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SPECIES Odocoileus virginianus

Author:Zimmermann, 1780.
Citation:Geogr. Gesch. Mensch. Vierf. Thiere, 2: 129.
Common Name:White-tailed Deer
Type Locality:"Bewohnt in grossen Heerden Carolina v), Virginien, Louisiana w), und geht vielleicht bis Panama x) hinunter"; restricted by Hershkovitz (1948c:43) to USA, Virginia.
Distribution:S Canada extending N of 60N in the North West Territory and in the Yukon, USA (absent from California to W Colorado), and all nations of Central America; South America in Bolivia, N Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Surinam, and Venezuela. Introduced to Czech Republic, Finland, New Zealand, and West Indies, possibly surviving on Cuba, Curacao, St. Croix, and St. Thomas Isls.
Status:CITES Appendix III (Guatemala) as O. v. mayensis; U.S. ESA Endangered as O. v. clavium, Endangered (but proposed delisting) as O. v. leucurus; IUCN Endangered as O. v. clavium, Lower Risk (nt) as O. v. leucurus, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Reviewed by Smith (1991, Mammalian Species, 388) and Geist (1998). The species includes two divisions (Groves and Grubb, 1987; Grubb, 1990), the cariacou division or Cariacu (including also acapulcensis, chiriquensis, curassavicus, goudotii, margaritae, mexicanus, miquihuanensis, nelsoni, nemoralis, oaxacensis, peruvianus, rothschildi, sinaloae, thomasi, toltecus, tropicalils, truei, ustus, veraecrucis, and yucatanensis) and the nominate virginianus division, the White-tailed Deer sensu stricto (including also borealis, carminus, clavium, couesi, dacotensis, hiltonensis, leucurus, macrourus, mcilhennyi, nigribarbis, ochrourus, osceola, seminolus, taurinsulae, texanus, and venatorius). Three taxa in Venezuela (goudotii, gymnotis, margaritae) regarded as species by Molina and Molinari (1999) but not by Moscarella et al. (2003).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES virginianus

SUBSPECIES acapulcensis

SUBSPECIES borealis

SUBSPECIES cariacou

SUBSPECIES carminis

SUBSPECIES chiriquensis

SUBSPECIES clavium

SUBSPECIES couesi

SUBSPECIES curassavicus

SUBSPECIES dacotensis

SUBSPECIES goudotii

SUBSPECIES gymnotis

SUBSPECIES hiltonensis

SUBSPECIES leucurus

SUBSPECIES macrourus

SUBSPECIES mcilhennyi

SUBSPECIES margaritae

SUBSPECIES mexicanus

SUBSPECIES miquihuanensis

SUBSPECIES nelsoni

SUBSPECIES nemoralis

SUBSPECIES nigribarbis

SUBSPECIES oaxacensis

SUBSPECIES ochrourus

SUBSPECIES osceola

SUBSPECIES peruvianus

SUBSPECIES rothschildi

SUBSPECIES seminolus

SUBSPECIES sinaloae

SUBSPECIES taurinsulae

SUBSPECIES texanus

SUBSPECIES thomasi

SUBSPECIES toltecus

SUBSPECIES tropicalis

SUBSPECIES ustus

SUBSPECIES venatorius

SUBSPECIES veraecrucis

SUBSPECIES yucatanensis

Synonyms:


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