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HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER RODENTIA  --> SUBORDER MYOMORPHA  --> SUPERFAMILY Muroidea  --> FAMILY Muridae  --> SUBFAMILY Gerbillinae  --> GENUS Meriones  --> SUBGENUS Pallasiomys

SPECIES Meriones (Pallasiomys) unguiculatus

Author:Milne-Edwards, 1867.
Citation:Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool., ser. 7, 5: 377.
Common Name:Mongolian Jird
Type Locality:China, N Shanxi, 10 mi (16 km) NE of Tschang-Kur, Eul-che san hao (= Ershi san hao).
Distribution:Mongolia, and adjacent regions of Siberia (Transbaikalia) and of China from E Gansu, N Ningxia, N Shaanxi, N Shanxi, and Hebei, through C and N Nei Mongol and Liaoning (see Gromov and Erbajeva [1995], Wang [2003], and Zhang et al. [1997]).
Status:IUCN Lower Risk (lc).
Comments:Subgenus Pallasiomys. Reviewed by G. M. Allen (1940), Corbet (1978c), and Pavlinov et al. (1990). Corbet also included Xinjiang in the distribution of the species, but Ma et al. (1987) did not record it there. Spicer and Schulte (1994) documented cochlear structure at the cellular level. This study is an example of the many undertaken on this species, as this is the gerbil usually sold as pets and used in medical laboratories (Turton, 1984). Laboratory colonies were derived from twenty pairs captured in the Amur River basin in 1935, initially taken to Japan from which a colony was shipped to the United States, and from there others were distributed to Europe (Turton, 1984). Yang et al. (1992) described phallic morphology and contrasted it with that of M. meridianus. Cao et al. (1995) reported histology of the glans penis in M. unguiculatus and contrasted the pattern and morphology of its epidermal spines with M. meridianus and Rhombomys opimus, and commented upon the significance of the spines for discriminating among species. See Gulotta (1971, Mammalian Species, 3).
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Synonyms:

    chihfengensis Mori, 1939
    koslovi (Satunin, 1903)
    kurauchii Mori, 1930
    selenginus Heptner, 1949

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