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SPECIES Oryx leucoryx

Author:Pallas, 1777.
Citation:Spicil. Zool., 12: 17.
Common Name:Arabian Oryx
Type Locality:"Arabiae et forte Lybiae proprium animal"; restricted to Arabia (Lydekker, 1914b:130).
Distribution:Extinct in Egypt (Sinai Peninsula), Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Maintained in captivity; Middle Eastern breeding stock in Bahrain, Israel, Leban, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and United Arab Emirates. Recently reintroduced to the wild in Oman and Saudi Arabia.
Status:CITES Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN Endangered.
Comments:Included in O. gazella by Haltenorth (1963:88). Status reviewed in Mallon and Kingswood (2001).
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