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SPECIES Macaca tonkeana

Author:Meyer, 1899.
Citation:Abh. Zool. Anthrop.-Ethnology. Mus. Dresden, 7(7): 3.
Common Name:Tonkean Macaque
Type Locality:Indonesia, Sulawesi Tengah, Tonkean.
Distribution:C Sulawesi, south to Latimojong, north to the base of the northern peninsula, between Palu and Parigi (Indonesia); Togian Isls (Indonesia).
Status:CITES Appendix II; IUCN Lower Risk (nt).
Comments:M. nemestrina species group. Formerly included in Cynopithecus; see Fooden (1969:106-115). According to Froehlich et al. (1998), the macaques of the Balantak Mtns on the E peninsula of Sulawesi constitute a separate species from those of the main part of the range; in this case, the name tonkeana would apply to the Balantak form. Whether one of the other synonyms applies to the better-known form from the western part of Central Sulawesi is unclear. Froehlich et al. (1998) said that togeanus (from the Togian Isl) is a hybrid swarm between the two. Does not include hecki; see Groves (2001c).
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    hypomelanus (Matschie, 1901)
    tonsus (Matschie, 1901)
    togeanus (Sody, 1949)

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