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SPECIES Hystrix (Hystrix) cristata

Author:Linnaeus, 1758.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1: 56.
Common Name:Crested Porcupine
Type Locality:"Asia", restricted to near Rome, Italy by Thomas (1911a:141).
Distribution:Morocco to Egypt; Senegal to Ethiopia and N Tanzania; Sicily, Italy, Albania, and N Greece (European population possibly introduced). Sympatric with H. africaeaustralis in C Africa.
Status:CITES Appendix III (Ghana); IUCN Lower Risk (nt).
Comments:Subgenus Hystrix. Includes galeata; see Corbet (1978c:159) and Corbet and Jones (1965). Allen (1939:441) commented on the status of cuvieri in N Africa. Karyotype has 2n=60-66 and FN=112-116 (George, 1980; George and Weir, 1974).
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    aerula Thomas, 1925
    ambigua Lonnberg, 1908
    conradsi Muller, 1910
    cuvieri Gray, 1847
    daubentoni Cuvier, 1822
    europaea Kerr, 1792
    galeata Thomas, 1893
    lademanni Muller, 1910
    lonnbergi Muller, 1910
    occidanea Cabrera, 1924
    senegalica Cuvier, 1822
    somalensis Lonnberg, 1912

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