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SPECIES Pan troglodytes

Author:Blumenbach, 1775.
Citation:De generis humani varietate native: 37.
Common Name:Common Chimpanzee
Type Locality:Gabon, Mayoumba.
Distribution:S Cameroon; Gabon; S Republic of Congo; Uganda; W Tanzania; E and N Dem. Rep. Congo; W Central African Republic; Guinea to W Nigeria, south to Congo River in W Africa.
Status:CITES Appendix I; U.S. ESA Endangered in the wild, Threatened in captivity; IUCN Endangered as P. t. verus, P. t. troglodytes, P. t. schweinfurthii, and P. t. vellerosus.
Comments:For authorship of this name, see the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1988). Watson et al. (2001:315) used the name Homo niger, on the grounds that Homo troglodytes would be a secondary homonym of Homo troglodytes Linnaeus, 1758 (=Homo sapiens); but the new edition of the Code (in force since January 1st, 2000) permits a senior homonym to be rejected if unused since 1899 (Art. 23.9.), so Homo troglodytes would be an acceptable combination for the chimpanzee. The species has been most recently reviewed by Jones et al. (1996).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES troglodytes

SUBSPECIES schweinfurthii

SUBSPECIES vellerosus

SUBSPECIES verus

Synonyms:


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