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SPECIES Hippopotamus amphibius

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 74.
Common Name:Common Hippopotamus
Type Locality:"Habitat in Nilo & Bambolo Africae et ad ostia fluviorum Asiae"; restricted to River Nile (Thomas, 1911a:155) in Egypt (G. M. Allen, 1939:457).
Distribution:Rivers of savanna zone of Africa, and main rivers of forest zone in C Africa, in Angola, Benin, N Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, S Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Dem. Rep. Congo, Egypt (extinct; formerly along Nile to its Delta), N Eritrea, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea (Mbini), Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Liberia (only 2 records), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Okavango River), Niger, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, South Africa (now only in N and E Limpopo Prov. and E Mpumalanga Prov., and N KwaZulu-Natal), Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Status:CITES – Appendix II; IUCN – Vulnerable as H. a. tschadensis, otherwise Lower Risk (lc).
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SUBSPECIES amphibius




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