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SPECIES Enhydra lutris

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 45.
Common Name:Sea Otter
Type Locality:"Asia et America septentrionali," restricted by Thomas (1911a), to"Kamtchatka", then by Heptner et al. (1967:884) to "Commander Isls" [Russia]. Roest (1973) listed the type locality as "the east central coast of Kamchatka, opposite the Commander Islands" [Russia].
Distribution:Canada, Russia (Sakhalin Isl, Kurile Isls, Commander Isls, Kamchatka), USA (Aleutian Isls, and S Alaska to California). Formerly in Japan (coastal Hokkaido) and Mexico (Baja California).
Status:CITES Appendix I as E. l. nereis; otherwise Appedix II. U.S. ESA Threatened as E. lutris nereis in all of its range except for areas subject to U.S. jurisdiction south of Pt. Conception, CA (3426.9' N. Lat.), where it is listed as an Experimental Non Essential Population; U.S. ESA Candidate taxon as E. l. kenyoni; IUCN Endangered.
Comments:Reviewed by Roest (1973), Davis and Lidicker (1975), Estes (1980), and Wilson et al. (1991). Synonyms allocated according to Wilson et al. (1991).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES lutris

SUBSPECIES kenyoni

SUBSPECIES nereis

Synonyms:


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