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SPECIES Muntiacus muntjak

Author:Zimmermann, 1780.
Citation:Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere, 2: 131.
Common Name:Red Muntjac
Type Locality:Indonesia, "Java".
Distribution:Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, S China (S Tibet and Yunnan to Guangdong), India, Laos, peninsular Malaya, Nepal, NE Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, and Sunda Isls (Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali, Lombok, and many smaller Indonesian islands).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Includes pleiharicus, listed as a distinct species by Chasen (1940:203), and vaginalis. Haltenorth (1963:40) included reevesi, feae, rooseveltorum and crinifrons. Distinctive differences in karyotype between single peninsular Malayan specimen (2N = 8) and other mainland populations (2n = 6 or 7) suggest possible division between Malesian and Continental semispecies (Groves and Grubb, 1987). Groves (2003) treated the Continental vaginalis (including subspecies aureus, malabaricus and others) as a species separate from muntjak.
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES muntjak

SUBSPECIES annamensis

SUBSPECIES aureus

SUBSPECIES curvostylis

SUBSPECIES guangdongensis

SUBSPECIES malabaricus

SUBSPECIES menglalis

SUBSPECIES montanus

SUBSPECIES nigripes

SUBSPECIES vaginalis

SUBSPECIES yunnanensis

Synonyms:


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