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SPECIES Bison bonasus

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 71.
Common Name:European Bison
Type Locality:"Habitat in Africa, Asia"; restricted to "Bielowitza, Lithuania" (Poland, Bialowieza Forest) by Lydekker (1913:35).
Distribution:Europe, surviving in Germany, Romania and W Russia into 18th Century, in Hungary until about 1790, and in W Caucasus Mtns (Armenia, Georgia, Russia) and Poland until early part of 20th Century (but extinct in East Prussia, now N Poland, in 1755); extinct in the wild but now reintroduced to E Poland, W Russia, and Caucasus Mtns.
Status:IUCN Endangered.
Comments:Considered conspecific with bison by Bohlken (1967) and Van Zyll de Jong (1986); but not included in B. bison by MacDonald (1981) or Meagher (1986). Reviewed by Flerov (1979).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES bonasus

SUBSPECIES caucasicus

SUBSPECIES hungarorum

Synonyms:


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