Mammal Species of the World Logo

 

HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER ARTIODACTYLA  --> FAMILY Bovidae  --> SUBFAMILY Bovinae  --> GENUS Bison

SPECIES Bison bison

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 72.
Common Name:American Bison
Type Locality:"Habitat in Mexico, Florida"; identified as "Mexico" by Thomas (1911a:154); restricted to USA, C Kansas, "Quivera" by Hershkovitz (1957b); redesignated as USA, E New Mexico, Canadian River valley by McDonald (1981:62).
Distribution:Formerly NW and C Canada, south through USA, to Chihuahua, Coahuila (Mexico). Exterminated in the wild except in Yellowstone Park, Wyoming (USA) and Wood Buffalo Park, Northwest Territory (Canada). Reintroduced widely within native range and in C Alaska.
Status:CITES Appendix II as B. b. athabascae; U.S. ESA Endangered in Canada as B. b. athabascae; IUCN Lower Risk (cd).
Comments:Reviewed by Meagher (1986, Mammalian Species, 266). Bison bison athabascae treated as a distinct taxon by Geist and Karsten (1977) and Van Zyll de Jong (1986), and assigned to B. priscus by Flerov (1979), but regarded as an ecotype by Geist (1991).
EXPORT AS CSV Back to search results

Offspring:

Synonyms:


  Bucknell Home Page   Biology Department Home Page

 

©Bucknell Univesity All Rights Reserved
Comments and questions to dreeder@bucknell.edu