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SPECIES Ovis ammon

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 70.
Common Name:Argali
Type Locality:"Habitat in Siberia"; since identified as Kazakhstan, Vostochno-Kazakhstansk. Obl., Altai Mtns, Bukhtarma; near Ust-Kamenogorsk.
Distribution:China (Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, N and S Sinkiang, W Sichuan, Tibet including Qinghai), N India (Ladak, Sikkim, Spiti), E Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal (Tibetan border), Pamir Range (NE Afghanistan, N Pakistan), SC Siberia (Altai Mntns), and Tajikistan.
Status:CITES Appendix I as O. a. hodgsoni and O. a. nigrimontana, otherwise Appendix II; U.S. ESA Endangered, except in Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, and Tajikistan, where status is Threatened; IUCN Critically Endangered as O. a. nigrimontana and O. a. jubata [= comosa], Endangered as O. a. severtsovi and O. a. darwini, Vulnerable as O. a. hodgsonii, O. a. ammon, O. a. collium, O. a. karelini, and O. a. polii.
Comments:Haltenorth (1963:121) and Corbet (1978c:218) included orientalis (= aries), musimon and vignei, but Nadler et al. (1973) and Corbet and Hill (1991:136) excluded them. The names daurica, jubata and mongolica are preoccupied by names of domestic sheep. Subspecies reviewed by Sopin (1982) and revised by Geist (1990 and in Shackleton, 1997). Diploid chromosome complement (2n = 56) and examination of mitochondrial region sequences indicate that severtzovi is not part of vignei division of O. aries, but a primitive argali, sister taxon to the rest of the species (Bunch et al, 1998; Wu et al., 2003). Wu et al. (2003) transferred severtzovi to O. ammon.
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES ammon

SUBSPECIES collium

SUBSPECIES comosa

SUBSPECIES darwini

SUBSPECIES hodgsonii

SUBSPECIES karelini

SUBSPECIES nigrimontana

SUBSPECIES polii

SUBSPECIES severtzovi

Synonyms:


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