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SPECIES Mustela nivalis

Author:Linnaeus, 1766.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 12th ed., 1: 69.
Common Name:Least Weasel
Type Locality:"Westrobothnia" [Sweden].
Distribution:Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Corsica, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Japan (Hokkaido and Honshu), Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand (introduced Corbet and Hill, 1980), Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Serbia and Montenegro, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USA, (Alaska and most of the USA except SW), Ukraine.
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Reviewed by Reichstein (1957), van Zyll de Jong (1992), Reig (1997), and Abramov and Baryshinikov (2000). Reig divided this problematic taxon into four species based on a skull morphometric analysis (subpalmata, rixosa, eskimo, and vulgaris). Abramov and Baryshinikov separated only subpalmata. Youngman (1982) placed nivalis in the subgenus Mustela; Abramov (1999) placed it in the subgenus Gale. Synonyms allocated according to Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951), Hall (1981), Sheffield and King (1994), and Abramov and Baryshnikov (1999).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES nivalis

SUBSPECIES allegheniensis

SUBSPECIES boccamela

SUBSPECIES campestris

SUBSPECIES caucasica

SUBSPECIES eskimo

SUBSPECIES heptneri

SUBSPECIES mosanensis

SUBSPECIES namiyei

SUBSPECIES numidica

SUBSPECIES pallida

SUBSPECIES pygmaea

SUBSPECIES rixosa

SUBSPECIES rossica

SUBSPECIES russelliana

SUBSPECIES stoliczkana

SUBSPECIES tonkinensis

SUBSPECIES vulgaris

Synonyms:


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