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SPECIES Martes americana

Author:Turton, 1806.
Citation:In Linnaeus, Gen. Syst. Nat., 1: 60.
Common Name:American Marten
Type Locality:"North America".
Distribution:Canada, USA (Alaska to N California, south in the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mtns to 35N, Maine, Minnesota, New York).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:May be conspecific with martes, melampus, and zibellina (Anderson, 1970; Hagmeier, 1961). Reviewed by Clark et al. (1987) who considered New World forms as a distinct species agreeing with Youngman (1975). Carr and Hicks (1997) recognized two distinct species based on genetic data (M. americana Eastern North America; M. caurina Pacific Northwest and the Great Plains). However, most have recognized that there are two distinct subspecies groups "caurina" and "americana" (Anderson, 1970; Clark et al., 1987; Graham and Graham, 1994; Hagmeier, 1961; Stone and Cook, 2002). Synonyms allocated according to Hall (1981) and Clark et al. (1987). Stone and Cook (2002) placed in the subgenus Martes.
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES americana

SUBSPECIES abieticola

SUBSPECIES abietinoides

SUBSPECIES actuosa

SUBSPECIES atrata

SUBSPECIES caurina

SUBSPECIES humboldtensis

SUBSPECIES kenaiensis

SUBSPECIES nesophila

SUBSPECIES origensis

SUBSPECIES sierrae

SUBSPECIES vancourverensis

SUBSPECIES vulpina

Synonyms:


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