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SPECIES Tapirus terrestris

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 74.
Common Name:South American Tapir
Type Locality:"Habitat in Brasilia", i.e., Brazil, Pernambuco.
Distribution:East of the western cordillera of the Andes in N Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, E Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, and Venezuela.
Status:CITES Appendix II; U.S. ESA Endangered; IUCN Vulnerable.
Comments:Revised by Hershkovitz (1954), who provisionally recognized only nominate terrestris and colombianus as subspecies but indicated that tapir was probably a valid Guiana subspecies, and by Cabrera (1961), whose classification is followed here. Reviewed by Padilla and Dowler (1994, Mammalian Species, 481).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES terrestris

SUBSPECIES aenigmaticus

SUBSPECIES colombianus

SUBSPECIES spegazzinii

Synonyms:


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