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SPECIES Herpestes brachyurus

Author:Gray, 1836.
Actual Date:1837
Citation:Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1836: 88.
Common Name:Short-tailed Mongoose
Type Locality:"Indian Islands", restricted by Kloss (1917) to "Borneo", however, Thomas (1921c) believed it to be from "Malacca". Pocock (1941a) believed the type to represent a "Malayan Race".
Distribution:Indonesia (Kalimantan, Sumatra), Malaysia, Philippine Isls, Singapore, Vietnam.
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Bechthold (1939) included hosei (followed here) and fuscus (here considered separate), and listed characteristics suggesting that in some respects, semitorquatus was intermediate between brachyurus and urva; this was followed by Medway (1977). Bechthold (1939) believed that fuscus (sensu stricto) is most closely related to far-eastern brachyurus forms and considered them conspecific (both forms are short tailed mongooses); however, he gave features of the skull and pelage (used elsewhere at the specific level, i.e., edwardsii vs. javanicus) that distinguished the S India/Sri Lankan populations from those of SE Asia. Here they are provisionally treated as separate. Schwarz (1947) believed semitorquatus to be a red color morph of the dark brachyurus, although he did not address the most distinguishing feature of the collared mongoose the collar present in semitorquatus and absent in brachyurus. Medway (1977), followed by Payne et al. (1985), recognized hosei based on differences in the shape of the coronoid process of the mandible. Fredga (1972) believed fuscus to be intermediate to edwardsii and javanicus, but believed that it should remain separate (followed by Corbet and Hill, 1992). Synonyms allocated according to Pocock (1937) and Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES brachyurus

SUBSPECIES hosei

SUBSPECIES javanensis

SUBSPECIES palawanus

SUBSPECIES parvus

SUBSPECIES sumatrius

Synonyms:


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