung Pandang (= Macassar).","","","","","10","10-00078","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0077-0078" "11000079","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","celebensis","feileri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Groves","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00079","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0077-0079" "11000080","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","celebensis","sangirensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Meyer","1896","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00080","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0077-0080" "11000081","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","pelengensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1945","","Am. Mus. Novit.","1283","","3","","","Banggai Cuscus","Indonesia: Peleng Isl.","Peleng and Sula Isls (Indonesia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.","mendeni (Feiler, 1978).","For status see Groves (1987). Flannery et al. (1987) doubted that pelengensis really belongs to Phalanger, and Flannery (1994a) placed it in Strigocuscus.","10","10-00081","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0081" "11000082","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","pelengensis","pelengensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1945","","Am. Mus. Novit.","1283","","3","","","","Indonesia: Peleng Isl.","","","","","10","10-00082","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0081-0082" "11000083","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Strigocuscus","","pelengensis","mendeni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Feiler","1978","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00083","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0076-0000-0081-0083" "11000084","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lesson","1828","","In Bory de Saint-Vincent (ed.), Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. Paris","13","","333","","Didelphis vulpecula Kerr, 1792.","","","","","Cercaertus Burmeister, 1837; Psilogrammurus Gloger, 1841; Tapoa Owen, 1839; Trichurus Wagner, 1843.","","10","10-00084","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084" "11000085","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","arnhemensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1897","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1897","","328","","","Northern Brushtail","Australia, Northern Territory, Daly River.","N Northern Territory, NE Western Australia, Barrow Isl (Australia).","Common.","","","10","10-00085","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084-0000-0085" "11000086","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","caninus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ogilby","1835","1836","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1835","","191","","","Short-eared Possum","Australia, New South Wales, Hunter River.","Australia: C Queensland (near Gladstone) south to C New South Wales, and possibly to the Victorian border (Lindenmayer et al., 2002).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","nigrans Le Souef, 1916.","What were previously thought to be populations of this species in Victoria have been shown to be a separate species, T. cunninghami (Lindemayer et al., 2002). The species and T. cunninghami are together sometimes known as Bobuck; Lindemayer et al. (2002) suggested new vernacular names to distinguish them.","10","10-00086","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084-0000-0086" "11000087","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","cunninghami","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lindemayer, Dubach and Viggers","2002","","Aust. J. Zool.","50","","17","","","Mountain Brushtail Possum","Australia, C Victoria, Cambarville region.","Australia: C to NE Victoria, and possibly into S New South Wales (Lindenmayer et al., 2002).","Common.","","Formerly thought to be the southern populations of T. caninus, but distinguished as a new species by Lindenmayer et al. (2002).","10","10-00087","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084-0000-0087" "11000088","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","johnstonii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1888","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W., ser. 2","8","","1297","","","Coppery Brushtail","Australia, Queensland, Atherton Tableland.","Australia: rainforests of NE Queensland.","Common.","","Separated as a species by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00088","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084-0000-0088" "11000089","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Trichosurus","","vulpecula","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","198","","","Common Brushtail","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, SE and N South Australia, SW Western Australia; introduced to New Zealand (Wodzicki, 1950).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as T. v. hypoleuca, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Common, in many cities, lives commensally.","bougainvillei (J. B. Fischer, 1829); cookii (G. Cuvier, 1824); cuvieri (Waterhouse, 1841); eburacensis Lönnberg, 1916 [status fide Flannery, 1994a]; felina (Wagner, 1842); fuliginosa (Ogilby, 1831); grisea (Gray, 1841); hypoleucus (Wagner, 1855); lemurina (Shaw, 1800); melanura (Wagner, 1842); mesurus Thomas, 1926; novaehollandiae (Bechstein, 1800); raui Finlayson, 1963; ruficollis Schwarz, 1909; selma (Gervais, 1847); tapouaru (F. Meyer, 1793); vulpina (F. Meyer, 1793); xanthopus (Ogilby, 1831).","","10","10-00089","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0084-0000-0089" "11000090","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Wyulda","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Alexander","1918","","J. R. Soc. West. Aust.","(1917-1918), 4","","31","","Wyulda squamicaudata Alexander, 1918.","","","","","","Provisionally combined with Trichosurus by Flannery et al. (1987). Norris (1994) confirmed, on examination of the type of W. squamicaudata, that the two genera are closely related.","10","10-00090","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0090" "11000091","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Phalangeroidea","Phalangeridae","Phalangerinae","Trichosurini","Wyulda","","squamicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Alexander","1918","","J. R. Soc. West. Aust.","(1917-1918), 4","","31","","","Scaly-tailed Possum","Australia, Western Australia, Wyndham.","NE Western Australia, Kimberleys.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Provisionally placed in Trichosurus by Flannery et al. (1987).","10","10-00091","10-0001-0015-0000-0016-0031-0040-0075-0090-0000-0091" "11000092","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","YES","Bonaparte","1838","","Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat.","2","1","112","","","","","","","","","10","10-00092","10-0001-0015-0000-0092" "11000093","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Winge","1893","","Med. Udsigt over Pungdyrenes Slaegtskab. E. Mus. Lundii","11","2","89","","","","","","","","Separated from Petauridae by Archer (1984); not recognized as a family by McKenna and Bell (1997), though retained by molecular workers (Kirsch et al., 1997), but Osborne and Christidis (2001) again questioned the separation. McKenna and Bell (1997) retained an old scheme whereby Hemibelideus, Pseudochirops, Pseudochirulus and Petropseudes are included in Pseudocheirus, and recognized only one other genus (Schoinobates [sic], which correctly should be Petauroides); but Kirsch et al. (1997) showed that this does not reflect the true pattern of relationships, and is greatly over-lumped.","10","10-00093","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093" "11000094","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Kirsch, Lapointe and Springer","1997","","Aust. J. Zool.","45","","245","","","","","","","","","10","10-00094","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094" "11000095","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Hemibelideus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Collett","1884","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1884","","385","","Phalangista (Hemibelideus) lemuroides Collett, 1884.","","","","","","Formerly included in Pseudocheirus, and retained in that genus by McKenna and Bell (1997), but it was shown by Kirsch et al. (1997) that the two are very distinct, and Hemibelideus is sister-group to Petauroides.","10","10-00095","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0095" "11000096","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Hemibelideus","","lemuroides","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1884","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1884","","385","","","Lemur-like Ringtail","Australia, North Queensland.","NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not endangered where it occurs.","cervinus (Longman, 1915).","","10","10-00096","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0095-0000-0096" "11000097","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Petauroides","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","163","","Didelphis volans Kerr, 1792.","","","","","Petaurista Desmarest, 1820; Schoinobates Iredale and Troughton, 1934; Volucella Bechstein, 1800.","Formerly known as Schoinobates Lesson, 1842. This name was used by Lesson only for Petaurista leucogenys Temminck, 1823, a giant flying squirrel (McKay, 1982); its use for this genus dates only from Iredale and Troughton (1934), though McKenna and Bell (1997) continue to use Schoinobates for it without citing McKay’s (1982) paper. The names Volucella and Petaurista were both preoccupied.","10","10-00097","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0097" "11000098","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Petauroides","","volans","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","199","","","Greater Glider","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","E Australia, from Dandenong Ranges (Victoria) to Rockhampton (Queensland).","Lower Risk (lc). Common.","didelphoides (G. Cuvier, 1825); incanus Thomas, 1923; macroura (Shaw, 1794); maximus (Partington, 1837); peronii (Desmarest, 1818); taguanoides (Desmarest, 1818); voluccella (F. Meyer, 1793); minor (Collett, 1887); cinereus Ramsay, 1890; armillatus Thomas, 1923.","","10","10-00098","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0097-0000-0098" "11000099","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Petauroides","","volans","volans","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","199","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","","","","","10","10-00099","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0097-0000-0098-0099" "11000100","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Hemibelideinae","","Petauroides","","volans","minor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1887","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00100","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0094-0000-0097-0000-0098-0100" "11000101","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Winge","1893","","Med. Udsigt over Pungdyrenes Slaegtskab. E. Mus. Lundii","11","2","89","","","","","","","","","10","10-00101","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101" "11000102","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Petropseudes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","11","","250","","Pseudochirus dahli Collett, 1895.","","","","","","Separated from Pseudocheirus by McKay (1988:94).","10","10-00102","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0102" "11000103","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Petropseudes","","dahli","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1895","","Zool. Anz.","18","490","464","","","Rock-haunting ringtail","Australia, Northern Territory, Mary River.","N Northern Territory, NW Western Australia.","Lower Risk (lc). Localized.","","","10","10-00103","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0102-0000-0103" "11000104","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Ogilby","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. (Charlesworth)","1","","457","","Phalangista cookii Desmarest, 1818 (= Didelphis peregrinus Boddaert, 1785), see Thomas (1888).","","","","","Hepoona Gray, 1841; Pseudochirus Ogilby, 1836; Ptenos Gray, 1843.","Pseudochirus Ogilby, 1836. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1836:26 is a nomen nudum, see Palmer (1904). Does not include Pseudochirulus Matschie, 1915, see Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00104","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104" "11000105","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","peregrinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Boddaert","1785","","Elench. Anim.","","","78","","","Common Ringtail","Australia, Queensland, Endeavour River.","Australia: Cape York Peninsula (Queensland) to SE South Australia and SW Western Australia, Tasmania, islands of the Bass Straits.","IUCN – Vulnerable as P. occidentalis, Lower Risk (lc) as P. peregrinus. Common.","banksii (Gray, 1838); caudivolvula (Kerr, 1792); cookii (Desmarest, 1818); incanens (Thomas, 1923); laniginosa (Gould, 1858); modestus (Thomas, 1926); notialis (Thomas, 1923); novaehollanidiae (Bechstein, 1800); oralis (Thomas, 1926); victoriae (Matschie, 1915); occidentalis (Thomas, 1888); pulcher (Matschie, 1915); rubidus (Troughton and Le Souef, 1929); convolutor Schinz, 1821; bassianus (Le Souef, 1929); incana (Schinz, 1844); viverrina Ogilby, 1838.","Probably a species complex rather than a single species (see Flannery, 1994a).","10","10-00105","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104-0000-0105" "11000106","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","peregrinus","peregrinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Boddaert","1785","","Elench. Anim.","","","78","","","","Australia, Queensland, Endeavour River.","","","","","10","10-00106","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104-0000-0105-0106" "11000107","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","peregrinus","occidentalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00107","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104-0000-0105-0107" "11000108","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","peregrinus","pulcher","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00108","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104-0000-0105-0108" "11000109","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudocheirus","","peregrinus","convolutor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Schinz","1821","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00109","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0104-0000-0105-0109" "11000110","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Matschie","1915","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","91","","Phalangista (Pseudocheirus) canescens Waterhouse, 1845.","","","","","","Separated from Pseudocheirus by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00110","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110" "11000111","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1846","","Nat. Hist. Mamm.","1","","306","","","Lowland Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Triton Bay.","New Guinea and Salawati Isl, below 1300 m; Yapen Isl.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Uncommon.","grisescenti (Peters, 1874); avarus Thomas, 1906); bernsteini (Schlegel, 1866); dammermani (Thomas, 1922); gyrator (Thomas, 1904).","","10","10-00111","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111" "11000112","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","canescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1846","","Nat. Hist. Mamm.","1","","306","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Triton Bay.","","","","","10","10-00112","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111-0112" "11000113","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","avarus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00113","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111-0113" "11000114","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","bernsteini","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Schlegel","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00114","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111-0114" "11000115","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","dammermani","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00115","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111-0115" "11000116","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","canescens","gyrator","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00116","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0111-0116" "11000117","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","caroli","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1921","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","8","","357","","","Weyland Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Paniai Div., Weyland Range, Menoo Valley, Mt. Kunupi, 1830 m.","WC New Guinea.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","versteegi (Thomas, 1922).","","10","10-00117","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0117" "11000118","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","caroli","caroli","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1921","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","8","","357","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Paniai Div., Weyland Range, Menoo Valley, Mt. Kunupi, 1830 m.","","","","","10","10-00118","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0117-0118" "11000119","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","caroli","versteegi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00119","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0117-0119" "11000120","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","cinereus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Tate","1945","","Amer. Mus. Novit.","1287","","17","","","Cinereous Ringtail","Australia, Queensland, Mt. Spurgeon.","North Queensland, tablelands from Mt. Carbine north to Thornton Peak.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not uncommon.","","Separated from P. herbertensis, and perhaps not even a sister species, by Kirsch et al. (1997).","10","10-00120","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0120" "11000121","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","forbesi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1887","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5","19","","146","","","Painted Ringtail","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., Astrolabe Range, near Port Moresby, Sogeri, 458 m.","SE New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","longipilis (Tate and Archbold, 1935).","Does not include larvatus (see below).","10","10-00121","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0121" "11000122","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","herbertensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1884","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1884","","383","","","Herbert River Ringtail","Australia, Queensland, Herbert Vale.","NE Queensland (Australia), Ingham north to Atherton Tablelands.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized but not uncommon.","colletti (Waite, 1899); mongan (De Vis, 1887).","","10","10-00122","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0122" "11000123","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","larvatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Förster and Rothschild","1911","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","7","","337","","","Masked Ringtail","Papua New Guinea, Huon Peninsula, Rawlinson Mtns.","NE New Guinea (Huon Peninsula and eastern part of Central Cordillera).","Common.","barbatus Matschie, 1915; capistratus Matschie, 1915.","Diagnostically distinct from SE forbesi, and separated by a sharp boundary between Wau and the Kratke Mtns (Flannery, 1994a; Musser and Sommer, 1992), which strongly suggests that larvatus is specifically distinct.","10","10-00123","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0123" "11000124","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","mayeri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Rothschild and Dollman","1932","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1932","353","15","","","Pygmy Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Paniai Div., Weyland Range, Gebroeders Mtns, 1830 m.","C interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","pygmaeus Stein, 1932","See Laurie and Hill (1954: 21).","10","10-00124","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0124" "11000125","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudocheirinae","","Pseudochirulus","","schlegeli","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jentink","1884","","Notes Leyden Mus.","6","","110","","","Vogelkop Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns.","Extreme NW New Guinea.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","lewisi (Dollman, 1930).","The putative taxon P. forbesi lewisi is actually a colour variant of this species (Flannery, 1995a).","10","10-00125","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0101-0000-0110-0000-0125" "11000126","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Kirsch, Lapointe and Springer","1997","","Aust. J. Zool.","45","","245","","","","","","","","","10","10-00126","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126" "11000127","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Matschie","1915","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","4","","86","","Phalangista (Pseudochirus) albertisii Peters, 1874.","","","","","","Separated from Pseudocheirus by McKay (1988). According to Kirsch et al. (1997), it is at least as distinct cladistically as are Petauroides and Hemibelideus.","10","10-00127","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127" "11000128","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","albertisii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1874","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","6","","303","","","D’Albertis’ Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam, 1520 m.","N and W New Guinea, including Yapen Isl (Indonesia).","IUCN – Vulnerable. Uncommon.","insularis Stein, 1933; schultzei Matschie, 1915","","10","10-00128","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0128" "11000129","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","albertisii","albertisii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1874","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","6","","303","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Arfak Mtns, Hatam, 1520 m.","","","","","10","10-00129","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0128-0129" "11000130","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","albertisii","insularis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Stein","1933","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00130","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0128-0130" "11000131","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","albertisii","schultzei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00131","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0128-0131" "11000132","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","archeri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1884","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1884","","381","","","Green Ringtail","Australia, N Queensland, Herbert River District.","NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Locally common, but restricted.","","","10","10-00132","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0132" "11000133","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","corinnae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","18","","142","","","Plush-coated Ringtail","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., upper Vanapa River.","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable. Common.","buergersi Matchie, 1915; caecias (Thomas, 1922); argenteus (Förster, 1913); fuscus (Laurie, 1952).","","10","10-00133","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0133" "11000134","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","corinnae","corinnae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","18","","142","","","","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., upper Vanapa River.","","","","","10","10-00134","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0133-0134" "11000135","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","corinnae","argenteus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Förster","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00135","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0133-0135" "11000136","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","corinnae","fuscus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Laurie","1952","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00136","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0133-0136" "11000137","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","coronatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","18","","144","","","Reclusive Ringtail","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Arfak Mtns, 2000 m.","Arfak Mtns (Prov. of Papua = Irian Jaya, Indonesia), above 1000 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.","paradoxus (Dollman, 1930)","Separated from P. albertisii, with which it is sympatric, by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00137","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0137" "11000138","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Pseudocheiridae","Pseudochiropsinae","","Pseudochirops","","cupreus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","18","","145","","","Coppery Ringtail","Papua New Guinea, Owen Stanley Range.","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","beauforti (Thomas, 1922); obscurior Tate and Archbold, 1935.","","10","10-00138","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0093-0126-0000-0127-0000-0138" "11000139","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Bonaparte","1838","","Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat.","2","1","112","","","","","","","","May not be monophyletic (Osborne and Christidis, 2001).","10","10-00139","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139" "11000140","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","109","","Dactylopsila trivirgata Gray, 1858.","","","","","Dactylonax Thomas, 1910.","See Haltenorth (1958:28).","10","10-00140","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140" "11000141","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","megalura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Rothschild and Dollman","1932","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1932","353","14","","","Great-tailed Triok","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Paniai Div., Weyland Range, Gebroeders Mtns.","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.","","Considered a subspecies of trivirgata by Ziegler (in Stonehouse and Gilmore, 1977:131).","10","10-00141","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0141" "11000142","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","palpator","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards","1888","","Mem. Cent. Soc. Philom. Paris","","","174","","","Long-fingered Triok","""South coast of New Guinea"".","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","ernstmayri (Stein, 1932).","Formerly included in Dactylonax (see Haltenorth, 1958).","10","10-00142","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0142" "11000143","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","tatei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Laurie","1952","","Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Zool.","1","","278","","","Tate’s Triok","Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Prov., Fergusson Isl, Faralulu Dist., mountains above Taibutu Village, 610-915 m.","Fergusson Isl; Papua New Guinea.","IUCN – Endangered. Rare.","","Considered a subspecies of trivirgata by Ziegler (in Stonehouse and Gilmore, 1977:131); considered a distinct species by G. G. George (1979:94).","10","10-00143","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0143" "11000144","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","trivirgata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","111","","","Striped Possum","Indonesia, Aru Isls.","New Guinea, Yapen and Waigeo; Aru Isls; NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","albertisii Peters and Doria, 1875; angustivittis (Peters and Doria, 1880); arfakensis Matschie, 1916; hindenburgi Ramme, 1914; occidentalis Matschie, 1916; kataui Matschie, 1916; melampus Thomas, 1908; biedermanni Matschie, 1916; picata Thomas, 1908; infumata Tate, 1945.","","10","10-00144","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0144" "11000145","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","trivirgata","trivirgata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1858","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1858","","111","","","","Indonesia, Aru Isls.","","","","","10","10-00145","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0144-0145" "11000146","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","trivirgata","kataui","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00146","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0144-0146" "11000147","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","trivirgata","melampus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00147","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0144-0147" "11000148","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Dactylopsila","","trivirgata","picata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00148","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0140-0000-0144-0148" "11000149","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Gymnobelideus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","McCoy","1867","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3","20","","287","","Gymnobelideus leadbeateri McCoy, 1867.","","","","","","","10","10-00149","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0149" "11000150","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Gymnobelideus","","leadbeateri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","McCoy","1867","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3","20","","287","","","Leadebeater’s Possum","Australia, Victoria, Bass River.","NE Victoria (Australia).","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","","","10","10-00150","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0149-0000-0150" "11000151","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Shaw","1791","","Nat. Misc.","2","","pl. 60","","Petaurus australis Shaw, 1791.","","","","","Belideus Waterhouse, 1839; Petaurella Matschie, 1916; Petaurula Matschie, 1916; Ptilotus G. Fischer, 1814; Xenochirus Gloger, 1841.","","10","10-00151","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151" "11000152","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","abidi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ziegler","1981","","Austr. Mamm.","4","","81","","","Northern Glider","Papua New Guinea, West Sepik Prov., Mt. Somoro, 3°25'S, 142°05'E.","NC New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable. Rare.","","","10","10-00152","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0152" "11000153","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","australis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1791","","Nat. Misc.","2","","pl. 6","","","Yellow-bellied Glider","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Coastal Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as P. a. australis and as P. australis. Common locally.","cunninghami Gray, 1843; flaviventer Desmarest, 1818; petaurus (Shaw, 1800); reginae Thomas, 1923.","","10","10-00153","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0153" "11000154","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","australis","australis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1791","","Nat. Misc.","2","","pl. 6","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","","","","","10","10-00154","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0153-0154" "11000155","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","australis","reginae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00155","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0153-0155" "11000156","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","biacensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ulmer","1940","","Notul. Nat. Philad.","52","","1","","","Biak Glider","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Biak Isl, Korrido.","Biak, Supiori and Owi Isls.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Unknown.","kohlsi Troughton, 1945.","Regarded as a species by Flannery (1994a).","10","10-00156","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0156" "11000157","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","breviceps","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1838","1839","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","152","","","Sugar Glider","Australia, New South Wales.","SE South Australia to Cape York Peninsula (Queensland), Tasmania (introduction), N Northern Territory, NE Western Australia; New Guinea and adjacent small islands, including Bismarck Arch.; Aru Isls and N Moluccas (Indonesia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","notatus Peters, 1859; ariel (Gould, 1842); arul (Gervais, 1869); longicaudatus Longman, 1924; papuanus Thomas, 1888; flavidus Tate and Archbold, 1935; tafa Tate and Archbold, 1935.","See Smith (1973, Mammalian Species, 30). McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this name was in The Athenaeum, 580:880 [8 Dec 1838]. An undescribed form from Tifalmin, west of the Sepik, is very distinct (Colgan and Flannery, 1992). Gliders from Goodenough, Fergusson and Normanby Isls (D’Entrecasteaux group), Papua New Guinea, usually identified as belonging to this species, are very distinct morphologically, if not electrophoretically (Flannery, 1994a).","10","10-00157","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0157" "11000158","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","breviceps","breviceps","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1838","1839","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","152","","","","Australia, New South Wales.","","","","","10","10-00158","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0157-0158" "11000159","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","breviceps","ariel","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00159","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0157-0159" "11000160","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","breviceps","longicaudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Longman","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00160","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0157-0160" "11000161","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","breviceps","papuanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00161","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0157-0161" "11000162","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","gracilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","de Vis","1883","","Abstr. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","20 Dec. 1882","","ii","","","Ebony Glider","Australia, Queensland, Cardwell region.","From Wharps Holding (18°41’18""S, 146°04’25""E) to Hall River (17°58’29""S, 146°02’02""E), NE Queensland.","IUCN – Endangered.","","History of description given by Van Dyck (1990). Species resurrected from synonymy with P. norfolcensis by Van Dyck (1991). Full description given by Van Dyck (1993), who also gave results of field surveys to determine its distribution.","10","10-00162","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0162" "11000163","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Petauridae","","","Petaurus","","norfolcensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","270","","","Squirrel Glider","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, E Victoria.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Common.","sciurea (Shaw, 1794).","","10","10-00163","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0139-0000-0000-0151-0000-0163" "11000164","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Tarsipedidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gervais and Verreaux","1842","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1842","","1","","","","","","","","","10","10-00164","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0164" "11000165","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Tarsipedidae","","","Tarsipes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gervais and Verreaux","1842","","L'Institut, l'ere Section, Sci., Math, Phys., Nat.","427","","75","","Tarsipes rostratus Gervais and Verreaux, 1842.","","","","","","For correct authorship see Mahoney (1981).","10","10-00165","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0164-0000-0000-0165" "11000166","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Tarsipedidae","","","Tarsipes","","rostratus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gervais and Verreaux","1842","","L'Institut, l'ere Section, Sci., Math, Phys., Nat.","427","","75","","","Honey possum","Australia, Western Australia, King George Sound (Albany), see Gray (1842).","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare.","spencerae Ride, 1970; spenserae Gray, 1842.","The name T. spenserae is considered a misspelling because it was presented as a patronym for Spencer (Gray, 1842:40). Ride (1970) emended the name to spencerae; see Mahoney (1981) for details. Mahoney (1981) presented evidence that Tarsipes rostratus Gervais and Verreaux, 1842 predates T. spenserae Gray, 1842.","10","10-00166","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0164-0000-0000-0165-0000-0166" "11000167","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Acrobatidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Aplin","1987","","In M. Archer (ed.), Possums and Opossums","","","xxii","","","","","","","","Separated from Burramyidae by Aplin (in Aplin and Archer, 1987).","10","10-00167","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0167" "11000168","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Acrobatidae","","","Acrobates","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Desmarest","1818","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","25","","405","","Didelphis pygmaea Shaw, 1793.","","","","","","AscobatesAnon., 1839; Cercoptenus Gloger, 1841.","10","10-00168","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0167-0000-0000-0168" "11000169","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Acrobatidae","","","Acrobates","","pygmaeus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1793","","Zool. New Holland","1","","5","","","Feather-tailed Glider","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","Australia: E Queensland to SE South Australia, inland to Deniliquin (New South Wales).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","frontalis De Vis, 1887; pulchellus W. Rothschild, 1892.","Tate (1938:60) believed the single specimen (of A. pulchellus; which is considered a synonym of pygmaeus) obtained in NW New Guinea was probably an introduction as a pet.","10","10-00169","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0167-0000-0000-0168-0000-0169" "11000170","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Acrobatidae","","","Distoechurus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Peters","1874","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","6","","303","","Phalangista (Distoechurus) pennata Peters, 1874.","","","","","","","10","10-00170","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0167-0000-0000-0170" "11000171","DIPROTODONTIA","PHALANGERIFORMES","","Petauroidea","Acrobatidae","","","Distoechurus","","pennatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1874","","Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova","6","","303","","","Feather-tailed Possum","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., ""Andai"" (Probably = Arfak Mtns, Hatam, 1520 m). See Van der Feen (1962:52).","New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.","amoenus Thomas, 1920; dryas Thomas, 1920; neuhassi Matschie, 1916.","","10","10-00171","10-0001-0015-0000-0092-0167-0000-0000-0170-0000-0171" "11000172","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Ameghino","1889","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00172","10-0001-0172" "11000173","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Hypsiprymnodontidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Collett","1877","","Zool. Jb.","2","","906","","","","","","","","Retained in Potoroinae [sic] by McKenna and Bell (1997); considered a family distinct from Potoroidae by Burk et al. (1998) and Burk and Springer (2000), on the ground that it diverged from Potoroidae and Macropodidae long before they diverged from each other.","10","10-00173","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0173" "11000174","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Hypsiprymnodontidae","","","Hypsiprymnodon","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Ramsay","1876","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","1","","33","","Hypsiprymnodon moschatus Ramsay, 1876.","","","","","Pleopus Owen, 1877.","Formerly included in Macropodidae.","10","10-00174","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0173-0000-0000-0174" "11000175","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Hypsiprymnodontidae","","","Hypsiprymnodon","","moschatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1876","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","1","","34","","","Musky Rat-kangaroo","Australia, Queensland, Rockingham Bay.","NE Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare, localized.","nudicaudatus (Owen, 1877).","","10","10-00175","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0173-0000-0000-0174-0000-0175" "11000176","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","","","","","","","Separated from Macropodidae by Archer and Bartholamai (1978), but Burk et al. (1998) proposed to reunite them on the basis that they form a clade relative to Hypsiprymnodon. Burk and Springer (2000) found that Potorous is strongly distinct from the other genera and separated from them little, if at all, later than the divergence of the Macropodidae; consequently, they considered the monophyly of the Potoroidae in doubt.","10","10-00176","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176" "11000177","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Aepyprymnus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Garrod","1875","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1875","","59","","Bettongia rufescens Gray, 1837.","","","","","","","10","10-00177","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0177" "11000178","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Aepyprymnus","","rufescens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","584","","","Rufous Rat-kangaroo","Australia, New South Wales.","Australia: NE Victoria, E New South Wales, E Queensland.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Rare, localized.","melanotis (Ogilby, 1838).","","10","10-00178","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0177-0000-0178" "11000179","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Bettongia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","584","","Bettongia setosa Gray, 1837 (= Kangurus gaimardi Desmarest, 1822).","","","","","Bettongiops Matschie, 1916.","Formerly included in Macropodidae.","10","10-00179","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0179" "11000180","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Bettongia","","gaimardi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie. In Encycl. Méth.","2(Suppl.)","","542","","","Eastern Bettong","Australia, New South Wales, Port Jackson.","Formerly coastal SE Queensland and N New South Wales, south to SW Victoria; now extinct on mainland Australia; survives in Tasmania.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. g. gaimardi, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","cuniculus (Ogilby, 1838); formosus (Ogilby, 1838); hunteri (Owen, 1841); lepturus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824); minimus (Boitard, 1841); phillippi (Ogilby, 1838); setosa Gray, 1837; white (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824); whitei Gray, 1841.","See Corbet and Hill (1980:16).","10","10-00180","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0179-0000-0180" "11000181","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Bettongia","","lesueur","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Quoy and Gaimard","1824","","In de Freycinet, Voy. autour du monde...Uranie et al Physicienne, Zool.","","","64","","","Boodie","Australia, Western Australia, Dirk Hartog Isl (Shark Bay).","Formerly in Dampier Land (Western Australia), South Australia, Dirk Hartog Isl, Barrow Isl, Bernier and Dorre Isls, Northern Territory, and SW New South Wales (Australia); now extinct except on W Australian Isls.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. l. graii, otherwise Vulnerable. Rare.","anhydra Finlayson, 1957; graii (Gould, 1841); harveyi (Waterhouse, 1842).","Commonly misspelt ""lesueuri"", but the original spelling is lesueur, with no indication that it is an error.","10","10-00181","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0179-0000-0181" "11000182","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Bettongia","","penicillata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","584","","","Woylie","Australia, New South Wales.","SW Western Australia, S South Australia including St. Francis Isl, NW Victoria, C New South Wales.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as B. p. penicillata, otherwise Lower Risk (conservation dependent).","ogilbyi (Waterhouse, 1841); francisca Finlayson, 1957; gouldii Waterhouse, 1845.","Does not include tropica, contra Sharman et al. (1980).","10","10-00182","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0179-0000-0182" "11000183","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Bettongia","","tropica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wakefield","1967","","Victorian Nat.","84","","15","","","Northern Bettong","Australia, Queensland, Mt. Spurgeon.","E Queensland: Windsor and Carbine Tablelands, Lamb Range, and Paluma.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","Sharman et al. (1980) believed that tropica is not a distinct species but rather that it barely differs from B. penicillata. However, it differs in several reproductive parameters (Smith, 1998), and is now always treated as a distinct species. Its distribution, habitat parameters and phylogeography are given by Pope et al. (2000).","10","10-00183","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0179-0000-0183" "11000184","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Caloprymnus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1888","","Cat. Marsup. Monotr. Brit. Mus.","","","114","","Bettongia campestris Gould, 1843.","","","","","","","10","10-00184","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0184" "11000185","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Caloprymnus","","campestris","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1843","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1843","","81","","","Desert Rat-kangaroo","Australia, South Australia.","South Australia/Queensland border country.","CITES – Appendix I pe [Possibly Extinct]; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct, see Ride (1970:198); not recorded or sighted since 1935.","","","10","10-00185","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0184-0000-0185" "11000186","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Méth Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","20","","Didelphis murina Cuvier, 1798 (= Didelphis tridactyla Kerr, 1792).","","","","","Hypsiprymnus Illiger, 1811; Patoroo Partington, 1839; Potoroiis Rafinseque, 1815; Potoroo Berthold, 1827; Potoroops Matschie, 1916.","Formerly included in Macropodidae.","10","10-00186","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186" "11000187","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","gilbertii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1841","","Monograph of Macropodidae","1","","[unnumbered plate]","","","Gilbert’s Potoroo","Australia, Western Australia, King George Sound.","Southern tip of Western Australia.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Considered a species separate from P. tridactylus by Sinclair and Westerman (1997).","10","10-00187","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0187" "11000188","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","longipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Seebeck and Johnston","1980","","Aust. J. Zool.","28","","121","","","Long-footed Potoroo","Australia, Victoria, Bellbird Creek, 32 km E Orbost.","NE Victoria (Australia).","IUCN – Endangered.","","Known from very few specimens; first collected in 1968.","10","10-00188","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0188" "11000189","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","platyops","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1844","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1844","","103","","","Broad-faced Potoroo","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River, L. Walyormouring.","Formerly SW Western Australia and Kangaroo Isl, South Australia.","IUCN – Extinct.","morgani Finlayson, 1938.","Probably extinct (Ride, 1970:199); there are no records after 1875.","10","10-00189","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0189" "11000190","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","tridactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","198","","","Long-nosed Potoroo","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","SE Queensland, coastal New South Wales, NE Victoria, SE South Australia, SW Western Australia, Tasmania, and King Isl (Australia).","IUCN – Vulnerable as P. t. tridactylus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Endangered on mainland Australia, common in Tasmania.","micropus (Waterhouse, 1841); minor (Shaw, 1800); murina (G. Cuvier, 1798); muscola (Perry, 1810); myosurus (Ogilby, 1838); peron (Quoy and Gaimard, 1824); potoru (F. Meyer, 1793); setosus (Ogilby, 1832); trisulcatus (McCoy, 1865); tuckeri (Gray, 1840); apicalis (Gould, 1851); benormi Courtney, 1963; rufus Higgins and Petterd, 1884.","See Kirsch and Calaby (1977:21).","10","10-00190","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0190" "11000191","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","tridactylus","tridactylus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","1","","198","","","","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","","","","","10","10-00191","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0190-0191" "11000192","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Potoroidae","","","Potorous","","tridactylus","apicalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1851","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00192","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0176-0000-0000-0186-0000-0190-0192" "11000193","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","","","","","","","Revised by Tate (1948a).","10","10-00193","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193" "11000194","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Sthenurinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Glauert","1926","","Geol. Survey W. A. Bull.","88","","36-71","","","","","","","","","10","10-00194","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0194" "11000195","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Sthenurinae","","Lagostrophus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1886","1887","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1886","","544","","Kangurus fasciatus Peron and Lesueur, 1807.","","","","","","McKenna and Bell (1997) placed this in Macropodinae, but it was convincingly argued to be a member of subfamily Sthenurinae by Flannery (1983). The other Sthenurinae are giant fossil kangaroos.","10","10-00195","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0194-0000-0195" "11000196","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Sthenurinae","","Lagostrophus","","fasciatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peron and Lesueur","1807","","In Péron, Voy. Decouv. Terres. Austral., Atlas","1","","pl. 27, p. 114","","","Banded Hare-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Bernier Isl (Shark Bay).","Survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls (Western Australia); formerly in SW Western Australia and South Australia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as L. f. albipilis, otherwise Vulnerable.","albipilis (Gould, 1842); elegans (G. Cuvier, 1816); striatus (Lesson, 1842); baudinettei Helgen and Flannery, 2003.","","10","10-00196","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0194-0000-0195-0000-0196" "11000197","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Sthenurinae","","Lagostrophus","","fasciatus","fasciatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peron and Lesueur","1807","","In Péron, Voy. Decouv. Terres. Austral., Atlas","1","","pl. 27, p. 114","","","","Australia, Western Australia, Bernier Isl (Shark Bay).","","","","","10","10-00197","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0194-0000-0195-0000-0196-0197" "11000198","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Sthenurinae","","Lagostrophus","","fasciatus","baudinettei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Helgen and Flannery","2003","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00198","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0194-0000-0195-0000-0196-0198" "11000199","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","308","","","","","","","","","10","10-00199","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199" "11000200","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Müller","1840","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland Overz. Bezitt., Land-en Volkenkunde","","","20, footnote [1840]","","Dendrolagus ursinus Müller, 1840 (recte Hypsiprymnus ursinus Temminck, 1836; designated by Thomas, 1888).","","","","","","Groves (1982) and Flannery et al. (1995b) divided the genus into a plesiomorphic group (D. lumholtzi, D. inustus) and a derived group, among which D. dorianus and D. scottae, and perhaps D. mbaiso, are the most strongly derived. D. bennettianus occupies an isolated position in the genus.","10","10-00200","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200" "11000201","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","bennettianus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","De Vis","1886","1887","Proc. R. Soc. Queensl.","3(1886)","","11","","","Bennett’s Tree-kangaroo","Australia, Queensland, Daintree River.","NE Queensland (Australia): north of Daintree River as far as Mt. Amos.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Considered a subspecies of dorianus by Haltenorth (1958); but see Ride (1970:223) and Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17); occupies an isolated position in the genus (Groves, 1982; Flannery et al., 1995b).","10","10-00201","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0201" "11000202","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","dorianus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1883","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","8","","17","","","Doria’s Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, ""ranges behind Mt. Astrolabe.""","Interior New Guinea: Wondiwoi Peninsula, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya); Papua New Guinea/Indonesian border to extreme SE of mainland Papua New Guinea, 600 to 3650 m.","IUCN – Vulnerable; uncommon.","aureus Rothschild and Dollman, 1936; palliceps Troughton and Le Souef, 1936; profugus Troughton and Le Souef, 1936; mayri Rothschild and Dollman, 1933; notatus Matschie, 1916.","Does not include bennettianus (see Ride, 1970:223, Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:17), or stellarum (see below); mayri may also be a distinct species, but is known by only one specimen.","10","10-00202","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0202" "11000203","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","dorianus","dorianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1883","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","8","","17","","","","Papua New Guinea, ""ranges behind Mt. Astrolabe.""","","","","","10","10-00203","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0202-0203" "11000204","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","dorianus","mayri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Rothschild and Dollman","1933","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00204","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0202-0204" "11000205","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","dorianus","notatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00205","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0202-0205" "11000206","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","goodfellowi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1908","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","2","","452","","","Goodfellow’s Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, Owen Stanley Range, vic. Mt. Obree, 8000 ft. (2438 m).","Mainland of Papua New Guinea, sea level to 2860 m.","IUCN – Endangered; uncommon.","buergersi Matschie, 1912; shawmayeri Rothschild and Dollman, 1936.","Does not include spadix. Groves (1982d) regarded this species as a subspecies of the earlier named matschiei; but see Flannery (1990:100-104), also Ganslosser (1980). Does not include pulcherrimus (see below).","10","10-00206","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0206" "11000207","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","goodfellowi","goodfellowi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1908","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","2","","452","","","","Papua New Guinea, Owen Stanley Range, vic. Mt. Obree, 8000 ft. (2438 m).","","","","","10","10-00207","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0206-0207" "11000208","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","goodfellowi","buergersi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00208","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0206-0208" "11000209","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","inustus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1840","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland Overz. Bezitt., Land-en Volkenkunde","","","20, footnote [1840], see comments","","","Grizzled Tree-kangaroo","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Lobo Dist., near Triton Bay, Mt. Lamantsjieri.","New Guinea: Vogelkop and Fakfak peninsulas, along north coast as far east as Wewak; Yapen Isl; possibly present on Salawati and Waigeou (Flannery, 1995a).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","maximus Rothschild and Rothschild, 1898; sorongensis Matschie, 1916; finschi Matschie, 1916; keiensis Matschie, 1916; schoedei Matschie, 1916.","This species was further described by Schlegel and Müller, in Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland. Overz. Bezitt., Zool., Mammalia, p. 131, 143[1845], pl. 20, 22, 23[1841]. Considered a subspecies of ursinus by Haltenorth (1958); but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17) and Groves (1982d).","10","10-00209","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0209" "11000210","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","inustus","inustus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1840","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland Overz. Bezitt., Land-en Volkenkunde","","","20, footnote [1840], see comments","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Lobo Dist., near Triton Bay, Mt. Lamantsjieri.","","","","","10","10-00210","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0209-0210" "11000211","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","inustus","finschi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00211","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0209-0211" "11000212","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","lumholtzi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Collett","1884","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1884","","387","","","Lumholtz’s Tree-kangaroo","Australia, Queensland, Herbert Vale.","NE Queensland (Australia), Kirrima north to Mt. Spurgeon, 300 to 1622 m.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","fulvus De Vis, 1888.","","10","10-00212","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0212" "11000213","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","matschiei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Forster and Rothschild","1907","","Nov. Zool.","14","","506","","","Huon Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, Morobe Prov., Rawlinson Mtns.","Extreme NE interior New Guinea (Huon Peninsula), 1000 to 3300 m; Umboi Isl and Mt. Agulupella in W New Britain (introduced).","IUCN – Endangered. Uncommon.","deltae Troughton and Le Souef, 1936; flavidior Matschie, 1912; xanthotis Rothschild and Dollman, 1936.","See Kirsch and Calaby (1977:21) and Lidicker and Ziegler (1968). See also comments under goodfellowi.","10","10-00213","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0213" "11000214","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","mbaiso","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery. Boeadi and Szalay","1995","","Mammalia","59","","66","","","Dingiso","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Tembagapura area, 3250-3500 m on the south slopes of Gunung (=Mt.) Ki (04°S05’S, 137°06’E).","Southern and western slopes of Sudirman Range, from Paniai Lakes region in west to Baliem Gorge in east, 136°30’ to 139°10’E, at 3250 to 4200 m, but perhaps down to 2700 m in suitable low mossy forest or scrub; Prov. of Papua, Indonesia.","IUCN – Vulnerable. Locally common but restricted in distribution.","","Some communities hold this species sacred, and its hunting is forbidden; so, in some parts of its range, said to be remarkably tame.","10","10-00214","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0214" "11000215","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","pulcherrimus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery","1993","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","45","","38","","","Golden-mantled Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, West Sepik Prov., near Sibilanga, Kukumbau area on Mt. Sapau, 1120 m (3°32'S, 142°31'E).","Sibilanga district, Toricelli Mtns only, 680-1120 m (Papua New Guinea).","Endangered.","","Described as a subspecies of D. goodfellowi, but differs absolutely (diagnostically) from that species.","10","10-00215","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0215" "11000216","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","scottae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Seri","1990","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","42","","237","","","Tenkile","Papua New Guinea, West Sepik Prov., Torricelli Mtns, Sweipini, 1400 m (3°23'S, 142°06'E).","Torricelli Mtns and Mt. Menawa, 900-2000 m (Papua New Guinea).","IUCN – Endangered.","","Closely related to D. dorianus.","10","10-00216","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0216" "11000217","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","spadix","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Troughton and Le Souef","1936","","Aust. Zool.","8","","194","","","Lowlands Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, Western Division, between Bamu, upper Awarra and Strickland Rivers.","S New Guinea, Gulf of Papua east of Fly River, sea level to 800 m.","IUCN – Data Deficient. Rare.","","A subspecies of D. matschiei according to Groves (1982d), but raised to a full species by Flannery (1990).","10","10-00217","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0217" "11000218","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","stellarum","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery and Seri","1990","","Rec. Aust. Mus.","42","","180","","","Seri’s Tree-kangaroo","Papua New Guinea, Western Prov., western end of Dokfuma basin, Star Mtns, 3000 m (5°01'S, 141°07'E).","New Guinea, from Paniai Lakes east to Hak-Om region, northeast of Telefomin, 2600-3200 m (Papua New Guinea).","Unknown.","","Described as a subspecies of D. goodfellowi, but differs absolutely (diagnostically) from that species.","10","10-00218","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0218" "11000219","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dendrolagus","","ursinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1836","","Discours preliminaire destine a servir d'introduction al faune du Japon","","","6 (footnote 2)","","","Ursine Tree-kangaroo","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Fakfak Div., Lobo Dist., near Triton Bay, Mt. Lamantsjieri.","Volgelkop and Fakfak peninsulas, extreme NW New Guinea, sea level to 2500 m.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","leucogenys Matschie, 1916.","Does not include inustus (see Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:17). Correct original citation presented by Husson (1955).","10","10-00219","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0200-0000-0219" "11000220","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Schlegel and Müller","1845","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland Overz. Bezitt., Zool.","","","130[1845]","","Didelphis brunii Quoy and Gaimard, 1830 (= Macropus muelleri Lesson, 1827).","","","","","","Does not include Dorcopsulus (see Flannery, 1990:89-92). The name Conoyces Lesson, 1842 was used for this genus by Troughton (1937), but Tate (1948a) showed that the type species of Conoyces is Didelphis brunii Gmelin, 1788 [= Thylogale brunii (Schreber, 1778)]; see under Thylogale.","10","10-00220","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220" "11000221","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","atrata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Van Deusen","1957","","Am. Mus. Novit.","1826","","5","","","Black Dorcopsis","Papua New Guinea, Milne Bay Prov., Goodenough Isl, E slopes, near ""Top Camp"", about 1600 m.","Goodenough Isl (Papua New Guinea).","IUCN – Endangered. Very rare, localized.","","","10","10-00221","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0221" "11000222","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","hageni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Heller","1897","","Abh. Zool. Anthrop.-Ethnology Mus. Dresden","6","8","7","","","White-striped Dorcopsis","Papua New Guinea, Madang Prov., near Astrolabe Bay, Stefansort.","NC New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","caurina Thomas, 1922; eitape (Troughton, 1937)","","10","10-00222","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0222" "11000223","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","luctuosa","","SPECIES","False","","YES","D'Albertis","1874","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1874","","110","","","Grey Dorcopsis","""Southeast of New Guinea"".","S New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","beccarii Mikouho-Maclay, 1885; chalmersi Milkouho-Maclay, 1884; phyllis Groves and Flannery, 1989.","Usually included in D. veterum (= D. muelleri), but see Groves and Flannery (1989). The subspecies phyllis (Fly River district) is highly distinctive; it appears to fall outside the range of variation of nominotypical luctuosa (Port Moresby district), and is probably a distinct species.","10","10-00223","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0223" "11000224","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","luctuosa","luctuosa","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","D'Albertis","1874","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1874","","110","","","","""Southeast of New Guinea"".","","","","","10","10-00224","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0223-0224" "11000225","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","luctuosa","phyllis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Groves and Flannery","1989","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00225","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0223-0225" "11000226","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","muelleri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lesson","1827","","In Duperry (Lesson and Garnot, eds.), Voy. autour du Monde...la Coquille, Zool.","1","","164","","","Brown Dorcopsis","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Dorei (= Manokwari), Lobo Bay.","W New Guinea; Misool and Salawati Isls, Aru Isls, and Yapen Isl (Indonesia); occurred on Gebe until about 2000 ybp and on Halmahera until about 1870 ybp (Flannery et al., 1998).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","brunii (Quoy and Gaimard, 1830); rufolateralis Rothschild and Rothschild, 1908; veterum of sundry authors but not Kangurus veterum Lesson and Garnot (see below); lorentzii Jentink, 1908; mysoliae Thomas, 1913; yapeni Groves and Flannery, 1989.","D. muelleri was regarded as a junior synonym of D. veterum by Kirsch and Calaby (1977:21) and Husson (1955:299). George and Schuerer (1978) rejected veterum as based on a Dendrolagus (probably inustus), and employed muelleri; Groves and Flannery (1989) agreed. The original name Didelphis brunii Quoy and Gaimard, was preoccupied and is now Macropus muelleri. The Yapen Isl form (yapeni) is strongly distinct, apparently outside the range of those from other parts of the range, though samples are small; it may be a distinct species.","10","10-00226","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0226" "11000227","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","muelleri","muelleri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lesson","1827","","In Duperry (Lesson and Garnot, eds.), Voy. autour du Monde...la Coquille, Zool.","1","","164","","","","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Vogelkop, Manokwari Div., Dorei (= Manokwari), Lobo Bay.","","","","","10","10-00227","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0226-0227" "11000228","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","muelleri","lorentzii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Jentink","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00228","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0226-0228" "11000229","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","muelleri","mysoliae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00229","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0226-0229" "11000230","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsis","","muelleri","yapeni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Groves and Flannery","1989","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00230","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0220-0000-0226-0230" "11000231","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsulus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Matschie","1916","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr., Berlin","","","57","","Dorcopsis macleayi Miklouho-Maclay, 1885.","","","","","","Formerly included in Dorcopsis but revived as a full genus by Flannery (1990).","10","10-00231","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0231" "11000232","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsulus","","macleayi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Miklouho-Maclay","1885","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","10","","145, 149","","","Macleay’s Dorcopsis","Papua New Guinea, Central Prov., ""inland from Port Moresby"".","Extreme SE New Guinea.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","10","10-00232","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0231-0000-0232" "11000233","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Dorcopsulus","","vanheurni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","9","","264","","","Small Dorcopsis","Indonesia, Prov. of Papua (= Irian Jaya), Djajawidjaja Div., Doormanpad-bivak (3°30'S, 138°30'E), 1410 m.","Interior New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","rothschildi Thomas, 1922.","Regarded as conspecific with macleayi by Kirsch and Calaby (1977:21).","10","10-00233","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0231-0000-0233" "11000234","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Lagorchestes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gould","1841","","Monogr. Macropodidae","pt. 1","","pl. 12 (text)","","Macropus leporides Gould, 1841.","","","","","Lagocheles Owen, 1842 [nomen nudum].","This genus is probably polyphyletic.","10","10-00234","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0234" "11000235","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Lagorchestes","","asomatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Finlayson","1943","","Trans. R. Soc. South Aust.","67","","319","","","Lake Mackay Hare-wallaby","Australia, Northern Territory, between Mt. Farewell and Lake Mackay.","Known only from the type locality.","IUCN – Extinct. Probably extinct.","","Known from a single unsexed skull (Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:22).","10","10-00235","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0234-0000-0235" "11000236","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Lagorchestes","","conspicillatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1841","1842","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","82","","","Spectacled Hare-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Barrow Isl.","N Western Australia and adjacent islands, N Northern Territory, N and W Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Vulnerable as L. c. conspicillatus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt). Common locally.","leichardti Gould, 1853; pallidior Thomas and Dollman, 1909.","May consist of two or three distinct species.","10","10-00236","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0234-0000-0236" "11000237","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Lagorchestes","","hirsutus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1844","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1844","","32","","","Rufous Hare-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, York district.","C Western Australia, C Australia, Dorre Isl and Bernier Isl (Western Australia). Survives only on Bernier and Dorre Isls, and a tiny area NW of Alice Springs (Northern Territory, Australia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct as L. h. hirsutus, otherwise Vulnerable. Rare.","bernieri Thomas, 1907; dorreae Thomas, 1907.","","10","10-00237","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0234-0000-0237" "11000238","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Lagorchestes","","leporides","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","93","","","Eastern Hare-wallaby","Australia, interior New South Wales.","Formerly W New South Wales, E South Australia, NW Victoria.","IUCN – Extinct.","","Almost certainly extinct; not recorded for more than a century (Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:22).","10","10-00238","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0234-0000-0238" "11000239","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Shaw","1790","","Nat. Misc.","1","","pl. 23 (text)","","Macropus giganteus Shaw, 1790.","","","","","Boriogale Owen, 1874; Dendrodorcopsis W. Rothschild, 1903; Gerboides Gervais, 1855; Gigantomys Link, 1794; Halmatopus Wagner, 1841 [error]; Halmaturus Illiger, 1811; Kalmaturus Gervais, 1835 [error]; Kanguroo Lacépčde, 1799; Kangurus E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire and G. Cuvier, 1795; Megaleia Gistel, 1848; Notamacropus Dawson and Flannery, 1985; Osphranter Gould, 1842; Phascolagus Owen, 1874; Prionotemmus Stirton, 1955.","Includes Megaleia and Protemnodon (sensu Haltenorth, 1958); see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17). Rationale for present usage of Macropus given by Calaby (1966). Ride (1962) discussed generic nomenclature for all Macropodinae. Van Gelder (1977b) included Thylogale and Wallabia in this genus, but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17) and Corbet and Hill (1980:17-18). Dawson and Flannery (1985) divided this genus into three subgenera: Macropus, Notamacropus and Osphranter; almost certainly Notamacropus is paraphyletic.","10","10-00239","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239" "11000240","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Shaw","1790","","Nat. Misc.","1","","pl. 23 (text)","","Macropus giganteus Shaw, 1790.","","","","","","","10","10-00240","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240" "11000241","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Dawson and Flannery","1985","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00241","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241" "11000242","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00242","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242" "11000243","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","agilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1841","1842","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","81","","","Agile Wallaby","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","NE Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland; S New Guinea; Kiriwina and D’Entrecasteaux Isls.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","aurescens Schwarz, 1910; binoe (Gould, 1842); jardinii (De Vis, 1884); nigrescens Lönnber, 1913; papuanus Peters and Doria, 1875; aurantiacus Rothschild and Rothschild, 1898; crassipes (Ramsay, 1876); papuensis Sclater, 1875.","Subgenus Notamacropus.","10","10-00243","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0243" "11000244","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","agilis","agilis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1841","1842","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","81","","","","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","","","","","10","10-00244","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0243-0244" "11000245","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","agilis","jardinii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","De Vis","1884","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00245","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0243-0245" "11000246","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","agilis","nigrescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnber","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00246","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0243-0246" "11000247","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","agilis","papuanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters and Doria","1875","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00247","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0243-0247" "11000248","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","antilopinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1841","1842","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","80","","","Antilopine Kangaroo","Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington.","N Queensland, Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","Subgenus Osphranter.","10","10-00248","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0248" "11000249","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","bernardus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","W. Rothschild","1904","","Nov. Zool.","10","","543","","","Woodward’s Wallaroo","Australia, Northern Territory, head of South Alligator River.","Interior of N Northern Territory.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.","woodwardi (W. Rothschild, 1903).","Subgenus Osphranter. The original name Dendrodorcopsis woodwardi was preoccupied.","10","10-00249","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0249" "11000250","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","dorsalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","583","","","Black-striped Wallaby","Australia, New South Wales, probably interior (Namoi Hills), according to Iredale and Troughton (1934).","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","Subgenus Notamacropus.","10","10-00250","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0250" "11000251","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","eugenii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","17","","38","","","Tammar Wallaby","Australia, South Australia, Nuyt's Arch., St. Peter's Isl.","SW Western Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl, Wallaby Isl and other islands.","IUCN – Extinct in the Wild as M. e. eugenii, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","bedfordi (Thomas, 1900); dama (Gould, 1844); decres (Troughton, 1841); derbianus (Gray, 1837); emiliae (Gray, 1843); flindersi (Wood Jones, 1924); gracilis Gould, 1844; houtmanni (Gould, 1844); obscurior (Gray, 1841).","Subgenus Notamacropus.","10","10-00251","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0251" "11000252","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","fuliginosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","17","","35","","","Western Grey Kangaroo","Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl.","SW New South Wales, NW Victoria, South Australia, SW Western Australia, Tasmania, King Isl, and Kangaroo Isl (Australia).","U.S. ESA – Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. f. fuliginosus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.","melanops Gould, 1842; ocydromus Gould, 1842.","Subgenus Macropus; see Kirsch and Poole (1972) for discussion of specific limits and subspecies included in this taxon and in giganteus.","10","10-00252","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0252" "11000253","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","fuliginosus","fuliginosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","17","","35","","","","Australia, South Australia, Kangaroo Isl.","","","","","10","10-00253","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0252-0253" "11000254","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","fuliginosus","melanops","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00254","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0252-0254" "11000255","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","fuliginosus","ocydromus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00255","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0252-0255" "11000256","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","giganteus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1790","","Nat. Misc.","1","","pl. 33 (text)","","","Eastern Grey Kangaroo","Australia, Queensland, Cooktown (= ""New Holland""), King's Plains.","E and C Queensland, Victoria, New South Wales, SE South Australia, and Tasmania (Australia).","U.S. ESA – Endangered as M. g. tasmaniensis; otherwise Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as M. g. tasmaniensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant throughout E Australia.","griseofuscus (Goldfuss, 1819); labiatus (Desmarest, 1817); major Shaw, 1800; tridactylus (Perry, 1810); tasmaniensis Le Souef, 1923.","Subgenus Macropus. Opinion 760 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1966) placed this name on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology, see Calaby et al. (1963) for discussion. Revised by Kirsch and Poole (1972) who discussed specific limits and the subspecies included in this taxon. See Poole (1982, Mammalian Species, 187).","10","10-00256","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0256" "11000257","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","giganteus","giganteus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1790","","Nat. Misc.","1","","pl. 33 (text)","","","","Australia, Queensland, Cooktown (= ""New Holland""), King's Plains.","","","","","10","10-00257","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0256-0257" "11000258","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Macropus","giganteus","tasmaniensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Le Souef","1923","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00258","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0240-0256-0258" "11000259","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","greyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1846","","Nat. Hist. Mamm.","1","","122","","","Toolache Wallaby","Australia, South Australia, Coorong.","Formerly SE South Australia and adjacent Victoria.","IUCN – Extinct.","","Subgenus Notamacropus. Almost certainly extinct (Kirsch and Calaby, 1977:22; Ride, 1970:47).","10","10-00259","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0259" "11000260","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","irma","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jourdan","1837","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","5","","523","","","Western Brush Wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","SW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.","manicatus Gould, 1841.","Subgenus Notamacropus.","10","10-00260","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0260" "11000261","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","parma","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1846","","Nat. Hist. Mamm.","1","","149","","","Parma Wallaby","Australia, New South Wales.","E New South Wales; introduced to Kawau Isl (New Zealand), see Wodzicki and Flux (1967).","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","Subgenus Notamacropus (Dawson and Flannery, 1985).","10","10-00261","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0261" "11000262","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","parryi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Bennett","1834","1835","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1834","","151","","","Pretty-faced Wallaby","Australia, New South Wales, Stroud (near Port Stephens).","Australia: E Queensland, NE New South Wales.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","pallida (Gray, 1837).","Subgenus Notamacropus (Dawson and Flannery, 1985). Formerly included in Protemnodon, see Haltenorth (1958:39); but also see Kirsch and Calaby (1977).","10","10-00262","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0262" "11000263","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","robustus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","92","","","Wallaroo","Australia, New South Wales, interior (summit of mountains).","Australia: Western Australia, South Australia, S Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Barrow Isl.","IUCN – Vulnerable as M. r. isabellinus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc). Abundant.","reginae Schwarz, 1910; erubescens Sclater, 1870; alexandriae Schwarz, 1910; argentatus Rothschild, 1905; cervinus Thomas, 1900; hagenbecki W. Rothschild, 1907; magnus W. Rothschild, 1905 [preoccupied by Owen, 1874]; rubens Schwarz, 1910; isabellinus (Gould, 1842); woodwardi Thomas, 1901; alligatoris Thomas, 1904; bracteator Thomas, 1904.","Subgenus Osphranter. See Richardson and Sharman (1976). McAllan and Bruce (1989) would date robustus from: The Athenaeum, 670:685 [29 August 1840].","10","10-00263","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0263" "11000264","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","robustus","robustus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","92","","","","Australia, New South Wales, interior (summit of mountains).","","","","","10","10-00264","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0263-0264" "11000265","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","robustus","erubescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Sclater","1870","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00265","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0263-0265" "11000266","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","robustus","isabellinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00266","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0263-0266" "11000267","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","robustus","woodwardi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00267","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0263-0267" "11000268","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","rufogriseus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","17","","36","","","Red-necked Wallaby","Australia, Tasmania, King Isl.","SE South Australia, Victoria, SE Queensland, E New South Wales, Tasmania, King Isl and adjacent islands (Australia); introduced in England (Corbet and Hill, 1980:18).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","griseorufus (Goldfuss, 1819); griseus (Gray, 1827); kingii (Illiger, 1815) [nomen nudum]; rutilans (Illiger, 1815) [nomen nudum]; rutilus (Lichtenstein, 1818) [nomen nudum]; vinosus (Boitard, 1841); banksianus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825); fruticus Ogilby, 1838; bennetti Waterhouse, 1838; not allocated to subspecies: leptonyx (Wagner, 1842).","Subgenus Notamacropus.","10","10-00268","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0268" "11000269","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","rufogriseus","rufogriseus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1817","","Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., Nouv. ed.","17","","36","","","","Australia, Tasmania, King Isl.","","","","","10","10-00269","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0268-0269" "11000270","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","rufogriseus","banksianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Quoy and Gaimard","1825","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00270","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0268-0270" "11000271","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Notamacropus","rufogriseus","fruticus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Ogilby","1838","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00271","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0241-0268-0271" "11000272","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Macropus","Osphranter","rufus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogis. In Encycl. Méth.","2(Suppl.)","","541","","","Red Kangaroo","Australia, New South Wales, Blue Mtns.","Mainland, mid-latitude Australia.","U.S. ESA – Delisted Taxa (recovered); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Very abundant.","dissimulatus W. Rothschild, 1905; griseolanosus (Quoy and Gaimard, 1825); laniger (Gaimard, 1823); lanigerus Gray, 1825; lanosus (Gray, 1827) [error]; occidentalis Cahn, 1906; pallidus Schwarz, 1910; pictus Gould, 1861 [nomen nudum]; ruber Crisp, 1862 [error].","Maintained in a monotypic genus Megaleia by McKenna and Bell (1997), but Dawson and Flannery (1985) showed that it belongs in genus Macropus, subgenus Osphranter.","10","10-00272","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0239-0242-0272" "11000273","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Onychogalea","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1841","","Appendix C. In J. Two Exped. Aust.","2","","402","","Macropus unguifer Gould, 1841.","","","","","","","10","10-00273","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0273" "11000274","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Onychogalea","","fraenata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","92","","","Bridled Nail-tail Wallaby","Australia, New South Wales, interior.","Formerly in S Queensland, interior New South Wales; survives only near Taunton, Queensland (Australia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this name was in The Athenaeum, 670:685 [29 August 1840], as [Macropus] frenatus.","10","10-00274","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0273-0000-0274" "11000275","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Onychogalea","","lunata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","93","","","Crescent Nail-tail Wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, coast.","SC and SW Western Australia, S Northern Territory.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Extinct; probably extinct.","","Extinct throughout most or all of its former range. McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this name was in The Athenaeum, 670:685 [29 August 1840].","10","10-00275","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0273-0000-0275" "11000276","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Onychogalea","","unguifera","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","93","","","Northern Nail-tail Wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Derby (King Sound).","N Australia: Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Secure.","annulicauda De Vis, 1884.","McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original description of this name was in The Athenaeum, 670:685 [29 August 1840].","10","10-00276","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0273-0000-0276" "11000277","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","583","","Kangurus penicillatus Gray, 1827.","","","","","Heteropus Jourdan, 1837 [not of Fitzinger, 1826]; Peradorcas Tomas, 1904.","Revision of this genus is needed; see Poole (1979) and Briscoe et al. (1982). Kitchener and Sanson (1978) considered this genus as probably congeneric with Peradorcas, though McKenna and Bell (1997) continued to recognize Peradorcas as a genus. Species-groups (Briscoe et al., 1982; Eldredge and Close, 1997) are: P. brachyotis group (brachyotis, burbidgei and concinna), P. xanthopus group (xanthopus, rothschildi and persephone), and P. lateralis/penicillata group, containing the remainder.","10","10-00277","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277" "11000278","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","assimilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1877","","Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.","1","","360","","","Allied Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Palm Isl.","C Queensland, from Townsville southward to lower Burdekin-Bowen Rivers, northwest to Croydon, southwest to Hughenden and Mt. Hope; Palm Isl, Magnetic Isl.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Locally common.","puella Thomas, 1926.","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group.","10","10-00278","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0278" "11000279","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","brachyotis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1840","1841","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","128","","","Short-eared Rock-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Hanover Bay.","Coast of NW Australia, N Northern Territory.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","longmani Thomas, 1926; signata Thomas, 1926; venustula Thomas, 1926; wilkinsi Thomas, 1926.","P. brachyotis species-group.","10","10-00279","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0279" "11000280","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","burbidgei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kitchener and Sanson","1978","","Rec. W. Aust. Mus.","6","","269","","","Monjon","Australia, Western Australia, Mitchell Plateau, Crystal Creek (14°30'S, 125°47'20""E).","Kimberleys (Western Australia), Bonaparte Arch., and adjacent islands.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Rare.","","P. brachyotis species-group.","10","10-00280","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0280" "11000281","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","coenensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Eldredge and Close","1992","","Aust. J. Zool.","40","","621","","","Cape York Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, ""Twin Humps"", 13°47’S, 143°04’E, north of Coen.","Musgrave north to Pascoe River, N Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt). Localized.","","P. lateralis/ penicillata species-group.","10","10-00281","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0281" "11000282","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","concinna","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1842","","57","","","Nabarlek","Australia, Western Australia, Wyndham.","Australia: NE and NW Northern Territory, NE Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","canescens (Thomas, 1909); monastria (Thomas, 1926).","P. brachyotis species-group. Formerly included in a separate genus Peradorcas, and this is retained by McKenna and Bell (1997), but see Kitchener and Samson (1978).","10","10-00282","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0282" "11000283","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","godmani","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1923","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1923","235","13","","","Godman’s Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Cooktown (Black Mtn).","Near Mt. Carbine and Mitchell River, north to Bathurst Head, west to ""Pinnacles"" (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Threatened by genetic introgression from P. assimilis.","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group. Included in penicillata in a preliminary account by Poole (1979:21). Separated as a full species by Eldredge and Close (1992).","10","10-00283","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0283" "11000284","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","herberti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1926","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","17","","626","","","Herbert’s Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Eidsvold, Burnett River.","S Queensland, from Nanango, 100 km NW of Brisbane, north to Fitzroy River and northwest to Mt. Ball, near Rubyvale, and Mt. Donneybrook, near Clermont (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group. Considered a species separate from P. penicillata by Eldridge and Close (1992).","10","10-00284","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0284" "11000285","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","inornata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Monogr. Macropodidae","pt. 2","","pl. 25","","","Unadorned Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Cape Upstart.","Coastal C Queensland, from Fitzroy River north to lower Burdekin-Bowen Rivers; Whitsunday Isl (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Localized.","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group.","10","10-00285","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0285" "11000286","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","lateralis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Monogr. Macropodidae","pt. 2","","pl. 24","","","Black-flanked Rock-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","Australia: Western Australia (Barrow Isl, Northwest Cape, West Kimberley, Recherche Arch.), South Australia (Pearson Isl, Mann, Musgrave, Everard and Davenport Ranges), Northern Territory (Uluru and Macdonnell Ranges), W Queensland (Dajarra and Selwyn Range).","IUCN – Vulnerable as P. l. hacketti, P. l. lateralis, and P. l. pearsoni. Common.","hacketti Thomas, 1905; pearsoni Thomas, 1922.","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group. McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this name is in The Athenaeum, 670:685 [29 August 1840]. Eldridge and Close (1995) noted the existence of two undescribed races from Central Australia and West Kimberley.","10","10-00286","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0286" "11000287","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","lateralis","lateralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1842","","Monogr. Macropodidae","pt. 2","","pl. 24","","","","Australia, Western Australia, Swan River.","","","","","10","10-00287","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0286-0287" "11000288","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","lateralis","hacketti","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00288","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0286-0288" "11000289","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","lateralis","pearsoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00289","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0286-0289" "11000290","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","mareeba","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Eldredge and Close","1992","","Aust. J. Zool.","40","","619","","","Mareeba Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Mungana Trucking Yards, 16 km west of Chillagoe, 17°06’S, 144°23’E.","Mareeba north to Mitchell River and near Mt. Carbine, west to Mungana and south to Burdekin River, N Queensland (Australia).","Localized.","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group.","10","10-00290","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0290" "11000291","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","penicillata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1827","","In Griffith et al., Anim. Kingdom, Mamm.","3","","plate only","","","Brush-tailed Rock-wallaby","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","SE Australia, from East Gippsland (Victoria) to 100 km NW of Bisbane (Queensland).","IUCN – Vulnerable. Locally common but declining.","albogularis (Jourdan, 1837); longicauda Krefft, 1865.","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group. Does not include herberti (Eldridge and Close, 1992).","10","10-00291","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0291" "11000292","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","persephone","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Maynes","1982","","Aust. Mamm.","5","","47","","","Proserpine Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, 9.6 km north of Proserpine, base of Mt. Dryander, 20°19'S, 148°33'E.","Restricted to district around Proserpine.","IUCN – Endangered.","","P. xanthopus species-group.","10","10-00292","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0292" "11000293","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","purpureicollis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Le Souef","1924","","Aust. Zool.","3","","274","","","Purple-necked Rock-wallaby","Australia, NW Queensland, Dajarra.","Australia: Dajarra district, NW Queensland.","Uncertain.","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group. Considered probably a species distinct from P. lateralis by Eldridge et al. (1991).","10","10-00293","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0293" "11000294","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","rothschildi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1904","","Nov. Zool.","11","","166","","","Rothschild’s Rock-wallaby","Australia, Western Australia, Cossack.","NW Western Australia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Vulnerable.","","P. xanthopus species-group.","10","10-00294","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0294" "11000295","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","sharmani","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Eldredge and Close","1992","","Aust. J. Zool.","40","","618","","","Mt. Claro Rock-wallaby","Australia, Queensland, Mt. Claro, 18°52’S, 145°44’S.","Seaview and Coane Ranges, west of Ingham, N Queensland (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","P. lateralis/penicillata species-group.","10","10-00295","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0295" "11000296","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","xanthopus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1854","1855","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1854","","259","","","Yellow-footed Rock-wallaby","Australia, South Australia, Flinders Range.","Australia: SW Queensland, South Australia, NW New South Wales.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerabler as P. x. xanthopus, Lower Risk (nt) as P. x. celeris.","xanthopygus (Giebel, 1874) [error]; celeris Le Souef, 1924.","P. xanthopus species-group.","10","10-00296","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0296" "11000297","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","xanthopus","xanthopus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1854","1855","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1854","","259","","","","Australia, South Australia, Flinders Range.","","","","","10","10-00297","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0296-0297" "11000298","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Petrogale","","xanthopus","celeris","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Le Souef","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00298","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0277-0000-0296-0298" "11000299","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Setonix","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lesson","1842","","Nouv. Tabl. Regn. Anim. Mammifčres","","","194","","Kangurus brachyurus Quoy and Gaimard, 1830.","","","","","","","10","10-00299","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0299" "11000300","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Setonix","","brachyurus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Quoy and Gaimard","1830","","In Dumont d'Urville, Voy...de Astrolabe, Zool.","1(L'Homme, Mamm. Oiseaux)","","114","","","Quokka","Australia, Western Australia, King George Sound (Albany).","SW Western Australia, Rottnest Isl, and Bald Isl (Australia).","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","brevicaudatus (Gray, 1838).","","10","10-00300","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0299-0000-0300" "11000301","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1837","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","1","","583","","Halmaturus (Thylogale) eugenii Gray, 1837 (= Halmaturus thetis Lesson, 1828).","","","","","","Included in Macropus by Van Gelder (1977b), but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17). See comments under Dorcopsis.","10","10-00301","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301" "11000302","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","billardierii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie, In Encycl. Méth.","2(Suppl.)","","542","","","Tasmanian Pademelon","Australia, Tasmania.","Australia: SE South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, islands in Bass Strait; probably survives only in Tasmania.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","brachytarsus (Wagner, 1842); rufiventer Ogilby, 1838; tasmanei (Gray, 1838).","","10","10-00302","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0302" "11000303","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","browni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Ramsay","1887","","Die Säugethiere","3","","551","","","Brown’s Pademelon","Papua New Guinea, New Ireland.","E New Guinea and adjacent small islands, sea level to 2000 m; Bismarck Arch. (Papua New Guinea).","IUCN – Vulnerable.","keysseri (Förster and Rothschild, 1914); lauterbachi Matschie, 1916; lugens (Alston, 1877); tibol (Miklouho-Maclay, 1885).","Formerly considered a subspecies of T. brunii, but see Flannery (1992).","10","10-00303","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0303" "11000304","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","brunii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schreber","1778","","Die Säugethiere","3","","551","","","Dusky Pademelon","Indonesia, Aru Isls.","Southern New Guinea (Trans-Fly Plains and Port Moresby district); Aru Isls; Palau (= Isl) Kei Besar.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","gracilis Miklouho-Maclay, 1884; jukesii (Miklouho-Maclay, 1884).","T. bruijni is a later spelling (Haltenorth, 1958:38).","10","10-00304","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0304" "11000305","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","calabyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Flannery","1992","","Aust. Mammal.","15","","18","","","Calaby’s Pademelon","Papua New Guinea, Central Province, Mt. Albert Edward, 3000 m on south side of Neon Basin.","Known from Mt. Albert Edward and Mt. Giluwe, Eastern highlands of Papua New Guinea, about 3000 m.","IUCN – Endangered.","","","10","10-00305","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0305" "11000306","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","lanatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1922","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","9","","670","","","Mountain Pademelon","Papua New Guinea, Saruwaged Mtns, 3600 m.","Subalpine grasslands of Huon Peninsula.","Vulnerable.","","Close to T. browni, and considered a subspecies of it, with some misgivings, by Flannery (1992), who however noted some consistent differences, so considered a full species here.","10","10-00306","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0306" "11000307","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","stigmatica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1860","","Mamm. Aust.","2","pt. 12","pl. 33-34","","","Red-legged Pademelon","Australia, Queensland, Point Cooper (N of Rockingham Bay).","E Queensland, E New South Wales (Australia); SC lowland New Guinea.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.","coxenii (Gray, 1866); gazella (De Vis, 1884); oriomo (Tate and Archbold, 1935); temporalis (De Vis, 1884); wilcoxi (McCoy, 1866)","Citation for original description given as Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:375, by some authors, but this is dated Nov. 13, while Mammal. Aust., Part 12 was published Nov. 1.","10","10-00307","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0307" "11000308","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","stigmatica","stigmatica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gould","1860","","Mamm. Aust.","2","pt. 12","pl. 33-34","","","","Australia, Queensland, Point Cooper (N of Rockingham Bay).","","","","","10","10-00308","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0307-0308" "11000309","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","stigmatica","coxenii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00309","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0307-0309" "11000310","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","stigmatica","oriomo","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Tate and Archbold","1935","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00310","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0307-0310" "11000311","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","stigmatica","wilcoxi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","McCoy","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","10","10-00311","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0307-0311" "11000312","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Thylogale","","thetis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lesson","1828","","Monogr. Mamm.","","","229","","","Red-necked Pademelon","Australia, New South Wales, Sydney.","E Queensland, E New South Wales (Australia).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Uncommon.","eugenii (Gray, 1837); nuchalis (Wagner, 1842).","","10","10-00312","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0301-0000-0312" "11000313","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Wallabia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Trouessart","1905","","Cat. Mamm. Viv. Foss.","Suppl. fasc.","4","834","","Kangurus ualabatus Lesson and Garnot, 1826 (= Kangurus bicolor Desmarest, 1804).","","","","","","Included in Macropus by Van Gelder (1977b), but see Kirsch and Calaby (1977:17).","10","10-00313","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0313" "11000314","DIPROTODONTIA","MACROPODIFORMES","","","Macropodidae","Macropodinae","","Wallabia","","bicolor","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Méth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","357","","","Swamp Wallaby","Unknown.","Australia: E Queensland, E New South Wales, Victoria, SE South Australia, Stradbroke Isl, Fraser Isl.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc). Common.","apicalis (Gunther, 1874); ingrami (Thomas and Dollman, 1909); lessonii (Gray, 1837); mastersii (Krefft, 1867) [nomen nudum, made available in Krefft, 1871]; nemoralis (Wagner, 1842); ualabatus (Lesson and Garnot, 1826); welsbyi Longman, 1922.","","10","10-00314","10-0001-0172-0000-0000-0193-0199-0000-0313-0000-0314" "11100001","AFROSORICIDA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Stanhope","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","

Traditionally included in the Lipotyphla (= Insectivora sensu stricto). Various molecular studies (Madsen et al., 2001; Murphy et al., 2001a, b; Springer et al., 1999) and syntheses of morphological and molecular data (Asher et al., 2003; Liu et al., 2001) support a clade containing tenrecs and golden moles, which Stanhope et al. (1998) named Afrosoricida. This name is inappropriate since this clade does not include soricids, and could lead to confusion with the soricid subgenus Afrosorex Hutterer, 1986. Noting that Tenrecomorpha Butler, 1972 may be a prior, and more explicit name for this clade following Simpson’s (1945) guidelines for naming superfamial taxa, Bronner et al. (2003) nevertheless accepted Afrosoricida because this name is entrenched in the recent literature.

While Afrosoricida is widely used as a name for a tenrec-golden mole clade (e.g., Cao et al., 2000; de Jong et al., 2003; Douady et al., 2002a,b; Hedges, 2001; Helgen, 2003aGeogale aurita Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier, 1872.","","","","","Cryptogale G. Grandidier, 1928 (see Genest and Petter, 1975).","","11","11-00005","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0004-0000-0005" "11100006","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Geogalinae","","Geogale","","aurita","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier","1872","","Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool.","15","(art. 19)","2","","","Large-eared Tenrec","Madagascar, Mouroundava [Morondava].","Western deciduous forest and spiny bush of S and W Madagascar and Fénérive, NE Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","australis G. Grandidier, 1928; orientalis G. Grandidier and Petit, 1930.","The subspecific status of G. a. orientalis is uncertain. This species was not found during a recent survey of the environs of Fénérive (Rakotondravony et al., 1998). The easternmost occurrence of this species was recorded recently in SE Madagascar (Goodman et al., 1999a).","11","11-00006","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0004-0000-0005-0000-0006" "11100007","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Geogalinae","","Geogale","","aurita","aurita","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier","1872","","Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool.","15","(art. 19)","2","","","","Madagascar, Mouroundava [Morondava].","","","","","11","11-00007","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0004-0000-0005-0000-0006-0007" "11100008","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Geogalinae","","Geogale","","aurita","orientalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","G. Grandidier and Petit","1930","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00008","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0004-0000-0005-0000-0006-0008" "11100009","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Dobson","1882","","Monograph of the Insectivora","1","","71","","","","","","","","","11","11-00009","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009" "11100010","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Limnogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","318","","Limnogale mergulus Major, 1896.","","","","","","","11","11-00010","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0010" "11100011","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Limnogale","","mergulus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","319","","","Web-footed Tenrec","Madagascar, Imasindrary, NE Betsileo.","Freshwater streams of eastern humid forest and central highlands of E Madagascar.","IUCN – Endangered.","","Morphological evidence suggests that Limnogale and the African Potamogalinae are sister taxa (Asher, 1999).","11","11-00011","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0010-0000-0011" "11100012","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1882","","J. Linn. Soc., Zool.","16","","319","","Microgale longicaudata Thomas, 1882.","","","","","Leptogale Thomas, 1918; Nesogale Thomas, 1918; Paramicrogale G. Grandidier and Petit, 1931.","Revised by MacPhee (1987a); reviewed in part by Jenkins et al. (1996, 1997).","11","11-00012","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012" "11100013","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","brevicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","G. Grandidier","1899","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","5","","349","","","Short-tailed Shrew Tenrec","""Environs de Mahanara, ŕ 75 km environ au sud de Vohémar, sur la côte nord-est de Madagascar"" [Maharana River, 78 km S of Iharana [Vohimarina], Antsiranana, Antalaha, Madagascar (MacPhee, 1987)].","Northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest and eastern humid forest of N and NW Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","breviceps Kaudern, 1918; occidentalis (G. Grandidier and Petit, 1931).","There are only two records from the eastern humid forest, the type locality and Parc National de Marojejy (Goodman and Jenkins, 2000); similarly there is a single report of this species from the sambirano of Réserve Speciale de Manongarivo (Raxworthy and Rakotondraparany, 1988).","11","11-00013","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0013" "11100014","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","cowani","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1882","","J. Linn. Soc., Zool.","16","","320","","","Cowan's Shrew Tenrec","Ankáfana forest, E Betsileo [Ankafina, Fianarantsoa, Fianarantsoa Province, 21°12’S 47°12’E (Carleton and Schmidt, 1990; MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","crassipes Milne-Edwards, 1893; longirostris Major, 1896; nigrescens Elliot, 1905.","","11","11-00014","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0014" "11100015","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","dobsoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1884","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 5","14","","337","","","Dobson's Shrew Tenrec","Nandésen forest, C Betsileo. [Nandihizana, c. 20 miles (30 km) SSW of Ambositra, see MacPhee, 1987; c. 20°50’S 47°10’E, see Jenkins et al., 1996.]","Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE, and central highlands, Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Formerly included in Nesogale, see Thomas (1918), Genest and Petter (1975).","11","11-00015","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0015" "11100016","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","drouhardi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","G. Grandidier","1934","","Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, ser. 2","6","","474","","","Drouhard’s Shrew Tenrec","""Environs de Diego-Suarez, extręme-nord de Madagascar"". [Antsiranana, c. 12°16’S 49°18’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest of N and E Madagascar.","","melanorrhachis Morrison-Scott, 1948.","Considered a synonym of M. cowani by MacPhee (1987), specific status recognised by Jenkins et al. (1997).","11","11-00016","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0016" "11100017","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","dryas","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jenkins","1992","","Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.)","58","","53","","","Dryad Shrew Tenrec","Site 1, Ambatovaky Special Reserve, NE Madagascar, in primary rainforest, between 600-750 m, 16°51'S, 49°08'E.","Known only from the type locality and from an owl pellet collected at Réserve Spéciale d’Anjanharibe-Sud, NE Madagascar.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","","11","11-00017","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0017" "11100018","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","fotsifotsy","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jenkins, Raxworthy and Nussbaum","1997","","Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Zool.)","63","","2","","","Pale Shrew Tenrec","Camp 2, Antomboka River Fitsahana, Parc National de la Montagne d’Ambre, Antsiranana Fivondronana, Antsiranana Province 12°29’S 49°10’E, altitude 650 m, Madagascar.","Eastern humid rainforests of N, E and SE Madagascar.","","","","11","11-00018","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0018" "11100019","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","gracilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","321","","","Gracile Shrew Tenrec","Ambohimitombo forest, Madagascar [Ambohimitombo town, 43 km by road SE of Ambositra, 10 km into eastern forest, Fianarantsoa, 20°43’S 47°26’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Formerly included in Oryzorictes (see Major, 1896) and Leptogale (see Thomas, 1918a).","11","11-00019","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0019" "11100020","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","gymnorhyncha","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jenkins, Goodman and Raxworthy","1996","","Fieldiana Zool. n.s.","85","","211","","","Naked-nosed Shrew Tenrec","E Madagascar, 38 km S [of] Ambalavao, Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d’Andringitra, on ridge E of Volotsangana River, Fianarantsoa Province, 22°11’39""S 46°58’16""E, altitude 1625 m.","Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE and central highlands, Madagascar.","","","","11","11-00020","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0020" "11100021","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","longicaudata","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1882","","J. Linn. Soc., Zool.","16","","320","","","Lesser Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec","Ankáfana forest, E Betsileo, Madagascar [Ankafina, Fianarantsoa, Fianarantsoa Province, 21°12’S 47°12’E (see MacPhee, 1987; Carleton and Schmidt, 1990)].","Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE, and western deciduous forest of W Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","majori Thomas, 1918; prolixacaudata G. Grandidier, 1937.","","11","11-00021","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0021" "11100022","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","monticola","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Goodman and Jenkins","1998","","Fieldiana Zool. n.s.","90","","149","","","Montane Shrew Tenrec","Madagascar, 11 km WSW of Befingitra, Réserve Spéciale d’Anjanaharibe-Sud, 14°44’S, 49°26’E, 1550 m.","Northern highlands of N Madagascar.","","","Recorded to date only at high altitudes in the mountains surrounding the Andapa Basin (see Goodman and Jenkins, 2000).","11","11-00022","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0022" "11100023","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","nasoloi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jenkins and Goodman","1999","","Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. Lond. (Zool.)","65","","156","","","Nasolo’s Shrew Tenrec","Vohibasia Forest [Foręt de Vohibasia], 59 km northeast of Sakaraha, Province de Toliara, SW Madagascar, 22°27.5’S 44°50.5’E, 780 m.","Known only from transitional dry deciduous forest at the type locality and Analavelona Forest, SW Madagascar.","","","","11","11-00023","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0023" "11100024","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","parvula","","SPECIES","False","","YES","G. Grandidier","1934","","Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. Paris, ser. 2","6","","476","","","Pygmy Shrew Tenrec","""Environs de Diego Suarez, extręme-nord de Madagascar."" [Antsiranana, c. 12°16’S 49°18’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.","Revised by Jenkins et al. (1997). Although recorded as Endangered as M. parvula and Vulnerable as M. pulla in the IUCN Red List 2003, this species is currently common over a wide distributional range (Goodman and Jenkins, 1998, 2000; Goodman et al., 1999a; Jenkins et al., 1996, 1997).","pulla Jenkins, 1988.","","11","11-00024","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0024" "11100025","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","principula","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1926","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","17","","251","","","Greater Long-tailed Shrew Tenrec","""Midongy-du-Sud, South-east Madagascar"" [Midongy Atsimo, Fianarantsoa, Farafangana, 23°35’S 47°01’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest of N, E and SE Madagascar.","IUCN – Endangered.","decaryi G. Grandidier, 1928; sorella Thomas, 1926.","Distribution may be disjunct.","11","11-00025","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0025" "11100026","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","pusilla","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","462","","","Least Shrew Tenrec","Forest of the Independent Tanala of Ikongo, in the neighbourhood of Vinanitelo [50 km SE of Fianarantsoa town and 10 km SSE of Vohitrafeno town, W margin of E forest, Fianarantsoa, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar, 21°45’S 47°17’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Eastern humid forest of E and SE, and central highlands, Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","11","11-00026","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0026" "11100027","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","soricoides","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Jenkins","1993","","Am. Mus. Novit.","3067","","2","","","Shrew-toothed Shrew Tenrec","Mantady National Park, c. 15 km north of Perinet, Madagascar, 18°51’S 48°27’E, in primary rainforest, between 1100 and 1150 m elevation.","Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.","","","","11","11-00027","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0027" "11100028","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","taiva","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","461","","","Taiva Shrew Tenrec","Ambohimitombo forest, Tanala Country, Madagascar [Ambohimitombo town, 43 km by road SE of Ambositra, 10 km into eastern forest, Fianarantsoa, 20°43’S 47°26’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Southern regions of eastern humid forest of Madagascar.","","","Synonymised with M. cowani by MacPhee (1987), specific status recognised by Jenkins et al. (1996).","11","11-00028","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0028" "11100029","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","talazaci","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","320","","","Talazac's Shrew Tenrec","""Forest of the Independent Tanala of Ikongo, in the neighbourhood of Vinanitelo, one day’s journey south of Fianarantsoa"" [50 km SE of Fianarantsoa town and 10 km SSE of Vohitrafeno town, W margin of E forest, Fianarantsoa, Fianarantsoa Province, Madagascar, 21°45’S 47°17’E (MacPhee, 1987)].","Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, E and SE Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Formerly included in Nesogale, see Thomas (1918), Genest and Petter (1975).","11","11-00029","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0029" "11100030","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Microgale","","thomasi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","320","","","Thomas's Shrew Tenrec","Ampitambč forest (NE Betsileo, Madagascar) [Locality uncertain, discussed by MacPhee (1987) and Carleton and Schmidt (1990); c. 20°22’S 47°46’E, see Carleton and Schmidt (1990)].","Eastern humid forest, and central highlands, E and SE Madagascar.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","11","11-00030","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0012-0000-0030" "11100031","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Oryzorictes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","A. Grandidier","1870","","Revue Mag. Zool.","22","","50","","Oryzorictes hova A. Grandidier, 1870.","","","","","Oryzoryctes Trouessart, 1879 [invalid emendation]; Nesoryctes Thomas, 1918.","","11","11-00031","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0031" "11100032","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Oryzorictes","","hova","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Grandidier","1870","","Revue Mag. Zool.","22","","50","","","Mole-like Rice Tenrec","""Ankaye et Antsianak"" [Ankay, along the Mangoro River, near Lac Alaotra and Antsianaka, region E of Lac Alaotra, Madagascar (Viette, 1991)].","Northern highlands, eastern humid forest and central highlands of N, NW, E and S Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","talpoides G. Grandidier and Petit, 1930.","Subgenus Oryzorictes. Includes talpoides (see Goodman et al., 1999a).","11","11-00032","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0031-0000-0032" "11100033","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Oryzorictinae","","Oryzorictes","","tetradactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier","1882","","Le Naturaliste","4","","55","","","Four-toed Rice Tenrec","""Du plateau d’Emirne"" [Imerina, Madagascar (Viette, 1991)].","Eastern humid forest and central highlands of C and E Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","niger Major, 1896.","Subgenus Nesoryctes (see Heim de Balsac [1972] and Genest and Petter [1975]). O. niger is considered a melanistic form of tetradactylus, see Thomas (1918a).","11","11-00033","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0009-0000-0031-0000-0033" "11100034","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Allman","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","467","","","","","","","","","11","11-00034","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034" "11100035","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","Micropotamogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Heim de Balsac","1954","","C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris","239","","102","","Micropotamogale lamottei Heim de Balsac, 1954.","","","","","Kivugale Kretzoi, 1961; Mesopotamogale Heim de Balsac, 1956 [see Corbet, 1974].","","11","11-00035","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034-0000-0035" "11100036","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","Micropotamogale","","lamottei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Heim de Balsac","1954","","C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris","239","","103","","","Nimba Otter Shrew","""Ziéla, dans une savane au pied du Nimba, altitude 550 m."" [Ziéla, Mount Nimba, Guinea].","Environs of Mt. Nimba in Guinea, Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire.","IUCN – Endangered.","","For a survey of the distribution and ecology, see Vogel (1983).","11","11-00036","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034-0000-0035-0000-0036" "11100037","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","Micropotamogale","","ruwenzorii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","de Witte and Frechkop","1955","","Bull. Inst. r. Sci. nat. Belg.","31","84","9","","","Ruwenzori Otter Shrew","""Rivičre Talya, ŕ Mutsora (station du Parc National Albert), contreforts occidentaux du massif Ruwenzori, altitudes 1100 – 1200 m."" [Mutsora, Talya River, W slopes of Mt. Ruwenzori, Dem. Rep. Congo].","Ruwenzori region (Uganda, Dem. Rep. Congo), and W of Lake Edward and Lake Kivu (Dem. Rep. Congo).","IUCN – Endangered.","","","11","11-00037","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034-0000-0035-0000-0037" "11100038","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","Potamogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Du Chaillu","1860","","Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.","7","","363","","Cynogale velox Du Chaillu, 1860.","","","","","Bayonia Bocage, 1865; Mystomys Gray, 1861; Mythomys Gray, 1862.","","11","11-00038","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034-0000-0038" "11100039","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Potamogalinae","","Potamogale","","velox","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Du Chaillu","1860","","Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.","7","","361","","","Giant Otter Shrew","""Mountains of the interior, or in the hilly country … north and south of the equator, Equatorial Africa"" [Gabon].","Tropical Africa: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Nigeria, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda.","IUCN – Endangered.","allmani Jentink, 1895; argens Thomas, 1915.","","11","11-00039","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0034-0000-0038-0000-0039" "11100040","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos. Rec.","15","","301","","","","","","","","","11","11-00040","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040" "11100041","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Echinops","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Martin","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","17","","Echinops telfairi Martin, 1838.","","","","","Echinogale Wagner, 1841.","","11","11-00041","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0041" "11100042","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Echinops","","telfairi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Martin","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","17","","","Lesser Hedgehog Tenrec","Madagascar.","Western deciduous forest and spiny bush of S Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","miwarti A. Grandidier, 1869; nigrescens Petit, 1931; pallescens Thomas, 1892.","The easternmost occurrence of this species was recorded recently in SE Madagascar (Goodman et al., 1999a).","11","11-00042","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0041-0000-0042" "11100043","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Hemicentetes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Mivart","1871","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1871","","58, 72","","Ericulus semispinosus G. Cuvier, 1798.","","","","","Centetes Schinz and Brodtmann, 1827 [not Illiger, 1811]; Echinodes Pomel, 1848 [nomen nudum]; Ericius Giebel, 1871 [not Tilesius, 1813; not Sundevall, 1814]; Ericus Bergroth, 1902; Eteocles Gray, 1821.","","11","11-00043","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0043" "11100044","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Hemicentetes","","nigriceps","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1875","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","16","","125","","","Highland Streaked Tenrec","Fienerentova [? = Fianarantsoa, Madagascar].","Eastern edge of central highlands, E Madagascar.","","buffoni Jentink, 1879.","Distinguished from H. semispinosus by craniodental features (Butler, 1941; Dobson, 1882a) and treated as a distinct species by Eisenberg and Gould (1970). Considered to be a subspecies of H. semispinosus (Genest and Petter, 1975; Hutterer, 1993). Recorded sympatrically with H. semispinosus (Goodman et al., 2000).","11","11-00044","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0043-0000-0044" "11100045","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Hemicentetes","","semispinosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","G. Cuvier","1798","","Tableau élémentaire de l’histoire naturelle des animaux","","","108","","","Lowland Streaked Tenrec","Madagascar.","Eastern humid forest, central highlands of E Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)","madagascariensis Shaw, 1800 [not Zimmermann]; variegatus E. Geoffroy, 1803.","","11","11-00045","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0043-0000-0045" "11100046","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Setifer","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Froriep","1806","","In Dumeril, Analytische Zoologie .…. mit Zusatzen","","","15","","Erinaceus setosus Schreber, 1778.","","","","","Dasogale G. Grandidier, 1930; Ericulus I. Geoffroy, 1837; Hericulus Gloger, 1841.","Includes Ericulus, see Eisenberg and Gould (1970:49); and Dasogale, see Poduschka and Poduschka (1982:253).","11","11-00046","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0046" "11100047","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Setifer","","setosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schreber","1778","","Die Säugethiere ….. mit Beschreibungen","3","","590, pl. 164","","","Greater Hedgehog Tenrec","Madagascar.","All latitudes and phytographic zones: eastern humid forest, central highlands, northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest, spiny bush, Madagascar.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","acanthurus Boddaert, 1785; fontoynonti G. Grandidier, 1930; nigrescens I. Geoffroy, 1839; nigricans Bartlett, 1875 [nomen nudum]; spinosus Desmarest, 1820; melantho Thomas, 1926.","Dasogale fontoynonti was based on a juvenile Setifer setosus, see Poduschka and Poduschka (1982:253) and MacPhee (1987b:133).","11","11-00047","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0046-0000-0047" "11100048","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Tenrec","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lacépčde","1799","","Tableau des divisions, ….. Mammifčres","","","7","","Erinaceus ecaudatus Schreber, 1778.","","","","","Tenrecus Desmarest, 1820.","","11","11-00048","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0048" "11100049","AFROSORICIDA","TENRECOMORPHA","","","Tenrecidae","Tenrecinae","","Tenrec","","ecaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schreber","1778","","Die Säugethiere….. mit Beschreibungen","3","","590, pl. 165","","","Tail-less Tenrec","Madagascar.","All latitudes and phytographic zones: eastern humid forest, central highlands, northern highlands, sambirano, western deciduous forest, spiny bush, Madagascar; Comoro Isls. Introduced on Reunion, Mauritius, and the Seychelle Isls.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","armatus I. Geoffroy, 1837; tanrec Boddaert, 1785.","","11","11-00049","11-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0040-0000-0048-0000-0049" "11100050","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Broom","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","MacPhee and Novacek (1993) erected the suborder Chrysochloromorpha for golden moles, but following Simpson’s (1945:32-33) nomenclatural principles for categories above superfamilies, Chrysochloridea is the senior synonym.","11","11-00050","11-0001-0050" "11100051","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","335","","","","","","","","For widely divergent treatments see Simonetta (1968), Meester (1974), Meester et al. (1986) and Petter (1981a). The treatment below follows Bronner (1995a, 1996).","11","11-00051","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051" "11100052","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","335","","","","","","","","","11","11-00052","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052" "11100053","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Carpitalpa","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lundholm","1955","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","22","","285","","Chlorotalpa(Carpitalpa) arendsi Lundholm, 1955.","","","","","","Lundholm (1955a:285) described Carpitalpa and Kilimatalpa (here included in Chrysochloris) as subgenera within Chlorotalpa. Simonetta (1968) afforded Carpitalpa generic rank. Included in Amblysomus by Petter (1981a:50) and in Chlorotalpa by Meester (1974) and Meester et al. (1986:20).","11","11-00053","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0053" "11100054","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Carpitalpa","","arendsi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Lundholm","1955","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","22","","285","","","Arend’s Golden Mole","E escarpment of Zimbabwe, Inyanga, Pungwe Falls.","E Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","11","11-00054","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0053-0000-0054" "11100055","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Roberts","1924","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","10","","64","","Chrysochloris duthieae Broom, 1907.","","","","","","Included in Amblysomus by Ellerman et al. (1953) and by Petter (1981a). Meester (1974) and Meester et al. (1986) included leucorhina (here referred to Calcochloris) and arendsi (here treated as Carpitalpa) in this genus. Revised by Bronner (1995a).","11","11-00055","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055" "11100056","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","duthieae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Trans. S. Afr. Philos. Soc.","18","","292","","","Duthie’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Knysna.","Coastal belt of Western and Eastern Cape Prov., South Africa.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","11","11-00056","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0056" "11100057","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","sclateri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","19","","263","","","Sclater’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Beaufort West.","Western Cape Prov., E Free State, and S Mpumalanga (South Africa); Lesotho.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","guillarmodi Roberts, 1936; montana Roberts, 1924; shortridgei Broom, 1950.","Included in Amblysomus by Petter (1981a).","11","11-00057","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0057" "11100058","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","sclateri","sclateri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","19","","263","","","","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Beaufort West.","","","","","11","11-00058","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0057-0058" "11100059","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","sclateri","guillarmodi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00059","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0057-0059" "11100060","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","sclateri","montana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00060","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0057-0060" "11100061","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chlorotalpa","","sclateri","shortridgei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1950","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00061","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0055-0000-0057-0061" "11100062","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lacépčde","1799","","Tabl. Mamm.","","","7","","Chrysochloris capensis Lacépčde, 1799 (= Talpa asiatica Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Kilimatalpa Lundholm, 1955.","Includes Kilimatalpa as a subgenus, see comments under C. stuhlmanni below.","11","11-00062","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062" "11100063","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Chrysochloris","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Lacépčde","1799","","Tabl. Mamm.","","","7","","Chrysochloris capensis Lacépčde, 1799 (= Talpa asiatica Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","","","11","11-00063","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0063" "11100064","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Kilimatalpa","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Lundholm","1955","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00064","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0064" "11100065","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Chrysochloris","asiatica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","53","","","Cape Golden Mole","""In Sibiria""; usually taken as Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. See Ellerman et al. (1953).","Western Cape Prov. and Robben Isl northwards along coastal plain to Orange River (South Africa).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","auratus (Vosmaer, 1787); aurea (Pallas, 1778); bayoni De Beaux, 1921; capensis Lacépčde 1799; calviniae Shortridge, 1942; concolor Shortridge and Carter, 1938; damarensis Ogilby, 1838; dixoni Broom, 1946; elegans Broom, 1946; inaurata (Pallas, 1777); minor Roberts, 1919; namaquensis Broom, 1907; rubra Lacépčde, 1799; shortridgei Broom, 1946; taylori Broom, 1950; tenuis Broom, 1907; visserae Broom, 1950.","Subgenus Chrysochloris. Geographic variation in size and colour appears to be clinal, hence no subspecies are recognized (see Meester et al., 1986), but further study may reveal some valid taxa. The only known specimen of damarensis may have been incorrectly labelled as no Chrysochloris have subsequently been collected in Damaraland, Namibia (Meester 1974).","11","11-00065","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0063-0065" "11100066","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Kilimatalpa","stuhlmanni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1894","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","123","","","Stuhlmann’s Golden Mole","Uganda, Ruwenzori region, ""Ukondjo und Kinyawanga"".","Burundi, Cameroon, Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","balsaci Lamotte and Petter (1981); stuhlmanni (Matschie, 1894); fosteri (St. Leger, 1931); tropicalis (Allen and Loveridge, 1927); vermiculus Thomas, 1910.","Subgenus Kilimatalpa, which Lundholm (1955a) included in Chlorotalpa. Simonetta (1968:31) treated it as a subgenus of Carpitalpa (including stuhlmanni and fosteri) but referred tropicalis to Chlorotalpa. Meester (1974) placed stuhlmanni in Chrysochloris based on malleus morphology, a treatment followed by Bronner (1995) who argued that subgeneric distinction from Chrysochloris is warranted by anagenetic divergence in cranial shape. Validity and limits of subspecies are uncertain owing to the few specimens available. Lamotte and Petter (1981) described balsaci from Mt. Oku, Cameroon, an allopatric form that may deserve full specific status. In addition, the isolated tropicalis should be re-studied.","11","11-00066","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0064-0066" "11100067","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Kilimatalpa","stuhlmanni","stuhlmanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1894","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","123","","","","Uganda, Ruwenzori region, ""Ukondjo und Kinyawanga"".","","","","","11","11-00067","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0064-0066-0067" "11100068","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Kilimatalpa","stuhlmanni","balsaci","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lamotte and Petter","1981","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00068","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0064-0066-0068" "11100069","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Kilimatalpa","stuhlmanni","stuhlmanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00069","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0064-0066-0069" "11100070","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysochloris","Chrysochloris","visagiei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1950","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","21","","238","","","Visagie’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Gouna (54 mi. [87 km] E Calvinia).","Known only from the holotype.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Subgenus Chrysochloris. Possibly an aberrant asiatica; see Meester (1974). Simonetta (1968:31) listed it as a subspecies of asiatica.","11","11-00070","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0062-0063-0070" "11100071","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gill","1883","","Standard Nat. Hist.","5 (Mamm.)","","137","","Chrysochloris trevelyani Günther, 1875.","","","","","Bematiscus Cope, 1892 (see Ellerman et al., 1953).","","11","11-00071","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071" "11100072","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","trevelyani","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1875","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1875","","311","","","Giant Golden Mole","South Africa, Eastern Cape Prov., Pirie Forest, near King William's Town.","Eastern Cape Prov. (South Africa).","IUCN – Endangered.","","","11","11-00072","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0072" "11100073","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1833","","S. Afr. Quart. J.","2","","81","","","Rough-haired Golden Mole","""Towards Natal"", near Durban, South Africa; see Roberts (1951:121).","Eastern Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng and S Mpumalanga (South Africa).","IUCN – Vulnerable.","dobsoni (Broom, 1918); leschae (Broom, 1918); rufopallidus (Roberts, 1924); rufus (Meester, 1953); transvaalensis (Broom, 1913); pratensis Roberts, 1913.","Validity of subspecies unclear, treatment here follows Meester et al. (1986:16)","11","11-00073","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073" "11100074","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","villosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1833","","S. Afr. Quart. J.","2","","81","","","","""Towards Natal"", near Durban, South Africa; see Roberts (1951:121).","","","","","11","11-00074","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0074" "11100075","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","dobsoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1918","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00075","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0075" "11100076","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","leschae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1918","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00076","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0076" "11100077","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","rufopallidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00077","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0077" "11100078","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","rufus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Meester","1953","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00078","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0078" "11100079","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Chrysospalax","","villosus","transvaalensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00079","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0071-0000-0073-0079" "11100080","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Cryptochloris","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Shortridge and Carter","1938","","Ann. S. Afr. Mus.","32","","284","","Cryptochloris zyli Shortridge and Carter, 1938.","","","","","","Simonetta (1968:31) considered Cryptochloris a synonym of Chrysochloris.","11","11-00080","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0080" "11100081","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Cryptochloris","","wintoni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","19","","264","","","De Winton’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Northern Cape Prov., Little Namaqualand, Port Nolloth.","Little Namaqualand, Northern Cape Prov., South Africa.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","11","11-00081","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0080-0000-0081" "11100082","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Cryptochloris","","zyli","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shortridge and Carter","1938","","Ann. S. Afr. Mus.","32","","284","","","Van Zyl’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Compagnies Drift, 16 km inland from Lamberts Bay.","Known only from the type locality.","IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Considered a subspecies of wintoni by Ellerman et al. (1953); however, Meester et al. (1986:18) and Helgen and Wilson (2001) argued for specific status.","11","11-00082","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0080-0000-0082" "11100083","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Eremitalpa","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Roberts","1924","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","10","","63","","Chrysochloris granti Broom, 1907.","","","","","","","11","11-00083","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0083" "11100084","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Eremitalpa","","granti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","19","","265","","","Grant’s Golden Mole","South Africa: Garies, south of Kamiesberg, Little Namaqualand, Northern Cape Prov.","Coastal dunes from Western and Northern Cape Prov., South Africa, to Namib Desert, Namibia.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","cana Broom, 1950; namibensis Bauer and Niethammer, 1959.","Revised by Meester (1964).","11","11-00084","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0083-0000-0084" "11100085","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Eremitalpa","","granti","granti","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","19","","265","","","","South Africa: Garies, south of Kamiesberg, Little Namaqualand, Northern Cape Prov.","","","","","11","11-00085","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0083-0000-0084-0085" "11100086","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Chrysochlorinae","","Eremitalpa","","granti","namibensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bauer and Niethammer","1959","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00086","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0052-0000-0083-0000-0084-0086" "11100087","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Simonetta","1957","","Arch. Ital. Anat. Embriol.","62","","77","","","","","","","","","11","11-00087","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087" "11100088","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Pomel","1848","","Arch. Sci. Phys. Nat. Geneve","9","","247","","Chrysochloris hottentotus A. Smith, 1829.","","","","","","Revised by Bronner (1995a, 1996).","11","11-00088","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088" "11100089","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","corriae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1905","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1905","20","5","see also: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 2:57","","Fynbos Golden Mole","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Knysna.","Western Cape Prov. from Stellenbosch/Paarl eastwards to Knysna and George (South Africa).","","devilliersi Roberts, 1946; swellendamensis Roberts, 1946.","A. corriae was previously treated as a subspecies of A. iris, and devilliersi as a subspecies of A. hottentotus, see Meester et al. (1986:23). Bronner (1996) showed that iris represents only a subspecies of A. hottentotus, and elevated corriae to species rank to include devilliersi.","11","11-00089","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0089" "11100090","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","corriae","corriae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1905","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1905","20","5","see also: Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 2:57","","","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Knysna.","","","","","11","11-00090","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0089-0090" "11100091","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","corriae","devilliersi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1946","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00091","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0089-0091" "11100092","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1829","","Zool. J.","4","","436","","","Hottentot Golden Mole","""Interior parts of South Africa"", Grahamstown, Eastern Cape Prov., South Africa.","Eastern Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, NE Free State and Mpumalanga (South Africa); Lesotho; possibly Swaziland.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) for A. hottentotus and A. iris.","affinis (Wagner, 1841); albirostris (Wagner, 1841) [nomen dubium]; holosericea (Lichtenstein, 1981); rutilans (Wagner, 1841); iris Thomas and Schwann, 1905; littoralis Roberts, 1946; longiceps (Broom, 1907); albifrons (Broom, 1907); pondoliae Thomas and Schwann, 1905; albirostris (Broom, 1908) [nomen dubium]; natalensis Roberts, 1946; meesteri Bronner, 2000.","Bronner (1995b, 1996, 2000) demonstrated the existence of three cryptic species (marleyi, septentrionalis and robustus) in this species, as traditionally constituted (Meester 1974).","11","11-00092","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092" "11100093","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","hottentotus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1829","","Zool. J.","4","","436","","","","""Interior parts of South Africa"", Grahamstown, Eastern Cape Prov., South Africa.","","","","","11","11-00093","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092-0093" "11100094","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","iris","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Schwann","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00094","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092-0094" "11100095","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","longiceps","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00095","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092-0095" "11100096","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","pondoliae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Schwann","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00096","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092-0096" "11100097","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","hottentotus","meesteri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bronner","2000","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00097","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0092-0097" "11100098","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","marleyi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1931","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","14","","225","","","Marley’s Golden Mole","South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Zululand, Ubombo.","Ubombo to Ingwavuma, KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa).","","","Separated from hottentotus by Bronner (1995b, 1996, 2000).","11","11-00098","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0098" "11100099","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","robustus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Bronner","2000","","Mammalia","64","1","42","","","Robust Golden Mole","South Africa, Mpumalanga, Dullstroom, Verloren-Vallei Nat. Res.","Belfast to Dullstroom (Mpumalanga, South Africa).","","","Separated from hottentotus by Bronner (1995b, 1996, 2000).","11","11-00099","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0099" "11100100","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Amblysomus","","septentrionalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1913","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","4","","73","","","Highveld Golden Mole","South Africa, Mpumalanga, Wakkerstroom.","Helibron and Parys (NE Free State) to Wakkerstroom and Ermelo (Mpumalanga, South Africa); possibly also Swaziland.","","drakensbergensis Roberts, 1946; garneri Roberts, 1917; orangensis Roberts, 1946.","Separated from hottentotus by Bronner (1995b, 1996, 2000).","11","11-00100","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0088-0000-0100" "11100101","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Mivart","1867","","J. Anat. Physiol., London","2","","133","","Chrysochloris obtusirostris Peters, 1851.","","","","","Chrysotricha Broom, 1907; Huetia Forcart, 1942.","Includes Chrysotricha, see Meester et al. (1986:23). Ellerman et al. (1953) included Calcochloris in Amblysomus. Bronner (1995a) included leucorhinus and tytonis in this genus.","11","11-00101","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101" "11100102","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Calcochloris","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Mivart","1867","","J. Anat. Physiol., London","2","","133","","Chrysochloris obtusirostris Peters, 1851.","","","","","","","11","11-00102","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0102" "11100103","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Huetia","","","SUBGENUS","False","","YES","Forcart","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00103","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0103" "11100104","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Huetia","leucorhinus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Huet","1885","","Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Bull.","8","","8","","","Congo Golden Mole","""Gulf of Guinea Coast, Congo.""","N Angola, Dem. Rep. Congo, Cameroon, Central African Republic.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Chlorotalpa leucorhina.","congicus (Thomas, 1910); luluanus (Forcart, 1942); cahni (Schwarz and Mertens, 1922).","Subgenus Huetia (see Bronner 1995a). Included in Chrysochloris by Allen (1939); included in Amblysomus by Simonetta (1968) and Petter (1981a).","11","11-00104","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0103-0104" "11100105","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Huetia","leucorhinus","leucorhinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Huet","1885","","Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Bull.","8","","8","","","","""Gulf of Guinea Coast, Congo.""","","","","","11","11-00105","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0103-0104-0105" "11100106","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Huetia","leucorhinus","cahni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Schwarz and Mertens","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00106","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0103-0104-0106" "11100107","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Calcochloris","obtusirostris","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1851","","Bericht. Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","16","","467","","","Yellow Golden Mole","Coastal Mozambique, Inhambane, 24°S.","Maputaland (KwaZulu-Natal) and Kruger Nat. Park (Northern Prov., South Africa); S Zimbabwe and S Mozambique.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","chrysillus (Thomas and Schwann, 1905); limpopoensis (Roberts, 1946).","Subgenus Calcochloris.","11","11-00107","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0102-0107" "11100108","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Calcochloris","obtusirostris","obtusirostris","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1851","","Bericht. Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","16","","467","","","","Coastal Mozambique, Inhambane, 24°S.","","","","","11","11-00108","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0102-0107-0108" "11100109","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Calcochloris","obtusirostris","chrysillus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Schwann","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00109","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0102-0107-0109" "11100110","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","Calcochloris","obtusirostris","limpopoensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1946","","","","","","","","","","","","","","11","11-00110","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0102-0107-0110" "11100111","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Calcochloris","[incertae sedis]","tytonis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Simonetta","1968","","Monitore Zool. Ital., n.s.","2(suppl.)","","31","","","Somali Golden Mole","Somalia, Giohar (= Villaggio Duca degli Abruzzi).","Known only from the type specimen.","IUCN – Critically Endangered as Chlorotalpa tytonis.","","Subgenus incertae sedis (Bronner 1995a). Assigned to Amblysomus by Simonetta (1968:31) and Petter (1981a); Meester (1974) placed this species in Chlorotalpa.","11","11-00111","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0101-0000-0111" "11100112","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Neamblysomus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Roberts","1924","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","10","","64","","Chrysochloris gunningi Broom, 1908.","","","","","","Included in Amblysomus by Simonetta (1968), Meester (1974), Petter (1981a) and Meester et al. (1986). Bronner (1995a, b) elevated it to generic rank on the basis of cytogenetic and cranial divergence from Amblysomus species.","11","11-00112","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0112" "11100113","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Neamblysomus","","gunningi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Broom","1908","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","1","","14","","","Gunning’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Limpopo Province, Woodbush Hill.","Woodbush Forest and New Agatha Forest Reserve, Limpopo Province, South Africa.","IUCN – Vulnerable as Amblysomus gunningi.","","","11","11-00113","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0112-0000-0113" "11100114","AFROSORICIDA","CHRYSOCHLORIDEA","","","Chrysochloridae","Amblysominae","","Neamblysomus","","julianae","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Meester","1972","","Ann. Transvaal Mus.","28","4","35","","","Juliana’s Golden Mole","South Africa, Gauteng, Pretoria, The Willows.","Pretoria (Gauteng), Nylstroom (Limpopo Prov.) and Kruger Nat. Park (Mpumalanga, South Africa).","IUCN – Critically Endangered as Amblysomus julianae.","","Consistent dental and fur differences between the western (Pretoria and Nylstroom) and eastern (Kruger Nat. Park) populations allude to distinct subspecies (Meester, 1972; Bronner 1990), but study of more specimens is needed to confirm this.","11","11-00114","11-0001-0050-0000-0000-0051-0087-0000-0112-0000-0114" "11200001","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Butler","1956","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00001","12-0001" "11200002","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Bonaparte","1838","","Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat.","2","","111","","","","","","","","Revised by Corbet and Hanks (1968).","12","12-00002","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11200003","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas and Schwann","1906","","Abst. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","33","10","","Macroscelides rupestris A. Smith, 1831.","","","","","Elephantomys Broom, 1937; Nasilio Thomas and Schwann, 1906.","Includes Nasilio; see Corbet and Hanks (1968), and Elephantomys; see Meester et al. (1986). A key to the species was presented in Koontz and Roeper (1983) and another to southern African species in Meester et al. (1986).","12","12-00003","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11200004","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","brachyrhynchus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1834","1836","Rept. Exped. Exploring Central Africa","1834","","42","","","Short-snouted Elephant Shrew","""The country between Lake Latakoo and the Tropic"" (= South Africa, Northern Cape Province, Kuruman, to S Botswana).","N South Africa; NE Namibia; E and N Botswana; Angola; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Zambia; S Dem. Rep. Congo; Mozambique; Tanzania; Kenya and Uganda.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albiventer (Osgood, 1910); brachyura (Bocage, 1882); brevirostris (Schinz, 1844); delamerei (Thomas, 1901); langi (Roberts, 1929); luluae (Matschie, 1926); mababiensis (Roberts, 1932); selindensis (Roberts, 1937); shortridgei (Roberts, 1929); tzaneenensis (Roberts, 1929).","Corbet (1974:5) and Meester et al. (1986:311) regarded variation as clinal and did not recognize any subspecies.","12","12-00004","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "11200005","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","edwardii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1839","","Illustr. Zool. S. Afr. Mamm.","","","pl. 14","","","Cape Elephant Shrew","South Africa, Western Cape Province, Oliphants River.","W and SC South Africa.","IUCN – Least Concern.","capensis Roberts, 1924; edwardsii (Sclater, 1901); karoensis Roberts, 1938.","Corbet and Hanks (1968:97) suggested there might be a western and eastern subspecies.","12","12-00005","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005" "11200006","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","fuscipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","13","","68","","","Dusky-footed Elephant Shrew","Dem. Rep. Congo, Niam-Niam country, N'doruma.","Uganda; NE Dem. Rep. Congo; S Sudan.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","","12","12-00006","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0006" "11200007","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","fuscus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1852","","Reise nach Mossambique, Säugethiere","","","87","","","Dusky Elephant Shrew","Mozambique, near Quelimane, Boror.","Mozambique; S Malawi; SE Zambia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","malosae (Thomas, 1898).","Regarded as distinct by Corbet (1974:5).","12","12-00007","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0007" "11200008","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","intufi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1834","1836","Rept. Exped. Exploring Central Africa","1834","","42","","","Bushveld Elephant Shrew","South Africa, North West Province, Marico District, flats beyond Kurrichaine.","SW Angola; Namibia; Botswana; N South Africa.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","alexandri (Ogilby, 1838); campbelli Roberts, 1938; canescens Lundholm, 1955; kalaharicus Roberts, 1932; mchughi Roberts, 1946; mossamedensis Hill and Carter, 1937; namibensis Roberts, 1938; omahekensis Lehmann, 1955; schinzi (Noack, 1889).","Corbet (1974:5) and Meester et al. (1986:313) declined to recognize subspecies although Corbet and Hanks (1968:90) considered that two might be recognized with alexandri applicable to all but the eastern nominate population.","12","12-00008","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0008" "11200009","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","myurus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Schwann","1906","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1906","","586","","","Eastern Rock Elephant Shrew","South Africa, Limpopo Province, Woodbush.","Zimbabwe; E Botswana; N, C and E South Africa; Lesotho; W Mozambique.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","centralis Roberts, 1946; fitzsimonsi Lundholm, 1955; jamesoni Chubb, 1909; mapogonensis Roberts, 1917.","Corbet (1974:6) and Meester et al. (1986:314) did not recognize any subspecies.","12","12-00009","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0009" "11200010","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","revoili","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Huet","1881","","Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris, ser. 7","5","","96","","","Somali Elephant Shrew","Somalia, Medjourtine.","N Somalia.","IUCN – Endangered.","","","12","12-00010","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0010" "11200011","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rozeti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Duvernoy","1833","","Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Strasbourg","1","2, art. M","18","","","North African Elephant Shrew","Algeria, near Oran.","Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; W Libya.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","atlantis Thomas, 1913; moratus Thomas, 1913; deserti (Thomas, 1901); clivorum Thomas, 1913.","Corbet and Hanks (1968:81) and Corbet (1974:6) recognized two subspecies but Kawalski and Rzebik-Kawalska (1991:299) did not recognize any subspecies based on Algerian material.","12","12-00011","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0011" "11200012","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rozeti","rozeti","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Duvernoy","1833","","Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Strasbourg","1","2, art. M","18","","","","Algeria, near Oran.","","","","","12","12-00012","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0011-0012" "11200013","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rozeti","deserti","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00013","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0011-0013" "11200014","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1878","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin","1878","","198","","","Rufous Elephant Shrew","Kenya, Taita, Ndi.","S and E Ethiopia; Kenya; E Uganda; S Sudan; N, C and W Tanzania; N and S Somalia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","mariakanae Heller, 1912; boranus (Thomas, 1901); dundasi Dollman, 1910; delicatus Dollman, 1911; hoogstraali Setzer, 1956; phaeus Heller, 1910; rendilis Lönnberg, 1912; peasei (Thomas, 1901); pulcher (Thomas, 1894); ocularis Kershaw, 1921; renatus Kershaw, 1923; somalicus (Thomas, 1901).","Corbet (1974:5) provisionally recognized six subspecies based on considerable but discontinuous variation. See Koontz and Roeper (1983, Mammalian Species, 204).","12","12-00014","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014" "11200015","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","rufescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1878","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin","1878","","198","","","","Kenya, Taita, Ndi.","","","","","12","12-00015","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0015" "11200016","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","boranus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00016","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0016" "11200017","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","dundasi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Dollman","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00017","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0017" "11200018","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","peasei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00018","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0018" "11200019","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","pulcher","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00019","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0019" "11200020","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rufescens","somalicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00020","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0014-0020" "11200021","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Elephantulus","","rupestris","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1831","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1831","","11","","","Western Rock Elephant Shrew","South Africa or Namibia, mountains near mouth of Orange River.","W Namibia; SW and SC South Africa.","IUCN – Least Concern.","barlowi Roberts, 1938; gordoniensis Roberts, 1946; kobosensis Roberts, 1938; montanus Lundholm, 1955; okombahensis Roberts, 1946; tarri Roberts, 1938; typus (Lesson, 1830); vandami Roberts, 1924.","No subspecies are recognized.","12","12-00021","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0021" "11200022","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Macroscelides","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","A. Smith","1829","","Zool. J. Lond.","4","","435","","Macroscelides typus A. Smith, 1829 (= Sorex proboscideus Shaw, 1800).","","","","","Eumerus I. Geoffroy, 1829; Macroscelis Fisher, 1830; Rhinomys Lichtenstein, 1831.","","12","12-00022","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0022" "11200023","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Macroscelides","","proboscideus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1800","","Gen. Zool. Syst. Nat. Hist.","1","2, Mammalia","536","","","Short-eared Elephant Shrew","South Africa, Western Cape Province, Oudtshoorn Div., Roodeval.","W, NW and SC South Africa; S Namibia.","IUCN – Least Concern.","ausensis Roberts, 1938; brandvleiensis Roberts, 1938; calviniensis Roberts, 1938; chiversi Roberts, 1933; harei Roberts, 1938; hewitti Roberts, 1929; isabellinus Shortridge and Carter, 1938; jaculus (Lichtenstein, 1831); langi Roberts, 1933; melanotis Ogilby, 1838; typicus A. Smith, 1839; typus A. Smith, 1829; flavicaudatus Lundholm, 1955.","Meester et al. (1986:310) listed two subspecies.","12","12-00023","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0022-0000-0023" "11200024","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Macroscelides","","proboscideus","proboscideus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Shaw","1800","","Gen. Zool. Syst. Nat. Hist.","1","2, Mammalia","536","","","","South Africa, Western Cape Province, Oudtshoorn Div., Roodeval.","","","","","12","12-00024","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0022-0000-0023-0024" "11200025","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Macroscelides","","proboscideus","flavicaudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lundholm","1955","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00025","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0022-0000-0023-0025" "11200026","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Peters","1846","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","11","","258","","Petrodromus tetradactylus Peters, 1846.","","","","","Cercoctenus Hollister, 1916; Mesoctenus Thomas, 1918.","","12","12-00026","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026" "11200027","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1846","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","11","","258","","","Four-toed Elephant Shrew","Mozambique, Tette.","Mozambique; Tanzania (including Mafia and Zanzibar); SE Kenya; S Uganda; Zambia; Malawi; SE Zimbabwe; Dem. Rep. Congo; E Republic of Congo; NE Angola; E South Africa.","IUCN – Not Evaluated as P. t. sangi; otherwise IUCN – Not listed.","matschiei Neumann 1900; occidentalis Roberts, 1913; robustus Thomas, 1918; venustus Thomas, 1903; beirae Roberts, 1913; rovumae Thomas, 1897; mossambicus Thomas, 1918; nigriseta Neumann, 1900; schwanni Thomas and Wroughton, 1907; sultani Thomas, 1897; sangi Heller, 1912; swynnertoni Thomas, 1918; tordayi Thomas, 1910; tumbanus Kershaw, 1923; warreni Thomas, 1918; zanzibaricus Corbet and Neal, 1965.","Corbet (1974:2) and Meester et al. (1986:309) recognized nine subspecies. Corbet (1974:3) suggested that matschiei and robustus might be distinct subspecies. It is possible that schwanni and tordayi are separate species.","12","12-00027","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027" "11200028","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","tetradactylus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1846","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","11","","258","","","","Mozambique, Tette.","","","","","12","12-00028","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0028" "11200029","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","beirae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Roberts","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00029","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0029" "11200030","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","rovumae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00030","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0030" "11200031","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","schwanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Wroughton","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00031","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0031" "11200032","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","sultani","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1897","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00032","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0032" "11200033","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","swynnertoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1918","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00033","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0033" "11200034","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","tordayi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00034","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0034" "11200035","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","warreni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1918","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00035","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0035" "11200036","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Petrodromus","","tetradactylus","zanzibaricus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Corbet and Neal","1965","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00036","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0026-0000-0027-0036" "11200037","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Peters","1847","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","12","","36","","Rhynchocyon cirnei Peters, 1847.","","","","","Rhinonax Thomas, 1918.","A key to the species was presented in Rathbun (1979).","12","12-00037","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037" "11200038","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","chrysopygus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1881","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1881","","164","","","Golden-rumped Elephant Shrew","Kenya, Mombasa.","E Kenya.","IUCN – Endangered.","","Kingdon (1974a:41) considered chrysopygus as a subspecies of cirnei. See Rathbun (1979, Mammalian Species, 117).","12","12-00038","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0038" "11200039","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1847","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","12","","37","","","Checkered Elephant Shrew","Mozambique, Bororo Dist., Quelimane.","N Mozambique; Malawi, S and SW Tanzania, NE Zambia, N and E Dem. Rep. Congo, Uganda.","IUCN – Not Evaluated as R. c. cirnei and R. c. hendersoni; otherwise Vulnerable.","hendersoni Thomas, 1902; macrurus Günther, 1881; melanurus Neumann, 1900; reichardi Reichenow, 1886; swynnertoni Kershaw, 1923; shirensis Corbet and Hanks, 1968; stuhlmanni Matschie, 1893; claudi Thomas and Wroughton, 1907; nudicaudata Lydekker, 1906.","Six isolated forest-inhabiting subspecies are recognized by Corbet and Hanks (1968:57) and Corbet (1974:2). Includes stuhlmanni, which could be a distinct species according to Corbet and Hanks (1968:63).","12","12-00039","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039" "11200040","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","cirnei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1847","","Bericht Verhandl. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","12","","37","","","","Mozambique, Bororo Dist., Quelimane.","","","","","12","12-00040","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0040" "11200041","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","hendersoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00041","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0041" "11200042","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","macrurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1881","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00042","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0042" "11200043","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","reichardi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Reichenow","1886","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00043","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0043" "11200044","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","shirensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Corbet and Hanks","1968","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00044","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0044" "11200045","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","cirnei","stuhlmanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1893","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00045","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0039-0045" "11200046","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","petersi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Bocage","1880","","J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa, ser. 1","7","","159","","","Black and Rufous Elephant Shrew","Tanzania, mainland opposite Zanzibar.","E Tanzania (including Mafia and Zanzibar); SE Kenya.","IUCN – Endangered.","fischeri Neumann, 1900; usambarae Neumann, 1900; adersi Dollman, 1912.","Two subspecies are listed by Corbet and Hanks (1968:64) and Corbet (1974:2). Kingdon (1974a:41) considered petersi a subspecies of cirnei.","12","12-00046","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0046" "11200047","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","petersi","petersi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bocage","1880","","J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. Lisboa, ser. 1","7","","159","","","","Tanzania, mainland opposite Zanzibar.","","","","","12","12-00047","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0046-0047" "11200048","MACROSCELIDEA","","","","Macroscelididae","","","Rhynchocyon","","petersi","adersi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Dollman","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","12","12-00048","12-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0037-0000-0046-0048" "11300001","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","yes","Huxley","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00001","13-0001" "11300002","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","305","","","","","","","","","13","13-00002","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11300003","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","G. Cuvier","1798","","Tabl. Elem. Hist. Nat. Anim.","1798","","144","","Myrmecophaga capensis Gmelin, 1788 (= Myrmecophaga afra Pallas, 1766).","","","","","","Sherborn (1902:701) and Allen (1939:270) gave Orycteropus ""Geoffroy, Decad. Phil. et Litt. XXVIII. 1795"", but it is untraceable. Meester et al. (1986:182) reviewed and assigned the correct generic name.","13","13-00003","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11300004","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","64","","","Aardvark","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","Savannah zones of West Africa to E Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea; Kenya; Somalia; N and W Uganda to Tanzania; Rwanda; N, E, and C Dem. Rep. Congo; W Angola; Namibia; Botswana; Zimbabwe; Zambia; Mozambique; South Africa.","IUCN – Least Concern.","albicaudus Rothschild, 1907; capensis (Gmelin, 1788); adametzi Grote, 1921; aethiopicus Sundevall, 1843; angolensis Zukowsky and Haltenorth, 1957; erikssoni Lönnberg, 1906; faradjius Hatt, 1932; haussanus Matschie, 1900; kordofanicus Rothschild, 1927; lademanni Grote, 1911; leptodon Hirst, 1906; matschiei Grote, 1921; observandus Grote, 1921; ruvanensis Grote, 1921; senegalensis Lesson, 1840; senegalensis, Schinz, 1845; somalicus Lydekker, 1908; wardi Lydekker, 1908; wertheri Matschie, 1898.","Reviewed by Melton (1976), Pocock (1924), and Shoshani et al. (1988, Mammalian Species, 300). Seventeen poorly defined subspecies are recognized (Meester, 1972b; Meester et al., 1986).","13","13-00004","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "11300005","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","afer","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","64","","","","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","","","","","13","13-00005","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0005" "11300006","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","adametzi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grote","1921","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00006","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0006" "11300007","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","aethiopicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sundevall","1843","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00007","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0007" "11300008","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","angolensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Zukowsky and Haltenorth","1957","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00008","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0008" "11300009","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","erikssoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00009","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0009" "11300010","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","faradjius","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hatt","1932","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00010","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0010" "11300011","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","haussanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00011","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0011" "11300012","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","kordofanicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rothschild","1927","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00012","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0012" "11300013","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","lademanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grote","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00013","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0013" "11300014","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","leptodon","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hirst","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00014","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0014" "11300015","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","matschiei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grote","1921","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00015","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0015" "11300016","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","observandus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grote","1921","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00016","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0016" "11300017","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","ruvanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grote","1921","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00017","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0017" "11300018","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","senegalensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00018","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0018" "11300019","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","somalicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lydekker","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00019","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0019" "11300020","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","wardi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lydekker","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00020","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0020" "11300021","TUBULIDENTATA","","","","Orycteropodidae","","","Orycteropus","","afer","wertheri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1898","","","","","","","","","","","","","","13","13-00021","13-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0021" "11400001","HYRACOIDEA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Huxley","1869","","","","","","","","","","","","Hyracea Haeckel, 1895; Hyraciformes Kinman, 1994; Laminungula Gray, 1869; Lamnungia Van der Hoeven, 1858; Lamnunguia Illiger, 1811 [nomen oblitum ]; Procaviata Imamura, 1961.","Traditionally (since Huxley, 1869) the category or rank of ""Order"" has been used for Hyracoidea. In 1997, McKenna and Bell, following cladistic classification, proposed a new category – ""Suborder"" for Hyracoidea, in the ""Order"" Uranotheria McKenna and Bell (1997). For stability I retain the ordinal category, recognizing the cladistic message implied by the McKenna and Bell arrangement.","14","14-00001","14-0001" "11400002","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1892","","51","","","","","","","Hyracida Haeckel, 1866; Hyracidae Gray, 1821; Procaviinae Whitworth, 1954; Procavioidea Kalandadze and Rautian, 1992.","Hyracidae Gray, 1821, is a group name based on Hyrax Hermann, 1783. Revised by Hahn (1934:207). Roche (1972) retained only Procavia and Dendrohyrax but Hoeck (1978) and Meester et al. (1986:178) retained Procavia, Heterohyrax, and Dendrohyrax as separate genera. A modern key to the genera was developed by Meester et al. (1986).","14","14-00002","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11400003","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1868","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","1","","48","","Hyrax arboreus A. Smith, 1827.","","","","","","A key to species was provided by Jones (1978). Schlitter (1993) followed previous workers in recognizing three species of Tree Hyraxes. The validity of D. validus as a species distinct from D. arboreus was questioned by Bothma (1971, see comments in Schlitter, 1993:373). I briefly examined skeletal and skin specimens of D. arboreus, D. dorsalis, and D. validus at the National Museum of Natural History (Washington D.C.) and at the American Museum of Natural History (New York). Until a detailed study is conducted to evaluate the validity of Dendrohyrax species, I believe that D. arboreus and D. dorsalis may be valid separate species, but D. validus is not.","14","14-00003","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11400004","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","arboreus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","A. Smith","1827","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","15","","468","","","Southern Tree Hyrax.","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., forests of Cape of Good Hope.","Western Cape Prov., Eastern Cape Prov., and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa); Mozambique; Zambia; Malawi; Dem. Rep. Congo; Tanzania to Kenya and Sudan.","IUCN – Vulnerable as D. validus and as D. arboreus South African subpopulation only, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","adersi Kershaw, 1924; adolfi-friederici (Brauer, 1913); bettoni (Thomas and Schwann, 1904); braueri Hahn, 1933; crawshayi (Thomas, 1900); helgei (Lönnberg and Gyldenstolpe, 1925); laikipia Dollman, 1911; mimus (Thomas, 1900); neumanni (Matschie, 1893); ruwenzorii (Neumann, 1902); scheelei (Matschie), 1895; scheffleri (Brauer, 1913); schubotzi (Brauer, 1913); schusteri Brauer, 1917; stuhlmanni (Matschie, 1892); terricola Mollison, 1905; validus True, 1890; vilhelmi (Lönnberg, 1916); vosseleri Brauer, 1917.","Includes validus; no subspecies are recognized until detailed study is conducted.","14","14-00004","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "11400005","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Fraser","1854","1855","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1854","","99","","","Western Tree Hyrax.","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","West and Central Africa from Senegal, Gambia to N Angola; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); C and NE Dem. Rep. Congo; N Uganda.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","emini Thomas, 1887; beniensis Brauer, 1917; brevimaculatus Brauer, 1917; congoensis Brauer, 1917; rubriventer Brauer, 1917; latrator (Thomas, 1910); marmota (Thomas, 1901); nigricans (Peters, 1879); adametzi (Brauer, 1912); tessmanni (Brauer, 1912); zenkeri Brauer, 1914; sylvestris (Temminek, 1853); aschantiensis (Brauer, 1914); stampflii (Jentink, 1886).","See Jones (1978, Mammalian Species, 113).","14","14-00005","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005" "11400006","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","dorsalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Fraser","1854","1855","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1854","","99","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","14","14-00006","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0006" "11400007","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","emini","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1887","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00007","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0007" "11400008","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","latrator","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00008","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0008" "11400009","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","marmota","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00009","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0009" "11400010","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","nigricans","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1879","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00010","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0010" "11400011","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Dendrohyrax","","dorsalis","sylvestris","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Temminek","1853","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00011","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0005-0011" "11400012","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1868","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","1","","50","","Dendrohyrax blainvillii Gray, 1868 (= Hyrax brucei Gray, 1868).","","","","","","Included as a subgenus of Dendrohyrax by Roche (1972).","14","14-00012","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012" "11400013","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1868","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","1","","44","","","Yellow-spotted Rock Hyrax.","Ethiopia (= Abyssinia).","Egypt to Somalia to southern Africa to WC Angola, with ‘pockets’ in C Sahara.","IUCN – Vulnerable as H","blainvillii (Gray, 1868); irroratus (Gray, 1869); albipes Hollister, 1922; antineae Heim de Balsac and Bégouen, 1932; bakeri (Gray, 1874); bocagei (Gray, 1869); grayi (Bocage, 1889); chapini (Hatt, 1933); dieseneri Brauer, 1917; frommi (Brauer, 1913); granti (Wroughton, 1910); hindei (Wroughton, 1910); maculata (Osgood, 1910); hoogstraali Setzer, 1956; kempi (Thomas, 1910); lademanni Brauer, 1917; manningi (Wroughton, 1910); mossambicus (Peters, 1870); muenzneri (Brauer, 1913); ruckwaensis Brauer, 1917; princeps (Thomas, 1910); arboricola Brauer, 1917; prittwitzi Brauer, 1917; pumilus (Thomas, 1910); ruddi (Wroughton, 1910); rhodesiae Roberts, 1946; rudolfi (Thomas, 1910); borana (Lönnberg, 1912); somalicus (Thomas, 1892); hararensis Brauer, 1917; webensis Brauer, 1917; ssongeae Brauer, 1917; thomasi (Neumann, 1901); victorianjansae Brauer, 1917.","See Barry and Shoshani (2000, Mammalian Species, 645).","14","14-00013","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013" "11400014","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","brucei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1868","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","1","","44","","","","Ethiopia (= Abyssinia).","","","","","14","14-00014","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0014" "11400015","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","albipes","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hollister","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00015","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0015" "11400016","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","antineae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Heim de Balsac and Bégouen","1932","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00016","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0016" "11400017","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","bakeri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1874","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00017","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0017" "11400018","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","bocagei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1869","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00018","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0018" "11400019","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","chapini","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hatt","1933","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00019","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0019" "11400020","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","dieseneri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00020","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0020" "11400021","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","frommi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00021","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0021" "11400022","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","granti","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wroughton","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00022","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0022" "11400023","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","hindei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wroughton","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00023","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0023" "11400024","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","hoogstraali","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Setzer","1956","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00024","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0024" "11400025","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","kempi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00025","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0025" "11400026","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","lademanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00026","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0026" "11400027","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","manningi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wroughton","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00027","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0027" "11400028","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","mossambicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1870","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00028","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0028" "11400029","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","muenzneri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00029","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0029" "11400030","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","princeps","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00030","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0030" "11400031","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","prittwitzi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00031","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0031" "11400032","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","pumilus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00032","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0032" "11400033","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","ruddi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wroughton","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00033","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0033" "11400034","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","rudolfi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00034","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0034" "11400035","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","somalicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00035","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0035" "11400036","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","ssongeae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00036","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0036" "11400037","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","thomasi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Neumann","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00037","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0037" "11400038","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Heterohyrax","","brucei","victorianjansae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00038","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0012-0000-0013-0038" "11400039","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Storr","1780","","Prodr. Meth. Mamm.","","","40","","Cavia capensis Pallas, 1766.","","","","","Euhyrax Gray, 1868; Hyrax Hermann, 1783; Procauia Storr, 1780.","See Bothma (1971), McKenna and Bell (1997).","14","14-00039","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039" "11400040","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","30","","","Rock Hyrax.","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","Sub-Saharan and NE Africa (a line from Senegal through S Algeria and Libya, Egypt to southern most tip of Africa), portion of the Levant (Syria, Lebanon, Turkey, Israel), and the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen); isolated mountains in Algeria and Libya.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albaniensis Roberts, 1946; chiversi Roberts, 1937; coombsi Roberts, 1924; griquae Roberts, 1946; klaverensis Roberts, 1946; letabae Roberts, 1937; marlothi Brauer 1914; natalensis Roberts, 1924; orangiae Roberts, 1937; reuningi Brauer 1914; schultzei Brauer 1914; semicircularis (Gray, 1869); vanderhorsti Roberts, 1946; waterbergensis Brauer 1914; windhuki Brauer 1914; bamendae Brauer, 1913; capillosa Brauer, 1917; erlangeri Neumann, 1901; comata Brauer, 1917; habessinicus (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1832); abyssinicus (Gray, 1868); alpini (Gray, 1868); ferrugineus (Gray, 1869); luteogaster (Gray, 1869); meneliki Neumann, 1902; jacksoni Thomas, 1900; varians Granvik, 1925; daemon Thomas, 1910; jayakari Thomas, 1892; johnstoni Thomas, 1894; kerstingi Matschie, 1899; elberti Brauer, 1917; goslingi Thomas, 1905; ituriensis Brauer, 1917; kamerunensis Brauer, 1913; lopesi Thomas and Wroughton, 1907; naumanni Brauer, 1917; oweni Thomas, 1911; mackinderi Thomas, 1900; zelotes Osgood, 1910; matschiei Neumann, 1900; pallida Thomas, 1891; minor Thomas, 1892; ruficeps (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1832); bounhioli Kollman, 1912; buchanani Thomas and Hinton, 1921; burtonii (Gray, 1868); dongolanus (Blanford, 1870); ebneri Wettstein, 1916; latastei Thomas, 1892; marrensis Thomas and Hinton, 1923; slatini Sassi, 1906; scioanus (Giglioli, 1888); butleri Wroughton, 1911; shoana Thomas 1892; sharica Thomas and Wroughton, 1907; melfica Mertens, 1929; syriacus (Schreber, 1784); ehrenbergi Brauer, 1917; schmitzi Brauer 1917; sinaiticus (Gray, 1868); welwitschii (Gray, 1868); flavimaculata Brauer, 1917; otjiwarongensis (Roberts, 1946); tsumebensis (Roberts, 1946); volkmanni Brauer, 1914.","See Allen (1939), Meester et al. (1986), Olds and Shoshani (1982, Mammalian Species, 171).","14","14-00040","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040" "11400041","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","capensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Pallas","1766","","Misc. Zool.","","","30","","","","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","","","","","14","14-00041","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0041" "11400042","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","bamendae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00042","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0042" "11400043","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","capillosa","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Brauer","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00043","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0043" "11400044","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","erlangeri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Neumann","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00044","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0044" "11400045","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","habessinicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hemprich and Ehrenberg","1832","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00045","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0045" "11400046","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","jacksoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00046","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0046" "11400047","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","jayakari","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00047","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0047" "11400048","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","johnstoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00048","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0048" "11400049","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","kerstingi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00049","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0049" "11400050","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","mackinderi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00050","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0050" "11400051","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","matschiei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Neumann","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00051","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0051" "11400052","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","pallida","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1891","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00052","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0052" "11400053","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","ruficeps","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hemprich and Ehrenberg","1832","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00053","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0053" "11400054","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","scioanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Giglioli","1888","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00054","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0054" "11400055","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","sharica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Wroughton","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00055","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0055" "11400056","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","syriacus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Schreber","1784","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00056","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0056" "11400057","HYRACOIDEA","","","","Procaviidae","","","Procavia","","capensis","welwitschii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1868","","","","","","","","","","","","","","14","14-00057","14-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0039-0000-0040-0057" "11500001","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","","","","","","","","","","","Proboscidiae Gray, 1821; Probosciformes Kinman, 1994.","Traditionally (since Illiger, 1811) the category or rank of ""Order"" has been used for Proboscidea. In 1997 McKenna, Bell et al., following cladistic classification, proposed a new category – ""Parvorder"" for PROBOSCIDEA. For ‘stability’ I retained the ordinal category, even though the category parvorder conveys a cladistic message.","15","15-00001","15-0001" "11500002","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","305","","","","","","","Elephantida Haeckel, 1866.","Revised by Maglio (1973).","15","15-00002","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11500003","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Elephas","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","33","","Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758","","","","","Elephantus É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire and Cuvier, 1795 [not Cuvier and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire].","","15","15-00003","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11500004","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Elephas","","maximus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","33","","","Asian Elephant","""Zeylonae"" [Sri Lanka].","Thirteen countries in SE Asia from India in the west to Borneo in the east.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","asiaticus Blumenbach, 1797; ceylanicus de Blainville, 1845; zeylanicus Lydekker 1907; vilaliya Deraniyagala, 1939; indicus Cuvier, 1798; asurus Deraniyagala, 1950; bengalensis de Blainville, 1845; birmanicus Deraniyagala, 1951; borneensis Deraniyagala, 1950; dakhunensis Deraniyagala, 1950; dauntela Falconer and Cautley 1847; gigas Perry, 1811; heterodactylus Hodgson, 1841 [nomen nudum]; hirsutus Lydekker 1914; isodactylus Hodgson, 1841 [nomen nudum]; mukna Falconer and Cautley, 1847; persicus Deraniyagala, 1950; ruber Deraniyagala, 1951; rubridens Deraniyagala 1950; sichiaoshanensis Wang J-k, 1978; sondaicus Deraniyagala, 1953; sumatranus Temminck, 1847.","See Shoshani and Eisenberg (1982, Mammalian Species, 182), who identified three subspecies of the Asian elephant: E. m. sumatranus from the island of Sumatra, E. m. indicus from mainland Asia, and E. m. maximus from the island of Sri Lanka. See also Deraniyagala (1955). Colin Groves (pers. comm., 2002) suggested that based on small measurements and restricted ear depigmentation, the Malay elephant (hirsutus Lydekker 1914) and the Borneo elephant (borneensis Deraniyagala, 1950) should be synonyms of sumatranus Temminck, 1847. Similarly, based on geographic grounds, the Javan elephant (sondaicus Deraniyagala, 1953) should be a synonym of sumatranus Temminck, 1847. This is not followed because the Sumatran elephant is distinguished from other Asian subspecies by its 20 instead of 19 pairs of ribs. In addition, the elephants of Borneo are believed to be feral descendants introduced in the 1750’s (details in Shoshani and Eisenberg, 198... [truncated]","15","15-00004","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "11500005","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Elephas","","maximus","maximus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","33","","","","""Zeylonae"" [Sri Lanka].","","","","","15","15-00005","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0005" "11500006","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Elephas","","maximus","indicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Cuvier","1798","","","","","","","","","","","","","","15","15-00006","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0006" "11500007","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Elephas","","maximus","sumatranus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Temminck","1847","","","","","","","","","","","","","","15","15-00007","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0007" "11500008","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Loxodonta","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Anonymous","1827","","Zoology J.","3","","140","","Elephas africanus Blumenbach, 1797.","","","","","Loxodon Falconer, 1857.","The spelling in the original publication was ""Loxodonte"" [F. Cuvier, 1825, in E. Geoffroy St.-Hilaire and F. Cuvier, Hist. Nat. Mammifčres, 3(52):2]. ""Loxodonte"" was latinized in 1827 (author unknown) to read Loxodonta, and has been accepted in his form. Following Article 11 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999), the format of ""Loxodonta Anonymous, 1827"" is accepted. See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92) and Deraniyagala (1955).","15","15-00008","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0008" "11500009","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Loxodonta","","africana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Blumenbach","1797","","Handb. Naturgesch., 5th ed.","","","125","","","African Bush Elephant","Restricted to the Orange River, South Africa by Pohle (1926; see Allen, 1939).","Sub-Saharan, except C and W coast of Africa, including 30 countries from Senegal in the west to Somalia in the east.","CITES – Appendix II for Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, Appendix I for other African countries; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered.","angolensis Frade, 1928; berbericus Seurat, 1930 [nomen nudum]; capensis (G. Cuvier, 1798); cavendishi (Lydekker, 1907); cornaliae (Aradas, 1870); hannibali Deraniyagala, 1953 [nomen nudum]; knochenhaueri (Matschie, 1900); mocambicus (Frade, 1924); orleansi (Lydekker, 1907); oxyotis Matschie, 1900; peeli (Lydekker, 1907); pharaohensis Deraniyagala, 1948; rothschildi (Lydekker, 1907); selousi (Lydekker, 1907); toxotis (Lydekker, 1907); typicus Blumenbach, 1797; zukowskyi Strand, 1924.","See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92) and Deraniyagala (1955). The name cornaliae (Aradas, 1870) is based on a Loxodonta molar from Catania, Sicily, and inferentially was a Carthaginian import (C. Groves, pers comm., 2002). The North African names (berbericus, hannibali, pharaohensis) were placed in this synonymy instead of under L. cyclotis per suggestion of Colin Groves (pers. comm., 2002).","15","15-00009","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0008-0000-0009" "11500010","PROBOSCIDEA","","","","Elephantidae","","","Loxodonta","","cyclotis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1900","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","194","","","African Forest Elephant","Yaunde, S Cameroon.","C and W coast of Africa, including 21 countries from Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east.","CITES – Appendix I (as included in L. africana); U.S. ESA – Threatened (as included in L. africana); IUCN – Endangered (as included in L. africana).","albertensis (Lydekker, 1907); cottoni (Lydekker, 1908); fransseni (Schouteden, 1914); pumilio (Noack, 1906).","See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92), where cyclotis was treated as a subspecies of L. africana. Grubb et al. (2000) presented morphological and some molecular data in support of upgrading cyclotis to a species category, separate species from africana, corroborating earlier hypothesis that Loxodonta cyclotis and L. africana are distinct species. Further, Grubb et al. (2000) supported the hypothesis that L. cyclotis is morphologically more primitive than L. africana. Roca et al. (2001) provided genetic evidence for two species in Africa. Evidence provided by Debruyne (2003), however, suggests that the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant are only subspecifically distinct – this taxonomic question has not yet been resolved.","15","15-00010","15-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0008-0000-0010" "11600001","SIRENIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","","","","","","","","","","","Halobioidea Ameghino, 1889; Herbivorae Gray, 1821; Phycoceta Haeckel, 1866; Sirenoidea van Beneden, 1855; Sireniformes Kinman, 1994; Trichechiformes Hay, 1923.","Traditionally (since Illiger, 1811) the category or rank of ""Order"" has been used for Sirenia. In 1997 McKenna and Bell, following cladistic classification, proposed a new category – ""Infraorder"" for Sirenia, in the ""Suborder"" Tethytheria McKenna, 1975, ""Order"" Uranotheria McKenna and Bell, 1997. For ‘stability’ I retained the ordinal category, even though infraorder category conveys a cladistic message. For thorough index, complete synonymy, and bibliography of Sirenia, see Domning (1996).","16","16-00001","16-0001" "11600002","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","309","","","","","","","Halicoridae Gray, 1825. See McKenna and Bell (1997).","","16","16-00002","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11600003","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Dugonginae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","309","","","","","","","","","16","16-00003","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003" "11600004","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Dugonginae","","Dugong","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lacépčde","1799","","Tab. Div. Subd. Orders Genres Mammiféres","14","","17","","Dugong indicus Lacépčde, 1799 (= Trichechus dugon Müller, 1776).","","","","","Amblychilus Fischer von Waldheim, 1814; Dugongidus Gray, 1821; Dugungus Tiedemann, 1808; Halicore Illiger, 1811; Platystomus G. Fischer, 1803.","See Husar (1978, Mammalian Species, 88), McKenna and Bell (1997). Halicora Fleming, 1822 is an incorrect subsequent spelling of Halicore Illiger.","16","16-00004","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004" "11600005","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Dugonginae","","Dugong","","dugon","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1776","","Linne's Vollstand. Natursyst. Suppl.","","","21","","","Dugong","Cape of Good Hope to the Philippines.","Tropical coastal waters of Indian and W Pacific Oceans.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered except in Palau, where it is Proposed Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","australis (Retzius, 1794); cetacea (Illiger, 1815); dugong (Gmelin, 1788); dugung (Erxleben, 1777); hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1832); indicus (Boddaert, 1785); lottum (Ehrenberg, 1832); malayana (Owen, 1875) [nomen nudum; lapsus?, see Domming, 1996]; syren (Brookes, 1828); tabernaculi (Rüppell, 1834).","Reviewed by Husar (1978, Mammalian Species, 88).","16","16-00005","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0005" "11600006","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Hydrodamalinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Palmer","1895","","Science, n.s.","2","40","450","","","","","","","","","16","16-00006","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0006" "11600007","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Hydrodamalinae","","Hydrodamalis","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Retzius","1794","","K. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. Stockholm","15","","292","","Hydrodamalis Stelleri Retzius, 1794 (= Manati gigas Zimmermann, 1780).","","","","","Haligyna Billberg, 1827 [see Doming, 1996]; Manati Zimmermann, 1780; Nepus Fischer von Waldheim, 1814; Rytina Illiger, 1811; Sirene Link, 1794; Stellera Bowdich, 1821; Stellerus Desmarest, 1822.","See Domning (1978, 1996), McKenna and Bell (1997). Rhytina Berthold, 1827 is an unjustified emendation of Rytina Illiger, and Rhytine Burmeister, 1837 is an emendation of Rhytina.","16","16-00007","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0006-0000-0007" "11600008","SIRENIA","","","","Dugongidae","Hydrodamalinae","","Hydrodamalis","","gigas","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Zimmermann","1780","","Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere","2","","426","","","Steller's Sea Cow","Bering Sea, Commander Isls, Bering Isl.","Known only from the Commander Isls, Bering Sea.","IUCN – Extinct.","balaenurus (Boddaert, 1785); borealis (Gmelin, 1788); cetacea (Illiger, 1815); stelleri Retzius, 1794.","See Forsten and Youngman (1982, Mammalian Species, 165), Domning (1978, 1996).","16","16-00008","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0006-0000-0007-0000-0008" "11600009","SIRENIA","","","","Trichechidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gill","1872","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","11","1","14","","","","","","","Manatida, Haeckel, 1866; Manatidae Gray, 1821; Manatina C. L. Bonaparte, 1837; Manatoidea Gill, 1872; Trichechoidea, Giebel, 1847; Trichecida, Haeckel, 1866.","See Domning (1996). McKenna and Bell (1997:496) listed ""Giebel, 1847"" as the author and year for Trichechidae; Susan Bell (pers. comm., 2002) confirmed that Gill, 1872 is the correct entry.","16","16-00009","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009" "11600010","SIRENIA","","","","Trichechidae","","","Trichechus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","34","","Trichechus manatus Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Halipaedisca Gistel, 1848; Manatus Brünnich, 1771; Oxystomus G. Fischer von Waldheim, 1803; Trichecus Owken, 1816.","Revised by Hatt (1934a); evolutionary history summarized by Domning (1982). See McKenna and Bell (1997); Susan Bell (pers. comm., 2002) confirmed that Brünnich, 1771 is the correct authority for Manatus.","16","16-00010","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0000-0000-0010" "11600011","SIRENIA","","","","Trichechidae","","","Trichechus","","inunguis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Natterer","1883","","In Pelzeln, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien","33","","89","","","Amazonian Manatee","Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Madeira, Borba.","Amazon basin of Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, and Peru.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Reviewed by Husar (1977, Mammalian Species, 72).","16","16-00011","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0000-0000-0010-0000-0011" "11600012","SIRENIA","","","","Trichechidae","","","Trichechus","","manatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","34","","","West Indian Manatee","""Mari Americano""; restricted by Thomas (1911a) to ""West Indies.""","Caribbean coastal areas and river systems from Virginia, USA to Espírito Santo, Brazil.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","amazonius Shaw, 1800; americanus Link, 1795; antillarum Link, 1795; clusii (Pennant, 1793); fluviatilis (Olfers, 1818); guyannensis (Bechstein, 1800); koellikeri (Kükenthal, 1887); latirostris (Harlan, 1824); minor (Daudin, 1802); oronocensis (Bechstein, 1800).","See Domning (1981, 1996); reviewed by Husar (1978, Mammalian Species, 93).","16","16-00012","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0000-0000-0010-0000-0012" "11600013","SIRENIA","","","","Trichechidae","","","Trichechus","","senegalensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Link","1795","","Beitr. Naturgesch.","1","2","209","","","African Manatee","Senegal","Coastal W Africa including river systems from Angola to Senegal.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.","australis Gmelin, 1788; nasutus (Wyman, 1848); oweni (Du Chaillu, 1861); sphaerurus (Illiger, 1815); stroggylonurus (Bechstein, 1800); vogelii (Owen, 1856).","Reviewed by Husar (1978, Mammalian Species, 89). Trichechus Manatus australis Gmelin, 1788 is a partial synonym, that was restricted to the African manatee by Shaw (1800) and Hatt (1934a); see Domning (1996).","16","16-00013","16-0001-0000-0000-0000-0009-0000-0000-0010-0000-0013" "11700001","CINGULATA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","","","","","","","","","","","","Included in Xenarthra by Gardner (1993); reviewed as part of Xenarthra by Kraft (1995).","17","17-00001","17-0001" "11700002","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","305","","","","","","","","Wetzel (1985b) divided the Dasypodidae into two subfamilies: Chlamyphorinae (monotypic) and Dasypodinae (with four tribes: Dasypodini, Euphractini, Priodontini, and Tolypeutini). McKenna and Bell (1997) divided Wetzel’s Dasypodidae into three subfamilies: Dasypodinae (monotypic), Euphractinae (with tribes Chlamyphorini and Euphractini), and Tolypeutinae (with tribes Tolypeutini and Priodontini).","17","17-00002","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11700003","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","305","","","","","","","","","17","17-00003","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003" "11700004","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","50","","Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758, by Linnaean tautonomy.","","","","","Cachicamus McMurtrie, 1831; Cataphractus Storr, 1780; Cryptophractus Fitzinger, 1856; Hyperoambon Peters, 1864; Loricatus Desmarest, 1804; Muletia Gray, 1874; Praopus Burmeister, 1854; Tatu Blumenbach, 1779; Tatusia Lesson, 1827; Zonoplites Gloger, 1841.","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985b) and Wetzel and Mondolfi (1979).","17","17-00004","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004" "11700005","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","hybridus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","Southern Long-nosed Armadillo","Paraguay, Misiones, San Ignacio (as restricted by Cabrera, 1958).","Argentina, Paraguay, and S Brazil south to Río Negro, Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","auritus (Olfers, 1818); brevicaudus Larrańaga, 1923.","Wetzel and Mondolfi (1979) included the Paraguayan paratype of mazzai Yepes, 1933; however, Vizcaíno (1995) included this specimen as a paratype of D. yepesi. Tamayo (1968) said Dasypus undecimcinctus Molina, 1782, was based on a composite of an animal known as ""mulita’ and Cabassous unicinctus. The name undecimcintus Molina is best considered a nomen oblitum.","17","17-00005","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0005" "11700006","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","kappleri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Krauss","1862","","Archiv Naturgesch.","28","1","20","","","Greater Long-nosed Armadillo","""Den Urwäldern des Marowiniflusse in Surinam;"" restricted to the neighborhood of Albina near the mouth of the Marowijne River by Husson (1978).","Colombia (east of the Andes), Venezuela (south of the Orinoco), Guyana, Surinam, and south through the Amazon Basin of Brazil, Ecuador and Perú to NE Bolivia.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","pentadactylus Peters, 1864; pastasae (Thomas, 1901); beniensis Lönnberg, 1942; peruvianus Lönnberg, 1928.","","17","17-00006","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0006" "11700007","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","kappleri","kappleri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Krauss","1862","","Archiv Naturgesch.","28","1","20","","","","""Den Urwäldern des Marowiniflusse in Surinam;"" restricted to the neighborhood of Albina near the mouth of the Marowijne River by Husson (1978).","","","","","17","17-00007","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0006-0007" "11700008","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","kappleri","pastasae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00008","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0006-0008" "11700009","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","51","","","Nine-banded Armadillo","""America Meridionali;"" restricted to Pernambuco, Brazil, by Cabrera (1958).","S USA, México, Central and South America to N Argentina, the Lesser Antilles (Grenada), and Trinidad and Tobago.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","boliviensis Gray, 1873; brevirostris (Gray, 1873); leptocephalus (Gray, 1873); longicaudatus Kerr, 1792; longicaudatus Daudin, 1799; longicaudus Wied, 1826; longicaudus Larrańaga, 1923; lundii Fitzinger, 1871; mazzai Yepes, 1933; niger (Desmarest, 1804); niger (Olfers, 1818) [preoccupied]; niger Lichtenstein, 1818 [preoccupied]; octocintus Schreber, 1774; peba Desmarest, 1822; Platycercus (Hensel, 1872); serratus G. Fischer, 1814; uroceras Lund, 1839; aequatorialis Lönnberg, 1913; fenestratus Peters, 1864; granadiana (Gray, 1873); hoplites G. M. Allen, 1911; mexianae (Hagmann, 1908); mexicanus Peters, 1864; davisi Russell, 1953; leptorhynchus Gray, 1873; texanum (Bailey, 1905).","Reviewed by McBee and Baker (1982, Mammalian Species, 162).","17","17-00009","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009" "11700010","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","novemcinctus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","51","","","","""America Meridionali;"" restricted to Pernambuco, Brazil, by Cabrera (1958).","","","","","17","17-00010","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0010" "11700011","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","aequatorialis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnberg","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00011","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0011" "11700012","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","fenestratus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1864","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00012","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0012" "11700013","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","hoplites","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","G. M. Allen","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00013","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0013" "11700014","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","mexianae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hagmann","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00014","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0014" "11700015","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","novemcinctus","mexicanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1864","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00015","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0009-0015" "11700016","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","pilosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Fitzinger","1856","","Versamml. Deutsch. Nat. Arzte, Wien, Tageblatt","32","","123","","","Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo","""Peru;"" restricted to montane Perú by Wetzel and Mondolfi (1979).","Known only from the Peruvian Andes in the departments of San Martín, La Libertad, Huánuco, and Junín.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","hirsutus (Burmeister, 1862).","","17","17-00016","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0016" "11700017","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","sabanicola","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Mondolfi","1968","","Mem. Soc. Cienc. Nat. La Salle","27","","151","","","Llanos Long-nosed Armadillo","Venezuela, Apure, ""Hato Macanillal.""","Llanos of Venezuela and Colombia.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","","","17","17-00017","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0017" "11700018","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","septemcinctus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","51","","","Seven-banded Armadillo","""Indiis;"" restricted to Pernambuco, Brazil, by Hamlett (1939).","Lower Amazon Basin of Brazil to the Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","megalolepis (Cope, 1889); propalatum (Rhoads, 1894).","","17","17-00018","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0018" "11700019","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Dasypodinae","","Dasypus","","yepesi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Vizcaíno","1995","","Mastozool. Trop.","2","","7","","","Yepes’s Mulita","Argentina, Salta, San Andrés.","Gran Chaco of Paraguay, and N Argentina.","","","Known from few specimens (Vizcaíno and Giallombardo, 2001), including the paratype of Dasypus mazzai Yepes that Wetzel and Mondolfi (1979) mistakenly said was from Puerto Guaraní, Alto Paraguay, Paraguay.","17","17-00019","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0003-0000-0004-0000-0019" "11700020","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Winge","1923","","Pattedyr-Slćgter","1","","304","","","","","","","","","17","17-00020","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020" "11700021","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Calyptophractus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Fitzinger","1871","","Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien","64","","388","","Chlamyphorus retusus Burmeister, 1863, by monotypy.","","","","","Burmeisteria Gray, 1865 [preoccupied].","Recognized by Cabrera (1958) as the genus Burmeisteria Gray, which is preoccupied. The next available name is Calyptophractus, as pointed out by Wetzel (1985b); included under Chlamyphorus by Gardner (1993).","17","17-00021","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0021" "11700022","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Calyptophractus","","retusus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Burmeister","1863","","Abhandl. Gesd. Naturf. Halle","7","","167","","","Greater Fairy Armadillo","Bolivia, Santa Cruz, ""Sta. Cruz de la Sierra.""","Gran Chaco of N Argentina, W Paraguay, and SE Bolivia.","IUCN – Vulnerable as Chlamyphorus retusus.","clorindae (Yepes, 1939).","Commonly listed under Burmeisteria retusa; listed under Chlamyphorus retusus in Wetzel’s (1985b) review and by Gardner (1993).","17","17-00022","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0021-0000-0022" "11700023","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Fitzinger","1871","","Sitzb. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wein","64","1","268","","Dasypus villosus (Desmarest, 1804) by subsequent designation (Yepes, 1928).","","","","","Dasyphractus Fitzinger, 1871.","Formerly included in Euphractus (see Wetzel, 1985b).","17","17-00023","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023" "11700024","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","nationi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","13","","70","","","Andean Hairy Armadillo","Bolivia, Oruro, ""Orujo.""","Bolivian departments of La Paz, Oruro, and Potosí.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Distribution and status uncertain, may be a subspecies of vellerosus (see Wetzel, 1985b).","17","17-00024","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023-0000-0024" "11700025","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","vellerosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","376","","","Screaming Hairy Armadillo","Bolivia, Santa Cruz, ""Santa Cruz de la Sierra.""","Chaco Boreal of Bolivia and Paraguay south to C Argentina and west to the Puna de Tarapacá of Chile.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","boliviensis (Grandidier and Neveu-Lemaire, 1908); brevirostris (Fitzinger, 1871); pannosus (Thomas, 1902); desertorum (Krumbiegel, 1940).","","17","17-00025","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023-0000-0025" "11700026","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","vellerosus","vellerosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","376","","","","Bolivia, Santa Cruz, ""Santa Cruz de la Sierra.""","","","","","17","17-00026","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023-0000-0025-0026" "11700027","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","vellerosus","pannosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00027","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023-0000-0025-0027" "11700028","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chaetophractus","","villosus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","Big Hairy Armadillo","Argentina, Buenos Aires, ""Les Pampas"" south of Río de la Plata between 35° and 36° south (Azara, 1801:164).","Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina south to Santa Cruz, Argentina, and Magallanes, Chile.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","octocinctus (Molina, 1782) [preoccupied]; pilosus (Larrańaga, 1923) [preoccupied].","","17","17-00028","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0023-0000-0028" "11700029","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chlamyphorus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Harlan","1825","","Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist.","1","","235","","Chlamyphorus truncatus Harlan, 1825, by monotypy.","","","","","Chlamydophorus Wagler, 1830, is an unjustified emendation of Chlamyphorus Harlan; the names Chlamiphorus Contreras, 1973, Chlamydephorus Lenz, 1831, and Chlamydiphorus Bonaparte, 1831, are incorrect subsequent spellings of Chlamyphorus Harlan.","","17","17-00029","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0029" "11700030","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Chlamyphorus","","truncatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Harlan","1825","","Ann. Lyc. Nat. Hist.","1","","235","","","Pink Fairy Armadillo","""Mendoza . . . interior of Chili, on the east of the Cordilleras, in lat. 33°25' and long. 69°47', in the province of Cuyo;"" restricted to Río Tunuyán, 33°25'S, 69°45'W, Mendoza, Argentina, by Cabrera (1958).","Argentina.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","minor (Lahille, 1895); ornatus (Lahille, 1895); patquiensis Yepes, 1931; typicus (Lahille, 1895).","","17","17-00030","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0029-0000-0030" "11700031","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Wagler","1830","","Naturliches Syst. Amphibien","","","36","","Dasypus sexcinctus Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (Palmer, 1904).","","","","","Encoubertus McMurtrie, 1831; Pseudotroctes Gloger, 1841; Scleropleura Milne-Edwards, 1871.","Moeller (1968) included Chaetophractus and Zaedyus in this genus, contra Wetzel (1985b) whose usage is followed here.","17","17-00031","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031" "11700032","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","51","","","Six-banded Armadillo","""America meridionale;"" restricted to Pará, Brazil, by Thomas (1907b).","S Surinam and adjacent Brazil as a northern isolated segment; E Brazil to Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, and N Argentina as the main population.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","mustelinus Fitzinger, 1871; boliviae (Thomas, 1907); flavimanus (Desmarest, 1804); encoubert (Desmarest, 1822); flavipes (G. Fischer, 1814); gilvipes (Lichtenstein, 1818); poyu (Larrańaga, 1923); setosus (Wied, 1826); bruneti (Milne-Edwards, 1871); tucumanus (Thomas, 1907).","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985b) and Redford and Wetzel (1985, Mammalian Species, 252).","17","17-00032","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032" "11700033","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","sexcinctus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","51","","","","""America meridionale;"" restricted to Pará, Brazil, by Thomas (1907b).","","","","","17","17-00033","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032-0033" "11700034","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","boliviae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00034","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032-0034" "11700035","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","flavimanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00035","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032-0035" "11700036","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","setosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wied","1826","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00036","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032-0036" "11700037","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Euphractus","","sexcinctus","tucumanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00037","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0031-0000-0032-0037" "11700038","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Zaedyus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Ameghino","1889","","Acta Acad. Nac. Cienc. Cordoba","6","","867","","Dasypus minutus Desmarest, 1822 (= Loricatus pichiy Desmarest, 1804), by original designation.","","","","","","Sometimes considered a subgenus of Euphractus; reviewed by Wetzel (1985b).","17","17-00038","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0038" "11700039","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Zaedyus","","pichiy","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","Pichi","Argentina, Buenos Aires, Bahia Blanca, as restricted by Cabrera (1958).","Mendoza, San Luis, and Buenos Aires, Argentina, south through Argentina and E Chile to the Straits of Magellan.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","australis (Larrańaga, 1923); ciliatus (G. Fischer, 1814); fimbriatus (Olfers, 1818); marginatus (Wagler, 1830); patagonicus (Desmarest, 1819); quadricinctus (Molina, 1782) [preoccupied]; caurinus Thomas, 1928; minutus (Desmarest, 1822).","","17","17-00039","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0038-0000-0039" "11700040","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Zaedyus","","pichiy","pichiy","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","","Argentina, Buenos Aires, Bahia Blanca, as restricted by Cabrera (1958).","","","","","17","17-00040","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0038-0000-0039-0040" "11700041","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Euphractinae","","Zaedyus","","pichiy","caurinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00041","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0020-0000-0038-0000-0039-0041" "11700042","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","365","","","","","","","","","17","17-00042","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042" "11700043","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","McMurtrie","1831","","Anim. Kingdom","1","","164","","Dasypus unicinctus Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy.","","","","","Arizostus Gloger, 1841; Lysiurus Ameghino, 1891; Tatoua Gray, 1865; Xenurus Wagler, 1830 [preoccupied]; Ziphila Gray, 1873.","Revised by Wetzel (1980).","17","17-00043","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043" "11700044","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","centralis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1899","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","13","","4","","","Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo","Honduras, Cortés, ""Chamelecon.""","México (Chiapas) to N Colombia and NW Venezuela.","CITES – Appendix III (Costa Rica); IUCN – Data Deficient.","","","17","17-00044","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0044" "11700045","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","chacoensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wetzel","1980","","Ann. Carnegie Mus.","49","2","335","","","Chacoan Naked-tailed Armadillo","Paraguay, Presidente Hayes, ""5-7 km W Estancia Juan de Zalazar.""","Gran Chaco of W Paraguay and NW Argentina. Known from Mato Grosso, Brazil, based on one zoological park specimen (Wetzel, 1980).","IUCN – Data Deficient.","","","17","17-00045","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0045" "11700046","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","tatouay","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","Greater Naked-tailed Armadillo","Paraguay, restricted to ""a 27° de lat. Sur"" by Cabrera (1958).","Uruguay, S Brazil, SE Paraguay, and NE Argentina.","CITES – Appendix III (Uruguay); IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","dasycercus (G. Fischer, 1814); gymnurus (Olfers, 1818); lugubris (Gray, 1873) [part, see Wetzel, 1985b]; nudicaudus (Lund, 1839).","","17","17-00046","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0046" "11700047","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","unicinctus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","50","","","Southern Naked-tailed Armadillo","""Africa;"" restricted to ""l'Amérique"" by Buffon (1763), and to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","South America east of the Andes from Colombia to Bolivia and Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","duodecimcinctus (Schreber, 1774); multicinctus (Thunberg, 1818); octodecimcinctus (Erxleben, 1777); verrucosus (Wagner, 1844); squamicaudis (Lund, 1845); hispidus (Burmeister, 1854); latirostris (Gray, 1873); loricatus (Wagner, 1855); lugubris (Gray, 1873) [part, see Wetzel, 1985b].","Tamayo (1968) said Dasypus undecimcinctus Molina, 1782, was based on a composite of an animal known as ""mulita"" and Cabassous unicinctus. It is doubtful that unicinctus occurred in NW Argentina (formerly part of Chile) and the name undecimcinctus Molina is best considered a nomen oblitum. The name undecimcinctus Illiger, 1815, is a nomen nudum.","17","17-00047","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0047" "11700048","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","unicinctus","unicinctus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","50","","","","""Africa;"" restricted to ""l'Amérique"" by Buffon (1763), and to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","","","","","17","17-00048","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0047-0048" "11700049","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Cabassous","","unicinctus","squamicaudis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lund","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","17","17-00049","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0043-0000-0047-0049" "11700050","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Priodontes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","F. Cuvier","1825","","Dentes des Mamm.","","","257","","Dasypus gigas G. Cuvier, 1817 (= Dasypus maximus Kerr, 1792), by monotypy.","","","","","Cheloniscus Wagler, 1830; Polygomphius Gloger, 1841; Priodon McMurtrie, 1831; Prionodos Gray, 1865.","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985b).","17","17-00050","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0050" "11700051","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Priodontes","","maximus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","112","","","Giant Armadillo","French Guiana, ""Cayenne.""","South America east of the Andes from N Venezuela and the Guianas south to Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","giganteus (G. Fischer, 1814); gigas (G. Cuvier, 1817); grandis (Olfers, 1818).","","17","17-00051","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0050-0000-0051" "11700052","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Tolypeutes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium.","","","111","","Dasypus tricinctus Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (Yepes, 1928).","","","","","Apara McMurtrie, 1831; Cheloniscus Gray, 1873 [preoccupied]; Sphaerocormus Fitzinger, 1871; Tolypoides Grandidier and Neveu-Lemaire, 1905.","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985b).","17","17-00052","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0052" "11700053","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Tolypeutes","","matacus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","28","","","Southern Three-banded Armadillo","No locality mentioned; restricted to Argentina, Tucumán, Tucumán, by Sanborn (1930).","E Bolivia and SW Brazil south through the Gran Chaco of Paraguay to Argentina (Buenos Aires).","IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","apar (Desmarest, 1822); bicinctus (Grandidier and Neveu-Lemaire, 1905); brachyurus (G. Fischer, 1814); conurus I. Geoffroy, 1847; muriei Garrod, 1878; octodecimcinctus (Molina, 1782) [preoccupied].","","17","17-00053","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0052-0000-0053" "11700054","CINGULATA","","","","Dasypodidae","Tolypeutinae","","Tolypeutes","","tricinctus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","56","","","Brazilian Three-banded Armadillo","""In India orientali;"" redefined as Pernambuco, Brazil, by Sanborn (1930).","Brazilian states of Bahia, Ceará, Maranhăo, Piauí, and Pernambuco; and expected in Goiás (Santos et al., 1994; Olmos, 1995; Oliveira, 1995; Marinho-Filho et al., 1997).","IUCN – Vulnerable; extremely rare (see Silva and Oren, 1993; Santos et al., 1994).","globulus (Olfers, 1818); quadricinctus (Linnaeus, 1758); quadricinctus Olfers, 1818 [preoccupied].","","17","17-00054","17-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0042-0000-0052-0000-0054" "11800001","PILOSA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Flower","1883","","","","","","","","","","","","Edentata Vicq-d'Azyr, 1792 [part].","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985a) and by Kraft (1995) as part of Xenarthra; formerly included in Xenarthra, which was elevated to magnorder rank by McKenna and Bell (1997).","18","18-00001","18-0001" "11800002","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Delsuc, Catzeflis, Stanhope, and Douzery","2001","","","","","","","","","","","","","Use of Folivora follows recommendation by Delsuc et al. (2001:1606). McKenna and Bell (1997) used Phyllophaga Owen, 1842, for this suborder.","18","18-00002","18-0001-0002" "11800003","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","304","","","","","","","","","18","18-00003","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11800004","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","34","","Bradypus tridactylus Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (Miller and Rehn, 1901).","","","","","Acheus F. Cuvier, 1825; Arctopithecus Gray, 1850 [preoccupied]; Eubradypus Lönnberg, 1942; Hemibradypus Anthony, 1906; Ignavus Blumenbach, 1779; Scaeopus Peters, 1864.","Avila-Pires (in Wetzel and Avila-Pires, 1980) considered Scaeopus a separate genus.","18","18-00004","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004" "11800005","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","pygmaeus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Anderson and Handley","2001","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","114","","17","","","Pygmy Three-toed Sloth","Panamá, Bocas del Toro, ""Isla Escudo de Veraguas, West Point.""","Known only from Isla Escudo de Veraguas.","Vulnerable.","","","18","18-00005","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0005" "11800006","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","torquatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium","","","109","","","Maned Sloth","""Brasilia;"" restricted to the Atlantic drainage of the Brazilian states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, and Rio de Janeiro, by Wetzel and Avila-Pires (1980).","Coastal forests of SE Brazil.","U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","affinis Gray, 1850; crinitus Gray, 1850; cristatus Hamilton-Smith, 1827; mareyi (Anthony, 1907); melanotis Swainson, 1835.","Some authors believe erroneously that B. torquatus Illiger, 1811, is a nomen nudum and attribute the name to Desmarest (1816a).","18","18-00006","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0006" "11800007","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","tridactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","34","","","Pale-throated Sloth","""Americć meridionalis arboribus;"" restricted to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Venezuela south of the Orinoco, and N Brazil (south to the Amazonas/Solimőes).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","ai (Lesson, 1827); blainvillii (Gray, 1850); cuculliger Wagler, 1831; cummunis Lesson, 1841; dysonii (Gray, 1869); flaccidus (Gray, 1850); guianensis Blainville, 1840; gularis Rüppell, 1842; smithii (Gray, 1869).","","18","18-00007","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0007" "11800008","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schinz","1825","","Das Thierreich","4","","510","","","Brown-throated Sloth","""Sudamerika;"" restricted to Brazil by Mertens (1925) who suggested that the type may have come from Bahia.","Honduras to Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, W Venezuela, E Perú and Bolivia, Paraguay, and N Argentina.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","dorsalis Fitzinger, 1871; boliviensis (Gray, 1871); beniensis Lönnberg, 1942; brasiliensis Blainville, 1840; ai Wagler, 1831 [preoccupied]; ustus Lesson, 1840; pallidus Wagner, 1844; ephippiger Philippi, 1870; castaneiceps (Gray, 1871); ecuadorianus Spillmann, 1927; griseus (Gray, 1871); ignavus Goldman, 1913; nefandus Spillmann, 1927; violeta Thomas, 1917; gorgon Thomas, 1926; infuscatus Wagler, 1831; brachydactylus Wagner, 1855; codajazensis Lönnberg, 1942; macrodon Thomas, 1917; subjuruanus Lönnberg, 1942; trivittatus Cornalia, 1849; marmoratus (Gray, 1850); miritibae Lönnberg, 1942; problematicus (Gray, 1850); tocantinus Lönnberg, 1942; unicolor Fitzinger, 1871.","The literature contains the following unavailable names: braziliensis Sanderson, 1949 [incorrect subsequent spelling of brasiliensis Blainville]; infumatus Tschudi, 1845 [incorrect subsequent spelling of infuscatus Wagler]; rifuscatus Cornelia, 1849 [incorrect subsequent spelling of infuscatus Wagler]; speculiger Fitzinger, 1871 [nomen nudum].","18","18-00008","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008" "11800009","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","variegatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Schinz","1825","","Das Thierreich","4","","510","","","","""Sudamerika;"" restricted to Brazil by Mertens (1925) who suggested that the type may have come from Bahia.","","","","","18","18-00009","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0009" "11800010","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","boliviensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1871","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00010","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0010" "11800011","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","brasiliensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Blainville","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00011","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0011" "11800012","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","ephippiger","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Philippi","1870","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00012","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0012" "11800013","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","gorgon","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00013","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0013" "11800014","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","infuscatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagler","1831","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00014","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0014" "11800015","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Bradypodidae","","","Bradypus","","variegatus","trivittatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Cornalia","1849","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00015","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0000-0004-0000-0008-0015" "11800016","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Ameghino","1889","","Acta Acad. Nac. Cienc. Cordoba, Buenos Aires","6","","690","","","","","","","","Includes Choloepus and approximately 12 genera of extinct sloths, some of which survived to the Holocene on Caribbean islands. Choloepus was formerly included in Bradypodidae (see Hoffstetter, 1969; Patterson and Pascual, 1968a) or Choloepidae (see Honacki et al., 1982). Placed in Megalonychidae by Webb (1985) and Wetzel (1985a).","18","18-00016","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016" "11800017","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium.","","","108","","Bradypus didactylus Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (Gray, 1827).","","","",""," ","Reviewed by Wetzel (1985a). The original spelling of Unaues Rafinesque was Unaüs, which required a substitution of ue for ü. The spellings Cholaepus, Chaelopus, and Choelopus of various authors are all incorrect subsequent spellings of Choloepus Illiger. Cholopus Agassiz, 1847, is an invalid emendation of Choloepus Illiger.","18","18-00017","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017" "11800018","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","didactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","Linnaeus’s Two-toed Sloth","""Zeylona;"" corrected to Surinam by Thomas (1911a). Not British Guiana as stated by Tate (1939).","Guianas and Venezuela (delta and south of Río Orinoco) south into Brazil (Maranhăo west along Rio Amazonas/Solimőes) and west into upper Amazon Basin of Ecuador and Perú.","IUCN – Data Deficient.","brasiliensis Fitzinger, 1871; columbianus Gray, 1871; curi (Link, 1795); florenciae J. A. Allen, 1913; guianensis Fitzinger, 1871; kouri (Daudin, 1802); napensis Lönnberg, 1922; unau (Link, 1795).","Reviewed by Wetzel and Avila-Pires (1980). Treated here as monotypic; needs revision.","18","18-00018","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0018" "11800019","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1858","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1858","","128","","","Hoffmann’s Two-toed Sloth","""Costa Rica;"" restricted to Escazú, San José, by Goodwin (1946); corrected to Heredia, Volcán Barbara, by Wetzel and Avila-Pires (1980).","Central America (Nicaragua) into South America east to W Venezuela and south to Brazil (Mato Grosso) and E Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix III (Costa Rica); IUCN – Data Deficient.","capitalis J. A. Allen, 1913; florenciae J. A. Allen, 1913; andinus J. A. Allen, 1913; augustinus J. A. Allen, 1913; juruanus Lönnberg, 1942; pallescens Lönnberg, 1928; peruvianus Menegaux, 1906.","","18","18-00019","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019" "11800020","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","hoffmanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1858","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1858","","128","","","","""Costa Rica;"" restricted to Escazú, San José, by Goodwin (1946); corrected to Heredia, Volcán Barbara, by Wetzel and Avila-Pires (1980).","","","  ","","18","18-00020","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019-0020" "11800021","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","capitalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00021","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019-0021" "11800022","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","florenciae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00022","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019-0022" "11800023","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","juruanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnberg","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00023","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019-0023" "11800024","PILOSA","FOLIVORA","","","Megalonychidae","","","Choloepus","","hoffmanni","pallescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnberg","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00024","18-0001-0002-0000-0000-0016-0000-0000-0017-0000-0019-0024" "11800025","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00025","18-0001-0025" "11800026","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Pocock","1924","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1924","","1030","","","","","","","","","18","18-00026","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026" "11800027","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","305","","Myrmecophaga didactyla Linnaeus, 1758, by monotypy.","","","","","Cyclothurus Lesson, 1842; Didactyla Liais, 1872; Didactyles F. Cuvier, 1829; Eurypterna Gloger, 1841; Myrmydon Wagler, 1830.","","18","18-00027","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027" "11800028","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","Silky Anteater","""America australi;"" restricted to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","México (Veracruz and Oaxaca) to Colombia and west of Andes to S Ecuador, east of Andes to Venezuela, Trinidad, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, and S Colombia and Venezuela, south to Bolivia (La Paz and Santa Cruz) and Brazil (Acre east to Alagoas).","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","monodactyla (Kerr, 1792); unicolor (Desmarest, 1822); catellus Thomas, 1928; codajazensis Lönnberg, 1942; dorsalis (Gray, 1865); eva Thomas, 1902; ida Thomas, 1900; juruanus Lönnberg, 1942; melini Lönnberg, 1928; mexicanus Hollister, 1914.","","18","18-00028","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028" "11800029","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","didactylus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","","""America australi;"" restricted to Surinam by Thomas (1911a).","","","","","18","18-00029","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0029" "11800030","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","catellus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00030","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0030" "11800031","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","dorsalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00031","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0031" "11800032","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","eva","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00032","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0032" "11800033","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","ida","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00033","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0033" "11800034","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","melini","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lönnberg","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00034","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0034" "11800035","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Cyclopedidae","","","Cyclopes","","didactylus","mexicanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Hollister","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00035","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0026-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028-0035" "11800036","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","343","","","","","","","","","18","18-00036","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036" "11800037","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Myrmecophaga","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent selection (Thomas, 1901a).","","","","","Falcifer Rehn, 1900.","","18","18-00037","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0037" "11800038","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Myrmecophaga","","tridactyla","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","Giant Anteater","""America meridionali;"" restricted to Brazil, Pernambuco, Pernambuco, by Thomas (1911a).","Belize and Guatemala through South America to Uruguay and the Gran Chaco of Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","jubata Linnaeus, 1758; artata Osgood, 1912; centralis Lyon, 1906.","","18","18-00038","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0037-0000-0038" "11800039","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Myrmecophaga","","tridactyla","tridactyla","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","","""America meridionali;"" restricted to Brazil, Pernambuco, Pernambuco, by Thomas (1911a).","","","","","18","18-00039","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0037-0000-0038-0039" "11800040","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Myrmecophaga","","tridactyla","artata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Osgood","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00040","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0037-0000-0038-0040" "11800041","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Myrmecophaga","","tridactyla","centralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00041","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0037-0000-0038-0041" "11800042","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","343","","Myrmecophaga tamandua G. Cuvier, 1798 (= Tamandua tetradactyla Linnaeus, 1758), by monotypy.","","","","","Dryoryx Gloger, 1841; Tamanduas F. Cuvier, 1829; Uroleptes Wagler, 1830.","Revised by Wetzel (1975).","18","18-00042","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042" "11800043","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","mexicana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Saussure","1860","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","12","","9","","","Northern Tamandua","México, ""Tabasco.""","E México (Tamaulipas), Central America, South America to NW Perú and NW Venezuela.","CITES – Appendix III (Guatemala); IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","hesperia Davis, 1955; tenuirostris J. A. Allen, 1904; instabilis J. A. Allen, 1904; opistholeuca Gray, 1873; chiriquensis J. A. Allen, 1904; sellata (Cope, 1889); tambensis Lönnberg, 1937; punensis J. A. Allen, 1916.","","18","18-00043","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0043" "11800044","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","mexicana","mexicana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Saussure","1860","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","12","","9","","","","México, ""Tabasco.""","","","","","18","18-00044","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0043-0044" "11800045","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","mexicana","instabilis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00045","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0043-0045" "11800046","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","mexicana","opistholeuca","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1873","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00046","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0043-0046" "11800047","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","mexicana","punensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00047","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0043-0047" "11800048","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","tetradactyla","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","Southern Tamandua","""America meridionali;"" restricted to Brazil, Pernambuco, Pernambuco (= Recife), by Thomas (1911a).","South America east of the Andes from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, and the Guianas, south to Uruguay and N Argentina.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","bivittata (Desmarest, 1817); brasiliensis Liais, 1872; myosura (Pallas, 1766); nigra (Geoffroy, 1803); crispa (Rüppell, 1842); longicaudata (Wagner, 1844); quichua Thomas, 1927; straminea (Cope, 1889); chapadensis J. A. Allen, 1904; kriegi Krumbiegel, 1940; not allocated to subspecies: longicaudata (Turner, 1853) [preoccupied]; nigra Beaux, 1908 [preoccupied]; opisthomelas Gray, 1873; tamandua (G. Cuvier, 1798).","The names longicaudata, nigra, opisthomelas, and tamandua, cannot be assigned to subspecies with certainty because their type localities are too general.","18","18-00048","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0048" "11800049","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","tetradactyla","tetradactyla","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","35","","","","""America meridionali;"" restricted to Brazil, Pernambuco, Pernambuco (= Recife), by Thomas (1911a).","","","","","18","18-00049","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0048-0049" "11800050","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","tetradactyla","nigra","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Geoffroy","1803","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00050","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0048-0050" "11800051","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","tetradactyla","quichua","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1927","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00051","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0048-0051" "11800052","PILOSA","VERMILINGUA","","","Myrmecophagidae","","","Tamandua","","tetradactyla","straminea","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Cope","1889","","","","","","","","","","","","","","18","18-00052","18-0001-0025-0000-0000-0036-0000-0000-0042-0000-0048-0052" "11900001","SCANDENTIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Wagner","1855","","","","","","","","","","","","Scandentiformes, Tupaii, Tupaioidea, Tupayae.","

In the past, treeshrews have commonly been considered basal members of the order Primates, or united with macroscelidids in the ""insectivoran"" clade Menotyphla. However, as a group they have no immediate living relatives and are best classified at ordinal rank (Butler, 1972, 1980; Dene et al., 1978; Luckett, 1980; McKenna and Bell, 1997). At a deeper phylogenetic level, scandentians apparently form a natural group with dermopterans and primates (Murphy et al., 2001b). Representatives of the order are confined to southern, eastern, and SE Asia both currently and in the fossil record, which extends back to the Middle Eocene in east Asia (McKenna and Bell, 1997). Most previous workers have arranged Scandentia as a monofamilial order, but recognition of two families (Tupaiidae and Ptilocercidae) more aptly conveys the anatomical disparity evident among the living treeshrews (see below).

Despite the attention paid to the higher-level phylogenetic relationships of treeshrews,... [truncated]","19","19-00001","19-0001" "11900002","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","339","","","","","","","Cladobatae, Cladobatidina, Cladobatida, Cladobatina, Glisoricina, Glisoricinae, Tupaina, Tupaiadae, Tupajidae, Tupayae, Tupayidae.","See Elliott (1971), Luckett (1980), and Emmons and Greene (2000) for references pertaining to tree shrew biology. For more detailed data on the distribution of tupaiid species on small islands on the Sunda Shelf, see Corbet (in Corbet and Hill, 1992).","19","19-00002","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "11900003","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Anathana","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus.","45","","120","","Tupaia ellioti Waterhouse, 1850.","","","","","","Anathanaand Tupaia are closely allied.","19","19-00003","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "11900004","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Anathana","","ellioti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Waterhouse","1849","1850","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1849","","107","","","Madras Treeshrew","India, Andhra Pradesh, ""hills between Cuddapah and Nellox"" (= Velikanda Range).","India south of the Ganges River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","pallida Lyon, 1913; wroughtoni Lyon, 1913.","Museum material of Anathana is very limited. Lyon (1913) named pallida and wroughtoni as full species based on minor pelage differences; Corbet (in Corbet and Hill, 1992) is probably correct in his assumption that these three ""intergrade without definable boundaries.""","19","19-00004","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "11900005","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Dendrogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1848","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1848","","23","","Hylogalea murina Schlegel and Müller, 1843.","","","","","","","19","19-00005","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005" "11900006","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Dendrogale","","melanura","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","251","","","Bornean Smooth-Tailed Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak, Mt. Dulit, 5,000 ft. (1,524 m).","Restricted to higher altitudes (above 900 m) in Malaysian N Borneo, including the mountains of NE Sarawak and Mts. Kinabalu and Trus Madi in Sabah.","CITES –Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","baluensis Lyon, 1913.","Endemic to montane Borneo.","19","19-00006","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005-0000-0006" "11900007","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Dendrogale","","melanura","melanura","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","251","","","","Borneo, Sarawak, Mt. Dulit, 5,000 ft. (1,524 m).","","","","","19","19-00007","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005-0000-0006-0007" "11900008","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Dendrogale","","melanura","baluensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00008","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005-0000-0006-0008" "11900009","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Dendrogale","","murina","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schlegel and Müller","1843","","In Temminck, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederland. Overz. Bezitt., Zool.","","","p. 167[1845], pls. 26, 27[1843]","","","Northern Smooth-Tailed Treeshrew","Given as ""Pontianak"" (Kalimantan, Borneo); with little doubt actually collected by Diard at Cochin Chine, Vietnam (C. Smeenk, in litt.).","From E Thailand (Chatraburi and Trat Provinces) through Cambodia to S Vietnam.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","frenata (Gray, 1860).","Lyon (1913) and Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951) discussed the doubtful validity of the original type locality. Archival research at the Naturalis Museum, Leiden corroborates a Vietnamese origin for the holotype of murina (see type locality above).","19","19-00009","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005-0000-0009" "11900010","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","256","","Tupaia ferruginea Raffles, 1821 (= Sorex glis Diard, 1820).","","","","","Chladobates Schinz, 1824; Cladobates F. Cuvier, 1825; Gladobates Schinz, 1824; Glipora Jentink, 1888; Glirisorex Scudder, 1882; Glisorex Desmarest, 1822; Glisosorex Giebel, 1855; Hylogale Temminck, 1827; Hylogalea Schlegel and Mueller, 1843; Lyonogale Conisbee, 1953; Palaeotupaia Chopra and Vasishat, 1979; Sorex-glis É. Geoffroy and F. Cuvier, 1822; Tana Lyon, 1913; Tapaia Gray, 1860; Tupaja Haeckel, 1866; Tupaya É. Geoffroy and F. Cuvier, 1822.","","19","19-00010","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010" "11900011","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","belangeri","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1841","","Schreber’s Die Säugethiere, Suppl.","2","","42","","","Northern Treeshrew","Burma, Pegu, Siriam (near Yangon).","S and SE Asia north of and including the Isthmus of Kra: Thailand, Burma, Bangladesh, far E India and Nepal, S China, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and associated coastal islands, including Hainan. Probably also Preparis Isl north of the Andaman Isls (Lyon, 1913:61).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","brunetta Thomas, 1923; clarissa Thomas, 1917; peguanus Lesson, 1842; tenaster Thomas, 1917; chinensis Anderson, 1879; annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 1922; assamensis Wroughton, 1921; cambodiana Kloss, 1919; cochinchinensis Robinson and Kloss, 1922; concolor Bonhote, 1907; dissimilis (Ellis, 1860); gaoligongensis Wang, 1987; gongshanensis Wang, 1987; kohtauensis Shamel, 1930; laotum Thomas, 1914; lepcha Thomas, 1922; modesta J. A. Allen, 1906; olivacea Kloss, 1919; operosa Robinson and Kloss, 1914; pingi Ho, 1936; siccata Thomas, 1914; sinus Kloss, 1916; tonquinia Thomas, 1925; ultima Robinson and Kloss, 1914; versurae Thomas, 1922; yaoshanensis Wang, 1987; yunalis Thomas, 1914.","Often included in T. glis, but belangeri differs from glis in pelage coloration, mammae formula, and craniodental aspects. Toder et al (1992) and Hirai et al. (2002) discussed chromosomal differences between belangeri and glis, and Endo et al. (2000) reported their syntopic occurrence at Hat-Yai in S Thailand (south of the Isthmus of Kra). All forms north of this contact zone are referred here to T. belangeri. A careful revision of geographic variation within T. belangeri is needed; I have divided the named forms into belangeri and chinensis groups (which might be better recognized as closely-related parapatric species), but this simplistic arrangement no doubt masks a good deal of taxonomic complexity within these two groups. For additional discussion see Lyon (1913), Agrawal (1975), Lekagul and McNeely (1977), and Wang (1987).","19","19-00011","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0011" "11900012","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","belangeri","belangeri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1841","","Schreber’s Die Säugethiere, Suppl.","2","","42","","","","Burma, Pegu, Siriam (near Yangon).","","","","","19","19-00012","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0011-0012" "11900013","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","belangeri","chinensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Anderson","1879","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00013","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0011-0013" "11900014","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","chrysogaster","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1903","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","45","","58","","","Golden-bellied Treeshrew","N Pagai Isl, Mentawai Isls.","N and S Pagai Isls, and Sipora (Mentawai Isls, Indonesia). Recorded erroneously from Nias by Lyon (1913:36, 39).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","A distinctive species readily distinguished from populations of T. glis by pelage coloration and mammae formula. Part of the distinctive endemic mammal fauna of the Mentawai Isls (see account of Leopoldamys siporanus). Does not include siberu and tephrura (from Siberut and the Batu Isls, respectively), synonyms of T. glis.","19","19-00014","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0014" "11900015","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","dorsalis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Schlegel","1857","","Handl. Beoef. Dierk.","1","","59, 447, pl. 3","","","Striped Treeshrew","W Borneo, lower Kapuas River.","Borneo: Sabah, Sarawak (Malaysia), Brunei, and Kalimantan (Indonesia) except SE, at low to moderate elevations (below 1,000 m).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Endemic to Borneo. United with T. tana in the genus Tana by Lyon (1913), but this arrangement is probably not natural (see Dene et al., 1978).","19","19-00015","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0015" "11900016","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","glis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Diard","1820","","Asiat. J. Mon. Reg.","10","","478","","","Common Treeshrew","Malaysia, Penang (= Pinang) Isl (fixed by Lyon, 1913:45).","SE Asia south of about 10° N latitude, from the vicinity of Hat-Yai, S Thailand through mainland Malaysia (and adjacent coastal isls) to Singapore; also Indonesia, including Siberut, Batu Isls, Sumatra, Java, Bangka, and the Riau, Lingga, and Anambas Isls.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","anambae Lyon, 1913; batamana Lyon, 1907; castanea Miller, 1903; chrysomalla Miller, 1900; cognata Chasen, 1940; demissa Thomas, 1904; discolor Lyon, 1906; ferruginea Raffles, 1821; hypochrysa Thomas, 1895; jacki Robinson and Kloss, 1918; lacernata Thomas and Wroughton, 1909; longicanda Lyon, 1913 [nomen nudum]; longicauda Kloss, 1911; obscura Kloss, 1911; pemangilis Lyon, 1911; penangensis Robinson and Kloss, 1911; phaeura Miller, 1902; phoeniura Thomas, 1923; press É. Geoffroy and F. Cuvier, 1822; pulonis Miller, 1903; raviana Lyon, 1911; redacta Robinson, 1916; siaca Lyon, 1908; siberu Chasen and Kloss, 1928; sordida Miller, 1900; tephrura Miller, 1903; umbratilis Chasen, 1940; wilkinsoni Robinson and Kloss, 1911.","See comments under T. belangeri. In the past many additional taxa have been included in the synonymy of T. glis (e.g. see Chasen, 1940, and Corbet, in Corbet and Hill, 1992). Even with the separation of belangeri, chrysogaster, longipes, palawanensis, moellendorffi, and their synonyms, T. glis still retains many forms of uncertain rank and validity. Pending a detailed study, no subspecies are listed, but many if not most of the named insular forms are distinctive (see Lyon, 1913).","19","19-00016","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0016" "11900017","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","gracilis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1893","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","12","","53","","","Slender Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak, Baram Dist., Apoh River at base of Mt. Batu Song.","Borneo below 1,200 m, including Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia) and Kalimantan (Indonesia) except SE; west to islands of Karimata, Belitung, and Bangka, and north to Banggi Isl.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","edarata Lyon, 1913; inflata Lyon, 1906.","","19","19-00017","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0017" "11900018","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","gracilis","gracilis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1893","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","12","","53","","","","Borneo, Sarawak, Baram Dist., Apoh River at base of Mt. Batu Song.","","","","","19","19-00018","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0017-0018" "11900019","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","gracilis","edarata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00019","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0017-0019" "11900020","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","gracilis","inflata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00020","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0017-0020" "11900021","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","javanica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Horsfield","1822","","Zool. Res. Java","pt. 3","","(pages unno.)","","","Horsfield’s Treeshrew","Java, probably near Banjuwangi (far eastern Java; see Lyon, 1913:106).","Indonesia: Bali, Java, W Sumatra, and Nias.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","balina Thomas, 1913; bogoriensis Sody, 1937; occidentalis Robinson and Kloss, 1918; tjibruniensis Sody, 1937.","Chasen (1940) and Hill (1960) offered opinions on subspecific taxonomy, but more study is needed. Known from Nias by a single specimen (Lyon, 1913:106).","19","19-00021","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0021" "11900022","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","longipes","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1893","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","11","","343","","","Long-footed Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak.","Borneo, including Sabah and Sarawak (Malaysia), Kalimantan (Indonesia), and Brunei.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","salatana Lyon, 1913.","A distinctive but variable species endemic to Borneo.","19","19-00022","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0022" "11900023","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","longipes","longipes","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1893","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","11","","343","","","","Borneo, Sarawak.","","","","","19","19-00023","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0022-0023" "11900024","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","longipes","salatana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00024","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0022-0024" "11900025","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","minor","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1876","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1876","","426","","","Pygmy Treeshrew","Borneo, Sabah, mainland ""opposite the island of Labuan.""","S peninsular Thailand, Malaysia, (Malay Peninsula, Sabah, Sarawak, and Laut), and Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Lingga Isls, Banggi and Balambangan).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","caedis Chasen and Kloss, 1932; humeralis Robinson and Kloss, 1919; malaccana Anderson, 1879; sincipis Lyon, 1911.","Arrangement of subspecies follows Corbet (in Corbet and Hill, 1992).","19","19-00025","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0025" "11900026","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","minor","minor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1876","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1876","","426","","","","Borneo, Sabah, mainland ""opposite the island of Labuan.""","","","","","19","19-00026","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0025-0026" "11900027","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","minor","humeralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Robinson and Kloss","1919","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00027","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0025-0027" "11900028","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","minor","malaccana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Anderson","1879","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00028","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0025-0028" "11900029","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","minor","sincipis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00029","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0025-0029" "11900030","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","moellendorffi","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1898","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","39","","","Calamian Treeshrew","Philippines, Culion Isl.","Calamian Isls (Busuanga, Culion) and Cuyo in the Philippines.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable (as included in T. palawanensis).","busuangae Sanborn, 1952; cuyonis Miller, 1910.","The three named forms included here appear more closely-related to each another than any is to T. palawanensis (where they are usually arranged; e.g. Heaney et al., 1998) and I provisionally separate them here as a distinctive complex; see also comments by Lyon (1913). This arrangement is somewhat more consistent with species-boundaries traditionally recognized in squirrels from the Palawan region (see accounts of Sundasciurus).","19","19-00030","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0030" "11900031","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","moellendorffi","moellendorffi","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Matschie","1898","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","39","","","","Philippines, Culion Isl.","","","","","19","19-00031","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0030-0031" "11900032","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","moellendorffi","busuangae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Sanborn","1952","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00032","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0030-0032" "11900033","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","moellendorffi","cuyonis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00033","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0030-0033" "11900034","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","montana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","252","","","Mountain Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak, Mt. Dulit, 5,000 ft. (1,524 m).","Mountains of Sarawak and W Sabah (Malaysia); probably N Kalimantan (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","baluensis Lyon, 1913.","A Bornean montane endemic with two well-marked subspecies.","19","19-00034","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0034" "11900035","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","montana","montana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","252","","","","Borneo, Sarawak, Mt. Dulit, 5,000 ft. (1,524 m).","","","","","19","19-00035","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0034-0035" "11900036","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","montana","baluensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00036","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0034-0036" "11900037","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","nicobarica","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Zelebor","1869","","Reise Oesterr. Fregatte Nov. Zool.","1(Wirbelth.)","1(Säugeth.)","17, pl. 1","","","Nicobar Treeshrew","Nicobar Isls, Great Nicobar Isl.","Great and Little Nicobar Isls (India).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","surda Miller, 1902.","A distinctive species with two slightly-differentiated subspecies. Part of the small assemblage of mammal species endemic to the Nicobar Isls that also includes Pteropus faunulus, Rattus palmarum and Crocidura nicobarica.","19","19-00037","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0037" "11900038","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","nicobarica","nicobarica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Zelebor","1869","","Reise Oesterr. Fregatte Nov. Zool.","1(Wirbelth.)","1(Säugeth.)","17, pl. 1","","","","Nicobar Isls, Great Nicobar Isl.","","","","","19","19-00038","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0037-0038" "11900039","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","nicobarica","surda","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00039","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0037-0039" "11900040","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","palawanensis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","251","","","Palawan Treeshrew","Philippines, Palawan Isl.","Palawan and Balabac in the Philippines.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Included in T. glis by Corbet (in Corbet and Hill, 1992) and many earlier authors, but specific separation is supported by pelage coloration differences, craniodental features (K. H. Han et al., 2000a), karyotypic data (Arrighi et al., 1969), and immunological distances (Dene et al., 1978). T. moellendorffi is provisionally separated from palawanensis here (see account above).","19","19-00040","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0040" "11900041","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","picta","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","251","","","Painted Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak, Baram Dist., Apoh.","Borneo: N Sarawak (Malaysia), E Kalimantan (Indonesia), and Brunei.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","fuscior Medway, 1965.","Endemic to Borneo. Medway (1977:25) recognized two subspecies.","19","19-00041","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0041" "11900042","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","picta","picta","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","251","","","","Borneo, Sarawak, Baram Dist., Apoh.","","","","","19","19-00042","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0041-0042" "11900043","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","picta","fuscior","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Medway","1965","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00043","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0041-0043" "11900044","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","322, pl. 12","","","Ruddy Treeshrew","Borneo (no specific locality).","Malaysia and Indonesia, including S Borneo (splendidula) and Karimata Isl (carimatae), Bunguran (natunae) and Laut (lucida) in the N Natuna Isls, and Riabu (riabus) in the Anambas Isls.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","muelleri Kohlbrugge, 1896; ruficaudata Mivart, 1867; carimatae Miller, 1906; lucida Thomas and Hartert, 1895; natunae Lyon, 1911; typica Thomas and Hartert, 1895 [nomen nudum]; riabus Lyon, 1913.","T. s. lucida and T. s. natunae of the Natuna Isls are very distinctive forms; although traditionally included in T. splendidula they may be more closely allied to T. glis. Because of its probable affinity to Natuna treeshrews, T. riabus from Riabu (Anambas Isls) is provisionally placed here rather than with T. glis.","19","19-00044","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044" "11900045","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","splendidula","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","322, pl. 12","","","","Borneo (no specific locality).","","","","","19","19-00045","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044-0045" "11900046","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","carimatae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00046","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044-0046" "11900047","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","lucida","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Hartert","1895","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00047","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044-0047" "11900048","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","natunae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00048","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044-0048" "11900049","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","splendidula","riabus","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00049","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0044-0049" "11900050","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","257","","","Large Treeshrew","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bencoolen (= Bengkulu).","Malaysia (Sabah, Sarawak, Banggi) and Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra, Batu Isls, Lingga Isls, Bangka, Belitung, Tambelan, Serasan).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","nainggolani (Sody, 1936); banguei Chasen and Kloss, 1932; besara (Lyon, 1913); bunoae Miller, 1900; cervicalis Miller, 1903; chrysura Günther, 1876; kelabit Davies, 1958; kretami Davies, 1962; lingae (Lyon, 1913); masae (Lyon, 1913); nitida Chasen, 1933; paitana (Lyon, 1913); griswoldi (Coolidge, 1938); speciosa (Wagner, 1841); sirhassenensis Miller, 1901; tuancus (Lyon, 1913); utara (Lyon, 1913).","Arrangement of subspecies is based on accounts by Chasen (1940), Lyon (1913), and Medway (1977), and on examination of specimens at USNM.","19","19-00050","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050" "11900051","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","tana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","257","","","","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bencoolen (= Bengkulu).","","","","","19","19-00051","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0051" "11900052","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","banguei","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Chasen and Kloss","1932","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00052","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0052" "11900053","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","besara","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00053","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0053" "11900054","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","bunoae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00054","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0054" "11900055","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","cervicalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1903","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00055","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0055" "11900056","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","chrysura","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Günther","1876","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00056","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0056" "11900057","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","kelabit","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Davies","1958","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00057","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0057" "11900058","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","kretami","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Davies","1962","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00058","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0058" "11900059","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","lingae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00059","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0059" "11900060","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","masae","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00060","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0060" "11900061","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","nitida","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Chasen","1933","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00061","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0061" "11900062","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","paitana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00062","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0062" "11900063","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","speciosa","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Wagner","1841","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00063","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0063" "11900064","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","sirhassenensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00064","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0064" "11900065","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Tupaia","","tana","utara","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00065","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0010-0000-0050-0065" "11900066","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Urogale","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Mearns","1905","","Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus.","28","","435","","Urogale cylindrura Mearns, 1905 (= Tupaia everetti Thomas, 1892).","","","","","","Urogaleand Tupaia are closely allied.","19","19-00066","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0066" "11900067","SCANDENTIA","","","","Tupaiidae","","","Urogale","","everetti","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","250","","","Mindanao Treeshrew","Philippines, Mindanao Isl, Zamboanga.","Philippines: Mindanao, Siargao, and Dinagat.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","cylindrura Mearns, 1905.","Variation in U. everetti was reviewed by Angst and Mann (1971). No subspecies are recognized here, but an undescribed subspecies occurs on Dinagat.","19","19-00067","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0066-0000-0067" "11900068","SCANDENTIA","","","","Ptilocercidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Lyon","1913","","Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus.","45","","4","","","","","","","","Given full familial rank here and by Shoshani and McKenna (1998), but not by McKenna and Bell (1997). Ptilocercus exhibits many plesiomorphic and autapomorphic external, craniodental, and postcranial traits unique among treeshrews (including a terminally distichous tail); see Lyon (1913:4), Le Gros Clark (1926) and Sargis (2001, 2002a, b).","19","19-00068","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0068" "11900069","SCANDENTIA","","","","Ptilocercidae","","","Ptilocercus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1848","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1848","","23","","Ptilocercus lowii Gray, 1848.","","","","","Ptilocerus Brehm, 1864.","For discussion regarding the date of publication, see McAllan and Bruce (1989).","19","19-00069","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0068-0000-0000-0069" "11900070","SCANDENTIA","","","","Ptilocercidae","","","Ptilocercus","","lowii","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1848","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1848","","24","","","Pen-tailed Treeshrew","Borneo, Sarawak, Kuching.","S Thailand, Malaysia (Malay Peninsula, Sabah, Sarawak, Labuan), Singapore, Brunei, and Indonesia (Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Riau, Batu, Siberut, Bangka, and Serasan Isls).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","continentis Thomas, 1910.","","19","19-00070","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0068-0000-0000-0069-0000-0070" "11900071","SCANDENTIA","","","","Ptilocercidae","","","Ptilocercus","","lowii","lowii","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Gray","1848","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1848","","24","","","","Borneo, Sarawak, Kuching.","","","","","19","19-00071","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0068-0000-0000-0069-0000-0070-0071" "11900072","SCANDENTIA","","","","Ptilocercidae","","","Ptilocercus","","lowii","continentis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","19","19-00072","19-0001-0000-0000-0000-0068-0000-0000-0069-0000-0070-0072" "12000001","DERMOPTERA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Illiger","1811","","","","","","","","","","","","","","20","20-00001","20-0001" "12000002","DERMOPTERA","","","","Cynocephalidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Simpson","1945","","Bull. Am. Nat. Hist.","85","","54","","","","","","","Colugidae Miller, 1906; Galeopithecidae Gray, 1821; Galeopteridae Thomas, 1908","","20","20-00002","20-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002" "12000003","DERMOPTERA","","","","Cynocephalidae","","","Cynocephalus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Boddaert","1768","","Dierk. Meng.","2","","8","","Lemur volans Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Colugo Gray, 1870; Dermopterus Burnett, 1829; Galeolemur Lesson, 1840; Galeopithecus Pallas 1783; Galeopus Rafinesque 1815; Pleuropterus Burnett, 1829.","See Corbet and Hill (1992), Melville (1977), Stafford and Szalay (2000), and Thomas (1908a).","20","20-00003","20-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "12000004","DERMOPTERA","","","","Cynocephalidae","","","Cynocephalus","","volans","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","30","","","Philippine Flying Lemur","Philippine Isls","Philippine Isls: Dinagat, Mindanao, Basilan, Samar, Siargao, Leyte, and Bohol.","IUCN – Vulnerable.","philippinensis Waterhouse, 1838.","Corbet and Hill (1992) correctly noted that although Pampanga has been given as the type locality, this species has never been known to occur on Luzon Isl. Cabrera (1925) listed C. philippensis (Lesson, 1840) as a synonym. Unable to locate this description.","20","20-00004","20-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "12000005","DERMOPTERA","","","","Cynocephalidae","","","Galeopterus","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Thomas","1908","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","1","","252","","Galeopitiecus temminckii Waterhouse, 1838","","","","","","See Thomas (1908a), Stafford and Szalay (2000).","20","20-00005","20-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005" "12000006","DERMOPTERA","","","","Cynocephalidae","","","Galeopterus","","variegates","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Audebert","1799","","Hist Nat. Singes Makis, sig. Rr. Java","","","","","","Sunda Flying Lemur","Indonesia, Java","Indochina to Java (Indonesia), Borneo, and most associated islands.","IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Cynocephalus variegatus.","abbotti Lyon, 1911; aoris Miller, 1903; borneanus Lyon, 1911; chombolis Lyon, 1909; gracilis Miller, 1903; hantu Cabrera, 1924; lautensis Lyon, 1911; lecheyi Gyldenstolpe, 1919; natunae Miller, 1903; peninsulae Thomas, 1908; perhentianus Chasen and Kloss, 1929; pumilis Miller, 1903; rufus Desmarest, 1820; saturatus Miller, 1903; taylori Thomas, 1908; tellonis Lyon, 1908; temminckii Waterhouse, 1838; ternatensis Desmarest, 1817; terutaus Chasen and Kloss, 1929;  tuancus Miller, 1903; undatus Wagner, 1839; varius Desmarest, 1817.","Cabrera (1925) gave Geoffroy (1796) as the author of this nomen. I was unable to locate this reference. However, reading Geoffroy (1803) suggests that he only used French common names for this species in 1796. Desmarest (1820) supported this interpretation. Also, Cabrera (1925) listed G. marmoratus (Temminck, 1829) as a synonym of G. variegatus. I was unable to locate this description. Not listed in Sherborn (1927, 1931), not contained in Temminck (1824-1841). Desmarest (1820) incorrectly gave the localities of G. rufus and G. ternatensis as Pelew Isl and Ternate respectively. Here, these nomina are synonomized with G. variegatus because the descriptions in Desmarest (1820) seem closer to this species, and because his plate 22, fig. 2, illustrates an animal with the characteristically narrow rostrum of G. variegatus. Chasen and Kloss (1929a) described G. v. terutaus and G. v. perhentianus as subspecies. See Ch... [truncated]","20","20-00006","20-0001-0000-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0005-0000-0006" "12100001","PRIMATES","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","","","","","","","","","","","","Fully reviewed by Groves (2001c), whose arrangement is followed here, with the addition of some subsequently described species. McKenna and Bell (1997) placed all living Primates in a suborder Euprimates, and reduced Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini to infraorders; they regarded the Dermoptera as a second suborder of Primates. If Dermoptera are retained as a separate order, as in this volume, the need for Euprimates (in a classification of living taxa) disappears and Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini revert to suborders.","21","21-00001","21-0001" "12100002","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire","1812","","","","","","","","","","","","","McKenna and Bell (1997) divide the Strepsirrhini into superfamilies Daubentonioidea, Lemuroidea, Loroidea (including Cheirogaleidae) and Indroidea. Evidence that Cheirogaleidae is not related to lorises, and that Indridae is sister-group to Lemuridae, is given by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00002","21-0001-0002" "12100003","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","","","","","","","","","INFRAORDER","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","","","","","","","","","","","","All Malagasy lemur families, with the possible exception of Daubentoniidae, form a monophyletic clade (reviewed in Groves, 2001c). As the families within this clade themselves fall into two groups, it is convenient to recognize infraorders as well as superfamilies.","21","21-00003","21-0001-0002-0003" "12100004","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1872","1873","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1872","","849","","","","","","","","","21","21-00004","21-0001-0002-0003-0004" "12100005","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1872","1873","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1872","","849","","","","","","","","Formerly included in Lemuridae. For status of this taxon, see Rumpler (1975) and Groves (2001c), who reviewed and rejected the hypothesis that they may be more closely related to (non-Malagasy) Loriformes than to (Malagasy) Lemuriformes.","21","21-00005","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005" "12100006","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Allocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Petter-Rousseaux and Petter","1967","","Mammalia","31","","574","","Cheirogaleus trichotis Günther, 1875.","","","","","","Previously included in Cheirogaleus, but very distinct.","21","21-00006","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0006" "12100007","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Allocebus","","trichotis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Günther","1875","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1875","","78","","","Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, between Tamatave and Morondava.","E Madagascar, vicinity of Morondava Bay.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","","21","21-00007","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0006-0000-0007" "12100008","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","172","","Cheirogaleus major É. Geoffroy, 1812; fixed by Elliot (1907b:548).","","","","","Altililemur Elliot, 1913; Cebugale Lesson, 1840; Mioxocebus Lesson, 1840; Myspithecus F. Cuvier, 1842; Opolemur Gray, 1873.","Revised by Groves (2000a).","21","21-00008","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008" "12100009","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","adipicaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Grandidier","1868","","Ann. Sci. Nat., 5th ser., Zool. Paléont.","10","","378","","","Spiny Desert Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, Fort Dauphin.","W and S Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","thomasi Forsyth Major, 1894.","","21","21-00009","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0009" "12100010","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","crossleyi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1870","","Rev. Zool. pur et appliqué","22","","49","","","Crossley’s Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, forests east of Antsianak.","E Madagascar: inland regions from Vohima south to Imerima.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","melanotis Forsyth Major, 1894.","","21","21-00010","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0010" "12100011","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","major","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","172","","","Greater Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, Fort Dauphin.","E Madagascar: Antongil Bay south to nearly 23°S.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","commersonii Wolf, 1822; griseus Lesson, 1840; milii É. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1828; typicus A. Smith, 1833; typus F. Cuvier, 1842.","","21","21-00011","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0011" "12100012","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","medius","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","172","","","Lesser Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, supposedly from Fort Dauphin; fixed as Tsidsibon River by Groves (2000a).","W Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","minor É. Geoffroy, 1812; samati Grandidier, 1867.","","21","21-00012","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0012" "12100013","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","minusculus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Groves","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","960","","","Small Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, central plateau, Ambositra, ca. 20°S, 47°E.","Known only from type locality.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00013","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0013" "12100014","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","ravus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Groves","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","960","","","Large Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, Tamatave, ca. 18°S, 14°E.","E Madagascar, about 17°-18°S.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00014","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0014" "12100015","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Cheirogaleus","","sibreei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Forsyth Major","1896","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","18","","325","","","Sibree’s Dwarf Lemur","Madagascar, Ankeramadinika (""one day’s journey east of Antananarivo"").","E Madagascar: Ankeramadinika, Imerima and Pasandava.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00015","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0008-0000-0015" "12100016","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1834","","Cours Hist. Nat. Mamm.","lecon 11","1828","24","","Lemur pusillus É. Geoffroy, 1795 (= Lemur murinus J. F. Miller, 1777).","","","","","Azema Gray, 1870; Gliscebus Lesson, 1840; Murilemur Gray, 1870; Myocebus Wagner, 1841; Myscebus Lesson, 1840; Scartes Swainson, 1835","Revised by Rasoloarison et al. (2000).","21","21-00016","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016" "12100017","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","berthae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rasoloarison, Goodman and Ganzhorn","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","1001","","","Berthe’s Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Province of Toliara, Kirindy/CFPF Forest, 60 km NE of Morondava, 20°04’S, 44°39’E, about 40 m.","Madagascar: region surrounding Kirindy/CFPF Forest, perhaps south to RS d’Andranomena and north to region of Analabe.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00017","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0017" "12100018","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","griseorufus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kollman","1910","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","16","","304","","","Red-and-gray Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Province of Toliara, north of RS Beza Mahafaly, Forest of Ihazoara, 23°41’S, 44°38’E, about 130 m.","Madagascar: region around RS Beza Mahafaly, north at least to Lamboharana.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00018","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0018" "12100019","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","murinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","J. F. Miller","1777","","Cimelia Physica","","","25","","","Gray Mouse Lemur","Madagascar: Province of Toliara, S Andranomena, 20 km NNE of Morondava, 20°09’S, 44°33’E, 40 m (fixed by Rasoloarison et al., 2000).","W Madagascar, apparently from the far southwest to the Sambirano region.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","gliroides A. Grandidier, 1868; madagascarensis É. Geoffroy, 1812; minima Boddaert, 1785; minor Gray, 1842; palmarum Lesson, 1840; prehensilis Kerr, 1792; pusillus É. Geoffroy, 1795.","","21","21-00019","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0019" "12100020","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","myoxinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1852","","Reise nach Mozambique, Zool.","1","","14","","","Peters’ Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, between Tsiribihina River and Soalala Peninsula (restricted by Rasoloarison et al., 2000).","Madagascar: between Tsiribihna River and Soalala Peninsula.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","","21","21-00020","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0020" "12100021","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","ravelobensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Zimmermann, Ehresmann, Zietemann, Radespiel, Randrianambinina, and Rakotoarison","1997","","Primate Eye","63","","26","","","Ravelobe Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Province of Mahajanga, RF Ankarafantsika, Station Forestičre d’Ampijoroa, 16°35’S, 46°52’E, ca. 200 m.","Madagascar: Ankarafantsika region.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","A full description appears in Zimmermann et al. (1998), but the briefer description in Zimmermann et al. (1997) satisfies the requirements of the Code.","21","21-00021","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0021" "12100022","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","rufus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1828","1834","Cours Hist. Nat. Mamm.","lecon 11","1828","24","","","Eastern Rufous Mouse Lemur","Madagascar.","E and N Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","smithii Gray, 1842.","Separated from murinus by Petter et al. (1977:30).","21","21-00022","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0022" "12100023","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","sambiranensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rasoloarison, Goodman and Ganzhorn","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","982","","","Sambirano Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Province of Mahajanga, RS Manongarivo, Bekolosy Forest, 14°02’S, 48°16’E, ca. 360 m.","Madagascar: Manongarivo Reserve.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00023","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0023" "12100024","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Microcebus","","tavaratra","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rasoloarison, Goodman and Ganzhorn","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","977","","","Northern Rufous Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Province of Antsiranana, RS Ankarana, Campement des Anglais, 13°05’S, 49°06’E, 180 m.","Madagascar: Ankarana Reserve.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00024","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0016-0000-0024" "12100025","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Mirza","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","131","","Cheirogaleus coquereli A. Grandidier, 1867.","","","","","","Recognised as a genus separate from Microcebus by Schwartz and Tattersall (1985); not recognized by McKenna and Bell (1997).","21","21-00025","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0025" "12100026","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Mirza","","coquereli","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","85","","","Giant Mouse Lemur","Madagascar, Morondava.","W Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","21","21-00026","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0025-0000-0026" "12100027","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Phaner","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","135","","Lemur furcifer Blainville, 1839.","","","","","","Placed in a separate subfamily, Phanerinae, by Rumpler (1974) and by McKenna and Bell (1997); but the evidence that they are the sister clade to other Cheirogaleidae is incomplete. Groves and Tattersall (1991) described three new subspecies, which were raised to species rank by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00027","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0027" "12100028","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Phaner","","electromontis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Groves and Tattersall","1991","","Folia Primatol.","56","","47","","","Mt. d’Ambre Fork-crowned Lemur","Madagascar, Mt. d’Ambre, 12°40’S, 49°10’E.","N Madagascar, Amber Mountain (Ambohitra).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer electromontis.","","","21","21-00028","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0027-0000-0028" "12100029","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Phaner","","furcifer","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blainville","1839","","Osteogr. Mamm., Primates","","","35","","","Masoala Fork-crowned Lemur","Madagascar, Morondava.","Madagascar, Masoala Peninsula.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","21","21-00029","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0027-0000-0029" "12100030","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Phaner","","pallescens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Groves and Tattersall","1991","","Folia Primatol.","56","","47","","","Pale Fork-crowned Lemur","Madagascar, Tabika, 22°10’S, 44°15’E, ca. 20 km NW of Ankazoabo.","W Madagascar, discontinuously from Soalala to somewhat south of Fiherenana River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer pallescens.","","","21","21-00030","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0027-0000-0030" "12100031","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Cheirogaleoidea","Cheirogaleidae","","","Phaner","","parienti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Groves and Tattersall","1991","","Folia Primatol.","56","","47","","","Pariente’s Fork-crowned Lemur","NW Madagascar, Djangoa, 13°50’S, 48°20’E, ca. 20 km southwest of Ambanja.","NW Madagascar, Sambirano region.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. furcifer parienti.","","","21","21-00031","21-0001-0002-0003-0004-0005-0000-0000-0027-0000-0031" "12100032","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","296","","","","","","","","Includes Indridae (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00032","21-0001-0002-0003-0032" "12100033","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","296","","","","","","","","Reviewed by Petter et al. (1977) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00033","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033" "12100034","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Simons and Rumpler","1988","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","III","307","547 (15 September)","","Lemur mongoz Linnaeus, 1766.","","","","","Petterus Groves and Eaglen, 1988 (6 October).","","21","21-00034","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034" "12100035","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","albifrons","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","20","","","White-headed Lemur","Madagascar.","N Madagascar, except extreme south; Mayotte (Comoro Isls).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. fulvus albifrons.","frederici (Lesson, 1840).","Regarded as a distinct species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00035","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0035" "12100036","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","albocollaris","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rumpler","1975","","InTattersall and Sussman (eds.), Lemur Biology","","","29","","","White-collared Lemur","Madagascar, Tsimbazaza.","Madagascar: restricted to forest between Manampatrana and Mananara Rivers.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as E. fulvus albocollaris.","","Regarded as a distinct species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00036","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0036" "12100037","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","cinereiceps","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier and Milne-Edwards","1890","","Hist. Nat. Madagascar, Mamm.","5","","147, pl. 140","","","Gray-headed Lemur","Madagascar, Frafafangana.","Known only from type locality.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","Discussed by Groves (2001c), who recognized it with a query. The two known specimens (both females) are somewhat different, and both are unlike any known taxon, although females of some taxa, such as E. albocollaris, are poorly known and proper comparison is difficult.","21","21-00037","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0037" "12100038","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","collaris","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","161","","","Red-collared Lemur","Madagascar.","Madagascar: from Mananara River south to near Tolagnaro.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as E. fulvus collaris.","melanocephala (Gray, 1863); xanthomystax (Gray, 1863).","Regarded as a distinct species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00038","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0038" "12100039","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","coronatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1842","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","10","","257","","","Crowned Lemur","Madagascar.","Mt. Ambre (N Madagascar).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","chrysampyx (Scheuermans, 1846).","Separated from mongoz by Petter et al. (1977:151).","21","21-00039","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0039" "12100040","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","fulvus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","47","","","Brown Lemur","Madagascar.","W Madagascar from Akarafantsika north to the Sambirano, perhaps to the Tsaratanana; E Madagascar, some way northeast of Antananarivo; Mayotte (Comoro Isls).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","bruneus (van der Hoeven, 1844); mayottensis (Schlegel, 1866).","Does not include albifrons, albocollaris, collaris, rufus or sanfordi; Groves (2001c) treated these forms, generally classed as subspecies, as distinct species.","21","21-00040","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0040" "12100041","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","macaco","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","34","","","Black Lemur","Madagascar.","Nosi Be and NW Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as E. m. flavifrons, otherwise Vulnerable.","leucomystax (Bartlett, 1863); niger (Schreber, 1775); flavifrons (Gray, 1867); nigerrimus (Sclater, 1880).","","21","21-00041","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0041" "12100042","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","macaco","macaco","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","34","","","","Madagascar.","","","","","21","21-00042","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0041-0042" "12100043","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","macaco","flavifrons","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1867","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00043","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0041-0043" "12100044","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","mongoz","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","44","","","Mongoose Lemur","Comoros, Anjouan Isl.","NW Madagascar, between Majunga and Betsiboka; Anjouan, Moheli (Comoro Isls).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","albimanus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); anjuanensis (É. Geoffroy, 1812); brissonii (Lesson, 1840); bugi (Lesson, 1840); cuvieri (Fitzinger, 1870); dubius (F. Cuvier, 1834); johannae (Trouessart, 1904); macromongoz (Lesson, 1840); micromongoz (Lesson, 1840); nigrifrons (É. Geoffroy, 1812); noussardii (Boitard, 1842); ocularis (Lesson, 1840).","","21","21-00044","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0044" "12100045","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","rubriventer","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1850","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","31","","876","","","Red-bellied Lemur","Madagascar, Tamatave.","E Madagascar, from Tsaratanana Mtns to Ivohibé.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","flaviventer (I. Geoffroy, 1850); rufipes (Gray, 1871); rufiventer (Gray, 1870).","","21","21-00045","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0045" "12100046","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","rufus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1799","","Hist. Nat. Singes et Makis","","","12","","","Red-fronted Lemur","Madagascar.","E Madagascar, probably from Mangoro River to Manampatrana River; W Madagascar, from Betsiboka River to south of Fiherenana River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as E. fulvus rufus.","rufifrons (Bennett, 1833).","Regarded as a distinct species, not a subspecies of E. fulvus, by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00046","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0046" "12100047","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Eulemur","","sanfordi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Archbold","1932","","Am. Mus. Novit.","518","","1","","","Sanford’s Lemur","Madagascar, Mt. d’Ambre.","N Madagascar, from Ampasindava peninsula south to Mahavavy and Manambato Rivers.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as E. fulvus sanfordi.","","Regarded as a distinct species, not a subspecies of E. fulvus, by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00047","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0034-0000-0047" "12100048","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1851","","L'Inst. Paris","19","929","341","","Lemur griseus É. Geoffroy, 1812 (= Lemur griseus Link, 1795).","","","","","Hapalolemur Giebel, 1855; Myoxicebus Elliot, 1913.","Placed in Lepilemuridae (= Megaladapidae) by Tattersall (1982).","21","21-00048","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048" "12100049","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","alaotrensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rumpler","1975","","InTattersall and Sussman (eds.), Lemur Biology","","","28","","","Bandro","Madagascar, Lake Alaotra.","Reed-beds around Lake Alaotra, E Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. griseus alaotrensis.","","Groves (2001c) treated this as a full species.","21","21-00049","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0049" "12100050","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","aureus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Meier, Albignac, Peyriéras, Rumpler, and Wright","1987","","Folia Primatol.","48","","211","","","Golden Bamboo Lemur","Madagascar, 6.25 km from the village of Ronomafana, 21°16'38""S, 47°23'50""E.","Between Namorona River and Bevoahazo Village, SE Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","","21","21-00050","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0050" "12100051","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","griseus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Link","1795","","Beytr. Naturg.","1","","65","","","Gray Bamboo Lemur","Madagascar.","E Madagascar from Tsaratanana Massif south to Tolagnaro.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. g. griseus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","cinereus (Desmarest, 1820); olivaceus I. Geoffroy, 1851; schlegeli Pocock, 1917; meridionalis Warter, Randrianosolo, Dutrillaux and Rumpler, 1987.","Groves (1989:87) suggested that H. g. alaotrensis may be a full species, and both alaotrensis and occidentalis were definitively separated as species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00051","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0051" "12100052","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","griseus","griseus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Link","1795","","Beytr. Naturg.","1","","65","","","","Madagascar.","","","","","21","21-00052","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0051-0052" "12100053","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","griseus","meridionalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Warter, Randrianosolo, Dutrillaux and Rumpler","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00053","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0051-0053" "12100054","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Hapalemur","","occidentalis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rumpler","1975","","InTattersall and Sussman (eds.), Lemur Biology","","","28","","","Sambirano Bamboo Lemur","North and West of Madagascar.","Sambirano region and perhaps elsewhere in W Madagscar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as H. griseus occidentalis.","","Groves (2001c) treated this as a full species.","21","21-00054","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0048-0000-0054" "12100055","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Lemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","24","","Lemur catta Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Catta Link, 1806; Maki Muirhead, 1819; Mococo Lesson, 1878; Odorlemur Bolwig, 1961; Procebus Storr, 1780; Prosimia Boddaert, 1785.","Revised by Petter et al. (1977:128-213). Restricted to L. catta by Groves and Eaglen (1988:533) and Simons and Rumpler (1988:547).","21","21-00055","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0055" "12100056","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Lemur","","catta","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","30","","","Ring-tailed Lemur","Madagascar.","S Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","mococo (Muirhead, 1819).","","21","21-00056","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0055-0000-0056" "12100057","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Prolemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1870","1871","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1870","","828","","Hapalemur(Prolemur) simus Gray, 1871.","","","","","Prohapalemur Lamberton, 1936.","A synonym of Hapalemur according to McKenna and Bell (1997); regarded as a full genus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00057","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0057" "12100058","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Prolemur","","simus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1871","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","133","","","Greater Bamboo Lemur","Madagascar.","Madagascar: confined to Ranomafana district; in historic times occurred around Bay of Antongil.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Hapalemur simus.","gallieni (Standing, 1905).","Includes H. gallieni Standing, 1905 (see Vuillaume-Randriamanantena et al., 1985).","21","21-00058","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0057-0000-0058" "12100059","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","135","","Lemur varius É. Geoffroy (= Lemur macaco variegatus Kerr, 1792).","","","","","","Separated from Lemur by J.-J. Petter (1962).","21","21-00059","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059" "12100060","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","rubra","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","159","","","Red Ruffed Lemur","Madagascar.","Madagascar: Masoala Peninsula.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","erythromela (Lesson, 1840).","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00060","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059-0000-0060" "12100061","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","variegata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","85","","","Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur","Madagascar.","East coast of Madagascar, to 19°S latitude.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","vari (Muirhead, 1819); varius (I. Geoffroy, 1851); editorum (Osman Hill, 1953); subcincta (A. Smith, 1833).","","21","21-00061","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059-0000-0061" "12100062","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","variegata","variegata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","85","","","","Madagascar.","","","","","21","21-00062","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059-0000-0061-0062" "12100063","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","variegata","editorum","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Osman Hill","1953","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00063","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059-0000-0061-0063" "12100064","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lemuridae","","","Varecia","","variegata","subcincta","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","A. Smith","1833","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00064","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0033-0000-0000-0059-0000-0061-0064" "12100065","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","132","","","","","","","Megaladapidae Major, 1893.","Includes many extinct (subfossil) genera, as well as Lepilemur, according to Schwartz and Tattersall (1985:20) and Groves (1989:92). Called Megaladapidae by Groves (1993, 2001c), but Lepilemuridae takes precedence. Considered a subfamily (Lepilemurinae) of Lemuridae by McKenna and Bell (1997), but it is not clearly more related to Lemuridae than to Indridae.","21","21-00065","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065" "12100066","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1851","","Cat. Meth. Coll. Mamm. Ois. (Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris), Primates","","","75","","Lepilemur mustelinus I. Geoffroy, 1851.","","","","","Galeocebus Wagner, 1855; Lepidilemur Giebel, 1859; Mixocebus, Peters, 1874.","Revised by Petter et al. (1977:274-318). Six of the seven species are known to be karyotypically distinct. Rumpler (1975) and Corbet and Hill (1980:83) placed this genus in a subfamily of Lemuridae. Petter and Petter (1977:6) placed it in its own family Lepilemuridae. Yoder et al. (1999) considered that Lepilemur is probably not, in fact, a member of the Megaladapidae, which is based on a subfossil genus.","21","21-00066","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066" "12100067","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","ankaranensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rumpler and Albignac","1975","","Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.","42","","425","","","Ankarana Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, Ankarana Forest.","Montagne d’Ambre, Ankarana, Andrafiamena and Analamera regions, extreme N Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as included in L. septentrionalis.","andrafiamenensis Rumpler and Albignac, 1975.","Shown by Rumpler et al. (2001) to be a distinct species, not a subspecies of L. septentrionalis; they used the name L. andrafiamenensis for it, but Groves (1989:95), who synonymised andrafiamenensis and ankaranensis as a subspecies of L. septentrionalis, selected ankaranensis to have priority.","21","21-00067","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0067" "12100068","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","dorsalis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","135","","","Black-striped Sportive Lemur","NW Madagascar.","Nosi Bé, Nosy Komba, and Sambirano region (NW Madagascar).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","grandidieri (Forsyth Major, 1894).","","21","21-00068","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0068" "12100069","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","edwardsi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Forbes","1894","","Handbook of Primates","1","","87","","","Milne-Edwards’s Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, Betsaka Bay, Bombetoka.","E Madagascar, from 15°15’S perhaps to the Tsiribihina River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","rufescens (Lorenz, 1898).","Includes rufescens, which Petter and Petter (1977:7) considered a distinct species.","21","21-00069","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0069" "12100070","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","leucopus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Major","1894","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","13","","211","","","White-footed Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, Fort Dauphin (Bevilany).","Arid zone of S Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","globiceps (Forsyth Major, 1894).","","21","21-00070","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0070" "12100071","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","microdon","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Forsyth Major","1894","","In Forbes, Handbook of Primates","1","","88","","","Small-toothed Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, E Betsileo, Ankafana Forest.","E Madagascar, from 18°S to 24°50’S.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","21","21-00071","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0071" "12100072","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","mustelinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1851","","Cat. Meth. Coll. Mamm. Ois. (Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris), Primates","","","76","","","Weasel Lemur","Madagascar, Tamatave.","E Madagascar, from about 13°45’S to 20°S.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","caniceps (Peters, 1875).","","21","21-00072","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0072" "12100073","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","ruficaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","256","","","Red-tailed Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, Morondava.","SW Madagascar, from about 19°45’S to 23°S, and along the Onilahy River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","pallidicauda Gray, 1873.","","21","21-00073","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0073" "12100074","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Lepilemuridae","","","Lepilemur","","septentrionalis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rumpler and Albignac","1975","","Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.","42","","425","","","Northern Sportive Lemur","Madagascar, Sahafary Forest.","Sahafary Forest, extreme NE Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","sahafarensis Rumpler and Albignac, 1975.","Does not include L. andrafiamenensis (= L. ankaranensis; Rumpler et al., 2001).","21","21-00074","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0065-0000-0000-0066-0000-0074" "12100075","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Burnett","1828","","Quart. J. Lit. Sci. Arts Lond.","2","","306-307","","","","","","","","Reviewed by Groves (2001c). Properly Indridae (see Jenkins,1987:43), but Indriidae was conserved as the correct spelling by Opinion 1995 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2002a). The Indrid clade includes two recently-extinct families or subfamilies, Archaeolemuridae and Palaeopropithecidae (McKenna and Bell, 1997).","21","21-00075","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075" "12100076","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Avahi","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Jourdan","1834","","L'Institute, Paris","2","","231","","Lemur laniger Gmelin, 1788.","","","","","Habrocebus Wagner, 1839; Iropocus Gloger, 1841; Microrhynchus Jourdan, 1834 [not of Megerle, 1823 (Coleoptera)]; Semnocebus Lesson, 1840.","Lichanotus has commonly been used for this genus, but see Jenkins (1987:55). Revised in part by Thalmann and Geissmann (2000).","21","21-00076","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0076" "12100077","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Avahi","","laniger","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gmelin","1788","","Syst. Nat., 13th ed.","1","","44","","","Eastern Woolly Lemur","Madagascar.","E coast and Ankarafantsika Dist. in NW Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","avahi (van der Hoeven, 1844); lanatus (Wagner, 1840); longicaudatus (E. Geoffroy, 1796); orientalis (von Lorenz-Liburnau, 1898) .","Rumpler et al. (1990) suggested that occidentalis may be a distinct species.","21","21-00077","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0076-0000-0077" "12100078","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Avahi","","occidentalis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","von Lorenz-Liburnau","1898","","Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges.","21","","452","","","Western Woolly Lemur","Madagascar, Ambondrobe, NE of Bombetoka Bay, ca. 15°38’S, 46°24’E (according to lectotype selection by Thalmann and Geissmann, 2000).","Madagascar: Betsiboka River north as far as Mahajamba or Sofia Rivers, perhaps to Maevarano River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Rumpler et al. (1990) suggested that occidentalis may be a distinct species, and they were followed by Thalmann and Geissmann (2000), who drew attention to a population in the Bemaraha district at 18°59’S, 44°45’E, which they suggested is likely to represent a further, undescribed species.","21","21-00078","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0076-0000-0078" "12100079","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Avahi","","unicolor","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thalmann and Geissmann","2000","","Int. J. Primatol.","21","","934","","","Sambirano Woolly Lemur","Madagascar, Cacamba (=Kakamba), Ampasindava peninsula, ca. 13°35’S, 47°57’E.","Madagascar: probably restricted to Sambirano region.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered.","","","21","21-00079","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0076-0000-0079" "12100080","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Indri","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy and G. Cuvier","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","46","","Lemur indri Gmelin, 1788.","","","","","Indris G. Cuvier, 1805; Lichanotus Illiger, 1811; Pithelemur Lesson, 1840.","","21","21-00080","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0080" "12100081","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Indri","","indri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gmelin","1788","","Syst. Nat., 13th ed.","1","","42","","","Indri","Madagascar.","NE to EC Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","ater (I. Geoffroy, 1825); brevicaudatus É. Geoffroy and G. Cuvier, 1796; mitratus (Peters, 1871); niger Lacépčde, 1799; variegatus (Gray, 1872).","","21","21-00081","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0080-0000-0081" "12100082","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Indri","","indri","indri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gmelin","1788","","Syst. Nat., 13th ed.","1","","42","","","","Madagascar.","","","","","21","21-00082","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0080-0000-0081-0082" "12100083","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Indri","","indri","variegatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00083","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0080-0000-0081-0083" "12100084","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Bennett","1832","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1832","","20","","Propithecus diadema Bennett, 1832.","","","","","Macromerus A. Smith, 1833.","Revised by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00084","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084" "12100085","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","coquereli","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","314","","","Coquerel’s Sifaka","Madagascar, Morondava.","NW Madagascar, from Ambato-Boéni region to Antsohihy.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as P. verreauxi coquereli.","damonis Gray, 1870.","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00085","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0085" "12100086","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","deckenii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","84","","","Van der Decken’s Sifaka","Madagascar, Kanatsy.","NC to SW Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. verreauxi deckenii, Critically Endangered as P. v. coronatus.","coronatus Milne-Edwards, 1871; damanus Pollen in Schlegel, 1876.","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00086","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0086" "12100087","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","deckenii","deckenii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","84","","","","Madagascar, Kanatsy.","","","","","21","21-00087","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0086-0087" "12100088","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","deckenii","coronatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1871","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00088","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0086-0088" "12100089","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","diadema","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Bennett","1832","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1832","","20","","","Diademed Sifaka","Madagascar.","N and E Madagascar, south to Mangoro River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. diadema diadema and P. d. candidus.","albus Vinson, 1862; typicus A. Smith, 1833; candidus Grandidier, 1871; sericeus Milne-Edwards and A. Grandidier, 1872.","","21","21-00089","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0089" "12100090","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","diadema","diadema","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bennett","1832","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1832","","20","","","","Madagascar.","","","","","21","21-00090","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0089-0090" "12100091","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","diadema","candidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grandidier","1871","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00091","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0089-0091" "12100092","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","edwardsi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Grandidier","1871","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","72","","232","","","Milne-Edwards’s Sifaka","Madagascar, west of Mananjary.","Between Mangoro and Mananara Rivers.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered as P. diadema edwardsi.","bicolor Gray, 1872; holomelas Günther, 1875.","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00092","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0092" "12100093","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","perrieri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lavauden","1931","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","193","","77","","","Perrier’s Sifaka","Madagascar, Forest of Analamera, southeast of Diego Suarez.","E Madagascar, between Ankarana and the coast.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Critically Endangered as P. diadema perrieri.","","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00093","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0093" "12100094","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","tattersalli","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Simons","1988","","Folia Primatol.","50","","146","","","Golden-crowned Sifaka","Madagascar, 6-7 km NE of Daraina, Antseranana Prov., 13°9'S, 49°41'E.","Ampandraha, Madirabe and Daraina districts, Madagascar.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","","21","21-00094","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0094" "12100095","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LEMURIFORMES","Lemuroidea","Indridae","","","Propithecus","","verreauxi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Grandidier","1867","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris, ser. 2","19","","84","","","Verreaux’s Sifaka","Madagascar, Tsifanihy (N of Cape Ste.-Marie).","Madagascar: xerophytic bush zone south of Tsiribihina River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","majori Rothschild, 1894; verreauxoides Lamberton, 1936.","","21","21-00095","21-0001-0002-0003-0032-0075-0000-0000-0084-0000-0095" "12100096","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","CHIROMYIFORMES","","","","","","","","","INFRAORDER","False","","yes","Anthony and Coupin","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","Retained as an infraorder (i.e. of equal status to Lemuriformes and Loriformes) by Groves (1989:65, 74-78; 2001c), because it does not certainly form a clade with other Malagasy taxa.","21","21-00096","21-0001-0002-0096" "12100097","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","CHIROMYIFORMES","","Daubentoniidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","151","","","","","","","Cheiromyidae I. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1851; Chiromyidae Bonaparte, 1850.","Groves (1989:65, 74-78) proposed separating this family to its own infraorder, Chiromyiformes.","21","21-00097","21-0001-0002-0096-0000-0097" "12100098","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","CHIROMYIFORMES","","Daubentoniidae","","","Daubentonia","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1795","","Decad. Philos. Litt.","28","","195","","Sciurus madagascariensis Gmelin, 1788.","","","","","Aye-aye Lacépčde, 1799; Cheiromys G. Cuvier, 1817; Cheyromys É. Geoffroy, 1803; Chiromys Illiger, 1811; Myslemur Anon. [?de Blainville], 1846; Myspithecus de Blainville, 1839; Psilodactylus Oken, 1816 [unavailable]; Scolecophagus É. Geoffroy, 1795.","","21","21-00098","21-0001-0002-0096-0000-0097-0000-0000-0098" "12100099","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","CHIROMYIFORMES","","Daubentoniidae","","","Daubentonia","","madagascariensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gmelin","1788","","Syst. Nat., 13th ed.","1","","152","","","Aye-aye","NW Madagascar.","NE and NW Madagascar (discontinuous).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","daubentonii (Shaw, 1800); laniger (G. Grandidier, 1930); psilodactylus (Schreber, 1800).","Type locality of laniger is ""forest of the east""; this seems to be a potentially available name for an eastern subspecies, if recognized. The name D. robusta Lamberton, 1934 was given to subfossil remains; it is not known whether these represent the living aye-aye or a separate, extinct species.","21","21-00099","21-0001-0002-0096-0000-0097-0000-0000-0098-0000-0099" "12100100","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","","","","","","","","INFRAORDER","False","","yes","Gregory","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00100","21-0001-0002-0100" "12100101","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","298","","","","","","","","The original form of the name was Loridae (see Jenkins [1987:1] and McKenna and Bell [1997], but the more commonly used form Lorisidae was conserved by Opinion 1995 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2002a). Goodman et al. (1998) recognized two subfamilies, Lorinae and Perodicticinae, for the Asian and African genera respectively, and included Galagoninae as a third subfamily. McKenna and Bell (1997) included Galagoninae and Lorinae as subfamilies, with Lorini (Arctocebus and Loris) and Nycticebini (Nycticebus and Perodicticus) as tribes; but their tribes are not monophyletic (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00101","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101" "12100102","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Arctocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","150","","Perodicticus calabarensis J. A. Smith, 1860.","","","","","","","21","21-00102","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0102" "12100103","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Arctocebus","","aureus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","de Winton","1902","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","9","","48","","","Calabar Angwantibo","Equatorial Guinea, 50 mi. (80 km) up Benito River.","C Africa, south of Sanaga River, W and N of Congo/Oubangui River system.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","ruficeps Thomas, 1913.","Formerly classified as a subspecies of Arctocebus calabarensis, but considered a full species by Maier (1980:567) and Groves (1989:100-101; 2001c).","21","21-00103","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0102-0000-0103" "12100104","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Arctocebus","","calabarensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","J. A. Smith","1860","","Proc. Roy. Phys. Soc. Edinburgh","2","","177","","","Golden Angwantibo","Nigeria, Old Calabar.","C Africa, between Niger and Sanaga Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","21","21-00104","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0102-0000-0104" "12100105","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","48","","Lemur tardigradus Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Stenops Illiger, 1811; Tardigradus Boddaert, 1785.","","21","21-00105","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105" "12100106","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","lydekkerianus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Cabrera","1908","","Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., Madrid","1908","","139","","","Gray Slender Loris","India: Madras.","Dry and hill zones of Sri Lanka; S India.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as L. tardigradus grandis, L. t. nyctoceboides (sic), and L. t. nordicus, Data Deficient as L. t. lydekkerianus and L. t. malabaricus.","grandis Hill and Phillips, 1932; nordicus Hill, 1933; malabaricus Wroughton, 1917; nycticeboides Hill, 1942.","Separated as a species by Groves (2001c); but still more than one species may be concealed under this name.","21","21-00106","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0106" "12100107","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","lydekkerianus","lydekkerianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Cabrera","1908","","Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., Madrid","1908","","139","","","","India: Madras.","","","","","21","21-00107","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0106-0107" "12100108","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","lydekkerianus","grandis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hill and Phillips","1932","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00108","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0106-0108" "12100109","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","lydekkerianus","malabaricus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00109","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0106-0109" "12100110","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","lydekkerianus","nycticeboides","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hill","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00110","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0106-0110" "12100111","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Loris","","tardigradus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","29","","","Red Slender Loris","Sri Lanka.","Rainforest zone of SW Sri Lanka.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as L. t. tardigradus.","ceylonicus Fischer, 1804; gracilis É. Geoffroy, 1796; zeylanicus Lydekker, 1905.","","21","21-00111","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0105-0000-0111" "12100112","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","163","","Tardigradus coucang Boddaert, 1785.","","","","","","","21","21-00112","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112" "12100113","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","bengalensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lacépčde","1800","","Tabl. Mamm. Oiseaux","","","68","","","Bengal Slow Loris","India, Bengal.","Assam (India) to Vietnam and S Thailand (Isthmus of Kra); Yunnan, perhaps Kwangsi (China).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","cinereus Milne-Edwards, 1867; incanus Thomas, 1921; tenasserimensis Elliot, 1913.","Recognized as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00113","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0113" "12100114","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","coucang","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Boddaert","1785","","Elench. Anim.","","","67","","","Bengal Slow Loris","Malaysia, Malacca.","Sulu Arch. (S Philippines); Malay Peninsula, Tioman and offshore islands, Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, Natuna Isl.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN - Data Deficient as N. c. menagensis and N. javanicus, Lower Risk (lc) as N. c. coucang.","brachycephalus Sody, 1949; buku Robinson, 1917; hilleri Stone and Rehn, 1902; insularis Robinson, 1917; malaiana Anderson, 1881; natunae Stone and Rehn, 1902; sumatrensis Ludeking, 1867; tardigradus (Raffles, 1821); menagensis Trouessart, 1898; bancanus Lyon, 1906; borneanus Lyon, 1906; philippinus Cabrera, 1908; javanicus É. Geoffroy, 1812; ornatus Thomas, 1921.","","21","21-00114","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0114" "12100115","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","coucang","coucang","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Boddaert","1785","","Elench. Anim.","","","67","","","","Malaysia, Malacca.","","","","","21","21-00115","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0114-0115" "12100116","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","coucang","menagensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Trouessart","1898","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00116","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0114-0116" "12100117","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","coucang","javanicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00117","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0114-0117" "12100118","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Nycticebus","","pygmaeus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Bonhote","1907","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","38","2","","","Pygmy Slow Loris","Vietnam, Nhatrang.","Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam, east of Mekong River; S Yunnan (China).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.","intermedius Dao Van Tien, 1960.","Includes intermedius; see Groves (1971c) and Lekagul and McNeely (1977:270).","21","21-00118","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0112-0000-0118" "12100119","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Perodicticus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Bennett","1830","1831","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1830","","109","","Lemur potto Müller, 1766.","","","","","Potto Lesson, 1840.","","21","21-00119","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0119" "12100120","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Perodicticus","","potto","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1766","","In Linnaeus, Vollstand Natursyst. Suppl.","","","12","","","Potto","Ghana, Elmina.","Cameroon to Guinea; Republic of Congo; Gabon; Dem. Rep. Congo to W Kenya.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","bosmannii (Lesson, 1840); geoffroyi Bennett, 1831; guineensis (Desmarest, 1820); ju-ju Thomas, 1910; edwardsi Bouvier, 1879; batesi de Winton, 1902; faustus Thomas, 1910; ibeanus Thomas, 1910; arrhenii (Lönnberg, 1917); nebulosus (Lorenz, 1917).","","21","21-00120","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0119-0000-0120" "12100121","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Perodicticus","","potto","potto","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1766","","In Linnaeus, Vollstand Natursyst. Suppl.","","","12","","","","Ghana, Elmina.","","","","","21","21-00121","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0119-0000-0120-0121" "12100122","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Perodicticus","","potto","edwardsi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bouvier","1879","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00122","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0119-0000-0120-0122" "12100123","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Perodicticus","","potto","ibeanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00123","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0119-0000-0120-0123" "12100124","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Pseudopotto","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Schwartz","1996","","Anthropol. Pap. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","78","","8","","Pseudopotto martini Schwartz, 1996.","","","","","","","21","21-00124","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0124" "12100125","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Lorisidae","","","Pseudopotto","","martini","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schwartz","1996","","Anthropol. Pap. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","78","","8","","","False Potto","""Equatorial Africa"".","unknown; one specimen is said to be from Cameroon.","CITES – Appendix II.","","A controversial taxon, based on only two specimens, both of uncertain provenance. Groves (1998, 2001c) argued that the coalescence of a number of unique features sets it apart from Perodicticus; but Sarmiento (1998) considered that it falls within the range of Perodicticus. McKenna and Bell (1997) recognized the genus, but did not assign it to either of their two subfamilies (Lorinae, Galagoninae).","21","21-00125","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0101-0000-0000-0124-0000-0125" "12100126","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","338","","","","","","","","Formerly considered a subfamily of Lorisidae; see Hill and Meester (1977:2) and Jenkins (1987:85). The correct form of the name is Galagonidae (see Jenkins, 1987:1), but Galagidae was conserved by Opinion 1995 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (2002a).","21","21-00126","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126" "12100127","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Euoticus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","140","","Otogale pallida Gray, 1863.","","","","","","Recognized as a genus by Groves (1989:103; 2001c), and by McKenna and Bell (1997).","21","21-00127","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0127" "12100128","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Euoticus","","elegantulus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Le Conte","1857","","Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila.","9","","10","","","Southern Needle-clawed Bushbaby","Gabon, Ogooué River, Njola.","Gabon, Republic of Congo, Rio Muni, Cameroon south of Sanaga River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","apicalis (du Chaillu 1860); tonsor (Dollman, 1910).","","21","21-00128","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0127-0000-0128" "12100129","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Euoticus","","pallidus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","140","","","Northern Needle-clawed Bushbaby","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","Bioko (Equatorial Guinea); Korup and Cross River region, on both sides of Nigeria-Cameroon border.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as E. p. pallidus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","talboti Dollman, 1910.","Accepted as a species by Groves (1989:104; 2001c).","21","21-00129","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0127-0000-0129" "12100130","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Euoticus","","pallidus","pallidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","140","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","21","21-00130","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0127-0000-0129-0130" "12100131","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Euoticus","","pallidus","talboti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00131","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0127-0000-0129-0131" "12100132","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","49","","Galago senegalensis É. Geoffroy, 1796.","","","","","Chirosciurus Grevais, 1836; Galagoides A. Smith, 1833; Hemigalago Dahlbom, 1857; Macropus Fischer, 1811 [not of Shaw, 1790]; Otolicnus Illiger, 1811; Sciurocheirus Gray, 1872.","McKenna and Bell (1997) included Otolemur as a synonym. Groves (2001c) accepted the following species groups: (1) C. senegalensis group (senagalensis, moholi, gallarum), (2) G. matschiei group (monotypic), (3) G. alleni group (alleni, cameronensis, gabonensis), (4) G. zanzibaricus group (zanzibaricus, granti, nyasae), (5) G. orinus group (orinus, rondoensis), and (6) G. demidoff group (demidoff, thomasi). DelPero et al. (2000) suggested that the G. alleni group should be reallocated to Otolemur.","21","21-00132","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132" "12100133","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","alleni","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","87","","","Bioko Allen’s Bushbaby","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as G. a. alleni.","","G. alleni species group. Divided into three species by Groves (2001c), so does not include cameronensis, gabonensis.","21","21-00133","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0133" "12100134","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","cameronensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1876","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1876","","472","","","Cross River Bushbaby","Cameroon: Duala.","Cameroon northwest of the lower Sanaga River; SE Nigeria.","CITES – Appendix II.","","G. alleni species group. Separated from G. alleni by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00134","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0134" "12100135","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","demidoff","","SPECIES","False","","yes","G. Fischer","1806","","Mem. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscow","1","","24","","","Prince Demidoff’s Bushbaby","Senegal.","Senegal to E Dem. Rep. Congo; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","anomurus de Pousargues, 1893; demidovii Fischer, 1808; medius (Thomas, 1915); murinus Murray, 1859; peli (Temminck, 1853); phasma (Cabrera and Ruxton, 1926); poensis Thomas, 1904; pusillus (Peters, 1876).","G. demidoff species group. Bearder et al. (1995) placed this group in genus Galagoides, but Groves (2001c) and Delpero et al. (2000) considered this premature, as it is unclear how species should be assorted between Galagoides and Galago. Nash et al. (1989) recognized G. thomasi, Elliot, 1907, as a full species, partially sympatric with demidoff; followed by Groves (2001c), who considered that a number of other species would eventually be recognized in addition. For use of demidoff in place of demidovii, see Jenkins (1987:98).","21","21-00135","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0135" "12100136","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","gabonensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","146","","","Gabon Bushbaby","Gabon.","Gabon, Cameroon south of the Sanaga River, Rio Muni, Republic of Congo.","CITES – Appendix II.","batesi Elliot, 1907.","G. alleni species group. Separated from G. alleni by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00136","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0136" "12100137","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","gallarum","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1901","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","8","","27","","","Somali Bushbaby","Ethiopia, Webi Dau, Boran County.","Between Tana River (Kenya) and Webi Shebele River (Somalia), to Lake Turkana and Ethiopian rift lakes.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","G. senegalensis species group. Recognized as a species by Nash et al. (1989) and by Groves (1989, 2001c).","21","21-00137","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0137" "12100138","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","granti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas and Wroughton","1907","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","","286","","","Grant’s Bushbaby","Mozambique, Inhambane, Coguno.","Mozambique north to Ulugurus in S Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","mertensi Frade, 1924.","G. zanzibaricus species group. Recognized as a species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00138","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0138" "12100139","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","matschiei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lorenz","1917","","Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus, Wien","31","","237","","","Dusky Bushbaby","Dem. Rep. Congo: Moera, Ituri River.","E Dem. Rep. Congo; perhaps Uganda.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","inustus Schwarz, 1931.","G. matschiei species group. Placed in Euoticus by Petter and Petter-Rousseaux (1979). This name predates the more commonly used inustus (Groves, 1989:102; Nash et al., 1989:69-70).","21","21-00139","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0139" "12100140","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","moholi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Smith","1834","1836","Rept. Exped. Exploring Central Africa","1834","","42","","","Moholi Bushbaby","South Africa, Limpopo, Marico-Limpopo confluence.","KwaZulu-Natal and N Namibia north to Lake Victoria.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","australis (Wagner, 1855); bradfieldi Roberts, 1931; conspicillatus I. Geoffroy, 1851; intontoi Monard, 1931; mossambicus (Peters, 1876), tumbolensis Monard, 1931.","G. senegalensis species group. Separated from senegalensis by Jenkins (1987), Nash et al. (1989), and Groves (1989).","21","21-00140","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0140" "12100141","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","nyasae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","188","","","Malawi Bushbaby","Mozambique, mountains south of Lake Malawi.","S Malawi and neighbouring region of Mozambique.","CITES – Appendix II.","","G. zanzibaricus species group. An undescribed taxon occurs on Mt. Cholo, Malawi; vocalizations of the ""Kalwe small"" galago (Bearder et al., 1995) may pertain to either of these (Groves, 2001c:113).","21","21-00141","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0141" "12100142","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","orinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lawrence and Washburn","1936","","Occas. Pap. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.","8","","259","","","Uluguru Bushbaby","Tanzania, Uluguru Mtns, Bagilo.","High elevations in Uluguru and probably Usambara Mtns.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","G. orinus species group. Bearder et al. (1995) place this group in genus Galagoides, but Groves (2001c) and Delpero et al. (2000) considered this premature, as it is unclear how species should be assorted between Galagoides and Galago. Separated from G. demidoff by Bearder et al. (1995), and accepted as a distinct species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00142","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0142" "12100143","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","rondoensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Honess","1997","","In Kingdon, Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals","","","106","","","Rondo Bushbaby","Tanzania, Lindi district, Rondo plateau, Rondo Forest Reserve, 10°07’S, 39°23’E.","Rondo, Litipo, Ziwani and Pugu Forests, SE Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","","G. zanzibaricus species group. Recognised as a species by Groves (2001c). More fully described by Honess and Bearder (1996 [1997]).","21","21-00143","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0143" "12100144","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","senegalensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","38","","","Senegal Bushbaby","Senegal.","Senegal to Somalia, south to the Mwanza and Ankole districts on Lake Victoria.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","acaciarum Lesson, 1840; albipes Dollman, 1909; calago (Shaw, 1800); camerounensis Monard, 1951; galago (G. Cuvier, 1798); geoffroyi Fischer, 1806; pupulus Elliot, 1910; sennariensis Gray, 1863; teng (Sundevall, 1843); braccatus Elliot, 1907; dunni Dollman, 1910; sotikae Hollister, 1920.","G. senegalensis species group. Hill and Meester (1977:2) included granti in this species; but see Smithers and Wilson (1979).","21","21-00144","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0144" "12100145","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","senegalensis","senegalensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1796","","Mag. Encyclop.","1","","38","","","","Senegal.","","","","","21","21-00145","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0144-0145" "12100146","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","senegalensis","braccatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00146","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0144-0146" "12100147","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","senegalensis","dunni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00147","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0144-0147" "12100148","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","senegalensis","sotikae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hollister","1920","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00148","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0144-0148" "12100149","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","thomasi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","189","","","Thomas’s Bushbaby","Dem. Rep. Congo, Beni.","W Uganda and Kivu district of Dem. Rep. Congo.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","G. demidoff species group. Nash et al. (1989) recognized G. thomasi as a full species, partially sympatric with demidoff; followed by Groves (2001c). Known only from specimens from W Uganda and Kivu district of Dem. Rep. Congo (including Idjwi Isl), but vocalizations ascribed to this species are recorded from all over the same range as G. demidoff.","21","21-00149","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0149" "12100150","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Galago","","zanzibaricus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1893","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","111","","","Zanzibar Bushbaby","Tanzania, Zanzibar, Yambiani.","E African coast from Tana River, south to S Mozambique; Zanzibar.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","cocos Heller, 1912; udzungwensis Honess, 1997.","G. zanzibaricus species group. Separated from senegalensis by Kingdon (1971:309), Groves (1974b:463, 1989:103, 2001c), Jenkins (1987:118), and Nash et al. (1989). Bearder et al. (1995) placed this group in genus Galagoides, but Groves (2001c) considered this premature, as it is unclear how species should be assorted between Galagoides and Galago. For allocation of udzungwensis to this species, see Groves (2001c:116).","21","21-00150","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0132-0000-0150" "12100151","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Coquerel","1859","","Rev. Zool. Paris","11","","458","","Otolemur agyisymbanus Coquerel, 1859 (= Otolicnus garnetti Ogilby, 1838).","","","","","Callotus Gray, 1863; Otogale Gray, 1863.","Included in Galago by McKenna and Bell (1997), but recognized as a full genus by Groves (1974b:461-463, 1989) and Jenkins (1987:122). May include the Galago alleni species group (DelPero et al., 2000).","21","21-00151","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151" "12100152","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","crassicaudatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","166","","","Brown Greater Galago","Mozambique, Quelimane (see Thomas, 1917b).","Kenya, Tanzania and Rwanda to KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Angola.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","zuluensis (Elliot, 1907); kirkii (Gray, 1865); badius Matschie, 1905; lonnbergi (Schwarz, 1930); umbrosus (Thomas, 1917).","","21","21-00152","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0152" "12100153","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","crassicaudatus","crassicaudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","166","","","","Mozambique, Quelimane (see Thomas, 1917b).","","","","","21","21-00153","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0152-0153" "12100154","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","crassicaudatus","kirkii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1865","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00154","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0152-0154" "12100155","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","garnettii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","6","","","Northern Greater Galago","Zanzibar (designated by Thomas, 1917b:48).","S Somalia to SE Tanzania (including Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia Isls) and perhaps N Mozambique.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","agyisymbanus Coquerel, 1859; lasiotis (Peters, 1876); hindei (Elliot, 1907); hindsi Elliot, 1913 [lapsus]; kikuyuensis (Lönnberg, 1912); panganiensis Matschie, 1905.","Olson (1979, in litt.[Unpubl. Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ. London]) was the first to treat garnettii as a distinct species. It is partly sympatric with both O. crassicaudatus and O. monteiri.","21","21-00155","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0155" "12100156","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","garnettii","garnettii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","6","","","","Zanzibar (designated by Thomas, 1917b:48).","","","","","21","21-00156","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0155-0156" "12100157","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","garnettii","lasiotis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1876","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00157","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0155-0157" "12100158","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","garnettii","kikuyuensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00158","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0155-0158" "12100159","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","garnettii","panganiensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00159","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0155-0159" "12100160","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","monteiri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Bartlett","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","145","","","Silvery Greater Galago","Angola: Cuvo Bay.","Brachystegiawoodland, from Angola to Tanzania to W Kenya and Rwanda.","CITES – Appendix II.","argentatus (Lönnberg, 1913); lestradei (Schouteden, 1953).","Separated from crassicaudatus by Groves (2001c), with some misgivings. The zone of intermediacy with O. crassicaudatus is very wide, extending through S Malawi, N Mozambique, and part of Zimbabwe. Kingdon (1997) recognized Otolemur argentatus from the Lake Victoria region, while retaining southerly examples (here Otolemur m. monteiri) in O. crassicaudatus.","21","21-00160","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0160" "12100161","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","monteiri","monteiri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bartlett","1863","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1863","","145","","","","Angola: Cuvo Bay.","","","","","21","21-00161","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0160-0161" "12100162","PRIMATES","STREPSIRRHINI","LORISIFORMES","","Galagidae","","","Otolemur","","monteiri","argentatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00162","21-0001-0002-0100-0000-0126-0000-0000-0151-0000-0160-0162" "12100163","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","yes","Pocock","1918","","","","","","","","","","","","","Recognised as an infraorder by McKenna and Bell (1997; see comments above, under Strepsirrhini); Tarsiiformes and Anthropoidea were regarded as Parvorders.","21","21-00163","21-0001-0163" "12100164","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","","","","","","","","INFRAORDER","False","","yes","Gregory","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","Almost invariably placed in a group with Simiiformes (=Anthropoidea), but according to Murphy et al. (2001c), may be closer to Strepsirrhini.","21","21-00164","21-0001-0163-0164" "12100165","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","338","","","","","","","","","21","21-00165","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165" "12100166","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Storr","1780","","Prodr. Meth. Mamm.","","","33","","Lemur tarsier Erxleben, 1777.","","","","","Cephalopachus Swainson, 1835; Hypsicebus Lesson, 1840; Macrotarsus Link, 1795; Rabienus Gray, 1821.","This genus, according to Goodman et al. (2001c) and to work in progress by C. P. Groves and M. Shekelle, should probably be split into two or three separate genera (for Sulawesi, Philippine, and Western groups).","21","21-00166","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166" "12100167","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","bancanus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Horsfield","1821","","Zool. Res. Java","2","","pl","","","Horsfield’s Tarsier","Indonesia, SE Sumatra, Bangka Isl.","Indonesia: Bangka Isl, Sumatra, Karimata Isl, Billiton Isl, and Sirhassen Isl (South Natuna Isls); Borneo.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. b. borneanus, T. b. natunensis, and T. b. saltator, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","borneanus Elliot, 1910; natunensis Chasen, 1940; saltator Elliot, 1910.","","21","21-00167","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0167" "12100168","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","bancanus","bancanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Horsfield","1821","","Zool. Res. Java","2","","pl","","","","Indonesia, SE Sumatra, Bangka Isl.","","","","","21","21-00168","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0167-0168" "12100169","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","bancanus","borneanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00169","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0167-0169" "12100170","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","bancanus","saltator","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00170","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0167-0170" "12100171","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","dentatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miller and Hollister","1921","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","34","","103","","","Dian’s Tarsier","C Sulawesi, Labua Sore.","C Sulawesi (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent) as T. dianae. Status unknown.","dianae Niemitz, Nietsch, Water, and Rumpler, 1991.","Shekelle and Groves (in prep.) could find no difference between specimens from the type localities of dentatus (Labua Sore) and dianae (Kamarora) in either morphology or vocalizations; the two localities are very close.","21","21-00171","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0171" "12100172","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","pelengensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Sody","1949","","Treubia","20","","143","","","Peleng Tarsier","Indonesia, Peleng Isl.","Peleng Isl (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","Recognized as a species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00172","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0172" "12100173","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","pumilus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miller and Hollister","1921","","Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash.","34","","103","","","Pygmy Tarsier","C Sulawesi, Rano Rano.","Known only from type locality and Latimojong Mtns, C Sulawesi (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","Separated from T. tarsier (T. spectrum) by Musser and Dagosto (1987); recognized as a full species by Groves (1989, 2001c) and others.","21","21-00173","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0173" "12100174","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","sangirensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Meyer","1897","","Abh. Zool. Anthrop.-Ethnology. Mus. Dresden","6","6","9","","","Sangihe Tarsier","Indonesia, Sanghir (=Sangihe) Isls.","Restricted to Pulau (=Isl) Sangihe Besar (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","Recognised as a species by Feiler (1990:85) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00174","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0174" "12100175","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","syrichta","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","29","","","Philippine Tarsier","Philippine Isls, Samar Isl.","Mindanao, Bohol Isl, Samar Isl, Leyte Isl (Philippines).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Data Deficient.","carbonarius Heude, 1898; fraterculus Miller, 1911; philippinensis Meyer, 1894.","","21","21-00175","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0175" "12100176","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","TARSIIFORMES","","Tarsiidae","","","Tarsius","","tarsier","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim., I. Mammalia","","","71","","","Spectral Tarsier","Unknown. Based on the ""Tarsier or Woolly Jerboa"" of Buffon, 1749, Histoire Naturelle, 13, N°MCCXXXV. Shekelle and Groves (in prep.) restricted the type locality to Makassar (Sulawesi, Indonesia), following Hill’s (1953) previous restriction of the type locality of spectrum to that region.","Sulawesi lowlands and Selayar Isl (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as T. spectrum.","buffonii (Link, 1795); daubentonii Fischer, 1804; fischerii Desmarest, 1804; fuscomanus Fischer, 1804; fuscus Fischer, 1804; macrotarsos Schreber, 1778; pallassii É. Geoffroy, 1796; podje (Kerr, 1792); spectrum (Pallas, 1778).","The description and plate of Buffon’s (1849) ""Tarsier or Woolly Jerboa"" clearly indicates a Sulawesi tarsier; the name therefore takes precedence over spectrum Pallas; it is not a nomen oblitum because it was used by Chasen (1940). Niemitz et al. (1991) implied that this species, which they called T. spectrum, may be restricted to N Sulawesi; but the N Sulawesi tarsier may not be conspecific with that from Makassar. There are probably a number of undescribed species, sharply distinguished by their vocalizations (Shekelle et al., 1998) and by morphological features (Groves, in prep.), in different regions of Sulawesi, and the Selayar tarsier is also distinct.","21","21-00176","21-0001-0163-0164-0000-0165-0000-0000-0166-0000-0176" "12100177","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","","","","","","","","INFRAORDER","False","","yes","Haeckel","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","Usually called Anthropoidea; for the potential confusion surrounding this name, and why it is best avoided, see Hoffstetter (1982). McKenna and Bell (1997) divided living members into two superfamilies, Callitrichoidea and Cercopithecoidea (including what are usually separated as Hominoidea), corresponding to parvorders Platyrrhini and Catarrhini recognized herein (where Platyrrhini includes New World taxa in families Cebidae, Aotidae, Pitheciidae, and Atelidae; and Catarrhini includes Old World taxa in Superfamiliy Cercopithecoidea [including Family Cercopithecidae] and Superfamily Hominoidea [families Hylobatidae and Hominidae]). Goodman et al. (1998) also regarded the catarrhines as over-split.","21","21-00177","21-0001-0163-0177" "12100178","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1831","","Saggio Dist. Metod. Anim. Vert.","","","6","","","","","","","","Groves (1993) divided Platyrrhini into two families, Callitrichidae and Cebidae, the traditional approach (see for example Martin, 1990; see also McKenna and Bell (1997), who used the earlier name Atelidae instead of Cebidae). But the evidence (reviewed by Groves, 2001c) is that the family Cebidae, in this traditional sense, is paraphyletic, and Nyctipithecidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae must be extracted from it, while the marmoset group (here called Callitrichinae) is closer to the core Cebidae and should be united with them.","21","21-00178","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178" "12100179","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","298","","","","","","","Callithricidae Thomas, 1903; Callitrichidae Napier and Napier, 1967; Hapalidae Wagner, 1840.","Retained as a full family by McKenna and Bell (1997) and Rylands et al. (2000). Goodman et al. (1998) divided the subfamily into subtribes Saguinina, Leontopithecina, Callimiconina and Callitrichina. Groves (2001c:126-7) argued that the correct name for the family/subfamily is Hapalidae/Hapalinae, but this was discussed by Brandon-Jones and Groves (2002), who found that the argument was insecure and re-established Callitrichidae.","21","21-00179","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179" "12100180","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callimico","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Miranda-Ribeiro","1912","","Brasil. Rundsch.","","","21","","Callimico snethlageri Miranda-Ribeiro, 1912 (= Hapale goeldii Thomas, 1904).","","","","","","Placed in a separate family, Callimiconidae, by Hershkovitz (1977), but recognized as a member of the Callitrichidae (=Hapalidae) by Pocock (1920a), Napier (1976), and Groves (1989); McKenna and Bell (1997) placed it in a separate subfamily, Callimiconinae, of their family Callitrichidae.","21","21-00180","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0180" "12100181","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callimico","","goeldii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1904","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","14","","189","","","Goeldi’s Marmoset","Brazil, Acre, Rio Yaco.","W Brazil, N Bolivia, E Peru, Colombia: Upper Amazon Rainforests.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Near Threatened.","snethlageri Miranda-Ribeiro, 1912.","","21","21-00181","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0180-0000-0181" "12100182","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","","","55","","Simia jacchus Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Listed for the four subgenera separately, because they are ranked as full genera by some: (1) Subgenus Callithrix Erxleben, 1777: Anthopithecus F. Cuvier, 1829; Arctopithecus G. Cuvier, 1819; Hapale Illiger, 1811; Hapales F. Cuvier, 1829; Harpale Gray, 1821; Iacchus Spix, 1823; Jacchus É. Geoffroy, 1812; Midas É. Geoffroy, 1828 [not of Latreille, 1796]; Ouistitis Burnett, 1826; Sagoin Desmarest, 1804; Sagoinus Kerr, 1792; Sagouin Lacépčde, 1799; Saguin Fischer, 1803. (2) Subgenus Mico Lesson, 1840: Liocephalus Wagner, 1840; Micoella Gray, 1870. (3) Subgenus Cebuella Gray, 1866: no synonyms. (4) Subgenus Calibella van Roosmalen and van Roosmalen, 2003: no synonyms.","Includes Mico (see Cabrera, 1958:185), Cebuella (see Groves, 1989:110-115), and Callithrix as subgenera, which Rylands et al. (2000) regarded as full genera. McKenna and Bell (1997) recognized Cebuella as a separate genus, but it forms a clade with Mico (Groves, 2001c). The fourth subgenus, Calibella, was described by van Roosmalen and van Roosmalen (2003) as a full genus.","21","21-00182","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182" "12100183","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","","","55","","Simia jacchus Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","","","21","21-00183","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183" "12100184","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00184","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184" "12100185","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Cebuella","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00185","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0185" "12100186","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Calibella","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","van Roosmalen and van Roosmalen","2003","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00186","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0186" "12100187","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","acariensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","M. van Roosmalen, T. van Roosmalen, Mittermeier and Rylands","2000","","Neotropical Primates","8","1","7","","","Rio Acari Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, ""a small settlement on the right bank of the lower Rio Acari close to the confluence with the Rios Sucunduri and Canuma"", 05°07’08""S, 60°01’14""W.","Presumed to be the entire interfluvium of the Rios Acari and Sucunduri (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico acariensis.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00187","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0187" "12100188","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","argentata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","2","Appendix","521","","","Silvery Marmoset","Brazil, Pará, Cametá, on banks of Rio Tocantins.","N and C Brazil, E Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico argentata.","","Subgenus Mico. Includes emiliae, melanura and leucippe according to Hershkovitz (1977:436), and intermedius (Ávila-Pires, 1985). De Vivo (1985) recognized emiliae (Thomas, 1920) as a full species; Coimbra-Filho (1990) recognized emiliae and intermedius as distinct species; Groves (2001c) recognized all these and others, subsequently described, as distinct species.","21","21-00188","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0188" "12100189","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","aurita","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","119","","","Buffy-tufted Marmoset","Brazil, Rio de Janeiro.","SE Brazilian coast.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","chrysopyga (Burmeister, 1854); coelestis (Miranda Ribeiro, 1924); itatiayae Avila-Pires, 1959; petronius (Miranda Ribeiro, 1924).","Subgenus Callithrix. Accepted as a species by Mittermeier et al. (1988) and Groves (1989).","21","21-00189","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0189" "12100190","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","chrysoleuca","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturg.","8","1st part","357","","","Gold-and-white Marmoset","Brazil, Borba, lower Rio Madeira.","Between the Aripuană-Madeira and Canuma-Uraria, south to about 8°S, north to the Amazon (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico chrysoleucus.","melanoleucus (Miranda Ribeiro, 1955); sericeus (Gray, 1868).","Subgenus Mico. Recognized as a full species by Coimbra-Filho (1990).","21","21-00190","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0190" "12100191","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","emiliae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1920","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","6","","209","","","Emilia’s Marmoset","Brazil, Rio Curua, Maloca.","The interfluvium of the Rios Tapajos and Iriri, north to Maica, on the lower Tapajos, where perhaps sympatric with C. argentata (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico emiliae.","","Subgenus Mico. A different species, so far undescribed, from between the Rios Ji-Parana and Beni, in Rondonia, has been referred to as C. emiliae but is likely to be distinct (Rylands et al., 1993). Recognized as a full species by De Vivo (1985) and Coimbra-Filho (1990).","21","21-00191","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0191" "12100192","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","flaviceps","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1903","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","12","","240","","","Buffy-headed Marmoset","Brazil, Rive, Espírito Santo.","S Espírito Santo (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","flavescente Miranda Ribeiro, 1924.","Subgenus Callithrix. Accepted as a species by Mittermeier et al. (1988) and Groves (1989). Regarded as a subspecies of aurita by Coimbra-Filho (1990).","21","21-00192","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0192" "12100193","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","geoffroyi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Obs. Zool. Anat. Comp.","","","360","","","White-headed Marmoset","Brazil, Victoria, between Rios Espirito Santo and Jucu.","EC Brazil (coast of Bahia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","albifrons (Thunberg, 1819); leucocephalus (Humboldt, 1812); leucogenys (Gray, 1870) [nomen nudum]; maximiliani (Reichenbach, 1862); melanotis (Lesson, 1840) [part].","Subgenus Callithrix. Accepted as a species by Mittermeier et al. (1988) and Groves (1989).","21","21-00193","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0193" "12100194","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","humeralifera","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","120","","","Santarem Marmoset","Brazil, left bank of Rio Tapajós, Paricatuba.","Brazil, south of the Amazon between the Maues-Açu and Tapajós Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico humeralifer.","santaremensis Matschie, 1893.","Subgenus Mico. Hershkovitz (1977:595-598), who called this species C. humeralifer, included intermedia and chrysoleuca in it; intermedia was transfered to C. argentata by Ávila-Pires (1985). Coimbra-Filho (1990), who pointed out that the correct name for this species is humeralifera, listed chrysoleuca and intermedia as distinct species.","21","21-00194","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0194" "12100195","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Calibella","humilis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","M. van Roosmalen, T. van Roosmalen, Mittermeier and de Fonseca","1998","","Goeldiana Zoologia","22","","8","","","Roosmalens’ Dwarf Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, west bank of lower Rio Aripuană, 1 km south of Nova Olinda, 41 km southwest of Novo Aripuană, 5°30’63""S, 60°24’61""W.","Between the Rios Aripuană and Madeira, to about 6°S (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico humilis.","","Subgenus Calibella.","21","21-00195","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0186-0195" "12100196","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","intermedia","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1977","","Living New World Monkeys","","","1020","","","Hershkovitz’s Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, near mouth of Rio Guariba, left bank of Rio Aripuană.","Interfluvium of the Rios Aripuană and Roosevelt (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico intermedius.","","Subgenus Mico. Recognized as a full species by de Vivo (1991).","21","21-00196","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0196" "12100197","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","jacchus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","27","","","Common Marmoset","Brazil, Pernambuco.","Brazilian coast: Piauí, Ceará, and Pernambuco Provinces.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","albicollis Spix, 1823; communis (South, 1845); hapale (Gray, 1870); leucotis (Lesson, 1840); moschatus (Kerr, 1792); rufus Fischer, 1829; vulgaris Humboldt, 1812.","Subgenus Callithrix. Includes aurita, flaviceps, geoffroyi, and penicillata according to Hershkovitz (1977:489-527), but refuted by Mittermeier et al. (1988) who recognized all of these species.","21","21-00197","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0197" "12100198","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","kuhlii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Coimbra-Filho","1985","","Fundaçao Brasileira Conservaçao Natu. Bol. Inform.","9","","5","","","Wied’s Marmoset","Brazil, Bahia, north of Rio Belmonte.","Between Rio de Contas and Rio Jequitinhonha, SW Brazil.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","","Subgenus Callithrix. Accepted as a species by Mittermeier et al. (1988) and Groves (1989), but ascribed by these authors to Wied-Neuwied, 1826, who in fact was not describing a new taxon; the earliest available reference to the species is as above (see Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00198","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0198" "12100199","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","leucippe","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1922","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","9","","199","","","White Marmoset","Brazil, Pimental, near mouth of Rio Jamanxim, right bank of Rio Tapajos.","The interfluvium of the Rios Tapajos and Cupari (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico leucippe.","","Subgenus Mico. Separated from C. argentata de Vivo (1991).","21","21-00199","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0199" "12100200","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","manicorensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","M. van Roosmalen, T. van Roosmalen, Mittermeier and Rylands","2000","","Neotropical Primates","8","1","3","","","Manicore Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, near Manicoré, Seringal Săo Luis, 05°50’28""S, 61°18’19""W.","The interfluvium of the Rios Aripuană and Manicoré, from the Rio Madeira south to the Rio Roosevelt (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico manicorensis.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00200","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0200" "12100201","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","marcai","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Alperin","1993","","Bol. Mus. Para. Emilio Goeldi, ser. Zool.","9","2","325","","","Marca’s Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, Foz do Rio Castanho.","Known only from region of type locality.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico marcai.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00201","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0201" "12100202","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","mauesi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Mittermeier, M. Schwarz and Ayres","1992","","Goeldiana Zoologia","14","","6","","","Maués Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, west bank of Rio Maués-Açu, opposite Maués town, 3°23’S, 57°46’W.","Interfluvium of the Rios Uraria-Abacaxis and Maues-Açu (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Least Concern as Mico mauesi.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00202","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0202" "12100203","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","melanura","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","361","","","Black-tailed Marmoset","Brazil, Mato Grosso, Cuiaba.","S Brazil, between the Rios Aripuană and Juruena, southwest to the Rio Beni in Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II.","leucomerus (Gray, 1846); leukeurin (Natterer in Pelzeln, 1883).","Subgenus Mico. Separated from C. argentata by de Vivo (1991).","21","21-00203","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0203" "12100204","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","nigriceps","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ferrari and Lopes","1992","","Goeldiana Zoologia","12","","4","","","Black-headed Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, Lago dos Reis, 7°31’S, 62°52’W.","Interfluvium of the Rios Marmelos and Madeira, north of the Ji-Parană River (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico nigriceps.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00204","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0204" "12100205","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Callithrix","penicillata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","119","","","Black-tufted Marmoset","Brazil, Lamarăo, Bahia.","Brazilian coast: Bahia to Săo Paulo, inland to Goiás.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","jordani Thomas, 1904; melanotis (Lesson, 1840) [part]; trigonifer Reichenbach, 1862.","Subgenus Callithrix. Accepted as a species by Mittermeier et al. (1988) and Groves (1989, 2001c).","21","21-00205","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0183-0205" "12100206","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Cebuella","pygmaea","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","32","","","Pygmy Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, Solimőes River, Tabatinga.","N and W Brazil, N Peru, Ecuador.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern as Cebuella pygmaea.","nigra (Schinz, 1844); leoninus (Bates, 1864); niveiventris (Lönnberg, 1940).","Subgenus Cebuella (recognized by McKenna and Bell (1997) as a full genus; but it is not the most divergent clade of marmosets). Revised by Hershkovitz (1977:462-464), placed in Callithrix by Groves (1989, 2001c). Reviewed by Townsend (2001).","21","21-00206","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0185-0206" "12100207","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Cebuella","pygmaea","pygmaea","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","32","","","","Brazil, Amazonas, Solimőes River, Tabatinga.","","","","","21","21-00207","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0185-0206-0207" "12100208","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Cebuella","pygmaea","niveiventris","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00208","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0185-0206-0208" "12100209","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Callithrix","Mico","saterei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Silva and Noronha","1998","","Goeldiana Zoologia","21","","6","","","Satéré Marmoset","Brazil, Amazonas, Foz do Canuma, right bank of lower Rio Canumă, in front of its confluence with the Parana Uraria, 03°59’50.8""S, 59°05’36.7""W.","Presumed to be the interfluvium of the Rios Abacaxis and Canumă-Sucunduri (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Mico saterei.","","Subgenus Mico.","21","21-00209","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0182-0184-0209" "12100210","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Leontopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lesson","1844","1840","Spec. Mamm. Bim. Quadrum.","1844","","184, 200","","Leontopithecus marikina Lesson, 1840 (= Simia rosalia Linnaeus, 1766).","","","","","Leontideus Cabrera, 1956; Leontocebus Elliot, 1913.","For synonyms see Hershkovitz (1977:807-808).","21","21-00210","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0210" "12100211","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Leontopithecus","","caissara","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lorini and Persson","1990","","Bol. Mus. Nac., Rio de Janeiro, n.s.","338","","2","","","Superagui Lion Tamarin","Brazil, Superagui Isl (south of Săo Paulo), Guaraquecaba, 25°18'S, 48°11'W.","Superagui Isl and a small region on the opposite mainland (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Considered a subspecies of chrysopygus by Coimbra-Filho (1990).","21","21-00211","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0210-0000-0211" "12100212","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Leontopithecus","","chrysomelas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","Beitr. Zool. Vergl. Aust.","","","51","","","Golden-headed Lion Tamarin","Brazil, Ribeirao das Minhocas, S Bahia.","Brazil, coastal Bahia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","chrysurus (I. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1827).","Recognized as a full species by Rosenberger and Coimbra-Filho (1984).","21","21-00212","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0210-0000-0212" "12100213","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Leontopithecus","","chrysopygus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Mikan","1823","","Delectus florae et faunae Brasiliensis, Vienna","3","","plate","","","Black Lion Tamarin","Brazil, Ipanema, Săo Paulo.","Brazil, Săo Paulo region.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","ater (Lesson, 1840).","Recognized as a full species by Rosenberger and Coimbra-Filho (1984).","21","21-00213","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0210-0000-0213" "12100214","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Leontopithecus","","rosalia","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","41","","","Golden Lion Tamarin","Brazil, coast, Rio Săo Joăo (right bank), between 22° and 23°S, see Wied-Neuwied (1826) and de Carcalho (1965).","SE Brazil: Rio Doce (Espírito Santo) south into Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","aurora Elliot, 1913; brasiliensis (Fischer, 1829); guyannensis (Fischer, 1829); leoninus (Pocock, 1914); marikina Lesson, 1840.","See Kleiman (1981, Mammalian Species, 148).","21","21-00214","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0210-0000-0214" "12100215","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Hoffmannsegg","1807","","Mag. Ges. Naturf. Fr.","1","","101","","Saguinus ursula Hoffmannsegg, 1807 (= Simia midas Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Hapanella Gray, 1870; Leontocebus Wagner, 1840; Marikina Lesson, 1840; Midas E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1812; Mystax Gray, 1870; Oedipomidus Reichenbach, 1862; Oedipus Lesson, 1840; Seniocebus Gray, 1870; Tamarin Gray, 1870; Tamarinus Trouessart, 1904.","See Hershkovitz (1977:601-603). For a summary of interrelationships between species, using external, cranial, vocalization and DNA evidence, see Groves (2001c:137-8), who divided the genus into the following species groups: (1) S. midas group (midas, niger), (2) S. nigricollis group (nigricollis, graellsi, fuscicollis, melanoleucus, tropartitus), (3) S. mystax group (mystax, pileatus, labiatus, imperator), (4) S. bicolor group (bicolor, martinsi), (5) S. oedipus group (oedipus, geoffroyi, leucopus), (6) S. inustus group (inustus only).","21","21-00215","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215" "12100216","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","bicolor","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","30","","","Pied Tamarin","Brazil, Manaus, Barra de Rio Negro.","N Brazil; perhaps NE Peru.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","S. bicolor species group. See Hershkovitz (1977:744).","21","21-00216","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0216" "12100217","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","27","","","Brown-mantled Tamarin","Brazil, between Solimőes River and Iça River, Săo Paulo de Olivença.","N and W Brazil, N Bolivia, E Peru, E Ecuador, SW Colombia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. f. cruzlimai, otherwise Least Concern (including listing as S. fuscus).","flavifrons (I. Geoffroy and Deville, 1848); avilapiresi Hershkovitz, 1966; cruzlimai Hershkovitz, 1966; fuscus (Lesson, 1840); leonina (Humboldt, 1805) [not of Shaw, 1800]; illigeri (Pucheran, 1845); bluntschlii (Matschie, 1915); devillei (I. Geoffroy, 1850); mounseyi (Thomas, 1920); leucogenys (Gray, 1866); micans (Thomas, 1928); pacator (Thomas, 1914); lagonotus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1870); apiculatus (Thomas, 1904); nigrifrons (I. Geoffroy, 1851); pebilis (Thomas, 1928); primitivus Hershkovitz, 1977; weddelli (Deville, 1849); imberbis (Lönnberg, 1940); purillus (Thomas, 1914).","S. nigricollis species group. See Hershkovitz (1977:640-642). Coimbra-Filho (1990) regarded melanoleucus as a distinct species, with subspecies of acrensis and crandalli, and this was followed by Groves (2001c) and is followed here.","21","21-00217","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217" "12100218","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","fuscicollis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","27","","","","Brazil, between Solimőes River and Iça River, Săo Paulo de Olivença.","","","","","21","21-00218","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0218" "12100219","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","avilapiresi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1966","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00219","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0219" "12100220","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","cruzlimai","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1966","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00220","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0220" "12100221","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","fuscus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00221","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0221" "12100222","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","illigeri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pucheran","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00222","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0222" "12100223","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","leucogenys","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00223","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0223" "12100224","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","lagonotus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Jiménez de la Espada","1870","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00224","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0224" "12100225","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","nigrifrons","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1851","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00225","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0225" "12100226","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","primitivus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1977","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00226","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0226" "12100227","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","fuscicollis","weddelli","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Deville","1849","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00227","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0217-0227" "12100228","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","geoffroyi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pucheran","1845","","Rev. Mag. Zool. Paris","8","","336","","","Geoffroy’s Tamarin","Panama, Canal Zone.","SE Costa Rica to NW Colombia.","CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Least Concern.","salaguiensis (Elliot, 1912); spixii (Reichenbach, 1862).","S. oedipus species group. Distinct from S. oedipus; see Natori (1988).","21","21-00228","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0228" "12100229","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","graellsi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Jimenez de la Espada","1870","","Bol. Rev. Univers. Madrid","","","19","","","Graells’s Tamarin","Peru, Loreto, Tarapoto, opposite mouth of Rio Curaray, Rio Napo.","Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, west of Rio Napo, from Rio Putumayo south to Rio Marańon, west to Rio Santiago.","CITES – Appendix II.","","S. nigricollis species group. Raised to rank of full species by Groves (2001c), contra Hershkovitz (1977:628).","21","21-00229","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0229" "12100230","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","imperator","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Goeldi","1907","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","","93","","","Emperor Tamarin","Brazil, Rio Acre.","W Brazil, E Peru, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. i. imperator, otherwise Least Concern.","subgrisescens (Lönnberg, 1940).","S. mystax species group.","21","21-00230","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0230" "12100231","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","imperator","imperator","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Goeldi","1907","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","","93","","","","Brazil, Rio Acre.","","","","","21","21-00231","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0230-0231" "12100232","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","imperator","subgrisescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00232","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0230-0232" "12100233","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","inustus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schwartz","1951","","Am. Mus. Novit.","1508","","1","","","Mottle-faced Tamarin","Brazil, Amazonas, Tabocal.","NW Brazil, SW Colombia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","","S. inustus species group.","21","21-00233","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0233" "12100234","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","labiatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","361","","","White-lipped Tamarin","Brazil, Amazonas, Lake Joanacan.","W Brazil, E Peru, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","?elegantulus (Slack, 1862); ?erythrogaster (Reichenbach, 1862); griseovertex (Goeldi, 1907); rufiventer (Gray, 1843); thomasi (Goeldi, 1907).","S. mystax species group.","21","21-00234","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0234" "12100235","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","labiatus","labiatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","361","","","","Brazil, Amazonas, Lake Joanacan.","","","","","21","21-00235","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0234-0235" "12100236","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","labiatus","rufiventer","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1843","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00236","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0234-0236" "12100237","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","labiatus","thomasi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Goeldi","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00237","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0234-0237" "12100238","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","leucopus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Günther","1876","1877","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1876","","746","","","White-footed Tamarin","Colombia, Antioquia, Medellin.","N Colombia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.","pegasis (Elliot, 1913).","S. oedipus species group.","21","21-00238","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0238" "12100239","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","martinsi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1912","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","11","","85","","","Martins’ Tamarin","Brazil, Para, Faro.","N Brazil: a very small area north of the Amazon, on either side of the Rio Nhamunda.","CITES – Appendix I as included in S. bicolor; U.S. ESA – Endangered (as included in S. bicolor) ; IUCN – Least Concern.","ochraceus Hershkovitz, 1966.","S. bicolor species group. See Hershkovitz (1977:744). Separated from bicolor by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00239","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0239" "12100240","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","martinsi","martinsi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1912","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","11","","85","","","","Brazil, Para, Faro.","","","","","21","21-00240","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0239-0240" "12100241","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","martinsi","ochraceus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1966","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00241","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0239-0241" "12100242","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","melanoleucus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miranda Ribeiro","1912","","Brasil. Rundsch.","","","22","","","White-mantled Tamarin","Brazil, Amazonas, Santo Antonio, Rio Eiru, upper Rio Jurua.","Brazil, between Rios Jurua and Tarauca.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. fuscicolis crandalli, otherwise not listed.","acrensis (Carvalho, 1957); crandalli Hershkovitz, 1966; hololeucus (Pinto, 1937).","S. nigricollis species group. Coimbra-Filho (1990) regarded melanoleucus as a species distinct from S. fuscicollis, and this was followed by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00242","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0242" "12100243","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","midas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","28","","","Red-handed Tamarin","Surinam.","Brazil, Guyana, Cayenne, Surinam, north of the Amazon, east of the Rio Negro.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","egens (Thomas, 1912); lacepedii (Fischer, 1806); rufimanus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); tamarin (Link, 1795).","S. midas species group.","21","21-00243","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0243" "12100244","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","mystax","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","29","","","Moustached Tamarin","Brazil, Amazonas, between Solimőes River and Iça River.","W Brazil, Peru, south of Amazon-Solimoes-Marańon, between lower Rio Huallaga and Rio Madeira.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","pluto (Lönnberg, 1926).","S. mystax species group. See Hershkovitz (1977:700); but does not include pileatus (see Groves, 2001c:143-4).","21","21-00244","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0244" "12100245","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","mystax","mystax","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","29","","","","Brazil, Amazonas, between Solimőes River and Iça River.","","","","","21","21-00245","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0244-0245" "12100246","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","mystax","pluto","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00246","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0244-0246" "12100247","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","niger","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1803","","Cat. Mamm. Mus. Nat. Hist. Paris","","","13","","","Black Tamarin","Brazil: Belem.","Brazil, south of the Amazon, east of the Rio Xingu, including Marajo Isl.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","gracilis (G. Fischer, 1813); umbratus (Thomas, 1922); ursula Hoffmannsegg, 1807.","S. midas species group. Formerly called tamarin, but this is a synonym of S. midas: see Hershkovitz (1977:711). Separated from S. midas by Natori and Hanihara (1988).","21","21-00247","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0247" "12100248","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","nigricollis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","28","","","Black-mantled Tamarin","Brazil, Amazonas, Săo Paulo de Olivença.","W Brazil, E Peru, E Ecuador.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","rufoniger (I. Geoffroy and Deville, 1848); hernandezi Hershkovitz, 1982.","S. nigricollis species group. Does not include graellsi, contra Hershkovitz (1977:628).","21","21-00248","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0248" "12100249","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","nigricollis","nigricollis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","28","","","","Brazil, Amazonas, Săo Paulo de Olivença.","","","","","21","21-00249","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0248-0249" "12100250","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","nigricollis","hernandezi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1982","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00250","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0248-0250" "12100251","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","oedipus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","28","","","Cottontop Tamarin","Colombia, Bolivar, lower Rio Sinu.","N Colombia, Panama.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","doguin (Griffith, 1821); meticulous (Elliot, 1912); titi (Lesson, 1840).","S. oedipus species group. Does not include geoffroyi; see Natori (1988).","21","21-00251","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0251" "12100252","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","pileatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy and Deville","1848","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","27","","490","","","Red-capped Tamarin","Brazil, eastern margin of Lago de Téfé (Hershkovitz, 1977; further refined by Groves, 2001c:143).","W Brazil, east of Rio Téfé, west of Rio Purus.","CITES – Appendix II.","juruanus Ihering, 1904.","S. mystax species group. See Hershkovitz (1977:700). Separated from S. mystax by Groves (2001c:143-4).","21","21-00252","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0252" "12100253","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Callitrichinae","","Saguinus","","tripartitus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1878","","Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, ser. 2","1","","161","","","Golden-mantled Tamarin","Equador, Rio Napo.","East of Rio Curaray, Brazil-Colombia border; sympatric with S. fuscicollis around Curaray-Napo Confluence.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","","S. nigricollis species group. Given specific rank by Thorington (1988) on the evidence of marginal sympatry with S. fuscicollis.","21","21-00253","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0179-0000-0215-0000-0253" "12100254","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Bonaparte","1831","","Saggio. Dist. Metod. Anim. Vert.","","","6","","","","","","","","","21","21-00254","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254" "12100255","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","","","44","","Simia capucina Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Agipan Rafinesque, 1815; Calyptrocebus Reichenbach, 1862; Eucebus Reichenbach, 1862; Otocebus Reichenbach, 1862; Pseudocebus Reichenbach, 1862; Sapajus Kerr, 1792.","Species groups are (1) C. capucinus group (capucinus, albifrons, olivaceus, kaapori), (2) C. apella group (apella, libidinosus, nigritus, xanthosternos). The following specific names probably refer to this genus, but are regarded by Groves (2001c) as not certainly identifiable to species: albulus (Kerr, 1792); albus É. Geoffroy, 1812; barbatus É. Geoffroy, 1812; flavia (Schreber, 1774); flavus (Goldfuss, 1809); lugubris Erxleben, 1777; pucheranii Dahlbom, 1856; paraguayanus Reichenbach, 1862.","21","21-00255","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255" "12100256","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","324","","","White-fronted Capuchin","Venezuela, Orinoco River.","Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, N Peru, NW Brazil, Trinidad, Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. trinitatis, Data Deficient as C. a. adustus, C. a. aequatorialis, C. a. cesarae, C. a. cuscinus, C. a. leucocephalus, C. a. malitiosus, C. a. versicolor, and C. a. yuracus, otherwise IUCN – Least Concern.","aequatorialis J. A. Allen, 1914; cuscinus Thomas, 1901; yuracus Hershkovitz, 1949; trinitatis Pusch, 1942; unicolor Spix, 1823; chrysopus Lesson, 1827; flavescens Gray, 1865; gracilis Spix, 1823; versicolor Pucheran, 1845; adustus Hershkovitz, 1849; cesarae Hershkovitz, 1949; leucocephalus Gray, 1865; malitiosus Elliot, 1909; pleei Hershkovitz, 1949.","C. capucinus species group. Intermediates between this species and C. capucinus occur in Colombia (middle San Jorge Valley; Lower Cauca River), see Hernández-Camacho and Cooper (1976:58).","21","21-00256","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256" "12100257","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","albifrons","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","324","","","","Venezuela, Orinoco River.","","","","","21","21-00257","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0257" "12100258","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","aequatorialis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","J. A. Allen","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00258","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0258" "12100259","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","cuscinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00259","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0259" "12100260","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","trinitatis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pusch","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00260","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0260" "12100261","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","unicolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00261","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0261" "12100262","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","albifrons","versicolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pucheran","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00262","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0256-0262" "12100263","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","28","","","Tufted Capuchin","French Guiana.","N and W South America, from Guyana, Venezuela (south from the Río Orinoco delta) and Colombia south across the Amazon in Brazil to about 5°S in the east and to the headwaters of the upper tributaries in the west, nearly to 10°S.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. margaritae, otherwise Least Concern (including listing as C. macrocephalus).","avus Pusch, 1840; barbatus Humboldt, 1812; buffonii Lesson, 1840; fulvus (Kerr, 1792); griseus Desmarest, 1820; trepida (Linnaeus, 1766); fatuellus (Linnaeus, 1766); macrocephalus Spix, 1823; margaritae Hollister, 1914; peruanus Thomas, 1901; magnus Pusch, 1941; maranonis Pusch, 1941; tocantinus Lönnberg, 1939. The following names belong to this species or another species of the same species group, but seem impossible to allocate to a subspecies, according to Groves (2001c): capillatus Gray, 1865; cirrifer É. Geoffroy, 1812; crassiceps Pucheran, 1857; cristatus G. Cuvier, 1829; fallax Schlegel, 1876; fistulator Reichenbach, 1862; frontatus Kuhl, 1820; hypomelas (Pucheran, 1854); leucogenys Gray, 1866; lunatus Kuhl, 1820; monachus F. Cuvier, 1820; niger É. Geoffroy, 1812; subcristatus Gray, 1865; variegata (Humboldt, 1812).","C. apella species group. Mittermeier et al. (1988:13-75) suggested that C. xanthosternos is a distinct species; followed by Groves (2001c), who also separated C. libidinosus and C. nigritus as distinct species.","21","21-00263","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263" "12100264","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","apella","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","28","","","","French Guiana.","","","","","21","21-00264","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0264" "12100265","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","fatuellus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00265","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0265" "12100266","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","macrocephalus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00266","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0266" "12100267","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","margaritae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hollister","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00267","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0267" "12100268","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","peruanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00268","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0268" "12100269","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","apella","tocantinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1939","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00269","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0263-0269" "12100270","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","capucinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","29","","","White-headed Capuchin","N Colombia.","W Ecuador to Honduras.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. c. curtus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","albulus Pusch, 1942; curtus Bangs, 1905; hypoleucus É. Geoffroy, 1812; imitator Thomas, 1903; limitaneus Hollister, 1914; nigripectus Elliot, 1909.","C. capucinus species group.","21","21-00270","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0270" "12100271","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","kaapori","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Queiroz","1992","","Goeldiana Zoologia","15","","4","","","Kaapori Capuchin","Brazil, Maranhao, near right bank of Rio Gurupi, Quadrant 7, 10 km southwest of the Chaga-Tudo Prospection (0°30’S, 47°30’W).","Brazil, between Rios Gurupi and Pindaré, or may extend a few kms west of the Gurupi.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable C. olivaceus kaapori.","","C. capucinus species group.","21","21-00271","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0271" "12100272","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","libidinosus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil","1823","","5","","","Black-striped Capuchin","Brazil, Rio Carinhanha, north of Minas Gerais.","Highland region of S Brazil, to Bolivia and Paraguay.","CITES – Appendix II.","elegans I. Geoffroy, 1850; pallidus Gray, 1866; sagitta Pusch, 1941; paraguayanus Fischer, 1829; azarae Rengger, 1830; chacoensis Pusch, 1941; morrulus Pusch, 1941; versuta Elliot, 1910; juruanus Lönnberg, 1939.","C. apella species group. Separated from C. apella by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00272","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0272" "12100273","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","libidinosus","libidinosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil","1823","","5","","","","Brazil, Rio Carinhanha, north of Minas Gerais.","","","","","21","21-00273","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0272-0273" "12100274","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","libidinosus","pallidus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00274","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0272-0274" "12100275","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","libidinosus","paraguayanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Fischer","1829","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00275","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0272-0275" "12100276","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","libidinosus","juruanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1939","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00276","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0272-0276" "12100277","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","nigritus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Goldfuss","1809","","Vergl. Naturbeschr., Säug.","1","","74","","","Black Capuchin","Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Sierra dos Orgaos.","Brazilian coast, Atlantic forests, 16°-30°S.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. robustus.","xanthocephalus Spix, 1823; cucullatus Spix, 1823; caliginosus Elliot, 1910; vellerosus I. Geoffroy, 1851; robustus Kuhl, 1820.","C. apella species group. Separated from C. apella by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00277","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0277" "12100278","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","nigritus","nigritus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Goldfuss","1809","","Vergl. Naturbeschr., Säug.","1","","74","","","","Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Sierra dos Orgaos.","","","","","21","21-00278","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0277-0278" "12100279","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","nigritus","cucullatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00279","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0277-0279" "12100280","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","nigritus","robustus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00280","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0277-0280" "12100281","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","olivaceus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schomburgk","1848","","Reise Brit. Guiana","2","","247","","","Weeper Capuchin","Venezuela, Bolivar, southern base of Mt. Roraima, 930 m.","Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, N Brazil, Venezuela, perhaps N Colombia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","annellatus Gray, 1865; apiculatus Elliot, 1907; brunneus J. A. Allen, 1914; castaneus I. Geoffroy, 1851; leporinus Pusch, 1941; nigrivittatus Wagner, 1848; pucheranii Dahlbom, 1856.","C. capucinus species group. Replaces nigrivittatus; see Husson (1978:223). Mittermeier and Coimbra-Filho (1981) queried the distinction of this species from C. capucinus.","21","21-00281","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0281" "12100282","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Cebinae","","Cebus","","xanthosternos","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wied-Neuwied","1826","","Reis. Brasil.","1","","371","","","Golden-bellied Capuchin","Brazil, Rio Belmonte.","Brazil, formerly between Rio Săo Francisco and Rio Jequitinhonha or even further south; now much reduced.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","C. apella species group. Mittermeier et al. (1988:13-75) suggested that C. xanthosternos is a species distinct from C. apella; this was followed by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00282","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0254-0000-0255-0000-0282" "12100283","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Miller","1812","","Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus.","79","","380","","","","","","","Chrysotrichinae Cabrera, 1900.","Goodman et al. (1998) reduced the subfamily to a tribe of Cebinae. Groves (2001c) pointed out that the name is antedated by Chrysotrichinae Cabrera, 1900, and Brandon-Jones and Groves (2002) agreed, but considered that it would be preferable not to upset ""prevailing usage"" (Art. 40.2.1; International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, 1999).","21","21-00283","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283" "12100284","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Voigt","1831","","In Cuvier, Das Thierreich","1","","95","","Simia sciurea Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Chrysothrix Kaup, 1835; Pithesciurus Lesson, 1840.","Placed in a separate subfamily Saimirinae by Hershkovitz (1970a) and Napier (1976); according to Groves (2001c), Chrysotrichinae Cabrera, 1900, has priority. The species fall into two groups, S. boliviensis species group (boliviensis, vanzolinii) and S. sciureus species group (sciureus, ustus, oerstedti).","21","21-00284","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284" "12100285","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","boliviensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy and Blainville","1834","","Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","3","","89","","","Black-capped Squirrel Monkey","Bolivia, Santa Cruz, Rio San Miguel, Guarayos Mission.","Upper Amazon in Peru; SW Brazil; Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","entomophagus (d’Orbigny, 1835); jaburuensis Lönnberg, 1940; nigriceps Thomas, 1902; pluvialis Lönnberg, 1940; peruviensis Hershkovitz, 1984.","S. boliviensis species group. Originally separated from S. sciureus by Hershkovitz (1984); not recognized as a species by Thorington (1985) or Costello et al. (1993), but belongs to a different species group according to Groves (2001c).","21","21-00285","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0285" "12100286","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","boliviensis","boliviensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy and Blainville","1834","","Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","3","","89","","","","Bolivia, Santa Cruz, Rio San Miguel, Guarayos Mission.","","","","","21","21-00286","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0285-0286" "12100287","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","boliviensis","peruviensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1984","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00287","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0285-0287" "12100288","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","oerstedii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Reinhardt","1872","","Vidensk. Medd. Nat. Hist. Kjobenhaven","","","157","","","Central American Squirrel Monkey","Panama, Chiriquí, vicinity of David.","Panama, Costa Rica.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as S. o. citrinellus, Endangered as Saimiri o. oerstedii.","citrinellus Thomas, 1904.","S. sciureus species group. Hershkovitz (1972a) considered oerstedii a subspecies of sciureus; but see Hershkovitz (1984).","21","21-00288","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0288" "12100289","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","oerstedii","oerstedii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Reinhardt","1872","","Vidensk. Medd. Nat. Hist. Kjobenhaven","","","157","","","","Panama, Chiriquí, vicinity of David.","","","","","21","21-00289","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0288-0289" "12100290","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","oerstedii","citrinellus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00290","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0288-0290" "12100291","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","sciureus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","29","","","Common Squirrel Monkey","Guyana, Kartabo.","N Brazil north of the Amazon-Jurua system, and south of the Amazon east of the Rio Xingu or the Rio Iriri; Marajo Isl (Brazil), Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, E Ecuador, NE Peru.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","apedia (Linnaeus, 1758); collinsi Osgood, 1916; leucopsis (Hermann, 1804); morta (Linnaeus, 1758); nigrivittata (Wagner, 1848); saimiri (Lacépčde, 1803); albigena Pusch, 1942; cassiquiarensis (Lesson, 1840); codajazensis Lönnberg, 1940; lunulatus (I. Geoffroy, 1843); macrodon Elliot, 1907; caquetensis J. A. Allen, 1916; ?juruana Lönnberg, 1940; ?petrina Thomas, 1927.","S. sciureus species group.","21","21-00291","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0291" "12100292","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","sciureus","sciureus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","29","","","","Guyana, Kartabo.","","","","","21","21-00292","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0291-0292" "12100293","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","sciureus","albigena","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pusch","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00293","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0291-0293" "12100294","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","sciureus","cassiquiarensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00294","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0291-0294" "12100295","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","sciureus","macrodon","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00295","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0291-0295" "12100296","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","ustus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","16","21","1157","","","Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey","Brazil, Amazonas, Rio Madeira, Humaitu.","S Brazil: south of Rio Amazon, probably from Rio Xingu to Lage Tefé, approx. 61°30’W.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Least Concern.","madeirae Thomas, 1908.","S. sciureus species group. Thorington (1985) and Costello et al. (1993) argued that ustus is a synonym of S. sciureus (so that the correct name should be madeirae), but this is not the case (Groves, 2001c:159). Costello et al. (1993) regarded this species as not specifically distinct from S. sciureus.","21","21-00296","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0296" "12100297","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Cebidae","Saimiriinae","","Saimiri","","vanzolinii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ayres","1985","","Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia, Săo Paulo","36","","148","","","Black Squirrel Monkey","Brazil, Amazonas, mouth of Rio Japura, left bank of Lago Mamirauá, 2°59’S, 64°55’W.","Between Rios Japura, Solimőes and (probably) Paranado Jaraua (Brazil); Tarara and Capucho Isls (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","S. boliviensis species group. A subspecies of S. boliviensis according to Hershkovitz (1987c:22, fn.).","21","21-00297","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0178-0283-0000-0284-0000-0297" "12100298","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Elliot","1913","","Review of the Primates","1","","xxiv","","","","","","","","Groves (1989) first suggested that this is a full family and used the name Aotidae Poche, 1908; Groves (2001c) pointed out that Nyctipithecidae Gray, 1870 has precedence, but overlooked the fact that Simpson (1945) had already replaced Nyctipithecinae by Aotinae (Brandon-Jones and Groves, 2002). Goodman et al. (1998) placed it as a third subfamily of Cebidae (with Cebinae and Callitrichinae), and McKenna and Bell (1997) placed Aotus, Cebus and Saimiri as three equal genera in their tribe Cebini (of subfamily Cebinae which also included Callicebini).","21","21-00298","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298" "12100299","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium.","","","71","","Simia trivirgata Humboldt, 1811.","","","","","Nocthora F. Cuvier, 1824; Nyctipithecus Spix, 1823.","Hershkovitz (1983) divided the species into two groups: Gray-necked and Red-necked.","21","21-00299","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299" "12100300","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","azarae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1811","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","359","","","Azara’s Night Monkey","Argentina, right bank of Rio Paraguay.","Bolivia south of Amazon, between Rios Tocantins and Tapajos-Juruena, south to Paraguay and N Argentina.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","miriquouina (É. Geoffroy, 1812); boliviensis Elliot, 1907; bidentatus Lönnberg, 1941; infulatus (Kuhl, 1820); roberti Dollman, 1909.","Red-necked species group. Pieczarka and Nagamuchi (1988) proposed that infulatus may be conspecific with A. azarae; followed by Ford (1994) and Groves (2001c). Groves (1993) changed the form of the name to azarai in accordance with Art. 31 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1985d), but D. Brandon-Jones (pers. comm.) pointed out that Art. 31.1.3 recommends that the original spelling be preserved.","21","21-00300","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0300" "12100301","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","azarae","azarae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1811","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","359","","","","Argentina, right bank of Rio Paraguay.","","","","","21","21-00301","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0300-0301" "12100302","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","azarae","boliviensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00302","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0300-0302" "12100303","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","azarae","infulatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00303","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0300-0303" "12100304","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","hershkovitzi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ramirez-Cerquera","1983","","IX Cong. Latinoamer. Zool. [abstracts], Arequipa, Peru","","","148","","","Hershkovitz’s Night Monkey","Colombia, Dept. of Meta, east side of Cordillera Oriental.","Known from the type locality only.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","Gray-necked species group. According to Defler et al. (2001), probably a synonym of Aotus lemurinus lemurinus, but more work (especially on karyotypes) needs to be done.","21","21-00304","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0304" "12100305","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","lemurinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","16","","1151","","","Gray-bellied Night Monkey","Colombia, Santa Fe de Bogotá (see Defler et al., 2001).","Panama, Equador and Colombia west of Cordillera Oriental.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as A. l. griseimembra, Data Deficient as A. l. zonalis, otherwise Vulnerable as A. l. brumbacki and A. l. lemurinus.","aversus Elliot, 1913; hirsutus (Gray, 1847); lanius Dollman, 1909; pervigilis Elliot, 1913; villosus (Gray, 1847); brumbacki Hershkovitz, 1983; griseimembra Elliot, 1912; bipunstatus Bole, 1937; zonalis Goldman, 1914.","Gray-necked species group. Ford (1994) suggested that brumbacki is a subspecies of A. lemurinus; followed by Groves (2001c). Defler et al. (2001) argued that the described subspecies of A. lemurinus are probably full species, but more work (especially on karyotypes) needs to be done.","21","21-00305","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0305" "12100306","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","lemurinus","lemurinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","16","","1151","","","","Colombia, Santa Fe de Bogotá (see Defler et al., 2001).","","","","","21","21-00306","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0305-0306" "12100307","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","lemurinus","brumbacki","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1983","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00307","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0305-0307" "12100308","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","lemurinus","griseimembra","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00308","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0305-0308" "12100309","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","lemurinus","zonalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Goldman","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00309","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0305-0309" "12100310","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","miconax","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1927","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","19","","365","","","Peruvian Night Monkey","Peru, Amazonas, San Nicolas, 4500 ft. (1372 m).","A small area in Peru between Rio Ucayali and the Andes, south of Rio Marańon.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Red-necked species group.","21","21-00310","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0310" "12100311","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","nancymaae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1983","","Am. J. Primatol.","4","","223","","","Nancy Ma’s Night Monkey","Peru, Loreto, right bank of Rio Samiria, above Estacion Pithecia, 130 m.","Loreto Dept. (Peru) to Rio Jandiatuba, south of Rio Solimőes (Brazil); and enclave between Rios Tigre and Pastaza (Peru).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Red-necked species group. The form of the name is changed in accordance with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Art. 31.1.2 (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1999).","21","21-00311","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0311" "12100312","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","nigriceps","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1909","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","4","","200","","","Black-headed Night Monkey","type locality: Peru, Chanchamayo, 1000 m.","Brazil, south of Rio Solimőes, west of Rio Tapajós Juruena, west into Peru; Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","senex Dollman, 1909.","Red-necked species group.","21","21-00312","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0312" "12100313","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","trivirgatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1811","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","306","","","Three-striped Night Monkey","Venezuela, Duida Range, Rio Casiquiare.","Venezuela, south of Rio Orinoco, south to Brazil north of Rios Negro and Amazon.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","commersonii (Vigors and Horsfield, 1829); duruculi (Lesson, 1840); felinus (Spix, 1823); humboldti Illiger in Humboldt, 1812; rufus (Lesson, 1840).","Gray-necked species group. Long the only species recognized in the genus; divided into 9 species by Hershkovitz (1983), revised further by Ford (1994) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00313","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0313" "12100314","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Aotidae","","","Aotus","","vociferans","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","25","","","Spix’s Night Monkey","Brazil, upper Marańon, Tabatinga.","Colombia, east of Cordillera Oriental, west of Rio Negro, south to Brazil (north of Amazon-Solimőes Rivers).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","gularis Dollman, 1909; microdon Dollman, 1909; oseryi (I. Geoffroy and Deville, 1848); rufipes (Sclater, 1872); spixi (Pucheran, 1857).","Gray-necked species group.","21","21-00314","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0298-0000-0000-0299-0000-0314" "12100315","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Mivart","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","547","","","","","","","","","21","21-00315","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315" "12100316","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Pocock","1925","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1925","","45","","","","","","","","Regarded as a full family by Groves (1989), but its affinities with Pitheciinae were emphasised by Horovitz et al. (1998). McKenna and Bell (1997) placed it as a tribe Callicebini in subfamily Cebinae, separating it from Pitheciinae.","21","21-00316","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316" "12100317","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Thomas","1903","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","12","","456","","Simia personatus É. Geoffroy, 1812.","","","","","Torquatus Goodman et al., 1998.","Revised by Hershkovitz (1990b) and van Roosmalen et al. (2002). Affinities among the species are disputed; the C. torquatus group is very distinct, and provisionally two subgenera may be recognized: Torquatus for the C. torquatus group, and Callicebus for the rest, following Goodman et al. (1998). Apart from the C. torquatus group (here, subgenus Torquatus), van Roosmalen et al. (2002) divide the species into four species groups: the C. donacophilus, C cupreus, C. moloch and C. personatus groups.","21","21-00317","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317" "12100318","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Thomas","1903","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","12","","456","","Simia personatus É. Geoffroy, 1812.","","","","","","","21","21-00318","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318" "12100319","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Goodman et al.","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00319","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319" "12100320","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","baptista","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1939","","Ark. f. Zool.","31A","13","7","","","Baptista Lake Titi","Brazil, Amazona, Lago de Baptista.","C Brazil, north of the Parana do Uraria and Parana do Ramos and south of the Amazon and lowermost Rio Madeira; and a small wedge between the Rio Uira-Curupa and Rio Andira (van Roosmalen et al., 2002:23-24).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. moloch species group. Hershkovitz (1990b) placed this as a subspecies of C. hoffmannsi; Groves (1992) suggested that both could be subspecies of moloch, but see Groves (2001c:170, 173) and van Roosmalen et al. (2002:23-24), who also separated it from hoffmannsi.","21","21-00320","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0320" "12100321","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","barbarabrownae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1990","","Fieldiana Zool., NS","55","","77","","","Barbara Brown’s Titi","Brazil, Bahia, Lamarao.","E Brazil, between Rio Paraguaçu and Rio Itapicuru, except where C. coimbrai is found.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. personatus species group. Regarded as full species, separate from C. personatus, by Kobayashi and Langguth (1999).","21","21-00321","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0321" "12100322","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","bernhardi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","van Roosmalen, van Roosmalen and Mittermeier","2002","","Neotropical Primates","10 (Suppl.)","","24","","","Prince Bernhard’s Titi","Brazil, Amazonas State, west bank of the lower Rio Aripuana, at the edge of Nova Olinda, 41km SW of Novo Aripuana.","Brazil, Amazonas and Rodonia states, between Rios Madeira-Ji-Parana and Rios Aripuana-Roosevelt.","CITES – Appendix II.","","Subgenus Callicebus, C. moloch species group.","21","21-00322","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0322" "12100323","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","brunneus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturgesch.","8","","357","","","Brown Titi","Brazil, Rondônia, upper Rio Madeira, Cachoeira da Bananeira.","Middle to upper Madeira basin in Peru and Brazil, to upper Rio Purús (Brazil) and Ucayali (Peru); Bolivia (see van Roosmalen et al., 2002).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. moloch species group. Not a subspecies of moloch, contra Groves (1992).","21","21-00323","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0323" "12100324","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","caligatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wagner","1842","","Arch. Naturg","8","","257","","","Chestnut-bellied Titi","Brazil, Rio Madeira, Borba.","South of the Rio Solimőes from Rio Purús to Rio Madeira, Brazil.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","castaneoventris (Gray, 1866); usto-fuscus Elliot, 1907.","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group. A synonym of cupreus according to Groves (2001c), who thought it was a colour morph, but shown to be a distinct, allopatric species by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00324","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0324" "12100325","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","cinerascens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","20","","","Ashy Black Titi","""Río Putumayo or Iça, Peruvian border of Amazonas, Brazil""; Hershkovitz (1990b) doubted its accuracy., and van Roosmalen et al. (2002) postulated it was from the Rio Madeira basin south of the Amazon.","Rio Madeira basin (SW Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. moloch species group.","21","21-00325","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0325" "12100326","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","coimbrai","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kobayashi and Langguth","1999","","Rev. Bras. Zool.","16","","534","","","Coimbra Filho’s Titi","Brazil, Sergipe, Santansa dos Frades, about 11 km SW of Pacatuba, Aragao, 10°32’S, 36°41W, alt. 90 m.","NE Brazil, between Rio Săo Francisco and Rio Real.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. personatus species group.","21","21-00326","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0326" "12100327","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","cupreus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","23","","","Coppery Titi","Brazil, Rio Solimőes, Tabatinga.","South of the Amazon from Rio Purús to Rio Ucayali, Brazil and Peru; probably Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","acreanus Vieira, 1952; egeria Thomas, 1908; toppinii Thomas, 1914.","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group. Includes caligata, discolor and dubius according to Groves (1992, 2001c), who argued that, if the distributions are sympatric, as mapped by Hershkovitz (1990), then all these are likely to be colour morphs; but according to van Roosmalen et al. (2002), the distributions given by Hershkovitz are incorrect, and they are vicariant and hence represent differentiated taxa.","21","21-00327","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0327" "12100328","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","discolor","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy and Deville","1848","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","27","","498","","","White-tailed titi","Brazil, Rio Solimőes, Tabatinga.","Upper Amazonian region in Peru, Ecuador and Colombia, and possibly into Brazil, between the Rios Ucayali and Huallaga and north of Rio Marańon across the Rio Napo to the Rio Putumayo and Rio Guamés.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","leucometopa (Cabrera, 1900); napoleon Lönnberg, 1922; paenulatus Elliot, 1909; rutteri Thomas, 1923; subrufus Elliot, 1907.","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group. Separated as a species from cupreus by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00328","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0328" "12100329","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","donacophilus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","d'Orbigny","1836","","Voy. Am. Merid., Atlas Zool.","","","pl. 5","","","White-eared Titi","Bolivia, Moxos Prov., Río Marmoré.","WC Bolivia, El Beni and Santa Cruz Provs., Upper Rios Marmoré-Grande and San Miguel basins.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. donacophilus species group. Does not include pallescens (see Groves, 2001c:172, van Roosmalen et al., 2002:8).","21","21-00329","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0329" "12100330","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","dubius","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1988","","Fieldiana Zool., n.s.","55","","66","","","Hershkovitz’ Titi","Brazil, east bank of R. Purus, opposite Lago Ayapua, ca.4°20' S, 62°00' W, according to Hershkovitz (1990).","Brazil, Ituxi River or the Mucuim River, east to the Madeira River south of Humaita, and west to the Purus River (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group. A synonym of cupreus according to Groves (2001c), who thought it was a colour morph, but shown to be consistently different, with a distinct geographic distribution by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00330","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0330" "12100331","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","hoffmannsi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1908","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","2","","89","","","Hoffmanns’s Titi","Brazil, Pará, Urucurituba, Rio Tapajós.","C Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Canuma and Tapajós-Jurena, south to the Rio Sucunduri.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. moloch species group. Groves (1992) suggested that this may be a subspecies of moloch, but see Groves (2001c:170). Does not include baptista (see Groves, 2001c:170, 173).","21","21-00331","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0331" "12100332","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","lucifer","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1914","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","13","","345","","","Lucifer Titi","Peru, Department of Loreto, Yahauas Territory, vicinity of Pebas.","Peru, Ecuador and Brazil, between Rios Caqueta-Japua and Rios Napo-Solimoes.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc)","ignitus Thomas, 1927.","Subgenus Torquatus. Separated as a species from C. torquatus by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00332","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0332" "12100333","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","lugens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1811","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","","","319","","","Black Titi","Venezuela, Amazonas state, near San Fernando de Atabapo, at confluence of Rio Orinoco and Rio Guaviare.","Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela, west of Rio Branco and north of Rios Negro/Uaupes/Vaupes; then west of Rio Apaporis and north of Rio Caqueta, east of Andes north to Rio Tomo, possibly to Rio Orinoco but known to reach the Orinoco only between Rio Caura and Rio Caroni (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","duida Allen, 1914; vidua (Lesson, 1840).","Subgenus Torquatus. Separated as a species from C. torquatus by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00333","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0333" "12100334","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","medemi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1963","","Mammalia","27","","52","","","Colombian Black-handed Titi","Colombia, Putumayo, right bank of Rio Caqueta, Rio Mecaya.","Amazonian region of Colombia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Subgenus Torquatus. Separated as a species from C. torquatus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00334","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0334" "12100335","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","melanochir","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wied-Neuwied","1820","","Reise nach Brasil.","1","","258, fn","","","Coastal Black-handed Titi","Brazil, Bahia, Morro d’Arara or Fazenda Arara.","E Brazil, between Rio Mucuri and Rio Itapicuru.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","canescens (Kuhl, 1820); gigot Spix, 1823.","Subgenus Callicebus. C. personatus species group. Regarded as full species, separate from C. personatus, by Kobayashi and Langguth (1999).","21","21-00335","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0335" "12100336","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","modestus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1939","","Ark. f. Zool.","31A","17","","","","Rio Beni Titi","Bolivia, Beni, El Consuelo.","Upper Río Beni basin (Bolivia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. donacophilus species group.","21","21-00336","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0336" "12100337","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","moloch","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hoffmannsegg","1807","","Magas. Ges. Nativf. Fr.","9","","97","","","Red-bellied Titi","Brazil, Pará; right bank of lower Rio Tapajós according to Hershkovitz (1963).","C Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Tapajós and Tocantins-Araguaia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","emiliae Thomas, 1911; geoffroyi Miranda Ribeiro, 1914; hypokantha (Olfers, 1819); remulus Thomas, 1908; sakir (Giebel, 1855).","Subgenus Callicebus. C. moloch species group. See Jones and Anderson (1978, Mammalian Species, 112).","21","21-00337","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0337" "12100338","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","nigrifrons","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","21","","","Black-fronted Titi","Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Onças, Municipio Campos (see Hershkovitz, 1990:72-73).","SE Brazil, states of Rio de Janeiro, Săo Paulo (north of Rio Tietę), and S Minas Gerais.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","brunello Thomas, 1913; chlorocnemius (Lund, 1840); crinicaudus (Lund, 1841); grandis (Lund, 1841); melanops (Vigors, 1829).","Subgenus Callicebus. C. personatus species group. Regarded as full species, separate from C. personatus, by Kobayashi and Langguth (1999).","21","21-00338","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0338" "12100339","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","oenanthe","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1924","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","14","","286","","","Rio Mayo Titi","Peru, San Martín Dept., Moyobamba, 840 m.","Rio Mayo valley, 750-950 m (N Peru).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. donacophilus species group.","21","21-00339","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0339" "12100340","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","olallae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1939","","Ark. f. Zool.","31A","","16","","","Ollala Brothers’ Titi","Bolivia, El Beni Prov., La Laguna (5 km from Santa Rosa).","Known only from the type locality.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. donacophilus species group.","21","21-00340","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0340" "12100341","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","ornatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 4","17","","57","","","Ornate Titi","Colombia, Villavicencia, Rio Meta.","Colombia, headwaters of Rio Meta and Rio Guiviare.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group. Separated from C. cupreus by Groves (2001c) and van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00341","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0341" "12100342","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","pallescens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","161","","","White-coated Titi","Paraguay, Chaco, 48 km north of Concepcion.","Paraguay, W of Rio Paraguay to about 23°S and 61°30’W in Gran Chaco; Mato Grosso do Sul, in the Pantanal (Brazil); probably Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. donacophilus species group. Separated from C. donacophilus by Groves (2001c:172) and van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00342","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0342" "12100343","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","personatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","In Humboldt, Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","357","","","Atlantic Titi","Brazil, Espírito Santo, Rio Doce (see Hershkovitz, 1990b).","SE Brazil, Espirito Santo, possibly into NW Minas Gerais.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","incanescens (Kuhl, 1820).","Subgenus Callicebus. C. personatus species group. Does not include melanochir, nigrifrons or barbarbrownae (see Kobayashi and Langguth, 1999).","21","21-00343","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0343" "12100344","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","purinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1927","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","19","","510","","","Rio Purus Titi","Brazil, state of Amazonas, Lago Ayapua, left bank of lower Rio Purus.","Brazil south of the Rio Solimoes between the Rio Tapaua and Rio Jurua.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Torquatus. Separated as a species from C. torquatus by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00344","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0344" "12100345","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","regulus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1927","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","19","","510","","","Red-headed Titi","Brazil, state of Amazonas, Fonte Boa, right bank of upper Rio Solimoes.","Brazil, between Rios Javari/Solimoes and Rio Jurua.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Subgenus Torquatus. Separated as a species from C. torquatus by van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00345","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0345" "12100346","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Callicebus","stephennashi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","van Roosmalen, van Roosmalen and Mittermeier","2002","","Neotropical Primates","10, suppl.","","15","","","Stephen Nash’s Titi","Brazil: somewhere along the middle to upper Rio Purus.","Brazil: probably along the right bank of the Rio Purus, in between the distributions of C. caligatus and C. dubius (van Roosmalen et al., 2002).","CITES – Appendix II.","","Subgenus Callicebus. C. cupreus species group.","21","21-00346","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0318-0346" "12100347","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Callicebinae","","Callicebus","Torquatus","torquatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hoffmannsegg","1807","","Magas. Ges. Nativf. Fr.","10","","86","","","Collared Titi","Brazil, Codajás, north bank of Rio Solimőes.","Brazil, between Rios Negro/Uaupes and Rios Solimoes/Japura/Apaporis.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","amicta (É. Geoffroy, 1812).","Subgenus Torquatus. Does not include lucifer, lugens, purinus or regulus according to van Roosmalen et al. (2002).","21","21-00347","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0316-0000-0317-0319-0347" "12100348","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Mivart","1865","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","547","","","","","","","","","21","21-00348","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348" "12100349","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","Spec. Mamm. Bim. et Quadrum.","","","181","","Simia melanocephalus Humboldt, 1812.","","","","","Brachyurus Spix, 1823; Cercoptochus Gloger, 1842; Cothurus Palmer, 1899 [not of Champion, 1891 (Coleoptera)]; Neocothurus Palmer, 1903; Ouakaria Gray, 1849.","Revised by Hershkovitz (1987c). Reduced to a subgenus of Chiropotes by Goodman et al. (1998).","21","21-00349","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349" "12100350","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","calvus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1847","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","24","","576","","","Bald Uacari","Brazil, Amazonas, Fonte Boa.","NW Brazil, E Peru.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. c. calvus, C. c. novaesi, and C. c. rubicundus, Vulnerable as C. c. ucayalii.","alba (Schlegel, 1876); novaesi Hershkovitz, 1987; rubicundus (I. Geoffroy St. Hilaire and Deville, 1848); ucayalii Thomas, 1928.","Includes rubicundus; see Hershkovitz (1972a), but also see Szalay and Delson (1979:290) who listed it as a distinct species.","21","21-00350","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0350" "12100351","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","calvus","calvus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1847","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","24","","576","","","","Brazil, Amazonas, Fonte Boa.","","","","","21","21-00351","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0350-0351" "12100352","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","calvus","novaesi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00352","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0350-0352" "12100353","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","calvus","rubicundus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy St. Hilaire and Deville","1848","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00353","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0350-0353" "12100354","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","calvus","ucayalii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1928","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00354","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0350-0354" "12100355","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Cacajao","","melanocephalus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","317","","","Black-headed Uacari","Venezuela, Casiquiare Forests, Mision de San Francisco Solano.","SW Venezuela, NW Brazil.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","ouakary (Spix, 1823); spixii (Gray, 1849).","","21","21-00355","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0349-0000-0355" "12100356","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lesson","1840","","Spec. Mamm. Bim. et Quadrum.","","","178","","Pithecia (Chiropotes) couxio Lesson, 1840 (= Cebus satanas Hoffmannsegg, 1807).","","","","","Cheiropotes Reichenbach, 1862; Saki Schlegel, 1876.","Reviewed by Hershkovitz (1985) and Bonvicino et al. (2003b).","21","21-00356","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356" "12100357","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","albinasus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy and Deville","1848","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","27","","498","","","White-nosed Saki","Brazil, Pará, Santarém.","NC Brazil.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","roosevelti J. A. Allen, 1914.","","21","21-00357","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356-0000-0357" "12100358","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","chiropotes","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1811","","Rec. Obs. zool. Anat. Comp.","1","","311","","","Red-backed Bearded Saki","Reported to be Venezuela, Amazonas, upper Rio Orinoco south of the cataracts; but according to Bonvicino et al. (2003b) does not occur in Venezuela.","Guyana, French Guiana, Surinam, Brazil east of the R.Branco.","CITES – Appendix II; status not known.","couxio (Lesson, 1840); fulvo-fusca (Trouessart, 1897); sagulata (Traill, 1821).","A distinct species, not a subspecies of C. satanas, and does not include israelita as a synonym, according to Bonvicino et al. (2003b).","21","21-00358","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356-0000-0358" "12100359","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","israelita","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. et Vesp. Brasil.","","","11","","","Brown-backed Bearded Saki","Brazil, Rio Negro.","Brazil north of the Amazon and east of the Rio Branco, S Venezuela east of the Rio Orinoco.","CITES – Appendix II; status not known.","","Regarded as a distinct species, not a synonym of chiropotes, by Bonvicino et al. (2003b).","21","21-00359","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356-0000-0359" "12100360","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","satanas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hoffmannsegg","1807","","Mag. Ges. Naturf. Fr.","10","","93","","","Black Bearded Saki","Brazil, Pará, lower Rio Tocantins, Cametá.","Brazil south of Amazon estuary, between Rios Tocantins and Gurupi.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as C. s. satanas; IUCN – Endangered as C. s. satanas.","ater Gray, 1870; nigra (Trouessart, 1897).","The subspecies assigned to this species by Hershkovitz (1985) were regarded as distinct species by Bonvicino et al. (2003b).","21","21-00360","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356-0000-0360" "12100361","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Chiropotes","","utahickae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1985","","Fieldiana Zool., n.s.,","27","","17","","","Uta Hick’s Bearded Saki","Brazil, Tapará, right (east) bank of Rio Xingu, near mouth.","N Brazil, south of Amazon, between Rios Xingu and Tocantins, south to Serra dos Carajás and Rio Itacaiuna.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as C. satanus utahickae.","","Not a subspecies of C. satanas (Bonvicino et al., 2003b).","21","21-00361","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0356-0000-0361" "12100362","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Desmarest","1804","","Tabl. Meth. Hist. Nat., in Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat.","24","","8","","Simia pithecia Linnaeus, 1766.","","","","","Calletrix Fleming, 1822 [lapsus]; Yarkea Lesson, 1840.","Revised by Hershkovitz (1987d).","21","21-00362","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362" "12100363","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","aequatorialis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hershkovitz","1987","","Am. J. Primatol.","12","","429","","","Equatorial Saki","Peru, Loreto, lower Rio Nanay, Santa Luisa.","Napo (Ecuador) to Loreto (Peru).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Based upon specimens included by Hershkovitz (1979) in P. monachus.","21","21-00363","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0363" "12100364","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","albicans","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1860","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1860","","231","","","White-footed Saki","Brazil, Amazonas, Tefé (south bank of Solimőes River).","South bank of Amazon, between lower Jurua and lower Purús Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","Separated from monachus by Hershkovitz (1979, 1987d).","21","21-00364","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0364" "12100365","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","irrorata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1842","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., [ser. 1]","10","","256","","","Rio Tapajos Saki","Brazil, Pará, West bank of Rio Tapajós, Parque Nacional de Amazônia.","South of the Amazon in SW Brazil; SW Peru; E Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","vanzolinii Hershkovitz, 1987.","Includes some specimens identified by Hershkovitz (1979) as P. hirsuta. May prove to be a subspecies of P. monachus (Hershkovitz, 1987d).","21","21-00365","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0365" "12100366","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","monachus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","359","","","Monk Saki","Brazil, left bank of Rio Solimőes between Tabatinga and Rio Tocantins.","West of Rio Jurua and Rio Japura-Caqueta (in Brazil), Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. m. milleri, Data Deficient as P. m. napensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","guapo Schinz, 1844; hirsuta Spix, 1823; inusta Spix, 1823; napensis Lönnberg, 1938; milleri J. A. Allen, 1914.","Does not include albicans, see Hershkovitz (1979). Includes hirsuta, see Hershkovitz (1987d).","21","21-00366","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0366" "12100367","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","monachus","monachus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","359","","","","Brazil, left bank of Rio Solimőes between Tabatinga and Rio Tocantins.","","","","","21","21-00367","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0366-0367" "12100368","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","monachus","milleri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","J. A. Allen","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00368","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0366-0368" "12100369","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","pithecia","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","40","","","White-faced Saki","French Guiana, Cayenne.","Guyana; French Guiana; Surinam; N Amazon, east of Río Negro and Rio Orinoco (N Brazil, S Venezuela).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","adusta Olfers, 1818; capillamentosa Spix, 1823; leucocephala (Audebert, 1797); ochrocephala Kuhl, 1820; pogonias Gray, 1842; rufibarbata Kuhl, 1820; rufiventer (É. Geoffroy, 1812); saki Muirhead, 1819; chrysocephala I. Geoffroy, 1850; lotichiusi Mertens, 1925.","","21","21-00369","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0369" "12100370","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","pithecia","pithecia","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","40","","","","French Guiana, Cayenne.","","","","","21","21-00370","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0369-0370" "12100371","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Pitheciidae","Pitheciinae","","Pithecia","","pithecia","chrysocephala","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1850","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00371","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0315-0348-0000-0362-0000-0369-0371" "12100372","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","338","","","","","","","","","21","21-00372","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372" "12100373","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Trouessart","1897","","Cat. Mamm. Viv. Foss.","","","32","","","","","","","Mycetinae Gray, 1825.","Groves (2001c) used Mycetinae, but had overlooked the fact that Simpson (1945) had replaced Mycetinae with Alouattinae: see Brandon-Jones and Groves (2003).","21","21-00373","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373" "12100374","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lacépčde","1799","","Tabl. Div. Subd. Orders Genres Mammifčres","","","4","","Simia belzebul Linnaeus, 1766.","","","","","Mycetes Illiger, 1811; Stentor É. Geoffroy, 1812.","Includes the following species groups according to Groves (2001c): (1) A. palliata group (palliata, pigra, coibensis), (2) A. seniculus group (seniculus, macconnelli, sara, belzebul, nigerrima, guariba), and (3) A. caraya group (caraya only).","21","21-00374","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374" "12100375","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","belzebul","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","37","","","Red-handed Howler","Brazil, Pará, Rio Capim.","N Brazil (mainly south of Lower Amazon, east of Rio Madeira); Mexiana Isl (Brazil); in Pará Prov. (Brazil), north of Amazon.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. b. ululata, otherwise Lower Risk (lc) as A. belezebul (sic).","beelzebub (Bechstein, 1800);discolor (Spix, 1823); flavimanus (Bates, 1863); mexianae (Hagmann, 1908); rufimanus (Kuhl, 1820); tapojozensis Lönnberg, 1941; ululata Elliot, 1912.","A. seniculus species group. Does not include nigerrima (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00375","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0375" "12100376","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","caraya","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","355","","","Black Howler","Paraguay.","N Argentina to Mato Grosso (Brazil), Bolivia (see Anderson, 1997).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","barbatus (Spix, 1823); niger (É. Geoffroy, 1812); straminea (Humboldt, 1812).","A. caraya species group. For the inclusion of straminea in this species, not in A. seniculus, see Rylands and Brandon-Jones (1988).","21","21-00376","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0376" "12100377","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","coibensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1902","","Novit. Zool.","9","","135","","","Coiba Island Howler","Panama, Coiba Isl.","Coiba Isl and Azuero Penninsula, Panama.","CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. c. trabeata, otherwise Endangered.","trabeata Lawrence, 1933.","A. palliata species group. Recognized as a full species by Froehlich and Froehlich (1987).","21","21-00377","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0377" "12100378","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","coibensis","coibensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1902","","Novit. Zool.","9","","135","","","","Panama, Coiba Isl.","","","","","21","21-00378","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0377-0378" "12100379","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","coibensis","trabeata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lawrence","1933","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00379","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0377-0379" "12100380","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","guariba","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","pl. 30","","","Brown Howler","Brazil.","N Bolivia (?- beniensis); SE and EC Brazil, north to the Rio Săo Francisco.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. g. guariba, otherwise Vulnerable.","?beniensis Lönnberg, 1941; bicolor (Gray, 1845); fusca (É. Geoffroy, 1812); ursinus (É. Geoffroy, 1812: plate only, not text); clamitans Cabrera, 1940; iheringi Lönnberg, 1941.","A. seniculus species group. A. guariba (Humboldt, 1812) is the correct name for this species, not fusca (Rylands and Brandon-Jones, 1988). A. ""fusca"" beniensis may actually be A. seniculus (Mittermeier et al., 1988:13-75).","21","21-00380","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0380" "12100381","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","guariba","guariba","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","pl. 30","","","","Brazil.","","","","","21","21-00381","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0380-0381" "12100382","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","guariba","clamitans","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Cabrera","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00382","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0380-0382" "12100383","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","macconnelli","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","37","","","Guyanan Red Howler","Guyana: coast region.","Trinidad; Guyana, French Guiana, and Brazil north of the lower and Middle Amazon.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. seniculus insulanus.","insulanus Elliot, 1910.","A. seniculus species group. Separated from A. seniculus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00383","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0383" "12100384","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","nigerrima","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1941","","Ark. f. Zool., 33A","10","","33","","","Amazon Black Howler","Brazil, Amazonas, Patinga.","N Brazil, east of the Rio Trombetas to the Rio Tapajos, perhaps to the Rio Tocantins.","CITES – Appendix II.","","A. seniculus species group. Separated from A. belzebul by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00384","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0384" "12100385","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","palliata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1848","1849","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1848","","138","","","Mantled Howler","Nicaragua, Lake Nicaragua.","W Ecuador to Veracruz and Oaxaca (Mexico).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. p. mexicana, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","aequatorialis Festa, 1903; inclamax Thomas, 1913; inconsonans Goldman, 1913; matagalpae J. A. Allen, 1908; mexicana Merriam, 1902; niger (Thomas, 1880); quichua Thomas, 1913.","A. palliata species group. Subspecies are probably recognizable in this species, but further study is needed (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00385","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0385" "12100386","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","pigra","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lawrence","1933","","Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool.","75","","333","","","Guatemalan Black Howler","Guatemala, Petén, Uaxactun.","Yucatan and Chiapas (Mexico) to Belize and Guatemala.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","luctuosa Lawrence, 1833.","A. palliata species group. The name villosa (Gray, 1845), has been applied to this species (see Napier, 1976:76) but Lawrence (1933) regarded it as a nomen dubium; see Smith (1970:366) and Hall (1981:260, 263).","21","21-00386","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0386" "12100387","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","sara","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","5","","283","","","Bolivian Red Howler","Bolivia, Sara Prov., Santa Cruz.","Bolivia (Sara Province), Peru, and Brazil to the Rio Negro and Rondônia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","","A. seniculus species group. Separated from A. seniculus by Minezawa et al. (1985).","21","21-00387","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0387" "12100388","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","seniculus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","37","","","Venezuelan Red Howler","Colombia, Bolivar, Rio Magdalena, Cartagena.","Colombia to Venezuela and NW Brazil.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient at A. s. amazonica, A. s. juara, and A. s. puruensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","?auratus (Gray, 1845); bogotensis J. A. Allen, 1914; caquetensis J. A. Allen, 1914; caucensis J. A. Allen, 1904; chrysurus (I. Geoffroy, 1829); ?laniger (Gray, 1845); rubicunda J. A. Allen, 1904; arctoidea Cabrera, 1940; ursina (Humboldt, 1815) [not of Kerr 1792]; juara Elliot, 1910; amazonica Lönnberg, 1941; juruana Lönnberg, 1941; puruensis Lönnberg, 1941.","A. seniculus species group. Does not include sara (Minezawa et al., 1985), straminea (Rylands and Brandon-Jones, 1998), or macconnelli (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00388","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0388" "12100389","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","seniculus","seniculus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","37","","","","Colombia, Bolivar, Rio Magdalena, Cartagena.","","","","","21","21-00389","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0388-0389" "12100390","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","seniculus","arctoidea","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Cabrera","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00390","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0388-0390" "12100391","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Alouattinae","","Alouatta","","seniculus","juara","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00391","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0373-0000-0374-0000-0388-0391" "12100392","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","338","","","","","","","","Combined with Alouattinae as family Atelidae by Rosenberger (1977). Divided into subtribes Atelina (Ateles only) and Brachytelina (Lagothrix, Brachyteles) by Goodman et al. (1998), who did not study Oreonax.","21","21-00392","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392" "12100393","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1806","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","1","","262","","Simia paniscus Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Ameranthropoides Montandon, 1929; Montaneia Ameghino, 1911; Paniscus Rafinesque, 1815; Sapajou Lacépčde, 1799.","All Ateles were considered conspecific by Hernández-Camacho and Cooper (1976:66).","21","21-00393","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393" "12100394","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","belzebuth","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1806","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","7","","27","","","White-fronted Spider Monkey","Venezuela, Esmeralda.","Cordillera Oriental, Colombia to Venezuela and N Peru.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","bartlettii Gray, 1867; braccatus Pelzeln, 1883; brissonii (Fischer, 1829); chuva Schlegel, 1876; fuliginosus Kuhl, 1820; variegatus Wagner, 1840","Does not include hybridus or marginatus (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00394","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0394" "12100395","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","chamek","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","353","","","Peruvian Spider Monkey","Peru, Cuzco, Rio Comberciato.","NE Peru, E Bolivia to Brazil west of Rio Juruá and south of Rio Solimőes.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","longimembris J. A. Allen, 1914; peruvianus Lönnberg, 1940.","Separated from paniscus by Groves (1989).","21","21-00395","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0395" "12100396","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","fusciceps","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1865","1866","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","733","","","Black-headed Spider Monkey","NW Ecuador, Imbabura Prov., Hacienda Chinipamba, 1500 m.","SE Panama to Ecuador, Colombia to W Cordillera (Paraguay).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. geoffroyi fusciceps, Vulnerable as A. g. rufiventris.","rufiventris Sclater, 1872; dariensis Goldman, 1915; robustus J. A. Allen, 1914.","","21","21-00396","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0396" "12100397","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","fusciceps","fusciceps","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1865","1866","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1865","","733","","","","NW Ecuador, Imbabura Prov., Hacienda Chinipamba, 1500 m.","","","","","21","21-00397","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0396-0397" "12100398","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","fusciceps","rufiventris","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sclater","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00398","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0396-0398" "12100399","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","Beitr. Zool. Vergl. Anat.","1","","26","","","Geoffroy’s Spider Monkey","Nicaragua, San Juan del Norte.","S Mexico to Panama.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as A. g. frontatus and A. g. panamensis only, otherwise CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as A. g. azuerensis, Endangered as A. g. grisescens and A. g. panamensis, Vulnerable as A. g. ornatus, A. g. yucatanensis, and A. g. frontatus, Lower Risk (lc) as A. g. vellerosus.","frontatus (Gray, 1842); melanochir Desmarest, 1820; trianguligera Weinland, 1862; grisescens Gray, 1866; cucullatus Gray, 1866; ornatus Gray, 1870; azuerensis Bole, 1937; panamensis Kellogg and Golman, 1944; vellerosus Gray, 1866; neglectus Reinhardt, 1873; pan Schlegel, 1876; tricolor Hollister, 1914; yucatanensis Kellogg and Goldman, 1944.","","21","21-00399","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399" "12100400","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","geoffroyi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","Beitr. Zool. Vergl. Anat.","1","","26","","","","Nicaragua, San Juan del Norte.","","","","","21","21-00400","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399-0400" "12100401","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","grisescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00401","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399-0401" "12100402","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","ornatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00402","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399-0402" "12100403","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","vellerosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00403","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399-0403" "12100404","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","geoffroyi","yucatanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kellogg and Goldman","1944","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00404","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0399-0404" "12100405","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","hybridus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1829","","Mem. Mus. Paris","17","","168","","","Brown Spider Monkey","Colombia, valley of Rio Magdalena, La Gloria.","N Colombia and NW Venezuela.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as A. h. hybridus and A. h. brunneus.","albifrons Gray, 1870; brunneus Gray, 1870; loysi (Montandon, 1929).","Separated from belzebuth by Froehlich et al. (1991). Rylands et al. (2000) recognized brunneus as a subspecies.","21","21-00405","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0405" "12100406","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","marginatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1809","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","13","","97","","","White-cheeked Spider Monkey","Brazil, Rio Tocantins, Cametá.","South of Lower Amazon, Rio Tapajós to Rio Tocantins (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","frontalis Bennett, 1831.","Separated from belzebuth by Groves (1989).","21","21-00406","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0406" "12100407","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Ateles","","paniscus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","26","","","Red-faced Spider Monkey","French Guiana.","Guianas and Brazil, north of the Amazon (east of Rio Negro).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","ater F. Cuvier, 1823; cayennensis (Fischer, 1829); pentadactylus É. Geoffroy, 1806; subpentadactylus Desmarest, 1820; surinamensis (Fischer, 1829).","","21","21-00407","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0393-0000-0407" "12100408","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Brachyteles","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Spix","1823","","Sim. Vespert. Brasil.","","","36","","Brachyteles macrotarsus Spix, 1823 (= Ateles arachnoides É. Geoffroy, 1806).","","","","","Eriodes I. Geoffroy, 1829.","","21","21-00408","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0408" "12100409","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Brachyteles","","arachnoides","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1806","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","7","","271","","","Southern Muriqui","Brazil, Rio de Janeiro.","SE Brazil: states of Rio de Janeiro and Săo Paulo.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","eriodes Brehm, 1876; macrotarsus Spix, 1823; tuberifer (I. Geoffroy, 1829).","","21","21-00409","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0408-0000-0409" "12100410","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Brachyteles","","hypoxanthus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","Beitr. Zool.","1820","","25","","","Northern Muriqui","Brazil, Bahia.","E Brazil: Bahia, Minas Gerais, Espiritu Santo.","CITES – Appendix I as included in B. arachnoides; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in B. arachnoides; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","hemidactylus (I. Geoffroy, 1829).","Separated from B. arachnoides by Rylands et al. (1995).","21","21-00410","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0408-0000-0410" "12100411","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","In Humboldt, Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","356","","Lagothrix humboldtii É. Geoffroy, 1812 (= Simia lagothricha Humboldt, 1812).","","","","","Gastrimargus Spix, 1823.","Does not include flavicauda; divided into four species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00411","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411" "12100412","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","cana","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","354","","","Gray Woolly Monkey","Brazil, S bank of Rio Solimoes near mouth of Rio Tefé.","Brazil, south of Amazon; southern highlands of Peru; an isolated population in northern Bolivia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as L. c. cana and L. c. tschudii.","olivaceus (Spix, 1823); puruensis Lönnberg, 1940; ubericola Elliot, 1909; tschudii Pucheran, 1857; nigra J. A. Allen, 1900; thomasi Elliot, 1909.","Wallace and Painter (1999) recorded a southern range extension for this species in Madidi National Park, Bolivia; the description corresponds to L. c. tschudii according to Rylands et al. (2000).","21","21-00412","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0412" "12100413","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","cana","cana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","354","","","","Brazil, S bank of Rio Solimoes near mouth of Rio Tefé.","","","","","21","21-00413","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0412-0413" "12100414","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","cana","tschudii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pucheran","1857","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00414","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0412-0414" "12100415","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","lagotricha","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","322","","","Brown Woolly Monkey","Colombia, Úapes, Rio Guaviare.","Brazil N of Rio Napo-Amazon system, SE Colombia, extreme N Peru and NE Ecuador.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","barrigo Natterer, 1883; caparro Lesson, 1840; caroarensis Lönnberg, 1931; geoffroyi Pucheran, 1857; humboldtii É. Geoffroy, 1812; infumatus (Spix, 1823).","","21","21-00415","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0415" "12100416","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","lugens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","193","","","Colombian Woolly Monkey","Colombia, Upper Rio Magdalena valley, Tolima, 2°20’N, 1500-2100 m.","Colombia, headwaters of Orinoco tributaries; Venezuela, Sarare River drainage.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","21","21-00416","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0416" "12100417","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Lagothrix","","poeppigii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schinz","1844","","Syst. Verz. Säug.","1","","72","","","Silvery Woolly Monkey","Peru, Loreto, lower Rio Huallaga, north of Yurimaguas.","Highlands of E Ecuador and N Peru, to about 70°W, 5°S in Brazil.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","castelnaui I. Geoffroy and Deville, 1848.","","21","21-00417","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0411-0000-0417" "12100418","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Oreonax","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Thomas","1927","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","19","","156","","Lagothrix (Oreonax) hendeei Thomas, 1927 (= Simia flavicauda Humboldt, 1812).","","","","","","Separated from Lagothrix by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00418","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0418" "12100419","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","","Atelidae","Atelinae","","Oreonax","","flavicauda","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Humboldt","1812","","Rec. Observ. Zool.","1","","363","","","Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey","Peru, San Martin, Puca Tambo, 5100 ft. (1555 m).","E Andes in San Martin (Peru) and Amazonas (Brazil).","CITES – Appendix I as Lagothrix flavicauda; U.S. ESA – Endangered as L. flavicauda; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","hendeei (Thomas, 1927).","","21","21-00419","21-0001-0163-0177-0000-0372-0392-0000-0418-0000-0419" "12100420","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","297","","","","","","","","","21","21-00420","21-0001-0163-0177-0420" "12100421","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","297","","","","","","","","Hill (in Honacki et al., 1982:230) and Groves (1989) divided this family into the Colobidae and Cercopithecidae.","21","21-00421","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421" "12100422","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1821","","London Med. Repos.","15","","297","","","","","","","Cercocebini Jolly, 1966; Cynopithecinae Osman Hill, 1966; Macacidae Owen, 1843; Papinae Chiarelli, 1966; Papioninae Burnett, 1828; Theropithecini Jolly, 1966.","Divided by Groves (2001c) into two tribes: Cercopithecini (Allenopithecus, Cercopithecus, Chlorocebus, Erythrocebus, Miopithecus) and Papionini (Cercocebus, Lophocebus, Macaca, Mandrillus, Papio, Theropithecus).","21","21-00422","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422" "12100423","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Allenopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lang","1923","","Am. Mus. Novit.","87","","1","","Cercopithecus nigroviridis Pocock, 1907.","","","","","","Separated from Cercopithecus by Thorington and Groves (1970:638), Szalay and Delson (1979), and Groves (1989, 2001c).","21","21-00423","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0423" "12100424","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Allenopithecus","","nigroviridis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","","739","","","Allen’s Swamp Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, upper Congo River.","NW Dem. Rep. Congo, NE Angola.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","21","21-00424","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0423-0000-0424" "12100425","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","97","","Cercocebus fuliginosus É. Geoffroy, 1812 (= Simia (Cercopithecus) aethiops torquatus Kerr, 1792).","","","","","Aethiops Martin, 1841; Leptocebus Trouessart, 1904.","Van Gelder (1977b:8) and Groves (1978b) included Cercocebus in Cercopithecus. Goodman et al. (1998) included Mandrillus as a subgenus of Cercocebus. McKenna and Bell (1997) continued to include Lophocebus in Cercocebus, although the combined genus is clearly not monophyletc (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00425","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425" "12100426","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","agilis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1886","","Rev. Scient.","12","","15","","","Agile Mangabey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Republic Poste des Ouaddas (junction of Oubangui and Congo Rivers).","Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni), Cameroon, NE Gabon, Central African Republic, N Republic of Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo N of Congo River to Garamba and Semliki River.","CITES – Appendix II.","fumosus Matschie, 1914; hagenbecki Lydekker, 1900; oberlaenderi Lorenz, 1915.","Does not include chrysogaster. Separated from galeritus by Groves (1978b).","21","21-00426","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0426" "12100427","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","atys","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1797","","Hist. Nat. Singes Makis","4","2","13","","","Sooty Mangabey","West Africa.","Senegal to Ghana.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in C. torquatus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. a. lunulatus, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","aethiopicus F. Cuvier, 1821; aethiops (Schreber, 1775) [not of Linnaeus, 1758]; fuliginosus É. Geoffroy, 1812; lunulatus (Temminick, 1853).","The subspecies lunulatus appears strongly distinct, and may be a separate species (Groves, 2001c:242-3). Separated from torquatus by Groves (2001c:242).","21","21-00427","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0427" "12100428","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","atys","atys","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1797","","Hist. Nat. Singes Makis","4","2","13","","","","West Africa.","","","","","21","21-00428","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0427-0428" "12100429","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","atys","lunulatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Temminick","1853","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00429","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0427-0429" "12100430","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","chrysogaster","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lydekker","1900","","Novit. Zool.","7","","279","","","Golden-bellied Mangabey","Dem. Rep. Congo: Upper Congo.","Dem. Rep. Congo, south of Congo River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. galeritus chrysogaster.","","Separated from agilis by Groves (2001c:243).","21","21-00430","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0430" "12100431","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","galeritus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1879","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1879","","830","","","Tana River Mangabey","Kenya, Tana River, Mitole (2°10'S, 40°10'E).","Lower Tana River (Kenya).","CITES – Appendix I as C. g. galeritus; U.S. ESA – Endangered as C. g. galeritus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. g. galeritus.","","Formerly included agilis; but see Groves (1978b).","21","21-00431","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0431" "12100432","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","sanjei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Mittermeier","1986","","InElse and Lee (eds.), Primate Ecology and Conservation","","","338","","","Sanje Mangabey","Tanzania, Mwanihana Forest, Sanje Waterfall.","Tanzania, Mwanihana Forest and eastern slopes of Uzungwa Mtns.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. galeritus sanjei.","","","21","21-00432","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0432" "12100433","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercocebus","","torquatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","67","","","Collared Mangabey","West Africa.","W Nigeria to Gabon.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","collaris Gray, 1843; crossi Gray, 1843.","Does not include atys, pace Dandelot (1974:12) and Groves (1978b): see Groves (2001c:242).","21","21-00433","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0425-0000-0433" "12100434","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","26","","Simia diana Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Allochrocebus Elliot, 1913; Cercocephalus Temminck, 1853; Diademia Reichenbach, 1862; Diana Trouessart, 1878 [not of Risso, 1826]; Insignicebus Elliot, 1913; Lasiopyga Illiger, 1811; Melanocebus Elliot, 1913; Mona Reichenbach, 1862; Monichus Oken, 1816 [unavailable]; Neocebus Elliot, 1913; Otopithecus Trouessart, 1897; Petaurista Reichenbach, 1862 [not of Link, 1795]; Pogonocebus Trouessart, 1904; Rhinosticteus Trouessart, 1897; Rhinostigma Elliot, 1913.","Dandelot (1974:14) included Allenopithecus, Erythrocebus, and Miopithecus in this genus; but see Groves (1978b) and Corbet and Hill (1980:89) who considered them to be distinct genera; Szalay and Delson (1979) and McKenna and Bell (1997) considered Miopithecus a subgenus of Cercopithecus. Van Gelder (1977b:8) included Cercocebus, Papio, and Theropithecus in this genus, but see Groves (1978b), Ansell (1978:33), and Cronin and Meikle (1979:259). Chlorocebus was separated by Groves (1989). Designated as a subgroup of Simia by Linnaeus; type species S. diana designated by Stiles and Orleman (1926:52). Simia was suppressed by Opinion 114 of the International Commision on Zoological Nomenclature (1929b). The species groups are: (1) C. dryas group (monotypic), (2) C. diana group (diana, roloway), (3) C. mitis group (nictitans, mitis,<... [truncated]","21","21-00434","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434" "12100435","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Sykes","1831","","Proc. Committee Sci. Correspondance Zool. Soc. Lond.","1","","106","","","Sykes’ Monkey","Angola.","Ethiopia to South Africa, S and E Dem. Rep. Congo, NW Angola.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. mitis labiatus, Data Deficient as C. m. albotorquatus, Lower Risk (lc) as C. m. albogularis, otherwise not listed.","albotorquatus Pousargues, 1896; rufotinctus Pocock, 1907; erythrarchus Peters, 1852; beirensis Pocock, 1907; mossambicus Pocock, 1907; nyasae Schwarz, 1928; stairsi Sclater, 1892; stevensoni Roberts, 1948; francescae Thomas, 1902; kibonotensis Lönnberg, 1908; kima (Heller, 1913); maritima (Heller, 1913); kolbi Neumann, 1902; hindei Pocock, 1907; nubilus Dollman, 1910; labiatus I. Geoffroy, 1842; chimango Temminck, 1853; samango Wahlberg, 1845; moloneyi Sclater, 1893; monoides I. Geoffroy, 1841; rufilatus Pocock, 1907; phylax Schwarz, 1927; schwarzi Roberts, 1931; zammaranoi de Beaux, 1924.","C. mitis species group. Separated from C. mitis by Dandelot (1974:19).","21","21-00435","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435" "12100436","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","albogularis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sykes","1831","","Proc. Committee Sci. Correspondance Zool. Soc. Lond.","1","","106","","","","Angola.","","","","","21","21-00436","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0436" "12100437","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","albotorquatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pousargues","1896","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00437","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0437" "12100438","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","erythrarchus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1852","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00438","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0438" "12100439","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","francescae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00439","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0439" "12100440","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","kibonotensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00440","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0440" "12100441","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","kolbi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Neumann","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00441","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0441" "12100442","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","labiatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00442","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0442" "12100443","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","moloneyi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sclater","1893","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00443","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0443" "12100444","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","monoides","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1841","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00444","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0444" "12100445","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","phylax","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schwarz","1927","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00445","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0445" "12100446","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","schwarzi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Roberts","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00446","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0446" "12100447","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","albogularis","zammaranoi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","de Beaux","1924","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00447","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0435-0447" "12100448","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1799","","Hist. Nat. Singes Makis","4","2","13","","","Red-tailed Monkey","Angola (NW, by lower Congo River). See Machado (1969).","Uganda, Dem. Rep. Congo, Zambia, Angola, marginally in Central African Republic; W Kenya.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","histrio Reichenbach, 1863; melanogenys Gray, 1845; picturatus Santos, 1886; atrinasus Machado, 1965; katangae Lönnberg, 1919; schmidti Matschie, 1892; enkamer Matschie, 1913; ituriensis Lorenz, 1914; kaimosae (Heller, 1913); montanus Lorenz, 1914; mpangae Matschie, 1913; orientalis Lorenz, 1919; rutschuricus Lorenz, 1917; sassae Matschie, 1913; whitesidei Thomas, 1909; cirrhorhinus Matschie, 1913; kassaicus Matschie, 1913; omissus Matschie, 1913; pelorhinus Matschie, 1913.","C. cephus species group.","21","21-00448","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448" "12100449","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","ascanius","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1799","","Hist. Nat. Singes Makis","4","2","13","","","","Angola (NW, by lower Congo River). See Machado (1969).","","","","","21","21-00449","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448-0449" "12100450","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","atrinasus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Machado","1965","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00450","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448-0450" "12100451","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","katangae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1919","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00451","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448-0451" "12100452","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","schmidti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1892","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00452","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448-0452" "12100453","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","ascanius","whitesidei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1909","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00453","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0448-0453" "12100454","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","campbelli","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","61","","","Campbell’s Mona Monkey","Sierra Leone.","Senegal to Cavally River (Liberia – Côte d’Ivoire border).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","burnettii Gray, 1842; monella Gray, 1870; ?temminickii Ogilby, 1838.","C. mona species group. McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this species should be: The Analyst, 24:298-299 [publ. 2 July 1838]. Does not include lowei: see Kingdon (1997).","21","21-00454","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0454" "12100455","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","cephus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","27","","","Moustached Guenon","Africa.","Gabon, Republic of Congo, S Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, SW Central African Republic, NW Angola.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. c. ngottoensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","buccalis Leconte, 1857; inobservatus Elliot, 1927; pulcher Lorenz, 1915; cephodes Pocock, 1907; gabonensis Maclatchy and Malbrant, 1947; ngottoensis Colyn, 1999.","C. cephus species group. Includes erythrotis according to Struhsaker (1970:374-376); but see Dandelot (1974:23).","21","21-00455","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0455" "12100456","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","cephus","cephus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","27","","","","Africa.","","","","","21","21-00456","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0455-0456" "12100457","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","cephus","cephodes","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00457","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0455-0457" "12100458","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","cephus","ngottoensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Colyn","1999","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00458","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0455-0458" "12100459","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","denti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1907","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","38","1","","","Dent’s Mona Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, between Mawambi and Avakubi, Ituri Forest.","Dem. Rep. Congo north and east of Congo-Lualaba system, Rwanda, W Uganda, Central African Republic.","CITES – Appendix II.","liebrechtsi Dubois and Matschie, 1912.","C. mona species group. Included in C. wolfi by Dandelot (1974:25); provisionally separated by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00459","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0459" "12100460","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","diana","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","26","","","Diana Monkey","Liberia.","Sierra Leone to Sassandra River, Côte d’Ivoire.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered.","faunus (Linnaeus, 1766); ignita Gray, 1870.","C. diana species group. Type species; see comment under Cercopithecus. Does not include roloway, pace Dandelot (1974:25); see Groves (2001c:205).","21","21-00460","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0460" "12100461","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","doggetti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1907","","691","","","Silver Monkey","Uganda: SW Ankole.","Highlands of Dem. Rep. Congo west of Lake Albert and Lake Tanganyika, to S Burundi, NW Tanzania (Bukoba), Rwanda, S Uganda (Ankole, Busenya, Kaiso).","CITES – Appendix II.","sibatoi (Lorenz, 1913).","C. mitis species group. Separated from C. mitis by Groves (2001c:208).","21","21-00461","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0461" "12100462","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","dryas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schwartz","1932","","Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr.","21","","251","","","Dryas Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Ikela Zone, Yapatsi. (See Thys van den Audenaerde, 1977:1006).","Known only from a few localities in C Dem. Rep. Congo (Wamba Dist., 22°31'-33°E, and 0°01'N-0°01'S); see Kuroda et al. (1985, as Cercopithecus salongo).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","salongo Thys van den Audenaerde, 1977.","C. dryas species group. Not a subspecies of diana; possibly related to Chlorocebus aethiops; see Thys van den Audenaerde (1977:1007), Groves (2001c:204). C. salongo is an age-variant of this species, see Colyn et al. (1991).","21","21-00462","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0462" "12100463","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrogaster","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1866","","169","","","White-throated Guenon","""West Africa""; restricted by Groves (2001c:214) to Benin, Lama Forest.","S Nigeria, both west and east of the Niger in the delta region; Benin.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. e. erythrogaster and C. e. pococki.","pococki Grubb, Lernould and Oates, 1999.","C. cephus species group.","21","21-00463","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0463" "12100464","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrogaster","erythrogaster","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1866","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1866","","169","","","","""West Africa""; restricted by Groves (2001c:214) to Benin, Lama Forest.","","","","","21","21-00464","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0463-0464" "12100465","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrogaster","pococki","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grubb, Lernould and Oates","1999","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00465","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0463-0465" "12100466","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrotis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","59","","","Red-eared Guenon","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","S and E Nigeria, Cameroon coast, Bioko.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. c. erythrotis, otherwise Vulnerable.","camerunensis Hayman, 1940.","C. cephus species group. Considered a subspecies of cephus by Struhsaker (1970:374-376); but also see Dandelot (1974:23). McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this species should be: The Analyst, 24:298-299 [publ. 2 July 1838].","21","21-00466","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0466" "12100467","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrotis","erythrotis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","59","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","21","21-00467","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0466-0467" "12100468","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","erythrotis","camerunensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hayman","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00468","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0466-0468" "12100469","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","hamlyni","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","521","","","Hamlyn’s Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Ituri Forest.","E Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. h. kahuziensis, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","aurora Thomas and Wroughton, 1910; kahuziensis Colyn and Verheyen, 1988.","C. hamlyni species group.","21","21-00469","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0469" "12100470","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","hamlyni","hamlyni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","521","","","","Dem. Rep. Congo, Ituri Forest.","","","","","21","21-00470","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0469-0470" "12100471","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","hamlyni","kahuziensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Colyn and Verheyen","1988","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00471","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0469-0471" "12100472","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","kandti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1905","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","264","","","Golden Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Virunga Volcanoes.","Virunga Volcanoes on Dem. Rep. Congo – Uganda – Rwanda borders; Nyungwe Forest, Rwanda.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. mitis kandti.","insignis Elliot, 1909.","C. mitis species group. Separated from C. mitis by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00472","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0472" "12100473","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","lhoesti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","P. Sclater","1898","1899","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1898","","586","","","L’Hoest’s Monkey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Tschepo River, near Stanleyville.","E Dem. Rep. Congo, W Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","rutschuricus Lorenz, 1915; thomasi Matschie, 1905.","C. lhoesti species group. Does not include preussi; see Harrison (1988:562).","21","21-00473","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0473" "12100474","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","lowei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1923","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","11","","608","","","Lowe’s Mona Monkey","Côte d’Ivoire: Bandama.","Côte d’Ivoire (Cavally River) to Ghana (Volta River).","CITES – Appendix II.","","C. mona species group. Separated from campbelli by Kingdon (1997).","21","21-00474","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0474" "12100475","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wolf","1822","","Abbild. Beschreib. Merkw. Naturgesch. Gegenstandes","2","","145","","","Blue Monkey","Angola.","Congo-Oubangui River system (probably Itimbiri River) to East African Rift Valley, N Angola and NW Zambia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as C. m. stuhlmanni and as C. mitis.","diadematus I. Geoffroy, 1834; dilophos Ogilby, 1838; leucampyx (Fischer, 1829); nigrigenis Pocock, 1907; pluto Gray, 1848; boutourlinii Giglioli, 1887; omensis Thomas, 1901; elgonis Lönnberg, 1919; heymansi Colyn and Verheyen, 1987; opisthostictus Sclater, 1894; stuhlmanni Matschie, 1893; carruthersi Pocock, 1907; maesi Lönnberg, 1919; mauae (Heller, 1913); neumanni Matschie, 1906; otoleucus Sclater, 1902; princeps Elliot, 1909; schubotzi Matschie, 1913.","C. mitis species group. Does not include albogularis; pace Booth (1968); see Dandelot (1974:19). Does not include doggetti or kandti (see Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00475","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475" "12100476","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","mitis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wolf","1822","","Abbild. Beschreib. Merkw. Naturgesch. Gegenstandes","2","","145","","","","Angola.","","","","","21","21-00476","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0476" "12100477","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","boutourlinii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Giglioli","1887","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00477","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0477" "12100478","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","elgonis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1919","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00478","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0478" "12100479","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","heymansi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Colyn and Verheyen","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00479","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0479" "12100480","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","opisthostictus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sclater","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00480","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0480" "12100481","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mitis","stuhlmanni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1893","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00481","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0475-0481" "12100482","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","mona","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1774","","Die Säugethiere","1","","103","","","Mona Monkey","""Guinea"".","Ghana to Cameroon; introduced into Lesser Antilles (Caribbean).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","monacha (Schreber, 1804); monella (Schreber, 1804).","C. mona species group.","21","21-00482","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0482" "12100483","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","neglectus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schlegel","1876","","Mus. Hist. Nat. Pays-Bas. Simiae","","","70","","","De Brazza’s Monkey","Sudan, ""White Nile"".","SE Cameroon to Uganda and N Angola, W Kenya, SW Ethiopia, and S Sudan.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","brazzae Milne-Edwards, 1886; brazziformis Pocock, 1907; ezrae Pocock, 1908; uellensis Lönnberg, 1919.","C. neglectus species group.","21","21-00483","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0483" "12100484","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","nictitans","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","40","","","Greater spot-nosed Monkey","Equatorial Guinea, Benito River.","Liberia; Côte d’Ivoire; Nigeria apparently to Itimbiri River in NW Dem. Rep. Congo, Central African Republic; Rio Muni and Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. n. stampflii, Endangered as C. n. martini, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","laglaizei Pocock, 1907; sticticeps Elliot, 1909; martini Waterhouse, 1838; insolitus Elliot, 1909; ludio Gray, 1849; stampflii Jentink, 1888.","C. mitis species group. C. signatus Jentink, 1886, probably represents a hybrid between this species and one of the cephus group (Oates, 1985).","21","21-00484","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0484" "12100485","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","nictitans","nictitans","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","40","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Benito River.","","","","","21","21-00485","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0484-0485" "12100486","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","nictitans","martini","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00486","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0484-0486" "12100487","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","petaurista","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1774","","Die Säugethiere","1","","97, 185","","","Lesser Spot-nosed Monkey","""Guinea"".","Gambia to Togo.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albinasus (Reichenbach, 1863); fantiensis Matschie, 1893; pygrius Thomas, 1923; buettikoferi Jentink, 1886.","C. cephus species group.","21","21-00487","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0487" "12100488","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","petaurista","petaurista","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1774","","Die Säugethiere","1","","97, 185","","","","""Guinea"".","","","","","21","21-00488","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0487-0488" "12100489","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","petaurista","buettikoferi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Jentink","1886","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00489","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0487-0489" "12100490","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","pogonias","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Bennett","1833","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1833","","67","","","Crested Mona Monkey","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","SE Nigeria, Cameroon, Bioko and Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), N and W Gabon, W Dem. Rep. Congo, Republic of Congo.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. p. pogonias, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","grayi Fraser, 1850; erxlebeni Dallbet and Pucheran, 1856; pallidus Elliot, 1909; petronellae Büttikofer, 1911; nigripes du Chaillu, 1860; schwarzianus Schouteden, 1946; schwarzi Schouteden, 1944 [not of Roberts, 1931].","C. mona species group.","21","21-00490","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0490" "12100491","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","pogonias","pogonias","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bennett","1833","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1833","","67","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","21","21-00491","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0490-0491" "12100492","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","pogonias","grayi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Fraser","1850","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00492","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0490-0492" "12100493","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","pogonias","nigripes","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","du Chaillu","1860","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00493","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0490-0493" "12100494","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","pogonias","schwarzianus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schouteden","1946","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00494","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0490-0494" "12100495","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","preussi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1898","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","76","","","Preuss’s Monkey","Cameroon, Victoria.","Region of Mt. Cameroon; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. p. preusii and C. p. insularis.","crossi Forbes, 1905; insularis Thomas, 1910.","C. lhoesti species group. Not a subspecies of C. lhoesti; see Harrison (1988:562).","21","21-00495","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0495" "12100496","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","preussi","preussi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1898","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","76","","","","Cameroon, Victoria.","","","","","21","21-00496","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0495-0496" "12100497","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","preussi","insularis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00497","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0495-0497" "12100498","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","roloway","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1774","","Die Säugethiere","1","","186","","","Roloway Monkey","""Guinea"" (= West Africa in general).","Sassandra River (Côte d’Ivoire) to Pra River, Ghana.","CITES – Appendix I as included in C. diana; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in C. diana; IUCN – Critically Endangered as C. diana roloway.","palatinus (Wagner, 1855).","C. diana species group. Separated from C. diana by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00498","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0498" "12100499","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","sclateri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1904","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1904","5","18","","","Sclater’s Guenon","Nigeria, Benin City.","SE Nigeria, between Niger and Cross Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","","C. cephus species group. Recognized as a full species by Kingdon (1980:661).","21","21-00499","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0499" "12100500","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","solatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","M. J. S. Harrison","1988","","J. Zool. Lond.","215","","562","","","Sun-tailed Monkey","C Gabon, SE of Booue, Foręt des Abeilles, River Bali, 0°14'S, 12°15'E.","C Gabon.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable. Endangered.","","C. lhoesti species group.","21","21-00500","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0500" "12100501","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","wolfi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","A. Meyer","1891","","Notes Leyden Mus.","13","","63","","","Wolf’s Mona Monkey","""Central West Africa.""","Dem. Rep. Congo, NE Angola, south of the Congo River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as C. pogonius wolfi.","elegans Dubois and Matschie, 1912; pyrogaster Lönnberg, 1919.","C. mona species group. C. denti provisionally separated as a species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00501","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0501" "12100502","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","wolfi","wolfi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","A. Meyer","1891","","Notes Leyden Mus.","13","","63","","","","""Central West Africa.""","","","","","21","21-00502","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0501-0502" "12100503","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Cercopithecus","","wolfi","elegans","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dubois and Matschie","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00503","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0434-0000-0501-0503" "12100504","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gray","1870","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","5","","Simia sabaea Linnaeus, 1766 (= Simia aethiops Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Callithrix Reichenbach, 1862 [not of Erxleben, 1777]; Cynocebus Gray, 1870.","Not recognized by McKenna and Bell (1997). Recognized as a full genus distinct from Cercopithecus by Groves (1989, 2001c).","21","21-00504","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504" "12100505","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","aethiops","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","28","","","Grivet","Sudan, Sennaar.","Sudan east of the White Nile, Eritrea, Ethiopia east to the Rift Valley.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc) as Cercopithecus aethiops.","calliaudi (Wettstein, 1918); cano-viridis (Gray, 1843); ?cinereo-viridis (Gray, 1843); engytithia (Hermann, 1804); griseo-viridis (Desmarest, 1820); griseus (F. Cuvier, 1819); matschiei (Neumann, 1902); subviridis (F. Cuvier, 1821); toldti (Wettstein, 1916); weidholzi (Lorenz, 1922); zavattarii (de Beaux, 1943).","Does not include pygerythrus, sabaeus, djamdjamensis or tantalus (Kingdon, 1997; Groves, 2001c) or cynosuros (Groves, 2001c). According to Napier (1981), zavattarii is based on a hybrid with pygerythrus.","21","21-00505","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0505" "12100506","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","cynosuros","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Scopoli","1786","","Del. Faun. Flor. Insub.","1","","44","","","Malbrouck","Dem. Rep. Congo, Lower Congo, Banana.","S Dem. Rep. Congo to N Namibia, Zambia west of Luangwa River.","CITES – Appendix II.","helvescens (Thomas, 1926); katangensis (Lönnberg, 1919); lukonzolwae (Matschie, 1912); tephrops (Bennett, 1833); tholloni (Matschie, 1912); weynsi (Dubois and Matschie, 1912).","Separated from aethiops by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00506","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0506" "12100507","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","djamdjamensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Neumann","1902","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","51","","","Bale Mountains Vervet","Ethiopia, bamboo forest near Abera, east of Lake Abaya, 3300 m.","Ethiopia, highlands east of Lakes Abiata, Shalla and Zway.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Cercopithecus aethiops djamdjamensis.","","A distinctive species, first recognized (as a subspecies) as distinct from aethiops by Dandelot and Prévost (1972); raised to species rank by Kingdon (1977).","21","21-00507","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0507" "12100508","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","F. Cuvier","1821","","Hist. Nat. Mamm.","24","","2","","","Vervet Monkey","""Africa"".","Ethiopia (east of Rift Valley), Somalia, to Zambia east of the Luangwa, and South Africa.","CITES – Appendix II.","cloetei (Roberts, 1931); erythropyga (G. Cuvier, 1829); glaucus (Lichtenstein, 1811) [nomen nudum]; lalandii (I. Geoffroy, 1841); marjoriae (Bradfield, 1936); ngamiensis (Roberts, 1932); pusillus (Desmoulins, 1825); excubutor (Schwarz, 1926); voeltzkowi Matschie, 1923 [nomen nudum]; hilgerti (Neumann, 1902); arenaria (Heller, 1913); callida (Heller, 1912); contigua (Heller, 1920); ellenbecki (Neumann, 1902); johnstoni (Pocock, 1907); luteus (Elliot, 1910); rubellus (Elliot, 1909); tumbili (Heller, 1913); nesiotes (Schwarz, 1926); pembae Matschie, 1923 [nomen nudum]; nifoviridis (I. Geoffroy, 1843); centralis (Neumann, 1900); ?circumcinctus (Reichenbach, 1862); flavidus (Peters, 1852); rufoniger Gray, 1870; whytei (Pocock, 1907); silaceus (Elliot, 1909).","Separated from aethiops as a species by Dandelot (1959), Kingdon (1997) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00508","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508" "12100509","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","pygerythrus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","F. Cuvier","1821","","Hist. Nat. Mamm.","24","","2","","","","""Africa"".","","","","","21","21-00509","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508-0509" "12100510","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","excubutor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schwarz","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00510","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508-0510" "12100511","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","hilgerti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Neumann","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00511","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508-0511" "12100512","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","nesiotes","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schwarz","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00512","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508-0512" "12100513","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","pygerythrus","nifoviridis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00513","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0508-0513" "12100514","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","sabaeus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","38","","","Green Monkey","Cape Verde Isls.","Senegal to the Volta River; introduced to Cape Verde Isls and to St. Kitts, Nevis, and Barbados (West Indies).","CITES – Appendix II.","callitrichus (I. Geoffroy, 1851); chrysurus (Blyth, 1845); werneri (I. Geoffroy, 1850).","Separated from aethiops as a full species by Kingdon (1997) and Groves (2001c). Napier (1981) regarded chrysurus (usually placed in synonymy of C. tantalus) as a synonym of sabaeus.","21","21-00514","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0514" "12100515","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","tantalus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1841","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","33","","","Tantalus Monkey","No locality.","Volta River (Ghana) east to White Nile (Sudan) and Lake Turkana (Kenya).","CITES – Appendix II.","alexandri (Pocock, 1909); graueri (Lorenz, 1914); passargei (Matschie, 1897); pousarguei (Mitchell, 1905); viridis (Schultze, 1910); budgetti (Pocock, 1907); beniana (Lorenz, 1914); griseistictus (Elliot, 1909); itimbiriensis (Matschie and Dubois, 1912); marrensis (Thomas and Hinton, 1923).","Separated from aethiops by Dandelot (1959), Kingdon (1997) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00515","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0515" "12100516","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","tantalus","tantalus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1841","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","33","","","","No locality.","","","","","21","21-00516","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0515-0516" "12100517","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","tantalus","budgetti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1907","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00517","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0515-0517" "12100518","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Chlorocebus","","tantalus","marrensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas and Hinton","1923","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00518","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0504-0000-0515-0518" "12100519","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Erythrocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Trouessart","1897","","Cat. Mamm. Viv. Foss.","1","","19","","Simia patas Schreber, 1775.","","","","","","Recognized as a distinct genus by Thorington and Groves (1970:638-639) and Szalay and Delson (1979).","21","21-00519","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0519" "12100520","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Erythrocebus","","patas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1775","","Die Säugethiere","1","","98","","","Patas Monkey","Senegal.","Savannahs, from W Africa to Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albigenus Elliot, 1909; albo-fasciatus (Kerr, 1792); albosignatus (Matschie, 1912); baumstarki Matschie, 1905; circumcinctus (Reichenbach, 1863); formosus Elliot, 1909; kerstingi (Matschie, 1906); langheldi Matschie, 1905; nigro-fasciatus (Kerr, 1792); poliomystax (Matschie, 1912); poliophaeus (Heuglin, 1877); pyrrhonotus (Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1829); rubra (Gmelin, 1788); rufa (Wagner, 1839); sannio (Thomas, 1906); villiersi Dekeyser, 1950; whitei Hollister, 1910; zechi Matschie, 1905.","Subspecies may exist, but at least some of the features supposed to characterize them were based on changes to the female’s facial pattern during pregnancy (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00520","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0519-0000-0520" "12100521","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Palmer","1903","","Science, n.s.","17","","873","","Presbytis albigena Gray, 1850.","","","","","Cercolophocebus Matschie, 1914; Semnocebus Gray, 1870.","Formerly included in Cercocebus (for example, by McKenna and Bell [1997]); a subgenus of Cercocebus, according to Szalay and Delson (1979), but see Groves (1979, 1989, 2001c). Included in Papio as a subgenus by Goodman et al. (2001).","21","21-00521","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521" "12100522","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","albigena","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1850","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1850","","77","","","Gray-cheeked Mangabey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Mayombe.","SE Nigeria (Cross River), Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, NE Angola, Central African Republic, Dem. Rep. Congo north and east of Congo-Lualaba system, W Uganda (to Busoga), Burundi.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","weynsi (Matschie, 1913); zenkeri (Schwarz, 1910); johnstoni (Lydekker, 1900); ituricus (Matschie, 1913); jamrachi (Pocock, 1906); mawambicus (Lorenz, 1917); ugandae Matschie, 1913; osmani Groves, 1978.","Does not include aterrimus and opdenboschi; see Groves (2001c).","21","21-00522","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0522" "12100523","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","albigena","albigena","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1850","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1850","","77","","","","Dem. Rep. Congo, Mayombe.","","","","","21","21-00523","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0522-0523" "12100524","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","albigena","johnstoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lydekker","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00524","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0522-0524" "12100525","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","albigena","osmani","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Groves","1978","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00525","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0522-0525" "12100526","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","aterrimus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Oudemans","1890","","Zool. Garten","31","","267","","","Black Crested Mangabey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Stanley Falls.","Dem. Rep. Congo, south of the Congo River, in rainforest.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","coelognathus Matschie, 1914; congicus Sclater, 1900; hamlyni Pocock, 1906; rothschildi Lydekker, 1900.","Does not include opdenboschi; see Groves (2001c).","21","21-00526","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0526" "12100527","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Lophocebus","","opdenboschi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Scouteden","1944","","Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr.","38","","192","","","Opdenbosch’s Mangabey","Dem. Rep. Congo, Mwiliambongo.","Dem. Rep. Congo, gallery forests along the Kwilu, Wamba and Kwango Rivers, into Angola.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as L. atterimus opdenboschi.","","Separated from aterrimus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00527","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0521-0000-0527" "12100528","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lacépčde","1799","","Tabl. Div. Subd. Orders Genres Mammifčres","","","4","","Simia inuus Linnaeus, 1766 (= Simia sylvanus Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Aulaxinus Cocchi, 1872; Cynamolgus Reichenbach, 1862; Cynomacaca Khajuria, 1953; Cynopithecus É. Geoffroy, 1835; Gymnopyga Gray, 1866; Inuus É. Geoffroy, 1812; Lyssodes Gistel, 1848; Magotus Ritgen, 1824; Magus Lesson, 1827; Maimon Wagner, 1839; Nemestrinus Reichenbach, 1862 [not of Latreille, 1802]; Ouanderou Lesson, 1840; Pithes Burnett, 1828; Rhesus Lesson, 1840; Salmacis Gloger, 1841; Silenus Goldfuss, 1820; Sylvanus Oken, 1816 [unavailable]; Vetulus Reichenbach, 1862; Zati Reichenbach, 1862.","Placed in a separate subtribe, Macacina, from other members of the Papionini, by McKenna and Bell (1997). Species groups are: (1) M. sylvanus group (monotypic), (2) M. nemestrina group (silenus, leonina, nemestrina, pagensis, siberu, maura, ochreata, tonkeana, hecki, nigrescens, nigra), (3) M. fascicularis group (fascicularis, arctoides), (4) M. mulatta group (mulatta, cyclopis, fuscata), (5) M. sinica group (sinica, radiata, assamensis, thibetana).","21","21-00528","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528" "12100529","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","arctoides","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1831","","In Belanger (ed.), Voy. Indes Orient., Mamm.","3(Zool.)","","61","","","Stump-tailed Macaque","""Cochin-China"" (Indochina).","Assam (India) to S China and N Malay Peninsula.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.","brunneus (Anderson, 1871); harmandi (Trouessart, 1897); melanotus (Ogilby, 1839); melli (Matschie, 1912); rufescens (Anderson, 1872); speciosus (Murie, 1875) [not of I. Geoffroy, 1826 = M. fuscata]; ursinus (Gervais, 1854).","M. fascicularis species group according to Groves (2001c), but probably derived from an early Pleistocene hybridization between M. fascicularis, which it resembles in its mtDNA, and M. assamensis/thibetana, which it resembles in its Y chromosome. Reviewed by Fooden et al. (1985).","21","21-00529","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0529" "12100530","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","assamensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","M'Clelland","1839","1840","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1839","","148","","","Assam Macaque","India, Assam.","Nepal to N Vietnam, S China.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. a. assamensia and M. a. pelops.","coolidgei Osgood, 1932; rhesosimilis (Sclater, 1872); pelops (Hodgson, 1840); macclellandii (Gray, 1846); problematicus (Gray, 1870); sikimensis (Hodgson, 1867).","M. sinica species group. Reviewed by Fooden (1982).","21","21-00530","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0530" "12100531","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","assamensis","assamensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","M'Clelland","1839","1840","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1839","","148","","","","India, Assam.","","","","","21","21-00531","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0530-0531" "12100532","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","assamensis","pelops","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hodgson","1840","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00532","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0530-0532" "12100533","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","cyclopis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Swinhoe","1862","1863","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1862","","350","","","Formosan Rock Macaque","Taiwan, Jusan, Takao Pref.","Taiwan.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable.","affinis (Blyth, 1863).","M. mulatta species group.","21","21-00533","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0533" "12100534","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","246","","","Crab-eating Macaque","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen.","S Indochina and Burma to Borneo and Timor (Indonesia); Philippine Isls; Nicobar Isls (India).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as M. f. atriceps, M. f. condorensis, M. f. fusca, M. f. karimondjawae, M. f. lasiae, M. f. tua, and M. f. umbrosa, Lower Risk (nt) as M. f. fascicularis, M. f. aurea, and M. f. philippensis.","agnatus (Elliot, 1910); alacer (Elliot, 1909); argentimembris Kloss, 1911; aygula (Linnaeus, 1758) [suppressed by International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1986), Opinion 1400]; baweanus (Elliot, 1910); bintangensis (Elliot, 1909); buku (Martin, 1838); cagayanus (Mearns, 1905); capitalis (Elliot, 1910); carbonarius (F. Cuvier, 1825); carimatae (Elliot, 1910); cupidus (Elliot, 1910); cynocephalus (Reichenbach, 1862) [not of Linnaeus, 1766]; cynomolgus (Schreber, 1775) [not of Linnaeus, 1758]; dollmani (Elliot, 1909); impudens (Elliot, 1910); irus I. Geoffroy, 1826; karimoni (Elliot, 1909); kra (Lesson, 1830); laetus (Elliot, 1909); lapsus (Elliot, 1910); lautensis (Elliot, 1910); limitis (Schwarz, 1913); lingae (Elliot, 1910); lingungensis (Elliot, 1910); mandibularis (Elliot, 1910); mansalaris (Lyon, 1916); mordax Thomas and Wroughton, 1909; phaeura (Miller, 1903); pumilus (Miller, 1900); resima Thomas and Wroughton, 1909; sihassensis (Elliot, 1910); sublimitus Sody, 1932; submordax Sody, 1949; suluensis (Mearns, 1905); sumbae Sody, 1933; validus (Elliot, 1909); atriceps Kloss, 1919; aureus (É. Geoffroy, 1831); vitiis (Elliot, 1910); condorensis Kloss, 1926; fuscus (Miller, 1903); karimondjawae Sody, 1949; lasiae (Lyon, 1916); philippensis (I. Geoffroy, 1843); apoensis (Mearns, 1905); cumingii (Gray, 1870); fur (Slack, 1867); mindanensis (Mearns, 1905); mindorus (Hollister, 1913); palpebrosus (I. Geoffroy, 1851); tua Kellogg, 1944; umbrosus (Miller, 1902).","M. fascicularis species group. Includes irus; see Medway (1977:70-71). Includes cynomolgos; see Osman Hill (1974:476-477). Revised by Fooden (1995).","21","21-00534","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534" "12100535","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","fascicularis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","246","","","","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen.","","","","","21","21-00535","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0535" "12100536","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","atriceps","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kloss","1919","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00536","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0536" "12100537","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","aureus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1831","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00537","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0537" "12100538","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","condorensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kloss","1926","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00538","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0538" "12100539","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","fuscus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00539","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0539" "12100540","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","karimondjawae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sody","1949","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00540","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0540" "12100541","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","lasiae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lyon","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00541","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0541" "12100542","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","philippensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00542","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0542" "12100543","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","tua","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kellogg","1944","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00543","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0543" "12100544","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fascicularis","umbrosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1902","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00544","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0534-0544" "12100545","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fuscata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1875","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","44","","6","","","Japanese Macaque","Japan.","Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and adjacent small islands (Japan); Yaku Isl (Ryukyu Isls, Japan).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered as M. f. yakui, otherwise Data Deficient.","japanensis (Schweyer, 1909); speciosus (F. Cuvier, 1825); yakui Kuroda, 1941.","M. mulatta species group. Includes speciosus F. Cuvier, 1825 (not speciosa Blyth, 1875) which was suppressed by Opinion 920 of the International Commision on Zoological Nomenclature (1970); see Fooden (1976).","21","21-00545","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0545" "12100546","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fuscata","fuscata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1875","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","44","","6","","","","Japan.","","","","","21","21-00546","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0545-0546" "12100547","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","fuscata","yakui","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kuroda","1941","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00547","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0545-0547" "12100548","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","hecki","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1901","","Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges.","25","","257","","","Heck’s Macaque","Indonesia, Sulawesi Tengah, Buol.","N Sulawesi, from the base of the northern peninsula northeast to Gorontalo (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","M. nemestrina species group. Separated from tonkeana by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00548","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0548" "12100549","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","leonina","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1863","","Cat. Mamm. Mus. As. Soc.","","","7","","","Northern Pig-tailed Macaque","Burma, N Arakan.","Burma, coast (including Mergui Arch.), Thailand north of about 8°N, S Yunnan (China), Laos, Bangladesh, India north to Brahmaputra River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","adusta Miller, 1906; andamanensis (Bartlett, 1869); blythii Pocock, 1931; coininus (Kloss, 1903) [lapsus for leoninus]; insulana Miller, 1906; indochinensis Kloss, 1919.","M. nemestrina species group. Considered a species separate from nemestrina by Groves (2001c:223).","21","21-00549","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0549" "12100550","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","maura","","SPECIES","False","","yes","H. R. Schinz","1825","","In Cuvier, Das Thierreich","","","257","","","Moor Macaque","Indonesia, Sulawesi Selatan.","S Sulawesi, south of Tempe Depression (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","cuvieri (Fischer, 1829); fusco-ater (Schinz, 1844); hypomelas (Matschie, 1901); inornatus (Gray, 1866); majuscula Hooijer, 1950.","M. nemestrina species group. Type species of Gymnopyga; see Fooden (1969:79). Included in nigra by Corbet and Hill (1980:87).","21","21-00550","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0550" "12100551","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","mulatta","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Zimmermann","1780","","Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere","2","","195","","","Rhesus Monkey","India, Nepal Terai.","Afghanistan and India to N Thailand, China, and Hainan Isl (China).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","brachyurus (Elliot, 1909) [not of Hamilton Smith, 1842]; brevicaudatus (Elliot, 1913); erythraea (Shaw, 1800); fulvus (Kerr, 1792); lasiotus (Gray, 1868); littoralis (Elliot, 1909); mcmahoni Pocock, 1932; nipalensis Hodgson, 1840; oinops Hodgson, 1840; rhesus (Audebert, 1798); sancti-johannis (Swinhoe, 1866); siamica Kloss, 1917; tcheliensis (Milne-Edwards, 1872); vestita (Milne-Edwards, 1892); villosa (True, 1894).","M. mulatta species group. Revised by Fooden (2000).","21","21-00551","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0551" "12100552","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","nemestrina","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","35","","","Southern Pig-tailed Macaque","Indonesia, Sumatra.","Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Bangka Isl (Indonesia), Thailand north to about 7°30’N.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","brachyurus (Hamilton Smith, 1842); broca Miller, 1906; carpolegus (Raffles, 1821); fusca (Shaw, 1800); libidinosus I. Geoffroy, 1826; longicruris (Link, 1795); maimon (de Blainville, 1839); nucifera Sody, 1936; platypygos (Schreber, 1774).","M. nemestrina species group. Includes pagensis according to Fooden (1975:67, 1980:7) and Szalay and Delson (1979); but Wilson and Wilson (1977:216) considered pagensis a distinct species, and this was followed by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00552","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0552" "12100553","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","nigra","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie, in Encyclop. Meth.","2(Suppl.)","","534","","","Celebes Crested Macaque","Indonesia, Sulawesi, Maluku, Bacan Isl.","Sulawesi, east of Onggak Dumoga River, Lembeh Isl, Bacan Isl (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered.","lembicus (Miller, 1931); malayanus (Desmoulins, 1824).","M. nemestrina species group. Type species of Cynopithecus; see Fooden (1969). Includes nigrescens according to Groves (1980c, 1993), but separated again by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00553","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0553" "12100554","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","nigrescens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Temminck","1849","","Coup d’Oeil Possess. Neerd.","3","","111","","","Gorontalo Macaque","Indonesia, Sulawesi (""Celebes"").","Sulawesi, east of Gorontalo, to Onggak Dumoga River (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).","","M. nemestrina species group. Separated from M. nigra by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00554","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0554" "12100555","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","ochreata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1841","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","56","","","Booted Macaque","Unknown.","SE Sulawesi, Kabaena, Muna, and Butung (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as M. brunnescens, otherwise Data Deficient.","brunnescens (Matschie, 1901).","M. nemestrina species group. Fooden (1969) recognized brunnescens as a species; but Groves (1980c:1-9) included it in ochreata.","21","21-00555","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0555" "12100556","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","ochreata","ochreata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1841","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1841","","56","","","","Unknown.","","","","","21","21-00556","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0555-0556" "12100557","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","ochreata","brunnescens","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00557","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0555-0557" "12100558","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","pagensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","Smithson. Misc. Collect.","45","","61","","","Pagai Island Macaque","Indonesia, South Pagai Isl.","Mentawai group: Islands of Sipura, North Pagai and South Pagai (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as M. pagensis pagensis.","mentaveensis de Beaux, 1923.","M. nemestrina species group. Included in nemestrina by Fooden (1975:67, 1980:7) and Szalay and Delson (1979); but Wilson and Wilson (1977:216) and Groves (2001c:224) considered it a distinct species.","21","21-00558","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0558" "12100559","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","radiata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","98","","","Bonnet Macaque","India; see Osman Hill (1974).","S India.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","diluta Pocock, 1931.","M. sinica species group. Revised by Fooden (1981).","21","21-00559","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0559" "12100560","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","siberu","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Fuentes and Olson","1995","","Asian Primates","4","4","1","","","Siberut Macaque","Indonesia, Siberut Isl.","Siberut (Mentawai group).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as M. pagensis siberu.","","M. nemestrina species group. Considered a distinct species by Kitchener and Groves (2002).","21","21-00560","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0560" "12100561","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","silenus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","26","","","Lion-tailed Macaque","""Ceylon"" India, Western Ghats; see Osman Hill (1974:652).","SW India, Western Ghats.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","albibarbatus (Kerr, 1792); ferox (Shaw, 1792); veter (Audebert, 1798); vetulus (Erxleben, 1777).","M. nemestrina species group.","21","21-00561","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0561" "12100562","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","sinica","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","2","Appendix","521","","","Toque Macaque","Probably Sri Lanka; see Fooden (1979).","Sri Lanka.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Endangered as M. s. opisthomelas, otherwise Vulnerable as M. s. aurifrons and M. s. sinica.","audeberti (Reichenbach, 1862); inaurea Pocock, 1931; longicaudata Deraniyagala, 1965; opisthomelas Osman Hill, 1942; pileatus (Ogilby, 1838); aurifrons Pocock, 1931.","M. sinica species group. See Fooden (1979).","21","21-00562","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0562" "12100563","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","sinica","sinica","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","2","Appendix","521","","","","Probably Sri Lanka; see Fooden (1979).","","","","","21","21-00563","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0562-0563" "12100564","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","sinica","aurifrons","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1931","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00564","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0562-0564" "12100565","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","sylvanus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","25","","","Barbary Macaque","North Africa, ""Barbary coast"".","Morocco, Algeria, Gibraltar (introduced).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","ecaudatus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); inuus (Linnaeus, 1766); pithecus (Schreber, 1799); pygmaeus (Reichenbach, 1863).","M. sylvanus species group. See Fooden (1976:226) for the use of this name.","21","21-00565","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0565" "12100566","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","thibetana","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1870","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","70","","341","","","Milne-Edwards’ Macaque","China, Szechwan, Moupin.","E Tibet, Szechwan to Kwangtung (China).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (conservation dependent).","esau (Matschie, 1912); pullus (Howell, 1928); guiahouensis Wang and Jiang, 1996; huangshanensis Jiang and Wang, 1996.","M. sinica species group. Reviewed by Fooden (1983) and Jiang et al. (1996).","21","21-00566","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0566" "12100567","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","thibetana","thibetana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1870","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","70","","341","","","","China, Szechwan, Moupin.","","","","","21","21-00567","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0566-0567" "12100568","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","thibetana","esau","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00568","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0566-0568" "12100569","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","thibetana","guiahouensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wang and Jiang","1996","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00569","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0566-0569" "12100570","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","thibetana","huangshanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Jiang and Wang","1996","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00570","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0566-0570" "12100571","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Macaca","","tonkeana","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Meyer","1899","","Abh. Zool. Anthrop.-Ethnology. Mus. Dresden","7","7","3","","","Tonkean Macaque","Indonesia, Sulawesi Tengah, Tonkean.","C Sulawesi, south to Latimojong, north to the base of the northern peninsula, between Palu and Parigi (Indonesia); Togian Isls (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","hypomelanus (Matschie, 1901); tonsus (Matschie, 1901); togeanus (Sody, 1949).","M. nemestrina species group. Formerly included in Cynopithecus; see Fooden (1969:106-115). According to Froehlich et al. (1998), the macaques of the Balantak Mtns on the E peninsula of Sulawesi constitute a separate species from those of the main part of the range; in this case, the name tonkeana would apply to the Balantak form. Whether one of the other synonyms applies to the better-known form from the western part of Central Sulawesi is unclear. Froehlich et al. (1998) said that togeanus (from the Togian Isl) is a hybrid swarm between the two. Does not include hecki; see Groves (2001c).","21","21-00571","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0528-0000-0571" "12100572","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Mandrillus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Ritgen","1824","","Natureichen Eintheilung der Säugethiere","","","33","","Simia maimon Linnaeus, 1766; Simia mormon Alstromer, 1766 (= Simia sphinx Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Chaeropithecus Gray, 1870 [not of de Blainville, 1839]; Drill Reichenbach, 1862; Maimon Trouessart, 1904; Mandril Voigt, 1831; Mormon Wagner, 1839 [not of Illiger, 1811]; Papio P.L.S. Müller, 1773 [Suppressed under Opinion 1199 of Int. Commission on Zool. Nomenclature].","Not a synonym of Papio (see Groves, 1989), pace McKenna and Bell (1997). Delson and Napier (1976:46) considered these two species in genus Papio, subgenus Papio; placed in subgenus Mandrillus by Dandelot (1974:9). Mandrillus considered a full genus by Groves (1989, 2001c); placed as a subgenus of Cercocebus by Goodman et al. (1998).","21","21-00572","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0572" "12100573","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Mandrillus","","leucophaeus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","F. Cuvier","1807","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","9","","477","","","Drill","Africa.","SE Nigeria; Cameroon, north of the Sanaga River and just south of it; Bioko (Equatorial Guinea). See Grubb (1973) for details.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as M. l. leucophaeus and M. l. poensis.","cinerea (Kerr, 1792); drill (Lesson, 1838); livea (Kerr, 1792); mundamensis (Hilzheimer, 1906); sylvestris (Link, 1795); sylvicola (Kerr, 1792); ?variegata (Kerr, 1792); poensis Zukowsky, 1922.","The names sylvicola, variegata, cinerea, livea and sylvestris were suppressed by Opinion 935 of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1970).","21","21-00573","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0572-0000-0573" "12100574","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Mandrillus","","leucophaeus","leucophaeus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","F. Cuvier","1807","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","9","","477","","","","Africa.","","","","","21","21-00574","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0572-0000-0573-0574" "12100575","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Mandrillus","","leucophaeus","poensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Zukowsky","1922","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00575","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0572-0000-0573-0575" "12100576","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Mandrillus","","sphinx","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","25","","","Mandrill","Cameroon, Ja River, Bitye.","Cameroon, south of the Sanaga River; Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea); Gabon; Republic of Congo. See Grubb (1973) for details.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","burlacei Rothschild, 1922; ebolowae Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917; escherichi Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917; hagenbecki Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917; insularis Zukowsky, 1922; latidens (Bechstein, 1799); madarogaster (Zimmermann, 1780); maimon (Linnaeus, 1766); mormon (Alströmer, 1766); pennanti (Griffith, 1827); planirostris (Elliot, 1909); schreberi Matschie, 1917; suilla (Kerr, 1792); tessmanni Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917; zenkeri Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917.","","21","21-00576","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0572-0000-0576" "12100577","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Miopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1862","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","15","","720","","Simia talapoin Schreber, 1774.","","","","","","A subgenus of Cercopithecus according to Szalay and Delson (1979), but see Groves (1978b, 1989). See also van der Kuhl et al. (2001).","21","21-00577","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0577" "12100578","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Miopithecus","","ogouensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kingdon","1997","","The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals","","","55","","","Gabon Talapoin","""Endemic to the equatorial coastal watersheds between Cabinda and the River Nyong"".","S Cameroon, Rio Muni, Gabon, Angola (Cabinda).","CITES – Appendix II.","","Named on the evidence of descriptions by Machado (1969). See also van der Kuhl et al. (2001).","21","21-00578","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0577-0000-0578" "12100579","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Miopithecus","","talapoin","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schreber","1774","","Die Säugethiere","1","","101, 186, pl. 17","","","Angolan Talapoin","Angola.","Angola, SW Dem. Rep. Congo.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","ansorgei (Pocock, 1907); capillatus I. Geoffroy, 1842; melarhinus (Schinz, 1844); niger (Kerr, 1792); pileatus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); pilettei Lorenz, 1919; vlesschouwersi (Poll, 1940).","","21","21-00579","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0577-0000-0579" "12100580","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Systema Regni Animalis","1","Mammalia","xxx, 15","","Cynocephalus papio Desmarest, 1820 (= Simia hamadryas Linnaeus, 1758).","","","","","Chaeropitheus Gervais, 1839; Comopithecus J. A. Allen, 1925; Cynocephalus G. Cuvier and É. Geoffroy, 1795; Hamadryas Lesson, 1840.","Opinion 1199 of the International Commision on Zoological Nomenclature (1982) fixed this as the first available name, and fixed the type species. Includes Theropithecus according to Goodman et al. (1998), and also Lophocebus according to Goodman et al. (2001). Includes Mandrillus according to McKenna and Bell (1997).","21","21-00580","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580" "12100581","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","anubis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lesson","1827","","Man. Mamm.","","","27","","","Olive Baboon","Upper Nile.","Mali to Ethiopia, Kenya, NW Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","choras (Ogilby, 1843); doguera (Pucheran and Schimper, 1836); furax Elliot, 1907; graueri Lorenz, 1915; heuglini Matschie, 1898; lestes Heller, 1913; lydekkeri Rothschild, 1902; neumanni Matschie, 1897; nigeriae Elliot, 1909; niloticus Roth, 1965 [nomen nudum]; olivaceus De Winton, 1902; silvestris Lorenz, 1915; tesselatum Elliot, 1909; tibestianus Dekeyser and Derivot, 1960; vigilis Heller, 1913; werneri Wettstein, 1916; yokoensis Matschie, 1900.","","21","21-00581","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0581" "12100582","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","cynocephalus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","38","","","Yellow Baboon","Kenya, inland from Mombasa.","Somalia, coastal Kenya, Tanzania, to Zambezi River.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","antiquorum (Schinz, 1821); babouin (Desmarest, 1820); basiliscus (Schreber, 1800); flavidus (Peters, 1852); jubilaeus Schwarz, 1928; langheldi (Matschie, 1892); ochraceus (Peters, 1852); pruinosus Thomas, 1897; ?rhodesiae (Hagner, 1918); strepitus Elliot, 1907; sublutea (Shaw, 1800); thoth (Ogilby, 1843); ?variegata (Kerr, 1792); ibeanus Thomas, 1893; ruhei Zukowsky, 1942; kindae Lönnberg, 1919.","","21","21-00582","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0582" "12100583","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","cynocephalus","cynocephalus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1766","","Syst. Nat., 12th ed.","1","","38","","","","Kenya, inland from Mombasa.","","","","","21","21-00583","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0582-0583" "12100584","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","cynocephalus","ibeanus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1893","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00584","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0582-0584" "12100585","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","cynocephalus","kindae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1919","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00585","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0582-0585" "12100586","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","hamadryas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","27","","","Hamadryas Baboon","Egypt.","Arid zone of Red Sea coast of Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, N Somalia, Yemen, Saudi Arabia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","aegyptiaca (Gray, 1870); arabicus Thomas, 1900; brockmani Elliot, 1909; chaeropitheus (Lesson, 1840); cynamolgus (Linnaeus, 1758); nedjo (Reichenbach, 1863); wagleri (Agassiz, 1828).","Includes anubis, cynocephalus, papio, and ursinus according to Szalay and Delson (1979:336), but see Jolly and Brett (1973:85), Dandelot (1974:9), Corbet and Hill (1980:88), Groves (2001c) and others who recognized these as distinct species.","21","21-00586","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0586" "12100587","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","papio","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Desmarest","1820","","Encyclop. Méthodique, Mammalogie","1","","69","","","Guinea Baboon","""Coast of Guinea"".","Senegal, Guinea and Guinea-Bissau to Mauretania, Mali.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","olivaceus (I. Geoffroy, 1851); rubescens Temminck, 1853; sphinx Erxleben, 1777 [not of Linnaeus, 1758].","","21","21-00587","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0587" "12100588","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","ursinus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","Anim. Kingd.","","","63","","","Chacma Baboon","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","South of Zambezi River, to S Angola, SW Zambia.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","capensis (A. Smith, 1826); comatus É. Geoffroy, 1812; nigripes Roberts, 1932; occidentalis Goldblatt, 1926; orientalis Goldblatt, 1926; porcaria (Boddaert, 1787) [not of Brünnich, 1782]; sphingiola (Hermann, 1804); griseipes Pocock, 1911; chobiensis Roberts, 1932; ngamiensis Roberts, 1932; transvaalensis (Zukowsky, 1927); ruacana Shortridge, 1942; chacamensis Roth, 1965 [nomen nudum].","","21","21-00588","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0588" "12100589","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","ursinus","ursinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","Anim. Kingd.","","","63","","","","South Africa, Western Cape Prov., Cape of Good Hope.","","","","","21","21-00589","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0588-0589" "12100590","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","ursinus","griseipes","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00590","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0588-0590" "12100591","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Papio","","ursinus","ruacana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Shortridge","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00591","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0580-0000-0588-0591" "12100592","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Theropithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1841","1843","Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","1841","2","576","","Macacus gelada Rüppell, 1835.","","","","","Gelada Gray, 1843; Simopithecus Andrews, 1916.","Considered a distinct genus by Cronin and Meikle (1979:259), but Van Gelder (1977b:8) included this genus in Cercopithecus; Goodman et al. (1998) included it in Papio as a subgenus. McKenna and Bell (1997) placed it in a subtribe, Theropithecina, separate from Macacina (Macaca) and Papionina (all other genera of Papionini).","21","21-00592","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0592" "12100593","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Theropithecus","","gelada","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rüppell","1835","","Neue Wirbelt. Fauna Abyssin. Gehörig. Säugeth.","","","5","","","Gelada","Ethiopia, Semyen (Simien).","N Ethiopia, highlands.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. g. obscurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","ruppelli (Gray, 1843); senex Pucheran, 1857; obscurus Heuglin, 1863.","","21","21-00593","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0592-0000-0593" "12100594","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Theropithecus","","gelada","gelada","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rüppell","1835","","Neue Wirbelt. Fauna Abyssin. Gehörig. Säugeth.","","","5","","","","Ethiopia, Semyen (Simien).","","","","","21","21-00594","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0592-0000-0593-0594" "12100595","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Cercopithecinae","","Theropithecus","","gelada","obscurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Heuglin","1863","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00595","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0422-0000-0592-0000-0593-0595" "12100596","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","yes","Jerdon","1867","","Mammals of India","","","3","","","","","","","Presbytinae Gray, 1825; Semnopithecinae Owen, 1843.","Separated provisionally as a full family (Colobidae) by Groves (1989); a subfamily of Cercopithecidae according to Groves (2001c). On the name of this subfamily, see Delson (1976), and Brandon-Jones (1978). Divided into two tribes, Colobini (African taxa) and Presbytini (Asian taxa) by McKenna and Bell (1997).","21","21-00596","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596" "12100597","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium.","","","69","","Simia polycomos Schreber, 1800 (= Cebus polykomos Zimmerman, 1780).","","","","","Colobolus Gray, 1821; Guereza Gray, 1870; Pterycolobus Rochebrune, 1887; Stachycolobus Rochebrune, 1887.","Does not include Procolobus or Pliocolobus, pace McKenna and Bell (1997); see Groves (1989).","21","21-00597","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597" "12100598","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","P. Sclater","1860","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1860","","245","","","Angola Colobus","Angola, 300 mi. (483 km) inland from Bembe.","NE Angola, S and E Dem. Rep. Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, NE Zambia, SE Kenya, E Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as C. a. palliatus and C. a. prigonginei, Vulnerable as C. a. ruwenzorii, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","benamakimae Matschie, 1914; maniemae Matschie, 1914; sandbergi Lönnberg, 1908; weynsi Matschie, 1913; cordieri Rahm, 1959; cottoni Lydekker, 1905; mawambicus Matschie, 1913; nahani Matschie, 1914; palliates Peters, 1868; langheldi Matschie, 1914; sharpie Thomas, 1902; prigoginei Verheyen, 1959; ruwenzorii Thomas, 1901; adolfi-friederici Matschie, 1914.","Thorington and Groves (1970:629-647), Dandelot (1974:37), and Corbet and Hill (1980:89) listed angolensis as a distinct species.","21","21-00598","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598" "12100599","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","angolensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","P. Sclater","1860","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1860","","245","","","","Angola, 300 mi. (483 km) inland from Bembe.","","","","","21","21-00599","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0599" "12100600","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","cordieri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rahm","1959","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00600","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0600" "12100601","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","cottoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lydekker","1905","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00601","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0601" "12100602","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","palliates","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1868","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00602","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0602" "12100603","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","prigoginei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Verheyen","1959","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00603","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0603" "12100604","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","angolensis","ruwenzorii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1901","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00604","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0598-0604" "12100605","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Rüppell","1835","","Neue Wirbelt. Fauna Abyssin. Gehörig. Säugeth.","","","1","","","Mantled Guereza","Ethiopia, Gojjam and Kulla.","Nigeria to Ethiopia; Kenya; Uganda; Tanzania.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as C. g. percivali, Data Deficient as C. g. gallarum, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).","abyssinicus (Oken, 1816) [unavailable]; managaschae Matschie, 1913; poliurus Thomas, 1901; ruppelli (Gray, 1870); caudatus Thomas, 1885; albocaudatus Lydekker, 1906; dodingae Matschie, 1913; gallarum Neumann, 1902; kikuyuensis Lönnberg, 1912; laticeps Matschie, 1913; thikae Matschie, 1913; matschiei Neumann, 1899; elgonis Granvik, 1925; roosevelti Heller, 1913; occidentalis (Rochebrune, 1887); brachychaites Matschie, 1913; dianae Matschie, 1913; escherichi Matschie, 1914; ituricus Matschie, 1913; rutschuricus Lorenz, 1914; terrestris Heller, 1913; uellensis Matschie, 1913; percivali Heller, 1913.","","21","21-00605","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605" "12100606","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","guereza","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rüppell","1835","","Neue Wirbelt. Fauna Abyssin. Gehörig. Säugeth.","","","1","","","","Ethiopia, Gojjam and Kulla.","","","","","21","21-00606","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0606" "12100607","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","caudatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1885","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00607","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0607" "12100608","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","dodingae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00608","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0608" "12100609","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","kikuyuensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lönnberg","1912","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00609","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0609" "12100610","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","matschiei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Neumann","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00610","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0610" "12100611","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","occidentalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rochebrune","1887","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00611","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0611" "12100612","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","guereza","percivali","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Heller","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00612","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0605-0612" "12100613","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","polykomos","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Zimmermann","1780","","Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere","2","","202","","","King Colobus","Sierra Leone.","Gambia to the Nzo-Sassandra system in Côte d’Ivoire.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","comosa (Shaw, 1800); polycomos (Schreber, 1800); regalis (Kerr, 1792); tetradactyla (Link, 1795).","Does not include vellerosus (Groves, 2001c; Oates and Trocco, 1983).","21","21-00613","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0613" "12100614","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","satanas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","87","","","Black Colobus","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","SW Gabon, Rio Muni and Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), SW Cameroon; possibly Republic of Congo (Carpaneto, 1995).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as C. s. satanus, Data Deficient as C. s. antracinus, otherwise Vulnerable.","metternichi Krumbiegel, 1943; anthracinus (Leconte, 1857); limbarenicus (Matschie, 1917); municus (Matschie, 1917); zenkeri (Matschie, 1917).","McAllan and Bruce (1989) argued that the original publication of this species is: The Analyst, 24:298-299 [publ. 2 July 1838].","21","21-00614","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0614" "12100615","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","satanas","satanas","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1837","1838","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","87","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","21","21-00615","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0614-0615" "12100616","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","satanas","anthracinus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Leconte","1857","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00616","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0614-0616" "12100617","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Colobus","","vellerosus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1834","","In Bélanger, Voy. Indes-Orientales, Zool.","","","37","","","Ursine Colobus","""Africa"".","Nzi-Bandama system (Côte d’Ivoire) to W Nigeria.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","bicolor (Wesmael, 1835); dollmani Schwarz, 1927; leucomeros Ogilby, 1838; ursinus Ogilby, 1835.","Strictly, dollmani is hybrid swarm between vellerosus and polykomos, but phenetically much closer to vellerosus. Separated from polykomos by Oates and Trocco (1983) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00617","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0597-0000-0617" "12100618","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Nasalis","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","89","","Cercopithecus larvatus Wurmb, 1787.","","","","","Hanno Gray, 1821; Rhinolazon Gloger, 1841; Rhynchopithecus Dahlbohm, 1856.","Simias was included in this genus by Groves (1970:639) and McKenna and Bell (1997), and by Szalay and Delson (1979) and Delson (1975:217) who considered Simias a subgenus; but also see Krumbiegel (1978) and Napier (1985), who considered it as a distinct genus.","21","21-00618","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0618" "12100619","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Nasalis","","larvatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wurmb","1787","","Verh. Batav. Genootsch.","3","","353","","","Proboscis Monkey","Indonesia, W Kalimantan, Pontianak.","Borneo.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","capistratus (Kerr, 1792); nasica (Lacépčde, 1799); orientalis Chasen 1940; recurvus Vigors and Horsfield, 1828.","","21","21-00619","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0618-0000-0619" "12100620","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Rochebrune","1877","","Faune de Sénégambie, Suppl. Vert., Mamm.","1","","96","","Simia(Cercopithecus) badius Kerr, 1792.","","","","","Tropicolobus Rochebrune, 1887.","Separate from Colobus, see Corbet and Hill (1980:90) and Groves (1989); separate from Procolobus (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00620","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620" "12100621","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","badius","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","74","","","Western Red Colobus","Sierra Leone.","Senegal to Ghana.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus b. waldroni (probably extinct: Oates et al., 2000), Endangered as P. b. badius and P. b. temminckii.","ferriginea (Shaw, 1800); ferruginosus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); rufoniger (Ogilby, 1838); temminckii (Kuhl, 1820); fuliginosus (Ogilby, 1835); rufo-fuliginus (Ogilby, 1838); waldronae (Hayman, 1936).","Includes waldronae and temmincki; see Dandelot (1974:33); but also see Rahm (1970).","21","21-00621","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0621" "12100622","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","badius","badius","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kerr","1792","","In Linnaeus, Anim. Kingdom","","","74","","","","Sierra Leone.","","","","","21","21-00622","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0621-0622" "12100623","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","badius","temminckii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kuhl","1820","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00623","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0621-0623" "12100624","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","badius","waldronae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Hayman","1936","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00624","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0621-0624" "12100625","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","","SPECIES","False","","yes","de Pousargues","1899","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","5","","278","","","Central African Red Colobus","Dem. Rep. Congo, between SW of Lake Tanganyika and upper Congo, Ouroua.","Republic of Congo (Sangha, Oubangui), Dem. Rep. Congo (north of Congo, east of Lualaba), Central African Republic (Ngotto), Sudan (southernmost forests).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Procolobus badius foai, P. b. ellioti, P. b. langi, P. b. lulidicus, and P. b. parmentierorum.","graueri (Dollman, 1909); kabambarei Matschie, 1914; lulidicus Matschie, 1914; ellioti (Dollman, 1909); anzeliusi Matschie, 1914; langi (J. A. Allen, 1925); melanochir Matschie, 1914; multicolor (Lorenz, 1914); variabilis (Lorenz, 1914); oustaleti (Trouessart, 1906); brunneus (Lönnberg, 1919); nigrimanus (Trouessart, 1906); powelli (Matschie, 1913); schubotzi (Matschie, 1914); umbrinus (Matschie, 1914); parmentierorum (Colyn and Verheyen, 1987); semlikiensis (Colyn, 1991).","A rather heterogeneous species, but subspecies are variable and hard to separate. Considered a separate species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00625","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625" "12100626","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","foai","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","de Pousargues","1899","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","5","","278","","","","Dem. Rep. Congo, between SW of Lake Tanganyika and upper Congo, Ouroua.","","","","","21","21-00626","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625-0626" "12100627","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","ellioti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1909","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00627","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625-0627" "12100628","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","oustaleti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Trouessart","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00628","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625-0628" "12100629","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","parmentierorum","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Colyn and Verheyen","1987","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00629","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625-0629" "12100630","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","foai","semlikiensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Colyn","1991","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00630","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0625-0630" "12100631","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","gordonorum","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1900","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","186","","","Uzungwa Red Colobus","Tanzania, Uzungwa Mtns.","Tanzania, Uzungwa Mtns and forests between Little Ruaha and Ulanga Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Considered a separate species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00631","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0631" "12100632","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","kirkii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1868","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1868","","180","","","Zanzibar Red Colobus","Tanzania, Zanzibar.","Zanzibar.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus pennantii kirki; IUCN – Endangered.","","Considered a separate species by Dandelot (1974) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00632","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0632" "12100633","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","pennantii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","57","","","Pennant’s Red Colobus","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","Bioko (Equatorial Guinea), Niger Delta (Nigeria); Sangha-Likouala confluence (Republic of Congo).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus. pennantii bouvieri, Endangered as P. p. pennantii and P. p. epieni.","bouvieri Rochebrune, 1887; likualae Matschie, 1914; epieni (Grubb and Powell, 1999).","Does not include foai, gondonorum, kirki, tephrosceles, or tholloni; see Groves (2001c). For discussion of original publication see McAllan and Bruce (1989).","21","21-00633","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0633" "12100634","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","pennantii","pennantii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Waterhouse","1838","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1838","","57","","","","Equatorial Guinea, Bioko.","","","","","21","21-00634","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0633-0634" "12100635","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","pennantii","bouvieri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Rochebrune","1887","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00635","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0633-0635" "12100636","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","pennantii","epieni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Grubb and Powell","1999","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00636","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0633-0636" "12100637","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","preussi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1900","","Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","183","","","Preuss’s Red Colobus","Cameroon, Barombi (on Elephant Lake).","Yabassi Dist. (Cameroon).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus preussi; and IUCN – Endangered as Procolobus pennantii preussi.","","Considered by Rahm (1970) to be a subspecies of badius, but see Dandelot (1974:37).","21","21-00637","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0637" "12100638","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","rufomitratus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Peters","1879","","Monatsb. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin","1879","","829","","","Tana River Red Colobus","Kenya, Tana River, Muniuni.","Lower Tana River (Kenya).","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Procolobus rufomitratus; IUCN – Critically Endangered as Procolobus rufomitratus.","","","21","21-00638","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0638" "12100639","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","tephrosceles","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1907","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7","20","","195","","","Ugandan Red Colobus","Uganda, Toro, Ruahara River, east side of Rwenzoris.","Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, W Tanzania to Lake Rukwa.","CITES – Appendix II.","gudoviusi (Matschie, 1914).","Considered a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00639","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0639" "12100640","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Piliocolobus","","tholloni","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1886","","InRivičre, Rev. Scient","3","12","15","","","Thollon’s Red Colobus","Dem. Rep. Congo, Lower Congo.","South of Congo River, west of Lomami River (Dem. Rep. Congo).","CITES – Appendix II.","lovizettii (Matschie, 1913).","Dandelot (1974:35) considered tholloni a distinct species; followed by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00640","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0620-0000-0640" "12100641","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Eschscholtz","1821","","Reise (Kotzebue)","3","","196","","Presbytis mitrata Eschscholtz, 1821 (= Simia melalophos Raffles, 1821).","","","","","Corypithecus Trouessart, 1879; Lophopitheus Trouessart, 1879; Presbypitheus Trouessart, 1879.","Does not include Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus, pace McKenna and Bell (1997; see Brandon-Jones [1984]; Groves [1989, 2001c]; Hooijer [1962:20-24]). Szalay and Delson (1979:402) included these and Kasi as subgenera.","21","21-00641","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641" "12100642","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","chrysomelas","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1838","","Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol.","5","","138","","","Sarawak Surili","Indonesia, Pontianak.","Kalimantan north of Kapuas River (Indonesia), Sarawak, Sabah (Borneo, Malaysia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as Presbytis femoralis chrysomelas and P. f. cruciger.","cruciger (Thomas, 1892); arwasca Miller, 1934.","Separated from P. femoralis by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00642","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0642" "12100643","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","chrysomelas","chrysomelas","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1838","","Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol.","5","","138","","","","Indonesia, Pontianak.","","","","","21","21-00643","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0642-0643" "12100644","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","chrysomelas","cruciger","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1892","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00644","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0642-0644" "12100645","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","comata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie, in Encycl. Meth.","2(Suppl.)","","533","","","Javan Surili","Indonesia, W Java.","W and C Java (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as P. comata, Data Deficient as P. fredericae.","aygula , various authors; fredericae (Sody, 1930).","Formerly called P. aygula, but see Napier and Groves (1983) who showed that aygula is a nomen oblitum for Macaca fascicularis. Brandon-Jones (1984) considered fredericae to be a separate species.","21","21-00645","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0645" "12100646","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","comata","comata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie, in Encycl. Meth.","2(Suppl.)","","533","","","","Indonesia, W Java.","","","","","21","21-00646","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0645-0646" "12100647","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","comata","fredericae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Sody","1930","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00647","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0645-0647" "12100648","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","femoralis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Martin","1838","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","2","","436","","","Banded Surili","Singapore.","Far south and northwest of Malay Peninsula; peninsular part of Thailand and Burma; Singapore; NE Sumatra, between Rokan and Siak Rivers.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. f. percura and P. f. robinsoni, otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","australis Miller, 1913; neglectus (Schlegel, 1876); percura Lyon, 1908; robinsoni Thomas, 1910; keatii Robinson and Kloss, 1911.","Separated from P. melalophos by Wilson and Wilson (1977:217-222); recognized as a species by Aimi et al. (1986). Does not include chrysomelas or natunae (see Groves, 2001c), or siamensis; see Brandon-Jones (1974).","21","21-00648","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0648" "12100649","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","femoralis","femoralis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Martin","1838","","Mag. Nat. Hist. [Charlesworth's]","2","","436","","","","Singapore.","","","","","21","21-00649","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0648-0649" "12100650","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","femoralis","percura","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lyon","1908","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00650","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0648-0650" "12100651","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","femoralis","robinsoni","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00651","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0648-0651" "12100652","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","frontata","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1838","","Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol.","5","","136","","","White-fronted Langur","Indonesia, SE Kalimantan: Murung and ""Pulu Lampy"", near Banjarmasin, Pematang, Kuala (Medway, 1965:82).","C and E Borneo, from C Sarawak to S coast.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient.","nudifrons Elliot, 1909.","","21","21-00652","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0652" "12100653","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","hosei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1889","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1889","","159","","","Hose’s Langur","Malaysia, Sarawak, Niah.","N and E Borneo: Brunei, E Sarawak, Sabah (Malaysia), south to Karangan River in Kalimantan (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. h. sabana, Data Deficient as P. h. hosei, P. h. canicrus and P. h. everetti. Nominotypical hosei perhaps extinct.","canicrus Miller, 1934; everetti (Thomas, 1892); sabana (Thomas, 1893).","Separated from ""aygula"" (= comata) by Medway (1970:544). Possibly canicrus and sabana are distinct species (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00653","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0653" "12100654","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","hosei","hosei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1889","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1889","","159","","","","Malaysia, Sarawak, Niah.","","","","","21","21-00654","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0653-0654" "12100655","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","hosei","canicrus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1934","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00655","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0653-0655" "12100656","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","hosei","everetti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1892","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00656","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0653-0656" "12100657","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","hosei","sabana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1893","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00657","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0653-0657" "12100658","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","melalophos","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","245","","","Sumatran Surili","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen.","Sumatra (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. femoralis batuana, Lower Risk (nt), not evaluated as bicolor, mitrata, and nobilis.","aurata (Müller and Schlegel, 1861); ferrugineus (Schlegel, 1876); flavimanus (I. Geoffroy, 1831); nobilis (Gray, 1842); bicolor Aimi and Bakar, 1992; mitrata Eschscholtz, 1821; fluviatilis (Chasen, 1940); fusco-murina Elliot, 1906; sumatranus (Müller and Schlegel, 1841); batuanus Miller, 1903; margae Hooijer, 1948.","Does not include P. femoralis, which was regarded as a separate species by Wilson and Wilson (1977:217-222), or siamensis, which was separated by Brandon-Jones (1984), or natunae or chrysomelas, which were separated by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00658","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0658" "12100659","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","melalophos","melalophos","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","245","","","","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen.","","","","","21","21-00659","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0658-0659" "12100660","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","melalophos","bicolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Aimi and Bakar","1992","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00660","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0658-0660" "12100661","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","melalophos","mitrata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Eschscholtz","1821","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00661","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0658-0661" "12100662","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","melalophos","sumatranus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Müller and Schlegel","1841","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00662","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0658-0662" "12100663","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","natunae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas and Hartert","1894","","Novit. Zool.","1","","652","","","Natuna Island Surili","Indonesia, North Natuna Isl, Bunguran.","Bunguran Isl (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II.","","Separated from P. siamensis by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00663","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0663" "12100664","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","potenziani","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Bonaparte","1856","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","43","","412","","","Mentawai Langur","Indonesia, W Sumatra, Sipora Isl.","Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Threatened; IUCN – Vulnerable as P. p. potenziani and P. p. siberu.","chrysogaster (Peters, 1867); siberu (Chasen and Kloss, 1927).","","21","21-00664","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0664" "12100665","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","potenziani","potenziani","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bonaparte","1856","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","43","","412","","","","Indonesia, W Sumatra, Sipora Isl.","","","","","21","21-00665","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0664-0665" "12100666","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","potenziani","siberu","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Chasen and Kloss","1927","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00666","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0664-0666" "12100667","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1838","","Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol.","5","","137","","","Maroon Leaf-Monkey","Indonesia, S Kalimantan, Mt. Sekumbang (SE of Banjermasin).","Borneo; Karimata Isl (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as P. r. chrysea, otherwise Lower Risk (lc), not evaluated as carimatae and ignita.","carimatae Miller, 1906; chrysea Davis, 1962; ignita Dollman, 1909; rubida (Lyon, 1911).","","21","21-00667","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667" "12100668","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","rubicunda","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Müller","1838","","Tijdschr. Nat. Gesch. Physiol.","5","","137","","","","Indonesia, S Kalimantan, Mt. Sekumbang (SE of Banjermasin).","","","","","21","21-00668","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667-0668" "12100669","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","carimatae","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00669","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667-0669" "12100670","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","chrysea","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Davis","1962","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00670","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667-0670" "12100671","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","ignita","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1909","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00671","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667-0671" "12100672","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","rubicunda","rubida","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Lyon","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00672","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0667-0672" "12100673","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","siamensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Müller and Schlegel","1841","","InTemminck, Verh. Nat. Ges. Overz. Bezitt. Zool. (Mamm.)","","","60","","","White-thighed Surili","Malaya, Melaka.","Malay Peninsula, except far south and northwest; E Sumatra between Siak and Inderagiri Rivers, between Rokan and Barimun Rivers, Lake Toba region, and perhaps Jambi district; Kundur, Bintang, and probably Batam and Galang Isls, Riau Arch. (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","dilecta Elliot, 1909; nigrimanus (I. Geoffroy, 1843); nubigena Elliot, 1909; cana Miller, 1906; amsiri Kawamura, 1984 [nomen nudum]; catemana Lyon, 1908; paenulata (Chasen, 1940); rhionis Miller, 1903.","Separated from P. femoralis by Brandon-Jones (1984).","21","21-00673","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0673" "12100674","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","siamensis","siamensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Müller and Schlegel","1841","","InTemminck, Verh. Nat. Ges. Overz. Bezitt. Zool. (Mamm.)","","","60","","","","Malaya, Melaka.","","","","","21","21-00674","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0673-0674" "12100675","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","siamensis","cana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00675","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0673-0675" "12100676","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","siamensis","paenulata","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Chasen","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00676","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0673-0676" "12100677","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","siamensis","rhionis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00677","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0673-0677" "12100678","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Presbytis","","thomasi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Collett","1892","1893","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1892","","613","","","Thomas’s Langur","Indonesia, Sumatra, Aceh, Langkat.","Sumatra: Aceh, south to about 3°50'N.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","nubilus Miller, 1942.","Separated from ""aygula"" (= comata) by Medway (1970:544). Considered a subspecies of comata by Brandon-Jones (1984).","21","21-00678","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0641-0000-0678" "12100679","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Procolobus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Rochebrune","1877","","Faune de Sénégambie, Suppl. Vert., Mamm.","1","","95","","Colobus verus Van Beneden, 1838.","","","","","Lophocolobus de Pousargue, 1895.","Separate from Colobus, see Corbet and Hill (1980:90) and Groves (1989).","21","21-00679","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0679" "12100680","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Procolobus","","verus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Van Beneden","1838","","Bull. Acad. Sci. Belles-Letters Bruxelles","5","","347","","","Olive Colobus","Africa.","Sierra Leone to Togo; Idah Dist. (E Nigeria, see Menzies, 1970, for comments).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","chrysurus (Gray, 1866); cristatus (Gray, 1866); olivaceus (Wagner, 1840).","Separated as a genus from Colobus by Dandelot (1974:37) and Corbet and Hill (1980:90).","21","21-00680","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0679-0000-0680" "12100681","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Pygathrix","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","90","","Simia nemaeus Linnaeus, 1771.","","","","","Daunus Gray, 1821.","Rhinopithecus included in Pygathrix by Groves (1970) and Szalay and Delson (1979:404) and McKenna and Bell (1997); but see Jablonski and Peng (1993) and Groves (2001c), who recognized that the two are sister-groups but retained them as separate genera.","21","21-00681","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0681" "12100682","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Pygathrix","","cinerea","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Nadler","1997","","Zool. Garten, NF","67","","165","","","Gray-shanked Douc Langur","Vietnam, Gia Lai Province, Play Ku, 13°59’N, 108°00’E.","C Vietnam, 13°59’-14°46’N.","CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Endangered as P. nemaeus cinerea.","","","21","21-00682","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0681-0000-0682" "12100683","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Pygathrix","","nemaeus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","","","521","","","Red-shanked Douc Langur","Cochin-China (Indo-China).","C Vietnam, E Laos, from 20°N to about 14°N, perhaps as far as 13°N.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as P. n. nemaeus.","","Does not include nigripes (see Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00683","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0681-0000-0683" "12100684","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Pygathrix","","nigripes","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1871","","Bull. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","6","","7","","","Black-shanked Douc Langur","Vietnam, Saigon.","S Vietnam, from about 10°30’N to 14°30’N; Cambodia east of the Mekong River.","CITES – Appendix I; IUCN – Endangered.","moi (Kloss, 1926).","Separated from nemaeus by Nadler (1997) and Groves (2001c).","21","21-00684","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0681-0000-0684" "12100685","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1872","","Rech. Nat. Hist. Mamm.","","","233","","Semnopithecus roxellana Milne-Edwards, 1872.","","","","","Presbytiscus Pocock, 1924.","Included in Pygathrix by Groves (1970) and Szalay and Delson (1979:404); but see Jablonski and Peng (1993) and Groves (2001c), who recognized that the two are sister-groups but retained them as separate genera. Jablonski and Peng (1993) recognized Presbytiscus as a valid subgenus.","21","21-00685","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685" "12100686","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","avunculus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Dollman","1912","","Abstr. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1912","106","18","","","Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey","Vietnam, Songkoi River, Yen Bay.","NW Vietnam.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","Placed in subgenus Presbytiscus by Jablonski and Peng (1993).","21","21-00686","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0686" "12100687","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","bieti","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1897","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","3","","157","","","Black Snub-nosed Monkey","China, Yunnan, left bank of upper Mekong, Kiape, 28°25'N, 98°55'E, ""a day's journey south of Atentse.""","Ridge of Mekong-Salween divide, Yunnan (China).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","Considered a subspecies of roxellana by Groves (1970:569), but regarded as a full species by Peng et al. (1988).","21","21-00687","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0687" "12100688","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","brelichi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1903","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1903","1","224","","","Gray Snub-nosed Monkey","China, N Kweichow, Van Gin Shan Range.","Van Gin Shan (Fanjinshan) Range (Guizhou, China).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","Considered a valid species by Groves (1970:569).","21","21-00688","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0688" "12100689","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","roxellana","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1870","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","70","","341","","","Golden Snub-nosed Monkey","China, Sichuan, Moupin (= Baoxing, 30°26'N, 102°50'E).","Mountains of Sichuan, S Ganssu, Hubei, Shaanxi (China).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable as R. r. hubeiensis, R. r. qinlingensis, and R. r. roxellana.","roxellanae (Milne-Edwards, 1872); hubeiensis Y. Wang, Jiang and Li, 1998; qinlingensis Y. Wang, Jiang and Li, 1998.","","21","21-00689","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0689" "12100690","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","roxellana","roxellana","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1870","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","70","","341","","","","China, Sichuan, Moupin (= Baoxing, 30°26'N, 102°50'E).","","","","","21","21-00690","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0689-0690" "12100691","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","roxellana","hubeiensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Y. Wang, Jiang and Li","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00691","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0689-0691" "12100692","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Rhinopithecus","","roxellana","qinlingensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Y. Wang, Jiang and Li","1998","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00692","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0685-0000-0689-0692" "12100693","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Desmarest","1822","","Mammalogie, in Encycl. Meth","2(Suppl.)","","532","","Simia entellus Dufresne, 1797.","","","","","","Considered a subgenus of Presbytis by Szalay and Delson (1979); separated from Presbytis by Groves (1989). All taxa have generally been placed in a single species (entellus), but Groves (2001c) divided them into seven species.","21","21-00693","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693" "12100694","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","ajax","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1928","","J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.","32","","480","","","Kashmir Gray Langur","India, Chamba, Deolah, 1800 m.","India, Dehra Dun west into Pakistani Kashmir, 2000-3000 m.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus ajax.","","","21","21-00694","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0694" "12100695","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","dussumieri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1843","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","15","","719","","","Southern Plains Gray Langur","India, Malabar coast, Mahé.","SW and WC India.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. entellus dussumieri, S. e. achises, and S. e. elissa.","achates (Pocock, 1928); anchises (Blyth, 1844); elissa (Pocock, 1928); iulus (Pocock, 1928); priamellus (Pocock, 1928).","","21","21-00695","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0695" "12100696","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","entellus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Dufresne","1797","","Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris, ser. 1","7","","49","","","Northern Plains Gray Langur","India, Bengal.","Pakistan and India, lowlands north of Godavari and Krishna Rivers, south of Ganges.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).","","","21","21-00696","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0696" "12100697","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","hector","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pocock","1928","","J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.","32","","481","","","Tarai Gray Langur","India, Kumaun, Ramnagar, Sitabani, 600 m.","India (Kumaun) to Nepal (Hazaria district), 600-1800 m.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus hector.","","","21","21-00697","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0697" "12100698","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","hypoleucos","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1841","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","10","","839","","","Black-footed Gray Langur","India, Travancore.","India, Kerala, South Coorg region.","CITES – I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Data Deficient as S. entellus hypoleucos.","aeneas (Pocock, 1928).","","21","21-00698","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0698" "12100699","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","priam","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1844","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2","13","","312","","","Tufted Gray Langur","India, Coromandel Coast.","SE India; Sri Lanka.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Vulnerable as S. entellus thersites, Data Deficient as S. entellus priam.","pallipes Blyth, 1844 [nomen nudum]; priamus Blyth, 1847; thersites (Blyth, 1847).","","21","21-00699","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0699" "12100700","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Semnopithecus","","schistaceus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Hodgson","1840","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","9","","1212","","","Nepal Gray Langur","Nepal.","Nepal, east of Gorkha, to Sikkim and parts of southernmost Tibet (China), 1500-3500 m.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in S. entellus; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. entellus schistaceus.","achilles (Pocock, 1928); lania (Elliot, 1909); nipalensis Hodgson, 1840.","","21","21-00700","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0693-0000-0700" "12100701","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Simias","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","45","","67","","Simias concolor Miller, 1903.","","","","","","Included in Nasalis by Groves (1970:639); Szalay and Delson (1979) and Delson (1975:217) considered Simias a subgenus; but also see Krumbiegel (1978) and Napier (1985), who restored it to generic rank.","21","21-00701","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0701" "12100702","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Simias","","concolor","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","45","","67","","","Simakobou","Indonesia, W Sumatra, S Pagai Isl.","Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as Nasalis concolor; IUCN – Endangered as S. c. concolor and S. c. siberu.","siberu Chasen and Kloss, 1927.","","21","21-00702","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0701-0000-0702" "12100703","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Reichenbach","1862","","Vollständ. Nat. Affen","","","89","","Semnopithecus pyrrhus Horsfield, 1823 (= Cercopithecus auratus É. Geoffroy, 1812).","","","","","Kasi Reichenbach, 1862.","Separated from Presbytis by Hooijer (1962) and Groves (1989, 2001c). Includes subgenus Kasi (for T. vetulus group). Included in Semnopithecus by Brandon-Jones (1984, 1995); provisionally retained as a genus by Groves (2001c), but its monophyletic status is not confirmed. The species groups are: (1) T. vetulus group (vetulus, johnii), (2) T. cristatus group (auratus, cristatus, germaini, barbei), (3) T. obscurus group (obscurus, phayrei), (4) T. pileatus group (pileatus, shortridgei, geei), (5) T. francoisi group (francoisi, hatinhensis, poliocephalus, laotum, delacouri, ebenus).","21","21-00703","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703" "12100704","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","","","SUBGENUS","False","","yes","Reichenbach","1862","","Vollständ. Nat. Affen","","","89","","Semnopithecus pyrrhus Horsfield, 1823 (= Cercopithecus auratus É. Geoffroy, 1812).","","","","","","","21","21-00704","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704" "12100705","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","","","SUBGENUS","False","","","Reichenbach","1862","","","","","","","Cercopithecus vetulus Erxleben, 1777","","","","","","See Szalay and Delson (1979:402).","21","21-00705","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705" "12100706","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","auratus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","93","","","Javan Lutung","Java, Semarang (Müller, 1840:16).","Java, Bali, and Lombok (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Endangered as T. a. auratus and T. a. mauritius.","kohlbruggei (Sody, 1931); maurus (Horsfield, 1823); pyrrhus (Horsfield, 1823); sondaicus (Robinson and Kloss, 1919); stresemanni Pocock, 1934; mauritius (Griffith, 1821).","T. cristatus species group. Separated from T. cristatus by Weitzel and Groves (1985). Brandon-Jones (1995) placed this species, together with T. johnii and all the T. francoisi species group, in a separate (auratus) species group.","21","21-00706","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0706" "12100707","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","auratus","auratus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","É. Geoffroy","1812","","Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","19","","93","","","","Java, Semarang (Müller, 1840:16).","","","","","21","21-00707","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0706-0707" "12100708","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","auratus","mauritius","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Griffith","1821","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00708","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0706-0708" "12100709","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","barbei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1847","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","16","","734","","","Tenasserim Lutung","Burma, Ye south of Moulmein.","N penisular Burma and Thailand, 14°20’-15°10’N, 98°30’-98°55’E.","CITES – Appendix II.","atrior (Pocock, 1928).","T. cristatus species group. On the question of the identity of barbei, see Groves (2001c:266).","21","21-00709","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0709" "12100710","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","cristatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","244","","","Silvery Lutung","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen (Bengkulu).","Borneo, Natuna Isl, Bangka, Belitung, Sumatra, Riau Archipelago, and W coast of Malay Peninsula.","CITES – Appendix II.","pruinosus (Desmarest, 1822); pullata (Thomas and Wroughton, 1909); rutledgii (Anderson, 1878); ultima (Elliot, 1910); vigilans (Miller, 1913).","T. cristatus species group. Does not include barbei and germaini, see Groves (2001c).","21","21-00710","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0710" "12100711","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","cristatus","cristatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","244","","","","Indonesia, Sumatra, Bengkulen (Bengkulu).","","","","","21","21-00711","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0710-0711" "12100712","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","cristatus","vigilans","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1913","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00712","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0710-0712" "12100713","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","delacouri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Osgood","1932","","Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool.","18","","205","","","Delacour’s Langur","Vietnam, Hoi Xuan.","Vietnam south of Red River, 18°-21°36’N.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","","T. francoisi species group. Considered a species separate from francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995).","21","21-00713","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0713" "12100714","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","ebenus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Brandon-Jones","1995","","Raffles Bulletin of Zoology","43","","15","","","Indochinese Black Langur","""Indo China"": probably either Lai Chau or Fan Si Pan chain (ca. 22°30’N, 103°50’E) according to Brandon-Jones (1995).","Unknown. May be restricted to region of type locality (Brandon-Jones, 1995); but apparently occurs in Hin Namno National Biodiversity Conservation area, Laos, on Vietnam border at about 17°30’N according to Nadler (1998).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. francoisi ebenus.","","T. francoisi species group. Described as a subspecies of T. auratus by Brandon-Jones (1995), but raised to species rank and transferred to the T. francoisi group by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00714","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0714" "12100715","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","francoisi","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pousargues","1898","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","4","","319","","","François’ Langur","China, Kwangsi, Lungchow.","N Vietnam, C Laos, Kwangsi (China).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","T. francoisi species group. The taxa poliocephalus, hatinhensis, laotum and delacouri, generally placed as subspecies of francoisi, were raised to specific rank by Brandon-Jones (1995).","21","21-00715","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0715" "12100716","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","geei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Khajuria","1956","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 12","9","","86","","","Gee’s Golden Langur","India, Assam, Goalpara Dist., Jamduar Forest Rest House, east bank of Sankosh River.","Between Sankosh and Manas Rivers, Indo-Bhutan border (on both sides).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","bhutanensis Wangchuk, Inouye and Hare, 2003.","T. pileatus species group. For authorship of geei, see Biswas (1967).","21","21-00716","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0716" "12100717","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","geei","geei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Khajuria","1956","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 12","9","","86","","","","India, Assam, Goalpara Dist., Jamduar Forest Rest House, east bank of Sankosh River.","","","","","21","21-00717","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0716-0717" "12100718","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","geei","bhutanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wangchuk, Inouye and Hare","2003","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00718","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0716-0718" "12100719","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","germaini","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1876","","Bull. Soc. Philom.","6","11","8","","","Indochinese Lutung","Cochin-china and Cambodia.","Thailand and Burma (north of the peninsula), Cambodia, Vietnam, to 15°N.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Data Deficient as T. villosus ? germaini and T. v. caudalis.","koratensis (Kloss, 1919); mandibularis (Kloss, 1916); margarita (Elliot, 1909); caudalis (Dao, 1977).","T. cristatus species group. Separated from cristatus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00719","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0719" "12100720","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","germaini","germaini","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Milne-Edwards","1876","","Bull. Soc. Philom.","6","11","8","","","","Cochin-china and Cambodia.","","","","","21","21-00720","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0719-0720" "12100721","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","germaini","caudalis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Dao","1977","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00721","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0719-0721" "12100722","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","hatinhensis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Dao","1970","","Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin","46","","61","","","Hatinh Langur","Vietnam, Ha-tinh, Xom-cuc.","Vietnam, Quang Binh and neighbouring regions.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Endangered as T. francoisi hatinhensis.","","T. francoisi species group. Considered a species separate from francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995).","21","21-00722","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0722" "12100723","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","johnii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","J. Fischer","1829","","Synopsis Mamm.","","","25","","","Nilgiri Langur","India, Tellicherry.","S India.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable.","cucullatus (Fischer, 1829); jubatus (Wagner, 1839); ?leonina (Shaw, 1800).","T. vetulus species group. Often referred to subgenus Kasi, see Szalay and Delson (1979:402).","21","21-00723","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0723" "12100724","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","laotum","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1911","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 9","7","","181","","","Laotian Langur","Laos, Ban Na Săo, on the Mekong at 17°30’N.","C Laos.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA– Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Data Deficient.","","T. francoisi species group. Considered a species separate from francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995).","21","21-00724","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0724" "12100725","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Reid","1837","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","14","","","Dusky Leaf-monkey","Malaysia, Malacca.","S Thailand and Malay Peninsula, and small adjacent islands.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc), subspecies not evaluated.","leucomystax (Müller and Schlegel, 1841); carbo (Thomas and Wroughton, 1909); corvus (Miller, 1913); flavicauda (Elliot, 1910); corax Pocock, 1934; ruhei (Knottnerus-Meyer, 1933); smithii (Kloss, 1916); halonifer (Cantor, 1845); sanctorum (Elliot, 1910); seimundi (Chasen, 1940); styx (Kloss, 1911).","T. obscurus species group.","21","21-00725","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725" "12100726","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","obscurus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Reid","1837","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1837","","14","","","","Malaysia, Malacca.","","","","","21","21-00726","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0726" "12100727","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","carbo","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas and Wroughton","1909","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00727","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0727" "12100728","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","flavicauda","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00728","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0728" "12100729","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","halonifer","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Cantor","1845","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00729","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0729" "12100730","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","sanctorum","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1910","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00730","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0730" "12100731","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","seimundi","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Chasen","1940","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00731","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0731" "12100732","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","obscurus","styx","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kloss","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00732","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0725-0732" "12100733","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","phayrei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1847","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","16","","733","","","Phayre’s Leaf-monkey","Burma, Arakan.","Laos, Burma, C Vietnam, C and N Thailand, Yunnan (China).","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","barbei (Blyth, 1863) [not of Blyth, 1847]; holotephreus (Anderson, 1878); melamera (Elliot, 1909); crepuscula (Elliot, 1909); argenteus (Kloss, 1919); wroughtoni (Elliot, 1909); shanicus (Wroughton, 1917).","T. obscurus species group.","21","21-00733","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0733" "12100734","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","phayrei","phayrei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1847","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","16","","733","","","","Burma, Arakan.","","","","","21","21-00734","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0733-0734" "12100735","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","phayrei","crepuscula","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Elliot","1909","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00735","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0733-0735" "12100736","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","phayrei","shanicus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1917","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00736","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0733-0736" "12100737","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","pileatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1843","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","12","","174","","","Capped Langur","India, Assam.","Assam, NW Burma (west of Chindwin River); E Bangladesh.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Endangered as T. p. pileatus, T. p. brahma, T. p. durga, and T. p. tenebricus.","argentatus (Horsfield, 1851); brahma (Wroughton, 1916); durga (Wroughton, 1916); saturatus (Hinton, 1923); tenebricus (Wroughton, 1915).","T. pileatus species group. Does not include shortridgei (see Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00737","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0737" "12100738","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","pileatus","pileatus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Blyth","1843","","J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal","12","","174","","","","India, Assam.","","","","","21","21-00738","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0737-0738" "12100739","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","pileatus","brahma","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00739","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0737-0739" "12100740","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","pileatus","durga","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00740","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0737-0740" "12100741","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","pileatus","tenebricus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1915","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00741","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0737-0741" "12100742","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","poliocephalus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Pousargues","1898","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","4","","319","","","White-headed Langur","Vietnam, Cat Ba Isl (restricted by Brandon-Jones, 1995).","Cat Ba Isl (Vietnam); Guangxi (China).","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA– Endangered as included in T. francoisi; IUCN – Critically Endangered as T. p. poliocephalus and T. p. leucocephalus.","leucocephalus Tan, 1955.","T. francoisi species group. Considered a species separate from francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995). Subspecies leucocephalus was considered to be a partially albinistic population of francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995), but (provisionally) a subspecies of poliocephalus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00742","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0742" "12100743","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","poliocephalus","poliocephalus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Pousargues","1898","","Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris","4","","319","","","","Vietnam, Cat Ba Isl (restricted by Brandon-Jones, 1995).","","","","","21","21-00743","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0742-0743" "12100744","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","poliocephalus","leucocephalus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Tan","1955","","","","","","","","","","","","","Considered a partially albinistic population of francoisi by Brandon-Jones (1995), but (provisionally) a subspecies of poliocephalus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00744","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0742-0744" "12100745","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Trachypithecus","shortridgei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Wroughton","1915","","J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.","24","","56","","","Shortridge’s Langur","Burma, Homalin (upper Chindwin).","Burma, east of Chindwin River; Gongshan (Yunnan, China).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered as T. pileatus shortridgei.","belliger (Wroughton, 1915).","T. pileatus species group. Separated from pileatus by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00745","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0704-0745" "12100746","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","vetulus","","SPECIES","False","Cercopithecus vetulus","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","","","24","","","Purple-faced Langur","Sri Lanka, Hill country of South.","Sri Lanka.","CITES – Appendix II; U.S. ESA – Threatened as Presbytis senex; IUCN – Endangered as T. v. vetulus, T. v. monticola, T. v. nestor, and T. v. philbricki.","cephalopterus (Boddaert, 1785); fulvogriseus (Desmoulins, 1825); kelaarti (Schlegel, 1876); kephalopterus (Zimmermann, 1780); latibarba (Temminck, 1807); latibarbatus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); leucoprymnus (Otto, 1825); porphyrops (Link, 1795); purpuratus (Kerr, 1792); veter (Shaw, 1800); monticola (Kelaart, 1850); ursinus (Blyth, 1851); nestor (Bennett, 1833); phillipsi (Hinton, 1923); philbricki (Phillips, 1927); harti (Deraniyagala, 1955); not allocated to subspecies: albinus (Kelaart, 1851); senex (Erxleben, 1777).","T. vetulus species group. Type of subgenus Kasi; see Szalay and Delson (1979:402). On the use of vetulus, instead of the previously more commonly used senex, for the species, see Napier (1985:72).","21","21-00746","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0746" "12100747","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","vetulus","vetulus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Erxleben","1777","","Syst. Regni Anim.","","","24","","","","Sri Lanka, Hill country of South.","","","","","21","21-00747","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0746-0747" "12100748","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","vetulus","monticola","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kelaart","1850","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00748","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0746-0748" "12100749","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","vetulus","nestor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Bennett","1833","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00749","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0746-0749" "12100750","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Cercopithecoidea","Cercopithecidae","Colobinae","","Trachypithecus","Kasi","vetulus","philbricki","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Phillips","1927","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00750","21-0001-0163-0177-0420-0421-0596-0000-0703-0705-0746-0750" "12100751","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","","","","","","","","SUPERFAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","344","","","","","","","","","21","21-00751","21-0001-0163-0177-0751" "12100752","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","Gray","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1871","","Cat. Monkeys, Lemurs, Fruit-eating Bats Brit. Mus.","","","4","","","","","","","","Vaughan (1978:39-40) included this family in Pongidae (which is here considered a part of Hominidae); but see Delson and Andrews (1975:441) and Thenius (1981). Szalay and Delson (1979:461), McKenna and Bell (1997), and Goodman et al. (1998) included Hylobatidae in Hominidae. The family is usually awarded a single genus (Hylobates), which is divided into four subgenera, but Groves (2001c:289) and Roos and Geissmann (2001) considered that they should probably be elevated to full genera, but Groves (2001c) did not take this final step because of the nomenclature problem of Bunopithecus. It seems, however, undesirable that a problem of nomenclature should be allowed to obstruct a desirable taxonomic change. Goodman et al. (1998) separated Symphalangus and Hylobates as full genera (they had no material for the other two genera/subgenera).","21","21-00752","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752" "12100753","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Bunopithecus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Matthew and Granger","1923","","Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.","48","","588","","Bunopithecus sericus Matthew and Granger, 1923 (a fossil species).","","","","","Hoolock Haimoff et al., 1984 [nomen nudum].","This genus will have to be renamed and redefined, as Bunopithecus sericus is outside the modern gibbon clade and the Hoolock gibbon does not belong to the same genus (Groves, 2001c); this was the reason why Groves (2001c) did not take the step of elevating the subgenera of Hylobates to generic rank.","21","21-00753","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0753" "12100754","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Bunopithecus","","hoolock","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Harlan","1834","","Trans. Am. Philos. Soc.","4","","52","","","Hoolock Gibbon","India, Assam, Garo Hills.","Between the Brahmaputra and Salween Rivers in Assam (India), Burma, and Yunnan (China).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in Hylobates; IUCN – Endangered as B. h. hoolock and B. h. leuconedys.","choromandus Ogilby, 1827; fuscus Winslow Lewis, 1834; golock (Bechstein, 1795) [suppressed by Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl. (1982), Opinion 1219]; hulock Lesson, 1840; scyritus Ogilby, 1840; leuconedys Groves, 1967.","","21","21-00754","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0753-0000-0754" "12100755","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Bunopithecus","","hoolock","hoolock","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Harlan","1834","","Trans. Am. Philos. Soc.","4","","52","","","","India, Assam, Garo Hills.","","","","","21","21-00755","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0753-0000-0754-0755" "12100756","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Bunopithecus","","hoolock","leuconedys","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Groves","1967","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00756","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0753-0000-0754-0756" "12100757","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Illiger","1811","","Prodr. Syst. Mamm. Avium.","","","67","","Homo lar Linnaeus, 1771.","","","","","Brachiopithecus Sénéchal, 1839 [in part]; Brachitanytes Schultz, 1932; Cheiron Burnett, 1829; Gibbon Zimmermann, 1777 [Rejected by Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl. (1954), Opinion 257]; Laratus Gray, 1821; Methylobates Ameghino, 1882 [in part].","Includes Symphalangus according to Anderson (1967:175); and Nomascus according to Corbet and Hill (1980:91); but these should be given generic rank (Groves, 2001c). Revised by Groves (1972b). Reviewed by Marshall and Marshall (1976).","21","21-00757","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757" "12100758","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","agilis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","F. Cuvier","1821","","In É. Geoffroy and F. Cuvier, Hist. Nat. Mammifčres","pt. 2","3(32)","1-3, ""Wouwou""","","","Agile Gibbon","Indonesia, W Sumatra.","Malay Peninsula from the Mudah and Thepha Rivers on the north to the Perak and Kelanton Rivers on the south; Sumatra (Indonesia), SE of Lake Toba and the Singkil River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. a. agilis and H. a. unko.","albo griseus Ludeking, 1862; albo nigrescens Ludeking, 1862; rafflei É. Geoffroy, 1828; unko Lesson, 1829.","Not a subspecies of lar. Includes albibarbis according to Marshall and Marshall (1976), but this was considered a separate species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00758","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0758" "12100759","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","albibarbis","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lyon","1911","","Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus.","40","","142","","","Bornean White-bearded Gibbon","Indonesia, W Borneo, Sukadana.","SW Borneo, south of Kapuas River and W of Barito River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. agilis albibarbis.","","A subspecies of agilis according to Marshall and Marshall (1976), a subspecies of muelleri according to Groves (1974), a distinct species according to Groves (2001c).","21","21-00759","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0759" "12100760","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","klossii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1903","","Smithson. Misc. Coll.","45","","70","","","Kloss’s Gibbon","Indonesia, West Sumatra, S Pagai Isl.","Mentawai Isls (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","21","21-00760","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0760" "12100761","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","","","521","","","Lar Gibbon","Malaysia, Malacca (restricted by Kloss, 1929).","Between the Salween and Mekong Rivers from S Yunnan (China) south to the Mun River (Thailand) and the Mudah and Thepha Rivers on the Malay Peninsula; S Malay Peninsula south of the Perak and Kelantan Rivers; Sumatra (Indonesia) NW of Lake Toba and the Singkil River; E and S Burma.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. l. yunnanensis, Lower Risk (nt) as H. l. lar, H. l. carpenteri, H. l. entelloides, and H. l. vestitus.","albimana (Vigors and Horsfield, 1828); longimana (Schreber, 1774); variegatus (É. Geoffroy, 1812); varius (Latreille, 1801); carpenteri Groves, 1968; entelloides I. Geoffroy, 1842; vestitus Miller, 1942; yunnanensis Ma and Y. Wang, 1986.","","21","21-00761","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761" "12100762","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","lar","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1771","","Mantissa Plantarum","","","521","","","","Malaysia, Malacca (restricted by Kloss, 1929).","","","","","21","21-00762","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761-0762" "12100763","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","carpenteri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Groves","1968","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00763","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761-0763" "12100764","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","entelloides","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1842","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00764","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761-0764" "12100765","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","vestitus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Miller","1942","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00765","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761-0765" "12100766","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","lar","yunnanensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ma and Y. Wang","1986","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00766","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0761-0766" "12100767","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","moloch","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Audebert","1798","","Hist. Nat. Singes Makis","1","2","pl. 2","","","Silvery Javan Gibbon","Indonesia, W Java, Mt. Salak (restricted by Sody, 1949b).","Java (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as H. m. moloch and H. m. pongoalsoni.","cinereus Latreille, 1804; javanicus Matschie, 1893; leucisca (Schreber, 1799); pongoalsoni Sody, 1949.","See Andayani et al. (2001), who reviewed the phylogeography of the species.","21","21-00767","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0767" "12100768","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","muelleri","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Martin","1841","","Nat. Hist. Mamm. Anim.","","","444","","","Müller’s Bornean Gibbon","Indonesia, Kalimantan, ""Southeast Borneo""; restricted by Lyon (1911:142).","Borneo from the N bank of the Kapuas River clockwise around the island to the east bank of the Barito River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as H. m. muelleri, H. m. abbotti, and H. m. funereus.","abbotti Kloss, 1929; funereus I. Geoffroy, 1850.","There is a wide hybrid zone with H. albibarbis in C Borneo (Marshall and Sugardjito, 1986).","21","21-00768","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0768" "12100769","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","muelleri","muelleri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Martin","1841","","Nat. Hist. Mamm. Anim.","","","444","","","","Indonesia, Kalimantan, ""Southeast Borneo""; restricted by Lyon (1911:142).","","","","","21","21-00769","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0768-0769" "12100770","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","muelleri","abbotti","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kloss","1929","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00770","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0768-0770" "12100771","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","muelleri","funereus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1850","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00771","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0768-0771" "12100772","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Hylobates","","pileatus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1861","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1861","","136","","","Pileated Gibbon","Cambodia.","SE Thailand and Cambodia south of the Mun and Takhrong Rivers and west of the Mekong River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","","21","21-00772","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0757-0000-0772" "12100773","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Miller","1933","","J. Mamm.","14","","159","","Hylobates leucogenys Ogilby, 1840.","","","","","","Separated as a genus distinct from Hylobates (Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00773","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773" "12100774","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Harlan","1826","","J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 5","4","","231","","","Black Crested Gibbon","Vietnam, Tonkin.","E of the Mekong River, and a small enclave W of the Mekong, in S Yunnan (China), N and WC Laos, and in Vietnam to Red River; and an isolated region round Ban Nam Khueung, Laos.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. c. furvogaster, N. c. jingdongensis, and N. nasutus, Endangered as N. c. concolor and N. c. lu.","harlani Lesson, 1827; henrici de Pousargues, 1897; niger Ogilby, 1840; furvogaster Ma and Y. Wang, 1986; jingdongensis Ma and Y. Wang, 1986; lu Delacour, 1951; ? nasutus Kunkel d’Herculais, 1884.","Does not include hainanus, see Groves (2001c). The status of nasutus is unclear; it may be a senior synonym for hainanus.","21","21-00774","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774" "12100775","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","concolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Harlan","1826","","J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, ser. 5","4","","231","","","","Vietnam, Tonkin.","","","","","21","21-00775","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774-0775" "12100776","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","furvogaster","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ma and Y. Wang","1986","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00776","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774-0776" "12100777","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","jingdongensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Ma and Y. Wang","1986","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00777","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774-0777" "12100778","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","lu","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Delacour","1951","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00778","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774-0778" "12100779","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","concolor","nasutus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Kunkel d’Herculais","1884","","","","","","","","","","","","","Status of nasutus is unclear; it may be a senior synonym for hainanus.","21","21-00779","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0774-0779" "12100780","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","gabriellae","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1909","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 8","4","","112","","","Red-cheeked Gibbon","Vietnam, Langbian.","S Laos, S Vietnam from 15°30’N, E Cambodia.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Vulnerable.","","Separated from leucogenys by Groves and Y. Wang (1989). Does not include siki, see Groves (2001c).","21","21-00780","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0780" "12100781","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","hainanus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Thomas","1892","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 6","9","","145","","","Hainan Gibbon","China: Hainan Isl.","Hainan Isl (China); Hoa Binh and Cao Bang Provs., Vietnam.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as N. nasutus hainanus.","","Separated from concolor by Groves (2001c). It is possible that nasutus may be an earlier name for the mainland population of this species.","21","21-00781","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0781" "12100782","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","leucogenys","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Ogilby","1840","","Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond.","1840","","20","","","Northern White-cheeked Gibbon","Laos, Muang Khi (Fooden, 1987).","SW Yunnan (China) to 19°N in Vietnam and Laos.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","Separated from concolor by Dao (1983) and Ma and Wang (1986).","21","21-00782","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0782" "12100783","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Nomascus","","siki","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Delacour","1951","","Mammalia","15","","122","","","Southern White-cheeked Gibbon","Vietnam, Thua Luu.","C Vietnam and Laos, from 15°45’ to 20°N.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Data Deficient as N. leucogenys siki.","","Separated from leucogenys and gabriellae by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00783","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0773-0000-0783" "12100784","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Symphalangus","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Gloger","1841","","Gemeinn. Naturg.","1","","34","","Simia syndactylus Raffles, 1821.","","","","","Siamanga Gray, 1843.","Probably a genus distinct from Hylobates (Goodman et al., 1998; Groves, 2001c).","21","21-00784","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0784" "12100785","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hylobatidae","","","Symphalangus","","syndactylus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","241","","","Siamang","Indonesia, W Sumatra, Bengkeulen.","Barisan Mountains of Sumatra (Indonesia); mountains of Malay Peninsula south of Perak River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Lower Risk (nt) as S. s. syndactylus and S. s. continentis.","continentis Thomas, 1908; gibbon (C. Miller, 1779); subfossilis Hooijer, 1960; volzi (Pohl, 1911).","","21","21-00785","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0752-0000-0000-0784-0000-0785" "12100786","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","yes","Gray","1825","","Ann. Philos., n.s.","10","","344","","","","","","","Pongidae Elliot, 1913.","For combining all genera in one family, see Groves (1989). The genera are placed in two subfamilies by Groves (2001c): Ponginae (Pongo alone), and Homininae (Gorilla, Homo, Pan). McKenna and Bell (1997) included Hylobatidae in addition, as a subfamily, and within the Homininae recognized two living tribes, Pongini and Hominini; Goodman et al. (1998) recognized gibbons only as a tribe (Hylobatini), with the other three genera as a separate tribe (Hominini), divided into subtribes Pongina and Hominina; they included Pan in Homo, and Watson et al. (2001) included both Pan and Gorilla in Homo.","21","21-00786","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786" "12100787","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","I. Geoffroy","1852","","C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris","36","","933","","Troglodytes gorilla Savage, 1847.","","","","","Pseudogorilla Elliot, 1913.","A subgenus of Pan according to Tuttle (1967); but see Groves (1989) who stated that they are not closely related. Included in Homo by Watson et al. (2001). Included in Hominini by McKenna and Bell (1997), but as a subtribe Gorillina, separate from Hominina (=Pan and Homo).","21","21-00787","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787" "12100788","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","beringei","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1903","","Sber. Ges. naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","257","","","Eastern Gorilla","Rwanda, Mt. Sabinyo.","N and E Dem. Rep. Congo, SW Uganda, N Rwanda.","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA – Endangered as included in G. gorilla; IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. g. beringei, Endangered as G. g. graueri.","beringeri Matschie, 1903 [lapsus]; mikenensis Lönnberg, 1917; graueri Matschie, 1914; manyema Rothschild, 1908 [lapsus]; rex-pygmaeorum Schwarz, 1927.","Separated as a full species by Groves (2001c).","21","21-00788","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0788" "12100789","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","beringei","beringei","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1903","","Sber. Ges. naturf. Fr. Berlin","","","257","","","","Rwanda, Mt. Sabinyo.","","","","","21","21-00789","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0788-0789" "12100790","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","beringei","graueri","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00790","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0788-0790" "12100791","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","gorilla","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Savage","1847","","Boston J. Nat. Hist.","5","","417","","","Western Gorilla","Gabon, Gabon Estuary, Mpongwe country.","SE Nigeria, Cameroon, Rio Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Republic of Congo, SW Central African Republic, Gabon.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered; IUCN – Critically Endangered as G. g. diehli, Endangered as G. g. gorilla.","adrotes (Mayer, 1856); africanus (Mayer, 1856); castaneiceps Slack, 1862; ellioti (Frechkop, 1943); gigas Haeckel, 1903; gina I. Geoffroy, 1855; halli Rothschild, 1927; hansmeyeri Matschie, 1914; jacobi Matschie, 1905; matschiei Rothschild, 1905; mayęma Alix and Bouvier, 1877; savagei (Owen, 1848); schwartzi Fritze, 1912; uellensis Schouteden, 1927; zenkeri Matschie, 1914; diehli Matschie, 1904.","The author of the name is Savage, not Savage and Wyman (see Groves, 2001c:301). The status of diehli was reviewed in detail by Sarmiento and Oates (2000).","21","21-00791","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0791" "12100792","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","gorilla","gorilla","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Savage","1847","","Boston J. Nat. Hist.","5","","417","","","","Gabon, Gabon Estuary, Mpongwe country.","","","","","21","21-00792","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0791-0792" "12100793","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Gorilla","","gorilla","diehli","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Matschie","1904","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00793","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0787-0000-0791-0793" "12100794","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Homo","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","20","","Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758.","","","","","Africanthropus Weinert, 1938; Anthropus Boyd Dawkins, 1926; Archanthropus Arldt, 1915; Atlanthropus Arambourg, 1954; Cyphanthropus Pycraft, 1928; Europanthropus Wüst, 1950; Javanthropus Oppenoorth, 1932; Maueranthropus Montandon, 1943; Meganthropus Weidenreich, 1944; Nipponanthropus Hasebe, 1948; Notanthropus Sergi, 1911; Palaeanthropus Bonarelli, 1907; Pithecanthropus Dubois, 1894; Praehomo von Eickstedt, 1932; Proanthropus Wilser, 1900; Pseudhomo Ameghino, 1909; Sinanthropus Black and Zdansky, 1927; Tchadanthropus Coppens, 1965; Telanthropus Broom and Robinson, 1949.","Included with Pan and the fossil taxon Australopithecus in subtribe Hominina by McKenna and Bell (1997). Includes Pan as a subgenus according to Goodman et al. (1998); according to Goodman et al. (2001c), all fossil representatives of the human lineage (including Australopithecus) would be synonyms of Homo.","21","21-00794","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0794" "12100795","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Homo","","sapiens","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1758","","Syst. Nat., 10th ed.","1","","20","","","Human","Sweden, Uppsala.","Cosmopolitan.","CITES – Appendix II as Order Primates; absolutely not endangered.","aethiopicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; americanus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; arabicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; aurignacensis Klaatsch and Hauser, 1910; australasicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; cafer Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; capensis Broom, 1917; columbicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; cro-magnonensis Gregory, 1921; drennani Kleinschmidt, 1931; eurafricanus (Sergi, 1911); grimaldiensis Gregory, 1921; grimaldii Lapouge, 1906; hottentotus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; hyperboreus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; indicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; japeticus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; melaninus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; monstrosus Linnaeus, 1758 [unavailable]; neptunianus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; ?palestinus McCown and Keith, 1932; patagonus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; priscus Lapouge, 1899; proto-aethiopicus Giuffrida-Ruggeri, 1915; scythicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; sinicus Bory de St. Vincent, 1825; spelaeus Lapouge, 1899; troglodytes Linnaeus, 1758 [nomen oblitum]; wadjakensis Dubois, 1921.","Most of the synonyms have fossil specimens as their type specimens; Bory de St. Vincent’s names refer to living geographic varieties of modern humans.","21","21-00795","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0794-0000-0795" "12100796","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Oken","1816","","Lehrb. Naturgesch., ser. 3","2","","xi","","Simia troglodytes Blumenbach, 1775.","","","","","Anthropithecus Lesson, 1840; Anthropopithecus de Blainville, 1838; Bonobo Tratz and Heck, 1954; Chimpansee Voigt, 1831; Engeco Haeckel, 1866; Fsihego de Pauw, 1905; Hylanthropus Gloger, 1841; Mimetes Anon, 1820; Pongo Haeckel, 1866 [not of Lacépčde, 1799]; Pseudanthropos Reichenbach, 1860; Satyrus Mayer, 1856; Theranthropus Brookes, 1828; Troglodytes É. Geoffroy, 1812 [not of Vieillot, 1806].","Included with Homo in subtribe Hominina by McKenna and Bell (1997). A subgenus of Homo according to Goodman et al. (1998, 2001c); Watson et al. (2001) also included it in Homo. In accordance with Opinion 1368 (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, 1985c), Pan is used instead of Chimpansee. Reviewed by Hill (1969).","21","21-00796","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796" "12100797","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","paniscus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Schwartz","1929","","Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr.","16","","4","","","Bonobo","Dem. Rep. Congo, south of the upper Maringa River, 30 km south of Befale.","Congo Basin of Dem. Rep. Congo, on south side of Congo River.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered.","","","21","21-00797","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0797" "12100798","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","troglodytes","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Blumenbach","1775","","De generis humani varietate native","","","37","","","Common Chimpanzee","Gabon, Mayoumba.","S Cameroon; Gabon; S Republic of Congo; Uganda; W Tanzania; E and N Dem. Rep. Congo; W Central African Republic; Guinea to W Nigeria, south to Congo River in W Africa.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA – Endangered in the wild, Threatened in captivity; IUCN – Endangered as P. t. verus, P. t. troglodytes, P. t. schweinfurthii, and P. t. vellerosus.","africanus Oken, 1816 [unavailable]; angustimanus (Brehm, 1876) [nomen nudum]; aubryi (Gratiolet and Alix, 1866); calvus (du Chaillu, 1860); chimpanse (Mayer, 1856); fuliginosus (Schaufuss, 1870); fuscus (Meyer, 1895); heckii (Koch, 1932); ?jocko (Kerr, 1792); koolookamba (du Chaillu, 1860); lagaros (Mayer, 1856); leucoprymnus (Lesson, 1831); mafuca (Haeckel, 1903) [nomen nudum]; niger (É. Geoffroy, 1812); ochroleucus (Matschie, 1914); pan (Lesson, 1840); ?pongo (Kerr, 1792); pusillus (Matschie, 1919); raripilosus (Rothschild, 1905); reuteri (Matschie, 1914); satyrus (Linnaeus, 1758) [in part; suppressed by Opinion 114 of the Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl., 1929c]; schneideri (Matschie, 1919); tschego (Duvernoy, 1855); schweinfurthii (Giglioli, 1872); adolfi-friederici (Matschie, 1912); calvescens (Matschie, 1914); castanomale (Matschie, 1914); cottoni (Matschie, 1912); graueri (Matschie, 1914); ituricus (Matschie, 1912); ituriensis (de Pauw, 1905); livingstonii (Selenka, 1899) [nomen nudum]; marungensis (Noack, 1887); nahani (Matschie, 1912); pfeifferi (Matschie, 1914); purschei (Matschie, 1914); schubotzi (Matschie, 1914); steindachneri (Lorenz, 1914); yambuyae (Matschie, 1912); vellerosus (Gray, 1862); ellioti (Matschie, 1914); oertzeni (Matschie, 1914); papio (Matschie, 1919); verus Schwarz, 1934.","For authorship of this name, see the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1988). Watson et al. (2001:315) used the name Homo niger, on the grounds that Homo troglodytes would be a secondary homonym of Homo troglodytes Linnaeus, 1758 (=Homo sapiens); but the new edition of the Code (in force since January 1st, 2000) permits a senior homonym to be rejected if unused since 1899 (Art. 23.9.), so Homo troglodytes would be an acceptable combination for the chimpanzee. The species has been most recently reviewed by Jones et al. (1996).","21","21-00798","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0798" "12100799","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","troglodytes","troglodytes","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Blumenbach","1775","","De generis humani varietate native","","","37","","","","Gabon, Mayoumba.","","","","","21","21-00799","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0798-0799" "12100800","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","troglodytes","schweinfurthii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Giglioli","1872","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00800","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0798-0800" "12100801","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","troglodytes","vellerosus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Gray","1862","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00801","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0798-0801" "12100802","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pan","","troglodytes","verus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Schwarz","1934","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00802","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0796-0000-0798-0802" "12100803","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","","","GENUS","False","","yes","Lacépčde","1799","","Tabl. Div. Subd. Orders Genres Mammifčres","","","4","","Pongo borneo Lacépčde, 1799 (= Simia pygmaeus Linnaeus, 1760).","","","","","Faunus Oken, 1816 [unavailable]; Lophotus Fischer, 1813; Macrobates Bilberg, 1828; Satyrus Lesson, 1840.","","21","21-00803","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803" "12100804","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","abelii","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Lesson","1827","","Man. Mamm.","","","32","","","Sumatran Orangutan","Indonesia, Sumatra.","Sumatra, NW of Lake Toba (Indonesia).","CITES – Appendix I and U.S. ESA as included in P. pygmaeus; IUCN – Critically Endangered.","abongensis (Selenka, 1896); bicolor (I.Geoffroy, 1843); deliensis (Selenka, 1896); gigantica (Pearson, 1841); langkatensis (Selenka, 1896).","On the nomenclature, see Groves and Holthuis (1985). Reviewed by Groves (1971a, Mammalian Species, 4). Considered a species separate from P. pygmaeus by Groves (2001c), who summarized several previous sources suggesting this.","21","21-00804","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803-0000-0804" "12100805","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","pygmaeus","","SPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1760","","Amoenit. Acad.","6","","68","","","Bornean Orangutan","Indonesia, Kalimantan, Landak River.","Borneo, except the southeast.","CITES – Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Endangered as P. pygmaeus, P. p. pygmaeus, and P. p. wurmbii.","agris (Schreber, 1799); batangtuensis (Selenka, 1896); borneensis Röhrer-Ertl, 1983; borneo (Lacépčde, 1799); dadappensis (Selenka, 1896); genepaiensis (Selenka, 1896); landakkensis (Selenka, 1896); rantaiensis (Selenka, 1896); rufus (Lesson, 1840); satyrus (Linnaeus, 1766) [in part; suppressed by Opinion 114 of the Int. Comm. Zool. Nomenclature, 1929c]; skalauensis (Selenka, 1896); sumatranus (Mayer, 1856); tuakensis (Selenka, 1896); wallichii (Gray, 1871); morio (Owen, 1837); brookei (Blyth, 1853); curtus (Blyth, 1855); owenii (Blyth, 1853); wurmbii (Tiedemann, 1808).","On the nomenclature, see Groves and Holthuis (1985). Reviewed by Groves (1971a, Mammalian Species, 4).","21","21-00805","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803-0000-0805" "12100806","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","pygmaeus","pygmaeus","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Linnaeus","1760","","Amoenit. Acad.","6","","68","","","","Indonesia, Kalimantan, Landak River.","","","","","21","21-00806","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803-0000-0805-0806" "12100807","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","pygmaeus","morio","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Owen","1837","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00807","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803-0000-0805-0807" "12100808","PRIMATES","HAPLORRHINI","SIMIIFORMES","Hominoidea","Hominidae","","","Pongo","","pygmaeus","wurmbii","SUBSPECIES","False","","yes","Tiedemann","1808","","","","","","","","","","","","","","21","21-00808","21-0001-0163-0177-0751-0786-0000-0000-0803-0000-0805-0808" "12200001","RODENTIA","","","","","","","","","","","ORDER","False","","YES","Bowdich","1821","","","","","7","","","","","","","","

Rodentia is the largest order of living Mammalia, encompassing 2277 species as recognized herein, or approximately 42% of worldwide mammalian biodiversity. Following the mid-1900s era of uncritical application of the biological species concept and consequent obscuration of species richness, views on the size of the Order continue to appreciate substantially (1591 species—Corbet and Hill, 1980; 1719—Honacki et al., 1982; 1738—Corbet and Hill, 1986; 2015—Wilson and Reeder, 1993; 2277—this volume). Thus, ""a checklist of species"" considered valid is an appropriate taxonomic focus in the current work, as emphasized by its title and that of its predecessors (Honacki et al., 1982; Wilson and Reeder, 1993). In contrast to the period covered by the second edition (Wilson and Reeder, 1993), however, systematic research on Rodentia since 1993 has been equally as prolific, multifaceted, and informative at taxonomic levels above the species and requires introductory comment. Issues of monophyly,... [truncated]","22","22-00001","22-0001" "12300001","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","","","","","","","","SUBORDER","False","","YES","Brandt","1855","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00001","23-0001-0001" "12300002","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Brandt","1855","","Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg, ser. 6","VII; Sci. Nat.","","151","","","","","","","Aplodontidae Trouessart, 1897; Haplodontidae Alston, 1876; Haploodontidae Lilljeborg, 1866; Haploodontini Brandt, 1855 [original spelling]","The correct spelling of the family name is Aplodontiidae (Thomas, 1896). Traditionally classified as the sole extant representative of a unique suborder or infraorder (Protrogomorpha), the monotypic family Aplodontiidae may constitute the sister group to the sciurids (Landry, 1999; Montgelard et al., 2002). Consult McKenna and Bell (1997) for additional fossil synonyms.","23","23-00002","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002" "12300003","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Richardson","1829","","Zool. J.","4","","334","","Aplodontia leporina Richardson, 1829 (= Anisonyx rufa Rafinesque, 1817)","","","","","Apludontia Fischer, 1830; Apluodontia Richardson, 1837; Haplodon Wagler, 1830; Haplodus Coues, 1877; Haploodon Brandt, 1855; Haploodus Coues, 1877; Haploudon Coues, 1877; Haploudontia Coues, 1889; Haploudus Coues, 1877; Hapludon Brandt 1855.","","23","23-00003","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003" "12300004","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Rafinesque","1817","","Am. Mon. Mag.","2","","45","","","Sewellel","USA, Oregon, neighborhood of Columbia River. Specimens from Marmot, Clackamas County, Oregon are considered typical (Taylor, 1918).","W coast of North America from SW British Columbia (Canada) to N California (USA), isolated populations in N and C California, extending into W Nevada. See Hall (1981:335).","U. S. ESA – Endangered as A. r. nigra; IUCN – Vulnerable as A. r. nigra and A. r. phaea; otherwise Lower Risk (nt).","chryseola L. Kellogg, 1914; grisea Taylor, 1916; leporina Richardson, 1829; olympica Merriam, 1899; californica (Peters, 1864); major Merriam, 1886; humboldtiana Taylor, 1916; nigra Taylor, 1914; pacifica Merriam, 1899; phaea Merriam, 1899; rainieri Merriam, 1899; columbiana Taylor, 1916","Reviewed by Carraway and Verts (1993; Mammalian Species, 431).","23","23-00004","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004" "12300005","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","rufa","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Rafinesque","1817","","Am. Mon. Mag.","2","","45","","","","USA, Oregon, neighborhood of Columbia River. Specimens from Marmot, Clackamas County, Oregon are considered typical (Taylor, 1918).","","","","","23","23-00005","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0005" "12300006","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","californica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Peters","1864","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00006","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0006" "12300007","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","humboldtiana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Taylor","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00007","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0007" "12300008","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","nigra","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Taylor","1914","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00008","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0008" "12300009","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","pacifica","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Merriam","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00009","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0009" "12300010","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","phaea","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Merriam","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00010","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0010" "12300011","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Aplodontiidae","","","Aplodontia","","rufa","rainieri","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Merriam","1899","","","","","","","","","","","","","","23","23-00011","23-0001-0001-0000-0000-0002-0000-0000-0003-0000-0004-0011" "12400001","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","","","","","","","FAMILY","False","","YES","Fischer de Waldheim","1817","","Adversaria zoologica","","","408","","","","","","","","Ellerman (1940) reviewed the history of sciurid classification. The first modern classification (Pocock, 1923) recognized six subfamilies: Sciurinae, Tamiasciurinae, Funambulinae, Callosciurinae, Xerinae, and Marmotinae. We do not accept the use of Nannosciurinae (Forsyth Major, 1895) as a senior synonym for Callosciurinae (Pocock, 1923), as proposed by McKenna and Bell (1997). Simpson (1945) recognized the same taxa, but all at the tribal level. Ellerman (1940) avoided formal designation, but recognized seven ""sections"" in the Sciurus ""group,"" which often do not conform with the above. Moore (1959) recognized Simpson's six tribes and, in addition, Ratufini and Protoxerini for certain genera that had previously been included in Funambulini. Black (1963) elevated Tamiini to tribal level (previously in Marmotini). Gromov et al. (1965) elevated the ground squirrels to subfamily rank, Marmotinae, which included the tribes Tamiini Black, Otospermophilini Gromov, Citellini Gromov, Mar... [truncated]","24","24-00001","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001" "12400002","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","","","","","SUBFAMILY","False","","YES","Moore","1959","","Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist.","118","","167","","","","","","","","Moore (1959) recognized the tribe Ratufini. Treated as subfamily Ratufinae by Steppan et al. (2004) on the basis of their molecular evidence and that of Mercer and Roth (2003).","24","24-00002","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002" "12400003","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","","","GENUS","False","","YES","Gray","1867","","Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 3","20","","273","","Sciurus indicus Erxleben, 1777.","","","","","Eosciurus Trouessart, 1880; Rukaia Gray, 1867.","Tribe Ratufini (Moore, 1959). Reviewed in part by Moore and Tate (1965).","24","24-00003","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003" "12400004","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","259","","","Pale Giant Squirrel","""Singapore Island"".","Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and adjacent small islands.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albiceps (Jentink, 1897); aureiventer (I. Geoffroy, 1831); frontalis Kloss, 1932; interposita Kloss, 1932; johorensis Robinson and Kloss, 1911; klossi J. E. Hill, 1960; pyrsonota Miller, 1900; bancana Lyon, 1906; baramensis Bonhote, 1900; banguei Chasen and Kloss, 1932; dulitensis Lönnberg and Mjöberg, 1925; lumholtzi Lönnberg and Mjoberg, 1925; sandakanensis Bonhote, 1900; bunguranensis (Thomas and Hartert, 1894); confinis Miller, 1906; nanogigas (Thomas and Hartert, 1895); notabilis Miller, 1902; sirhassenensis Bonhote, 1900; cothurnata Lyon, 1911; griseicollis Lyon, 1911; ephippium (Müller, 1838); vittata Lyon, 1911; vittatula Lyon, 1911; hypoleucos (Horsfield, 1823); arusinus Lyon, 1907; balae Miller, 1903; catemana Lyon, 1907; femoralis Miller, 1903; masae Miller, 1903; nigrescens Miller, 1903; piniensis Miller, 1903; insignis Miller, 1903; bulana Lyon, 1909; carimonensis Miller, 1906; condurensis Miller, 1906; conspicua Miller, 1903; polia Lyon, 1906.","Reviewed by Corbet and Hill (1992); they doubted the validity of a record from Vietnam (Cao, 1984).","24","24-00004","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004" "12400005","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","affinis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Raffles","1821","","Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond.","13","","259","","","","""Singapore Island"".","","","","","24","24-00005","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0005" "12400006","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","bancana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00006","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0006" "12400007","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","baramensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Bonhote","1900","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00007","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0007" "12400008","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","bunguranensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Hartert","1894","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00008","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0008" "12400009","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","cothurnata","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1911","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00009","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0009" "12400010","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","ephippium","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Müller","1838","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00010","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0010" "12400011","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","hypoleucos","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Horsfield","1823","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00011","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0011" "12400012","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","insignis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Miller","1903","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00012","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0012" "12400013","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","affinis","polia","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Lyon","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00013","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0004-0013" "12400014","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","","SPECIES","False","","YES","Sparrman","1778","","Samhelle Hand. (Wet. Afd.)","1","","70","","","Black Giant Squirrel","Indonesia, W Java, Anjer.","E Nepal; SE Tibet to S Yunnan and Hainan (China); Assam (India), Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, south through the Malay Peninsula to Java and Bali.","CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Lower Risk (lc).","albiceps (Desmarest, 1817); baliensis Thomas, 1913; humeralis (Coulon, 1836); javensis (Zimmerman, 1780); leschnaultii (Desmarest, 1822); major Miller, 1911; sondaica (Müller and Schlegel, 1844); condorensis Kloss, 1920; felli Thomas and Wroughton, 1916; gigantea (McClelland, 1839); lutrina Thomas and Wroughton, 1916; macruroides (Hodgson, 1849); hainana J. A. Allen, 1906; stigmosa Thomas, 1923; leucogenys Kloss, 1916; sinus Kloss, 1916; melanopepla Miller, 1900; anambae Miller, 1900; angusticeps Miller, 1901; dicolorata Robinson and Kloss, 1914; fretensis Thomas and Wroughton, 1909; penangensis Robinson and Kloss, 1911; peninsulae (Miller, 1913); tiomanensis Miller, 1900; palliata Miller, 1902; batuana Lyon, 1916; laenata Miller, 1903; phaeopepla Miller, 1913; celaenopepla Miller, 1913; marana Thomas and Wroughton, 1916; smithi Robinson and Kloss, 1922;. Not allocated to subspecies: tennentii Layard, in Blyth, 1849.","Reviewed by Corbet and Hill (1992).","24","24-00014","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014" "12400015","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","bicolor","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Sparrman","1778","","Samhelle Hand. (Wet. Afd.)","1","","70","","","","Indonesia, W Java, Anjer.","","","","","24","24-00015","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014-0015" "12400016","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","condorensis","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Kloss","1920","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00016","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014-0016" "12400017","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","felli","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","Thomas and Wroughton","1916","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00017","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014-0017" "12400018","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","gigantea","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","McClelland","1839","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00018","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014-0018" "12400019","RODENTIA","SCIUROMORPHA","","","Sciuridae","Ratufinae","","Ratufa","","bicolor","hainana","SUBSPECIES","False","","YES","J. A. Allen","1906","","","","","","","","","","","","","","24","24-00019","24-0001-0001-0000-0000-0001-0002-0000-0003-0000-0014-0019"