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HOME --> CLASS MAMMALIA  --> ORDER PROBOSCIDEA  --> FAMILY Elephantidae  --> GENUS Loxodonta

SPECIES Loxodonta cyclotis

Author:Matschie, 1900.
Citation:Sitzb. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berlin: 194.
Common Name:African Forest Elephant
Type Locality:Yaunde, S Cameroon.
Distribution:C and W coast of Africa, including 21 countries from Senegal in the west to Uganda in the east.
Status:CITES Appendix I (as included in L. africana); U.S. ESA Threatened (as included in L. africana); IUCN Endangered (as included in L. africana).
Comments:See Laursen and Bekoff (1978, Mammalian Species, 92), where cyclotis was treated as a subspecies of L. africana. Grubb et al. (2000) presented morphological and some molecular data in support of upgrading cyclotis to a species category, separate species from africana, corroborating earlier hypothesis that Loxodonta cyclotis and L. africana are distinct species. Further, Grubb et al. (2000) supported the hypothesis that L. cyclotis is morphologically more primitive than L. africana. Roca et al. (2001) provided genetic evidence for two species in Africa. Evidence provided by Debruyne (2003), however, suggests that the African Forest Elephant and the African Bush Elephant are only subspecifically distinct this taxonomic question has not yet been resolved.
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Offspring:

Synonyms:

    albertensis (Lydekker, 1907)
    cottoni (Lydekker, 1908)
    fransseni (Schouteden, 1914)
    pumilio (Noack, 1906)

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