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SPECIES Physeter catodon

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 76.
Common Name:Sperm Whale
Type Locality:"Habitat in Oceano Septentrionali.", restricted to Netherlands, Middenpiat by Husson and Holthuis (1974).
Distribution:Worldwide: antarctic and cold-temperate waters (northern hemisphere) to tropical waters.
Status:CITES Appendix I; U.S. ESA Endangered; IUCN Vulnerable as P. macrocephalus.
Comments:Neotype designated by Husson and Holthuis (1974:212). Linnaeus used both catodon and macrocephalus in the 10th edition. P. catodon has line priority and, according to Linnaeus' diagnoses, is the only name applicable. See Hershkovitz (1966a:121), Schevill (1986, 1987b), Holthuis (1987), and Rice (1989, who also reviewed the species).
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    australasianus Desmoulins, 1822
    australis Gray, 1846
    macrocephalus Linnnaeus, 1758

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