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SPECIES Spermophilus (Spermophilus) citellus

Author:Linnaeus, 1766.
Citation:Syst. Nat., 12th ed., 1: 80.
Common Name:European Ground Squirrel
Type Locality:"Austria"; restricted by Martino and Martino (1940) to "Wagram, Niederosterrich" (Bauer, 1960:254).
Distribution:SE Germany, Czech Republic, SW Poland through SE Europe to European Turkey, Moldovia and W Ukraine.
Status:IUCN Vulnerable.
Comments:Subgenus Spermophilus. Formerly included dauricus and xanthoprymnus as in Ellerman and Morrison-Scott (1951:506); but see Gromov et al. (1965:208, 237), Vorontsov and Lyapunova (1970), and Orlov and Davaa (1975). Cytogenetics described by Belcheva and Peshev (1985) and Soldatovic et al. (1984); xanthoprymnus is now considered to be more closely aligned with suslicus and dauricus (Harrison et al., 2003).
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Offspring:

SUBSPECIES citellus

SUBSPECIES gradojevici

SUBSPECIES istricus

SUBSPECIES martinoi

Synonyms:


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