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SPECIES Camelus dromedarius

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 65.
Common Name:One-humped Camel
Type Locality:"Habitat in Africae desertis arenosis siticulosis", identified as "deserts of Libya and Arabia" by Thomas (1911a:150); based on domesticated stock.
Distribution:Extinct in the wild; domesticated from wild populations which presumably had become restricted to the S Arabian Peninsula; domesticated in Senegal and Mauritania to Somalia and Kenya, throughout N Africa, the Middle East, Arabia, and Iran to NW India; feral populations in Australia.
Comments:Produces viable hybrids with bactrianus (see comments therein). Bohlken (1961) considered dromedarius a synonym of bactrianus. Reviewed by Köhler-Rollefson (1991, Mammalian Species, 375). Biology reviewed by Gauthier-Pilters and Innis Dagg (1981). For history of domestication, see R. T. Wilson (1984).
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    aegyptiacus Kolenati, 1847
    africanus (Gloger, 1841)
    arabicus Desmoulins, 1823
    dromas Pallas, 1811
    dromos Kerr, 1792
    ferus Falk, 1786
    lukius Kolenati, 1847
    polytrichus Kolenati, 1847
    turcomanicus J. Fischer, 1829
    vulgaris Kolenati, 1847

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