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SPECIES Neotragus pygmaeus

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 69.
Common Name:Royal Antelope
Type Locality:"Habitat in Guinea, India"; restricted to "Guinea" (West Africa) by Thomas (1911a:152).
Distribution:Forest zone of Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.
Status:IUCN – Lower Risk (nt).
Comments:Pallas (1767:6, 1777:18) recognised two different species, Tragulus pygmaeus = Neotragus pygmaeus (Linnaeus, 1758), misidentified as a tragulid, and Antilope pygmaea Pallas, 1777. Both have types that are royal antelopes and therefore are both homonyms and synonyms. Gmelin in Linnaeus (1788:173, 191) recognised the same two species as Moschus pygmaeus and Antilope pygmaea and Erxleben (1777:278) called them M. pygmaeus and A. regia, speculating that they may be female and male respectively of the same species.
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